At all grade levels, an understanding of human relations, particularly with regard to American Indians, Black Americans and Hispanics.
Each school board shall provide an instructional program designed to give pupils:
Knowledge of the human body and the means to maintain lifelong health, including:
Knowledge of the theory and practice of physical education, including the development and maintenance of physical fitness;
Knowledge of the true and comparative vitamin content of food and food and health values of dairy products and their importance for the human diet; and
Knowledge of physiology and hygiene, sanitation, the effects of controlled substances under ch. 961
and alcohol upon the human system, symptoms of disease and the proper care of the body. No pupil may be required to take instruction in these subjects if his or her parent files with the teacher a written objection thereto. If a pupil does not take instruction in these subjects as a result of parental objection, the pupil may not be required to be examined in the subjects and may not be penalized in any way for not taking such instruction, but if the subjects receive credit toward graduation, the school board may require the pupil to complete an alternative assignment that is similar to the subjects in the length of time necessary to complete. Instruction in physiology and hygiene shall include instruction on sexually transmitted diseases and shall be offered in every high school.
An appreciation of artistic and creative expression and the capacity for self-expression.
Knowledge of morality and the individual's responsibility as a social being, including the responsibility and morality of family living and the value of frugality and other basic qualities and principles referred to in article I, section 22, of the constitution
insofar as such qualities and principles affect family and consumer education.
Knowledge of the prevention of accidents and promotion of safety on the public highways, including instruction on the relationship between highway safety and the use of alcohol and controlled substances under ch. 961
The skills needed to make sound decisions, knowledge of the conditions which may cause and the signs of suicidal tendencies, knowledge of the relationship between youth suicide and the use of alcohol and controlled substances under ch. 961
and knowledge of the available community youth suicide prevention and intervention services. Instruction shall be designed to help prevent suicides by pupils by promoting the positive emotional development of pupils.
Knowledge of effective means by which pupils may recognize, avoid, prevent and halt physically or psychologically intrusive or abusive situations which may be harmful to pupils, including child abuse, sexual abuse and child enticement. Instruction shall be designed to help pupils develop positive psychological, emotional and problem-solving responses to such situations and avoid relying on negative, fearful or solely reactive methods of dealing with such situations. Instruction shall include information on available school and community prevention and intervention assistance or services and shall be provided to pupils in elementary schools.
Reading instruction. 118.015(1)(1)
Purpose and intent.
It is the purpose and intent of this section to provide for a developmental reading program for pupils at all grade levels.
(2) Employment of reading specialists.
Each school district shall employ a reading specialist certified by the department to develop and coordinate a comprehensive reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12. At the discretion of the state superintendent, a school district may contract with other school districts or cooperative educational service agencies to employ a certified reading specialist on a cooperative basis.
(3) Duties of reading specialist.
The reading specialist shall:
Develop and implement a reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12.
Act as a resource person to classroom teachers to implement the reading curriculum.
Work with administrators to support and implement the reading curriculum.
Conduct an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum.
Coordinate the reading curriculum with other reading programs and other support services within the school district.
(4) School board duties.
The school board shall:
Develop a program of reading goals for the district for grades kindergarten to 12.
Make an assessment of existing reading needs in grades kindergarten to 12 in the district based on the reading goals established under par. (a)
Make an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum of the school district.
Foreign language instruction. 118.017(1)
All instruction shall be in the English language, except:
Those programs established under subch. VII of ch. 115
where instruction shall be in the English language and in the non-English language of the bilingual-bicultural education program.
The school board may cause any foreign language to be taught to pupils who desire it.
The school board may cause any course to be taught in a foreign language if the purpose is to facilitate the instruction of English speaking pupils in that language.
A school board may grant foreign language credit to a pupil who has satisfactorily completed a high school course in American sign language.
History: 1983 a. 412
; Stats. 1983 s. 118.017; 1989 a. 280
Human growth and development instruction. 118.019(1)(1)
The purpose of this section is to encourage all school boards to make available to pupils instruction in topics related to human growth and development in order to promote accurate and comprehensive knowledge in this area and responsible decision making and to support and enhance the efforts of parents to provide moral guidance to their children.
A school board may provide an instructional program in human growth and development in grades kindergarten to 12. If provided, the program shall offer information and instruction appropriate to each grade level and the age and level of maturity of the pupils. The program may include instruction in any of the following areas:
Self-esteem, responsible decision making and personal responsibility.
Human sexuality; reproduction; family planning, as defined in s. 253.07 (1) (a)
, including natural family planning; human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; prenatal development; childbirth; adoption; available prenatal and postnatal support; and male responsibility.
(3) Distribution of curriculum to parents.
Each school board that provides an instructional program in human growth and development shall annually provide the parents of each pupil enrolled in the school district with an outline of the human growth and development curriculum used in the pupil's grade level and information regarding how the parent may inspect the complete curriculum and instructional materials. The school board shall make the complete human growth and development curriculum and all instructional materials available upon request for inspection at any time, including prior to their use in the classroom.
(4) Exemption for individual pupils.
No pupil may be required to take instruction in human growth and development or in the specific subjects under sub. (2)
if the pupil's parent files with the teacher or school principal a written request that the pupil be exempted.
(5) Advisory committee.
In any school district that offers a human growth and development curriculum, the school board shall appoint an advisory committee composed of parents, teachers, school administrators, pupils, health care professionals, members of the clergy and other residents of the school district. The advisory committee shall develop the human growth and development curriculum and advise the school board on the design, review and implementation of the advisory committee's human growth and development curriculum. The advisory committee shall review the curriculum at least every 3 years.
Special observance days.
On the following days when school is held or, if the day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, on a school day immediately preceding or following the respective day, the day shall be appropriately observed:
January 15, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
February 15, Susan B. Anthony's birthday.
April 22, Environmental Awareness Day.
September 16, Mildred Fish Harnack Day.
September 17, U.S. Constitution Day.
September 28, Frances Willard Day.
Wednesday of the 3rd week in September, as part of Wonderful Wisconsin Week under s. 14.16 (8)
, Wisconsin Day.
June 14, if school is held, Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Day.
The last Friday in April, Arbor Day, except that if the governor by proclamation sets apart one day to be designated as Arbor and Bird Day under s. 14.16 (1)
, that day shall be appropriately observed.
Arbor day observance.
A school principal may request one free tree provided from state forest nurseries by the department of natural resources under s. 28.06
for each 4th grade pupil in the school for planting in conjunction with an annual observance and celebration of arbor day.
History: 1981 c. 59
The school board shall adopt all the textbooks necessary for use in the schools under its charge. The list of the adopted books shall be filed with the school district clerk.
The school board may purchase textbooks and sell them to the pupils at cost or it may designate agents of the school district to sell the textbooks to the pupils. The agents, at stated times, shall make settlement with the school district for books sold. The agents may add a selling commission which shall not exceed 10% of the net price.
No dealer in textbooks may sell any books at a price to exceed 15% above the net list prices, transportation added thereto.
Any person violating this section may be fined not less than $25 nor more than $100.
History: 1983 a. 412
Any school board may elect to operate summer classes or to permit pupils to attend summer classes operated by another school district on a tuition basis if the school district of operation will accept them. Sections 118.15
shall not apply to summer classes. Every school board electing to operate summer classes:
Shall make rules governing attendance and cause them to be spread on the school board minutes.
May accord to children living in the school district during the summer session the status of residents of the school district for the purpose of attendance at summer classes, even though the children were not regular residents of the school district during the preceding regular school session, but any such children who are not legal residents of the state shall not be counted in computing the state aid to which the school district is entitled.
May permit children from another school district to attend summer classes upon payment of nonresident tuition.
Shall not charge tuition for attendance at summer classes of pupils who are residents of the school district if the school board receives aid for such classes under s. 121.14
. The school board may establish and collect reasonable fees for social, recreational or extracurricular summer classes and programs which are neither credited toward graduation nor aided under s. 121.14
History: 1983 a. 27
Commencement of school term. 118.045(1)
Except as provided in subs. (2)
, beginning in the year 2000, no public school may commence the school term until September 1.
(2) Subsection (1)
does not prohibit a school board from doing any of the following:
Holding athletic contests or practices before September 1.
Scheduling in-service days or work days before September 1.
A school board may commence the school term before September 1 in any school year if it holds a public hearing on the issue and adopts a resolution to that effect in that school year.
History: 1999 a. 9
School conservation camps.