DCF 251.055(2)(f) (f) Maximum group size does not apply to field trips, outdoor play areas, and areas of the center reserved exclusively for eating. Staff-to-child ratios shall be maintained in those settings.
DCF 251.055(2)(g) (g) During naptime, an adjustment in group size and staff-to-child ratios in Table 251.055 may be made as follows:
DCF 251.055(2)(g)1. 1. One child care worker shall be within sight or sound of each group of sleeping children.
DCF 251.055(2)(g)2. 2. Staff-to-child ratios shall be maintained in the center during naptime.
DCF 251.055(2)(g)3. 3. Maximum group size requirements do not apply to napping groups.
DCF 251.055(2)(g)4. 4. As children wake, sight and sound supervision and staff-to-child ratios in Table 251.055 shall be maintained for awake children.
DCF 251.055(2)(h) (h) When 8 or fewer children are present in a center, there shall be a second adult available to come to the center within 5 minutes for emergencies. The center shall maintain a signed and dated statement from that person, including an address and telephone number, certifying that the person is available and agrees to serve if needed.
DCF 251.055(2)(i) (i) In a center with 9 or more children present, there shall be at least 2 adults available in the center at all times. At least one of the adults shall be a child care worker directly involved in the supervision and care of the children.
DCF 251.055(2)(j) (j) When 9 or more children are on a field trip there shall be at least 2 child care workers accompanying the children and the staff-to-child ratios in Table DCF 251.055 shall be maintained. At least one of the child care workers shall be a child care teacher.
DCF 251.055(2)(k) (k) Support staff, such as clerical, housekeeping, and food service staff, may only be considered in determining whether the required staff-to-child ratios are met at any of the following times:
DCF 251.055(2)(k)1. 1. During those hours when they give full attention to the care and supervision of children if they meet the qualifications of a child care worker.
DCF 251.055(2)(k)2. 2. During naptime when children are sleeping.
DCF 251.055(2)(L) (L) Child care workers shall be free of non-classroom duties when they are counted in meeting the staff-to-child ratios.
DCF 251.055(2)(m) (m) Children of staff who attend the center and who are on the premises for supervision and care shall be included in determining group size and staff-to-child ratios.
DCF 251.055 History History: EmR1918: emerg. cr., eff. 1-30-19; CR 19-089: cr. Register March 2020 No. 771, eff. 4-1-20.
DCF 251.06 DCF 251.06Physical plant and equipment.
DCF 251.06(1)(1)Building.
DCF 251.06(1)(a)(a) The building in which a center is located shall comply with applicable state and local building codes. The licensee shall maintain a building inspection report that specifies that the building meets the applicable Wisconsin commercial building codes for use as a group child care center.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Inspections can be obtained from a commercial building inspector certified by the Department of Safety and Professional Services in accordance with ch. SPS 305, “Licenses, Certifications, and Registration," or a Wisconsin architect registered in accordance with chapter A-E 3, Architect Registration, or a Wisconsin engineer registered in accordance with chapter A-E 4, Professional Engineer Registration.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Local authorities should be consulted to obtain any required zoning clearances or building permits.
DCF 251.06(1)(b) (b) If a group child care center cares for children 30 months of age or less, an applicant or licensee shall obtain a building inspection report that designates areas of the center that are approved for children 30 month of age or less when a center is inspected after September 29, 2019, due to any of the following:
DCF 251.06(1)(b)1. 1. Remodeling or modifications at an existing center that requires an inspection under Wisconsin commercial building codes or local ordinances.
DCF 251.06(1)(b)2. 2. An inspection done under par. (a) to obtain an initial license.
DCF 251.06(1)(c) (c) Space designated for use by children may only be used by children and staff and may not be used for other purposes while the center is open.
DCF 251.06(1)(d) (d) The inside temperature may not be less than 67°F.
DCF 251.06(1)(e) (e) If the inside temperature exceeds 80° F., the licensee shall provide for air circulation with fans, with air conditioning, or by other means.
DCF 251.06(2) (2)Protective measures.
DCF 251.06(2)(a) (a) The indoor and outdoor premises shall be free of hazards including any recalled products.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Lists of recalled products are available on the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection website at https://datcp.wi.gov/Pages/Programs_Services/ChildProductRecallsAdvice.aspx or by contacting the United States Consumer Products Safety Commission (US CPSC) at 1-800-638-2772.
DCF 251.06(2)(b) (b) Steam radiators, fireplaces, wood burning stoves, electric fans, electric outlets, electrical heating units and hot surfaces, such as pipes, shall be protected by screens or guards so that children cannot touch them.
DCF 251.06(2)(c) (c) Firearms, ammunition and other potentially dangerous items may not be kept on the premises.
DCF 251.06(2)(d) (d) Materials harmful to children, including power tools, flammable, or combustible materials, insecticides, matches, drugs, cleaning supplies, bleaches, and other hazardous, toxic, or poisonous articles shall be appropriately labeled and stored in areas inaccessible to children.
DCF 251.06(2)(e) (e) A motor vehicle shall be immediately available at the center at all times in case of an emergency if a public or private rescue or emergency vehicle cannot arrive at the center within 10 minutes of a phone call.
DCF 251.06(2)(f) (f) The center shall have a working telephone or access to a working telephone on the premises during hours of operation, with a list of emergency telephone numbers, including telephone numbers for the local fire department, police department, or other law enforcement agency, poison control center, and emergency medical service in a location known to all providers. In this paragraph, “telephone” does not include a pay telephone requiring payment to reach the operator or a telephone in a locked room.
DCF 251.06(2)(g) (g) Stairs, walks, ramps and porches shall be maintained in a safe condition and free from the accumulation of water, ice or snow.
DCF 251.06(2)(gm) (gm) The premises shall be well drained, free from litter, clean, and in good repair. The premises shall be maintained to prevent the entrance or harborage of vermin.
DCF 251.06(2)(h) (h) Smoking is prohibited on the premises of the center or in a vehicle used to transport children when the children are in care.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: See s. DCF 251.03 (25) for the definition of premises.
DCF 251.06(2)(i) (i) There shall be no flaking or deteriorating paint on exterior or interior surfaces in areas accessible to children.
DCF 251.06(2)(im) (im) No lead-based paint or other toxic finishing material may be used on indoor or outdoor furnishings and equipment.
DCF 251.06(2)(j) (j) Children may not be allowed in an area where power tools are in use.
DCF 251.06(2)(k) (k) A hot tub located in a room or area accessible to children shall have a visible, locked, rigid cover or be enclosed by a locked fence at least 4 feet tall. The lock shall be installed so that the lock is inaccessible to children.
DCF 251.06(2)(L) (L) If a hot tub is located in a room or area not intended for use by children, access to the room or area shall be controlled through the use of a visibly locked door. The lock shall be installed so that the lock is inaccessible to children.
DCF 251.06(2)(m) (m) Cleaning aids such as mops and brooms shall be clean. Buckets used with mops shall be emptied and stored in areas inaccessible to children.
DCF 251.06(2)(n) (n) Garbage containers in the building shall be rigid, covered, watertight, and emptied daily or more often as needed. Compactors need not be emptied daily. Garbage and refuse stored out of doors shall be kept in leak-proof containers equipped with tight-fitting covers and shall be disposed of as necessary to prevent decomposition or overflow.
DCF 251.06(2)(o) (o) Windows and doors that are used for ventilation shall be screened.
DCF 251.06(3) (3)Emergency plans and drills.
DCF 251.06(3)(a) (a) Each center shall have a written plan for taking appropriate action in the event of an emergency, including fire, tornado, or flood; extreme heat or cold; loss of building services, including heat, water, electricity, or telephone; human-caused events, such as threats to the building or its occupants; allergic reactions; lost or missing children; vehicle accidents; or other circumstances requiring immediate attention. The plan shall include procedures for all of the following:
DCF 251.06(3)(a)1. 1. Evacuation, relocation, shelter-in-place, and lock-down.
DCF 251.06(3)(a)2. 2. Ensuring the needs of children under 2 years of age and children with disabilities are met.
DCF 251.06(3)(a)3. 3. Communication with parents.
DCF 251.06(3)(a)4. 4. Connecting children with their parents if the center is required to evacuate the building.
DCF 251.06(3)(b) (b) Each center shall do all of the following:
DCF 251.06(3)(b)1. 1. Post the fire evacuation route and tornado shelter areas.
DCF 251.06(3)(b)2. 2. Practice the fire evacuation plan monthly, and tornado drills monthly from April through October.
DCF 251.06(3)(b)3. 3. Ensure that all staff members know what their duties are if there is an emergency.
DCF 251.06(3)(b)4. 4. Keep a written record of dates and times all fire and tornado drills practiced.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: The licensee may use the department's form Safety and Emergency Response Documentation - Group Child Care Centers, to document the results of the monthly testing of fire alarms and smoke detectors. Forms are available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov, or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
DCF 251.06(4) (4)Fire protection.
DCF 251.06(4)(a) (a) Each fire extinguisher on the premises of a center shall be operable at all times, inspected once a year by a qualified person and bear a label indicating its present condition and date of the last inspection.
DCF 251.06(4)(b) (b) All staff members shall be instructed in and knowledgeable about the use of the fire extinguishers.
DCF 251.06(4)(c) (c) Each floor used by children shall have at least 2 exits.
DCF 251.06(4)(d) (d) Exits and exit passageways shall have a minimum clear width of 3 feet and be unobstructed by furniture or other objects.
DCF 251.06(4)(e) (e) An extension cord may not be used permanently with an appliance.
DCF 251.06(4)(f) (f) No more than 2 electrical appliances may be plugged into any one wall outlet.
DCF 251.06(4)(g) (g) The door to the basement and furnace room shall be closed.
DCF 251.06(4)(h) (h) Areas under stairs may not be used for storage.
DCF 251.06(4)(i) (i) All exit lights shall be lit at all times.
DCF 251.06(4)(j) (j) Fire detection and prevention systems, including smoke detectors, heat or flame detectors, pull stations, and sprinkler systems, shall be maintained in good working order. A signaling device, such as a smoke, heat, or flame detector shall be used to conduct monthly fire evacuation drills. The licensee shall either document that fire detection and prevention systems are monitored by a fire prevention agency or that the detectors and alarms have been tested monthly.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: The licensee may use the department's form, Safety and Emergency Response Documentation — Group Child Care Centers, to document the results of the monthly testing of fire alarms and smoke detectors. Information on how to obtain the department's form is available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov, or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
DCF 251.06(4)(k) (k) Unvented gas, oil or kerosene space heaters are prohibited.
DCF 251.06(6) (6)Water.
DCF 251.06(6)(a) (a) A safe supply of drinking water shall be available to children at all times from a drinking fountain of the angle jet type or by use of disposable cups. Common use of drinking cups is prohibited.
DCF 251.06(6)(b) (b) If the center gets its water from a private well, the following shall apply:
DCF 251.06(6)(b)1. 1. Water samples from the well shall be tested for lead and bacteria by a laboratory certified by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection as specified in ch. NR 809. The laboratory report shall be available to the department upon request.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Group child care centers with a non-transient, non-community water system are notified by the Department of Natural Resources of the required testing time frames.
DCF 251.06(6)(b)2. 2. A center serving children under 6 months of age shall have the water tested annually for nitrate levels.
DCF 251.06(6)(b)3. 3. If water test results indicate the water contains high levels of lead or is bacteriologically unsafe, the water shall be appropriately treated and re-tested until it is determined to be safe. Bottled water shall be used until the water is determined to be safe. If the water tests above the maximum allowable level of nitrates, bottled water shall be used for infants under 6 months of age.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Centers using a private well should contact their regional Department of Natural Resources (DNR) office to determine whether they need to be in compliance with additional water test requirements. Child care centers that serve at least 25 of the same people over 6 months of the year are considered to have a non-transient non community water system (NTNC) and must be in compliance with Chapter NR 809, Safe Drinking Water Act Standards. Contact the nearest Department of Natural Resources from the list at: http://dnr.wi.gov/Contact/SSbyCounty.html.
DCF 251.06(7) (7)Indoor space.
DCF 251.06(7)(a) (a) The space used by children shall be no less than 35 square feet of usable floor space for each child, exclusive of passageways, kitchens, bathrooms, coat storage areas, offices, storage areas, isolation quarters, staff room, furnace room, parts of rooms occupied by stationary equipment, and areas not at all times available to children, including areas used exclusively for large muscle activity, napping or eating.
DCF 251.06(7)(b) (b) There shall be additional storage space for cots, bedding, supplies and equipment not in use.
DCF 251.06(9) (9)Kitchens.
DCF 251.06(9)(a) (a) Equipment and utensils.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)1.1. When meals are prepared or heated on the premises, the kitchen shall be equipped with a microwave or stove with an oven, a refrigerator, a sink and utensils that are necessary to prepare and serve meals. The sink shall be used exclusively for food preparation and dishwashing.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)1m. 1m. Centers preparing or serving only snacks are not required to have a sink unless dishes or utensils requiring dishwashing are used. Centers preparing or serving only snacks are not required to have a microwave or stove unless the snacks served require heating. Refrigerators are required if the center serves milk or other perishable snacks.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)2. 2. All equipment and utensils shall have smooth, hard surfaces, be easily cleanable, in good repair, durable, non-toxic and free of cracks, seams, chips and roughened areas, and shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)3. 3. Food preparation tables shall be durable, and surfaces shall be smooth, non-absorbent and easily cleanable.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)4. 4. After cleaning, utensils shall be stored in a clean, dry place and protected from contamination.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.