(4m) Federal requirements.
Except as provided in rules promulgated under sub. (4)
, the operator of an establishment that is required to be licensed under this section shall comply with 9 CFR parts 307
and part 381
subparts G, H, I, J, K, L, O and P as they apply to federally licensed establishments.
(5) County and municipal inspections. 97.42(5)(a)(a)
The department may enter into cooperative agreements with counties and municipalities for inspection and enforcement services required by this section and by approved meat and poultry inspection ordinances and regulations. Employees of counties and municipalities while performing such inspection and enforcement work shall have the same enforcement authority, within such counties or municipalities, as that granted to the department and its authorized agents.
No county or municipality may collect any fees or charges for meat or poultry inspection or enforcement from any licensee under this section, except for overtime inspection work and the inspection of farm-raised deer. Charges for overtime or for the inspection of farm-raised deer shall be on the same basis as and shall not exceed charges for overtime work or for the inspection of farm-raised deer prescribed by this section or by the rules of the department.
No person shall slaughter any animals or poultry for the purpose of selling the meat products or poultry products thereof for human food, or sell, offer for sale or have in his or her possession with intent to sell such meat products or poultry products for human food, unless such animals and poultry and the carcasses thereof have been first inspected and approved as provided by any of the following:
County or municipal ordinances or regulations which are substantially equivalent to this section and which are enforced with equal effectiveness, if the inspection service is specifically approved by the department.
No person shall sell, offer for sale or have in possession with intent to sell any meat or poultry products, or meat food products unless they have been processed in accordance with this section, the federal meat inspection act, or county or municipal ordinances approved by the department.
No person shall slaughter horses, mules or other equines or process equine carcasses or meat at establishments where other animals or poultry are slaughtered or where other meat or poultry products are processed.
No county or municipality shall prohibit the sale of any meat products or poultry products if such meat products or poultry products are inspected and passed by the department, or by the U.S. department of agriculture, or by a county or municipal inspection service approved by the department, provided such meat products and poultry products are wholesome and not misbranded at the time of sale.
(7) Right of access.
No person shall prevent or attempt to prevent an inspector or other officer or agent of the department from entering, at any time, any establishment or any other place where meat products or poultry products, or foods derived therefrom, are processed, sold or held for sale, for the purpose of any examination, inquiry or inspection in connection with the administration and enforcement of this section. The examination, inquiry or inspection may include taking samples, pictures and documentary and physical evidence pertinent to enforcement of this section.
(8) Interference with inspection.
Any person who forcibly assaults, threatens, obstructs, impedes, intimidates or interferes with any person while engaged in the performance of his or her official duties under this section shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned in the county jail not to exceed one year or both.
(9) Tagging of facilities, equipment and product. 97.42(9)(a)(a)
When in the opinion of the department, the use of any equipment, compartment, room or facilities which is unclean or unsanitary or improperly constructed could lead to contamination of the product, the department may attach a "Rejected" tag to it. No equipment, utensil, container, compartment, room or facility so tagged may be used until made acceptable and released by a department representative, or until such equipment is replaced with acceptable equipment.
When in the opinion of the department any carcass, meat or poultry product, meat food product, or supplies or ingredients used in the processing thereof may be unwholesome, adulterated or misbranded, or otherwise fail to meet standards or requirements of this section or rules adopted under this section, the department may tag them with a "Retained" tag to hold them for further inspection, analysis or examination. No carcass, meat or poultry product, meat food product, or supplies or ingredients so tagged may be used, removed from the premises or otherwise disposed of unless released by a department representative. Such products may not be retained for more than 30 days without prior notice to the owner or custodian and the right to an immediate hearing.
When in the opinion of the department any carcass, meat or poultry product, or supplies or ingredients used in the processing thereof is unwholesome, adulterated or misbranded, or otherwise fail to meet standards or requirements of this section or rules adopted under this section, the department may tag them with a "Detained" tag to hold them for destruction or other disposition. No carcass, meat or poultry product, meat food product, or supplies or ingredients so tagged may be used, removed from the premises or otherwise disposed of unless released by a department representative. Such products may not be destroyed or detained for more than 30 days without prior notice to the owner or custodian and the right to an immediate hearing.
No person may alter, deface or remove any tag from facilities, equipment, products or supplies to which it has been attached by a department inspector without the express consent or approval of the inspector or other department representative.
The department may, upon written notice, summarily suspend the operations in whole or in part at any establishment for substantial violations of this section or rules issued hereunder when, in the opinion of the department, a continuation of the operation would constitute an imminent danger to public health. The department may summarily suspend inspection at any establishment for acts punishable under sub. (8)
where such acts substantially impair an inspector's ability to conduct an orderly inspection. Upon suspension of operations or inspection, the operator of the establishment may demand a hearing to determine whether the suspension should be vacated. The department shall, within 5 days after receipt of such demand, hold a hearing and adjudicate the issues as provided in ch. 227
. A demand for hearing shall not, however, operate to stay the suspension pending the hearing.
This section shall not apply to owners of poultry with respect to poultry produced on the owner's farm, provided his or her sales do not exceed 1,000 fowl annually, and the birds are labeled and tagged to identify the name and address of the producer and are marked "NOT INSPECTED". Persons processing more than 1,000 fowl but less than 20,000 fowl shall be fully subject to the provisions of this section relating to licensing, sanitation, facilities and wholesomeness of product. If the department determines that the protection of consumers from unwholesome poultry products will not be impaired, it may exempt such persons from sub. (3) (a)
provided the birds are labeled or tagged to identify the name and address of the producer and are marked "NOT INSPECTED".
(12) Substantial or repeated violations.
The department may deny, revoke or suspend the license of any person for substantial or repeated violations of this section.
History: 1971 c. 270
; 1973 c. 206
; 1975 c. 308
; 1977 c. 196
; 1977 c. 216
; 1979 c. 110
; 1981 c. 314
; 1983 a. 189
; 1983 a. 500
; 1985 a. 29
; 1987 a. 399
; 1989 a. 174
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 16
; 1995 a. 79
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 56
; 2013 a. 302
See also chs. ATCP 55
, Wis. adm. code.
Meat from dead or diseased animals. 97.43(1)
No meat from any diseased animal, or any dead animal as defined under s. 95.72 (1) (c)
, may be sold or used for human consumption, or dismembered or stored at premises where other food is sold or prepared for sale.
No carcass meat or other part of any animal shall be fed to food-producing animals or to animals used for human consumption unless it has been thoroughly rendered or cooked.
(3) Subsection (1)
shall not apply to meat from animals affected by any disease which does not ordinarily render such meat unfit for human consumption, provided the animals so affected have been slaughtered in establishments where meat inspection is maintained under s. 97.42
or the federal meat inspection act.
Whoever violates this section is guilty of a Class H felony.
See also ch. ATCP 55
, Wis. adm. code.
Identification of meat for animal feed; registration and records of buyers. 97.44(1)
No person shall buy, sell or transport any carcasses, parts thereof or meat or meat food products of any animals which are not intended for use as human food, unless they are denatured or otherwise identified as required by rules of the department or are naturally inedible by humans.
Animal feed manufacturers and operators of fur farms, exempt from s. 95.72
, shall register their names and business locations with the department if they engage in slaughtering animals or in buying dead animals or parts of the carcasses of such animals. The department, by rule, may require that they keep records of their purchase and disposition of such animals and carcass parts.
As used in this section, "animals" means cattle, sheep, goats, swine, equines, farm-raised deer, as defined in s. 95.001 (1) (ag)
, and poultry, except in the phrase "animal feed manufacturers".
See also ch. ATCP 57
, Wis. adm. code.
Labeling of horsemeat. 97.45(1)
No person shall sell any horsemeat, unless it is conspicuously labeled, marked, branded or tagged "horsemeat" or, in case horsemeat is used as an ingredient in any animal or human food, unless such food is conspicuously labeled to show the presence of horsemeat.
Whoever violates this section is guilty of a Class H felony.
History: 1977 c. 216
; Stats. 1977 s. 97.45; 1985 a. 229
; 1997 a. 283
; 2001 a. 109
See also ch. ATCP 55
, Wis. adm. code.
Under this section "kosher" means prepared in accordance with the Jewish ritual and sanctioned by Hebrew orthodox religious requirements.
No person may, with intent to defraud, do any of the following:
Sell or expose for sale any meat or meat preparation, whether raw or prepared for human consumption, and falsely represent the meat or meat preparation to be kosher, and as having been prepared under and of a product or products sanctioned by the orthodox Hebrew religious requirements.
Falsely represent any food product or the contents of any package or container to be kosher and as having been prepared under and of a product or products sanctioned by the orthodox Hebrew religious requirements, by having or permitting to be inscribed on the package or container the word "kosher" in any language.
Sell or expose for sale in the same place of business both kosher and nonkosher meat or meat preparations, either raw or prepared for human consumption, unless all of that person's window signs and display advertising indicate, in block letters at least 4 inches in height, "Kosher and Nonkosher Meat Sold Here".
Expose for sale in any show window or place of business both kosher and nonkosher meat or meat preparations, either raw or prepared for human consumption, unless the person displays over each kind of meat or meat preparation so exposed a sign in block letters at least 4 inches in height reading "Kosher Meat", or "Nonkosher Meat", as the case may be.
No person, with intent to defraud, may do any of the following:
Sell or expose for sale in any such restaurant or other place where food products are sold for consumption on the premises, any article of food or food preparations that is falsely represented to be kosher and as having been prepared in accordance with the orthodox Hebrew religious requirements.
Sell or expose for sale in any restaurant or other place both kosher and nonkosher food or food preparations for consumption on the premises when not prepared in accordance with the Jewish ritual and not sanctioned by the Hebrew orthodox religious requirements, unless the person's window signs and display advertising state, in block letters at least 4 inches in height, "Kosher and Nonkosher Food Served Here".
History: 1993 a. 492
; 1997 a. 253
Planted or cultivated rice. 97.57(1)(a)
"Paddy-grown rice" means rice which is mechanically planted, mechanically harvested or cultivated with the use of chemical fertilizers or herbicides.
"Wild rice" means rice which is not mechanically harvested and which is cultivated without the use of any chemical fertilizer or herbicide.
Any wholesaler or supplier who sells or offers for sale any paddy-grown rice which is not blended with any other rice may not label that paddy-grown rice "wild rice" unless he or she includes on the label, immediately before, after or above the largest words "wild rice", the word "paddy-grown" in legible, boldface print or type which is in distinct contrast to all other printed or graphic material on the label and in a type or print size which is not less than one-half the size of the largest type or print used in the words "wild rice" with which the word "paddy-grown" appears.
No wholesaler or supplier may sell or offer for sale any rice labeled "100% natural wild rice" unless that rice is wild rice which is not blended with any other rice.
History: 1987 a. 375
Any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter for which a specific penalty is not prescribed shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months, for the first offense; and for each subsequent offense, fined not less than $500 nor more than $5,000, or imprisoned for not less than 30 days nor more than one year in the county jail or both.
In lieu of any criminal penalty provided under this chapter, a person who violates this chapter may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000 for each violation. If the prosecutor seeks to impose a forfeiture, he or she shall proceed under ch. 778
In addition to penalties applicable to this chapter, the department may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for a temporary or permanent injunction restraining any person from violating provisions of this chapter and rules or orders issued under this chapter.
History: 1971 c. 156
; Stats. 1971 s. 97.73; 1983 a. 261