Feed for /statutes/statutes/97 PDF
97.21(3) (3)Milk distributors; license. No person may operate as a milk distributor without a valid license issued by the department. A milk distributor license expires on April 30 annually. An application for a license shall be made on a form provided by the department and shall be accompanied by applicable fees under sub. (4). The application shall include all information reasonably required by the department for purposes of issuing the license.
97.21(4) (4)Fees.
97.21(4)(a)(a) License fee. An applicant for a bulk milk tanker or milk distributor license shall pay the license fee specified under sub. (4m).
97.21(4)(b) (b) Reinspection fee. If the department reinspects a bulk milk tanker or the vehicle or facilities of a milk distributor because the department finds a violation of this chapter or rules promulgated under this chapter, the department shall charge the bulk milk tanker operator or milk distributor the reinspection fee specified under sub. (4m). The reinspection fee is payable when the reinspection is completed, and is due upon written demand from the department. The department may issue a demand for payment when it issues a license renewal application to the bulk milk tanker operator or milk distributor.
97.21(4)(c) (c) Surcharge for operating without a license. An applicant for a bulk milk tanker operator or milk distributor license shall pay a license fee surcharge of $100 or twice the amount of the annual license fee specified under sub. (4m), whichever is less if the department determines that, within one year prior to submitting the license application, the applicant operated without a license or grade A permit in violation of this section. Payment of this license fee surcharge does not relieve the applicant of any other civil or criminal liability which results from a violation of sub. (2) or (3), but does not constitute evidence of any violation of law.
97.21(4m) (4m)Fee amounts. Unless otherwise established by department rule, the fees required under sub. (4) (a) and (b) are:
97.21(4m)(a) (a) For a bulk milk tanker under sub. (2), an annual license fee of $30 and a reinspection fee of $30.
97.21(4m)(b) (b) For a milk distributor under sub. (3), an annual license fee of $50 and a reinspection fee of $20 for each storage facility operated by the milk distributor.
97.21(5) (5)Licensing contingent on payment of fees. The department may not issue or renew a bulk milk tanker or milk distributor license unless the license applicant pays all fees which are due and payable by the applicant under sub. (4), as set forth in a statement from the department. The department shall refund a fee paid under protest if the department determines that the fee was not due and payable as a condition of licensing under this section.
97.21(6) (6)Rule making. The department may promulgate rules to establish amounts of fees required under sub. (4) or to regulate bulk milk tanker operators and milk distributors. The rules may include standards for the construction, maintenance and sanitary operation of bulk milk tankers, milk distribution vehicles and milk distribution facilities; the design, installation, cleaning and maintenance of equipment and utensils; personnel sanitation; storage and handling of milk and fluid milk products; identification of bulk milk tankers and milk distribution vehicles; and record keeping.
97.21 History History: 1987 a. 399; 1989 a. 174; 1991 a. 39; 1995 a. 27.
97.21 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 82, Wis. adm. code.
97.22 97.22 Milk producers.
97.22(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
97.22(1)(a) (a) "Dairy farm" means any place where one or more cows, sheep or goats are kept for the production of milk.
97.22(1)(b) (b) "Dairy plant" has the meaning given under s. 97.20 (1) (a).
97.22(1)(c) (c) "Fluid milk product" has the meaning given under s. 97.24 (1) (ar).
97.22(1)(d) (d) "Grade A milk" has the meaning given under s. 97.24 (1) (b).
97.22(1)(e) (e) "Milk" means the lacteal secretion of cows, sheep or goats, and includes skim milk and cream.
97.22(1)(f) (f) "Milk producer" means any person who owns or operates a dairy farm, and sells or distributes milk produced on that farm.
97.22(2) (2)License.
97.22(2)(a)(a) License required. No person may operate a dairy farm as a milk producer without a valid license issued by the department for that dairy farm. A license expires on April 30 annually and is not transferable between persons or dairy farms. Every milk producer shall comply with standards applicable to the production of milk and fluid milk products under this chapter and rules promulgated under this chapter.
97.22(2)(b) (b) License fee. Unless otherwise established by department rule, the fee for a milk producer license under par. (a) is $20, except that an individual who is eligible for the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44 is not required to pay a fee. The department also may establish by rule a reduced license fee for a producer who is properly inspected at least once annually by a special dairy farm inspector certified under sub. (7).
97.22(2)(c) (c) Dairy plant to pay license fee for milk producer. The operator of a dairy plant licensed under s. 97.20 shall pay the milk producer license fee under this subsection for every dairy farm from which the dairy plant receives milk at the time the fee payment is due. An applicant for a dairy plant license shall submit that fee with the applicant's dairy plant license application under s. 97.20. A dairy plant operator who pays a milk producer license fee may charge that fee back to the milk producer if the dairy plant operator notifies the milk producer in writing of the dairy plant operator's intent to charge the fee to the milk producer. A dairy plant operator may not discriminate between milk producers with respect to fee charges under this paragraph, but may charge back license fees to all milk producers who cease shipping milk to the dairy plant during the license year. A dairy plant operator who pays a milk producer license fee may not deduct the amount of the fee from any payment to the milk producer for milk that the dairy plant operator purchases from the milk producer.
97.22(3) (3)Grade A dairy farm permit.
97.22(3)(a)(a) Permit required. No milk producer may sell or distribute milk from his or her dairy farm as grade A milk without a valid grade A dairy farm permit issued by the department for that dairy farm. A grade A dairy farm permit expires on April 30 annually and is not transferable between persons or dairy farms. A grade A dairy farm permit may be issued in the form of an endorsement on a milk producer license under sub. (2). Every milk producer holding a grade A dairy farm permit shall comply with standards applicable to the production of grade A milk under this chapter or rules promulgated under this chapter.
97.22(4) (4)Reinspection and reinstatement fees.
97.22(4)(a)(a) Fee required.
97.22(4)(a)1.1. If the department or a special dairy inspector has found a violation of this chapter or rules promulgated under this chapter, and if the department has not lowered the grade of the milk that may be sold or distributed from the dairy farm because of the violation, the department shall charge the reinspection fee specified under par. (am) to reinspect the dairy farm.
97.22(4)(a)2. 2. If the department or a special dairy inspector has found a violation of this chapter or rules promulgated under this chapter, and if the department has lowered the grade of the milk that may be sold or distributed from the dairy farm because of the violation, the department shall charge the reinstatement fee specified under par. (am) to reinspect the dairy farm.
97.22(4)(a)3. 3. A reinspection or reinstatement fee is payable when the reinspection is completed, and is due upon written demand from the department.
97.22(4)(am) (am) Fee amounts. The reinspection fee under par. (a) 1., unless otherwise established by department rule, is $20. The reinstatement fee under par. (a) 2., unless otherwise established by department rule, is $40.
97.22(4)(b) (b) Dairy plant to pay reinspection or reinstatement fee for milk producer. The operator of a dairy plant licensed under s. 97.20 shall pay the dairy farm reinspection or reinstatement fee under this subsection for every milk producer who was shipping milk from the reinspected dairy farm to that dairy plant at the time the dairy farm was reinspected. The department may issue an annual statement of reinspection or reinstatement fees payable by the dairy plant, and may demand payment from the dairy plant on an annual basis, when it issues an application form for the renewal of the dairy plant's license under s. 97.20. A dairy plant operator who pays a dairy farm reinspection or reinstatement fee shall charge that fee back to the milk producer.
97.22(5) (5)Fees payable by milk producer if not paid by dairy plant. If a milk producer ships milk to a dairy plant which is not subject to licensure under s. 97.20, the unlicensed dairy plant may voluntarily pay the fees required under this section on behalf of the milk producer if the dairy plant is authorized by the milk producer to pay the fees. If no dairy plant pays the fees required under this section on behalf of a milk producer, the milk producer shall pay the fees.
97.22(6) (6)Dairy farm inspection; frequency. The department shall inspect every dairy farm other than a grade A dairy farm at least once every 2 years, and shall inspect every grade A dairy farm at the frequency required by the department by rule under s. 97.24.
97.22(7) (7)Special dairy farm inspectors. The department may certify a dairy plant employee or agent to inspect dairy farms on behalf of the department as a special dairy farm inspector. A special dairy farm inspector shall inspect dairy farms and make written reports to the department according to procedures prescribed by the department. The department may promulgate rules governing the certification of special dairy farm inspectors; defining the authority and responsibilities of those inspectors; establishing inspection and reporting requirements; and establishing procedures by which the department will review inspector performance.
97.22(8) (8)Rule making. The department may promulgate rules to establish the fees required under sub. (2) (b) or (4) (a) or to govern the operation of dairy farms by milk producers. The rules may include standards for any of the following:
97.22(8)(a) (a) The safety, wholesomeness and quality of milk.
97.22(8)(b) (b) The sanitary construction and maintenance of dairy farm facilities used in milk production.
97.22(8)(c) (c) The availability of safe and adequate water supplies for milk production.
97.22(8)(d) (d) The sanitary construction, maintenance and cleaning of equipment and utensils used in milk production.
97.22(8)(e) (e) Personnel sanitation related to milk production.
97.22(8)(f) (f) Sanitary procedures for the production of milk, including but not limited to the handling, transfer and storage of milk on a dairy farm.
97.22(10) (10)Confidentiality. Any information obtained and kept by the department under this section, under s. 97.24, or under rules promulgated under those sections, that pertains to individual milk producer production, milk fat and other component tests and quality records is not subject to inspection under s. 19.35 except as required under s. 126.70 or except as the department determines is necessary to protect the public health, safety or welfare.
97.22 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 80, Wis. adm. code.
97.23 97.23 Drug residues in milk.
97.23(1) (1) In this section:
97.23(1)(a) (a) "Dairy plant" has the meaning given in s. 97.20 (1) (a).
97.23(1)(b) (b) "Milk" has the meaning given in s. 97.22 (1) (e).
97.23(1)(c) (c) "Milk producer" has the meaning given in s. 97.22 (1) (f).
97.23(2) (2)
97.23(2)(a)(a) If, in accordance with a rule promulgated by the department under s. 93.07 (1), 97.09 (4), 97.20 (4), 97.22 (8), or 97.24 (3), a dairy plant operator rejects a bulk milk shipment because it is adulterated with a drug residue and if the dairy plant operator incurs a monetary loss as a result of the rejection of the bulk milk shipment, the dairy plant operator may recover the amount of the monetary loss from the milk producer who caused the bulk shipment to be adulterated with the drug residue. A dairy plant operator may deduct the amounts recoverable by him or her under this paragraph from the proceeds of milk sold to or through the dairy plant operator by the milk producer who caused the adulteration.
97.23(2)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., the department may, by rule, require a dairy plant operator who rejects a bulk milk shipment because it is adulterated with a drug residue and who suffers a monetary loss as a result of the rejection of the bulk milk shipment to recover all or part of the monetary loss from the milk producer who caused the adulteration by deducting from the proceeds of milk sold by the milk producer an amount that is specified by the department by rule.
97.23(2)(b)2. 2. The department may not require a dairy plant operator who rejects a bulk milk shipment because it is adulterated with a drug residue to recover an amount that exceeds the dairy plant operator's actual monetary loss.
97.23 History History: 1991 a. 231; 2013 a. 374.
97.24 97.24 Milk and milk products.
97.24(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
97.24(1)(a) (a) "Dairy farm" means any place where one or more cows, sheep or goats are kept for the production of milk.
97.24(1)(am) (am) "Dairy plant" has the meaning given in s. 97.20 (1) (a).
97.24(1)(ar) (ar) "Fluid milk product" means cream, sour cream, half and half, whipped cream, concentrated milk, concentrated milk products, skim milk, flavored milk, buttermilk, cultured buttermilk, cultured milk, vitamin and mineral fortified milk or milk products, and any other product made by adding any substance to milk or any of these products.
97.24(1)(b) (b) "Grade A milk" means milk which is produced, processed and distributed in compliance with grade A standards established by the department by rule under this chapter.
97.24(1)(c) (c) "Grade A milk product" means a fluid milk product which is produced, processed and distributed in compliance with grade A standards established by the department by rule under this chapter.
97.24(1)(cm) (cm) "Milk" means the lacteal secretion of cows, sheep or goats, and includes skim milk and cream.
97.24(1)(d) (d) "Milk distributor" has the meaning given under s. 97.21 (1) (e).
97.24(1)(e) (e) "Milk hauler" means any person, other than a milk producer hauling his or her own milk only, who transports milk or fluid milk products to or from a dairy plant or a collecting point.
97.24(1)(f) (f) "Milk producer" means any person who owns or operates a dairy farm, and sells or distributes milk produced on that dairy farm.
97.24(2) (2)Requirements for milk and fluid milk products; grade A requirement.
97.24(2)(a)(a) No person may sell or distribute any milk unless that milk is produced, processed and distributed in compliance with standards established by the department by rule under this chapter.
97.24(2)(b) (b) No person may sell or distribute any milk or fluid milk products which are not grade A milk or grade A milk products to consumers, or to any restaurant, institution or retailer for consumption or resale to consumers. Grade A milk and grade A milk products shall be effectively pasteurized, and shall be produced, processed and distributed in compliance with standards established by the department by rule under this chapter.
97.24(2)(c) (c) No person may sell or distribute milk or fluid milk products which are labeled or otherwise represented as grade A milk or grade A milk products unless the milk and fluid milk products comply with this chapter and with standards established by the department by rule under this chapter.
97.24(2)(d) (d) This section does not prohibit:
97.24(2)(d)1. 1. The sale of milk or fluid milk products which are heat sterilized in hermetically sealed containers.
97.24(2)(d)2. 2. Incidental sales of milk directly to consumers at the dairy farm where the milk is produced.
97.24(2)(d)3. 3. Incidental sales of pasteurized milk at a dairy plant licensed under s. 97.20.
97.24(2)(d)4. 4. The sale of grade A milk or grade A milk products which are produced and processed under equivalent laws or rules of another state or a local governmental unit, as provided under sub. (4) (b).
97.24(3) (3)Rules. The department, in consultation with the department of health services, shall issue rules governing the production, transportation, processing, pasteurization, handling, identity, sampling, examination, labeling and sale of milk and fluid milk products; the inspection of dairy herds, dairy farms and dairy plants; the issuing and revocation of permits to milk producers and milk haulers, and of licenses to dairy plants and milk distributors. Insofar as permitted by the laws of this state, such rules shall be in reasonable accord with the minimum standards and requirements for milk and fluid milk products currently recommended and published by the U.S. public health service as a milk ordinance and code, except that the requirements for bottling and sterilization of bottles in such standards shall not apply to milk sold by a producer, selling only milk produced by the producer on the producer's dairy farm under the producer's own supervision, and selling such milk only in the producer's own milk house, which milk meets the requirements of grade A standards as set forth by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection, to a purchaser who has provided his or her own container, which has been sanitized in a manner comparable to the sanitizing of the utensils used in the production of milk by the producer, if the purchaser is purchasing milk for his or her own consumption.
97.24(4) (4)Legislative purpose; uniformity; reciprocity.
97.24(4)(a)(a) Regulation of the production, processing and distribution of milk and fluid milk products under minimum sanitary requirements which are uniform throughout this state and the United States is essential for the protection of consumers and the economic well-being of the dairy industry, and is therefore a matter of statewide concern; however, nothing in this section shall impair or abridge the power of any municipality or county to regulate milk or fluid milk products under sanitary requirements and standards which are in reasonable accord with those established under this section or the power to impose reasonable license permit and inspection fees which combined shall not exceed the cost of necessary inspection. A municipality or county may not impose any fee for its inspection of milk producers, dairy plant facilities or dairy products which are under the inspection supervision of another governmental unit within or without the state with a valid certification rating made or approved by the department. No governmental unit may impose or collect a fee directly from the producer. A license or permit fee not to exceed $25 annually may be imposed on milk distributors licensed under s. 97.22 and on dairy plants under the inspection supervision of another governmental unit which are engaged in the distribution of milk within a municipality or county.
97.24(4)(b) (b) No sanitary requirement or standard established under this section or contained in any ordinance may prohibit the sale of milk or fluid milk products which are produced and processed under laws or rules of any governmental unit, within or without this state, which are substantially equivalent to the requirements of the rules promulgated under this section, and which are enforced with equal effectiveness, as determined by a milk sanitation rating made or approved by the department, under rules promulgated under this section.
97.24(5) (5)Certification of Grade A dairy operations. The department shall conduct evaluation surveys of grade A dairy operations in this state to the extent necessary to certify to the federal food and drug administration, out-of-state markets, the federal public health service, and local health departments, the compliance rating of the grade A dairy operations based upon the sanitation and enforcement requirements of the grade A pasteurized milk ordinance of the federal public health service and its related documents. The department may promulgate rules establishing fees which may be charged to dairy plants to fund these activities.
97.24 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 60, Wis. adm. code.
97.25 97.25 Use of synthetic bovine growth hormone; labeling of dairy products.
97.25(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
97.25(1)(a) (a) "Dairy plant" has the meaning given in s. 97.20 (1) (a).
97.25(1)(b) (b) "Dairy product" has the meaning given in s. 97.20 (1) (b).
97.25(1)(c) (c) "Milk producer" has the meaning given in s. 97.22 (1) (f).
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)