The program as implemented shall reflect the center's written policies.
“Time-out period" means removing the child from the situation in a non-humiliating manner and placing the child in a designated location in order to interrupt the child's unacceptable behavior.
“Redirection" means directing the child's attention to a different program activity.
Each child care center shall have a written policy which provides for positive guidance, redirection and the setting of clear-cut limits for the children. The policy shall be designed to help a child develop self-control, self-esteem and respect for the rights of others.
If a center uses time-out periods to deal with unacceptable behavior, time-out periods may not exceed 5 minutes and the procedure shall be included in the center's child guidance policy.
Use of time-out periods is prohibited for children under 3 years of age.
Actions that may be psychologically, emotionally or physically painful, discomforting, dangerous or potentially injurious are prohibited. Examples of prohibited actions include all of the following:
Spanking, hitting, pinching, shaking, slapping, twisting, throwing or inflicting any other form of corporal punishment.
Verbal abuse, threats or derogatory remarks about the child or the child's family.
Physical restraint, binding or tying to restrict movement or enclosing in a confined space such as a closet, locked room, box or similar cubicle.
Actions that are cruel, aversive, frightening or humiliating to the child.
DCF 251.07 Note
Inappropriate discipline of a child by a staff member must be reported to the department within 24 hours after the occurrence under s. DCF 251.04 (3) (j)
Indoor and outdoor play equipment shall be safe. The equipment shall be:
Scaled to the developmental level, size and ability of the children.
Of sturdy construction with no sharp, rough, loose, protruding, pinching or pointed edges, or areas of entrapment, in good operating condition, and anchored when necessary.
Placed to avoid danger of injury or collision and to permit freedom of action.
Placed over an energy-absorbing surface, when equipment is 4 feet or more in height.
A center shall provide equipment and supplies according to the following criteria:
Child development shall be fostered through selection of a variety of equipment that will:
A center shall provide sufficient indoor play equipment to allow each child a choice of at least 3 activities involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
A center shall provide sufficient outdoor play equipment to allow each child at least one activity involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
The quantity of indoor and outdoor play equipment specified in par. (b) 2.
shall be provided based on the maximum licensed capacity of the center.
Equipment and materials which reflect an awareness of cultural and ethnic diversity shall be provided.
DCF 251.07 Note
Note: Information on selecting play equipment is available from the Child Care Information Center, 1-800-362-7353.
Children using play equipment shall be closely supervised to prevent injuries.
Trampolines and inflatable bounce surfaces on the premises shall not be accessible to children and shall not be used by children in care.
A child under 5 years of age in care for more than 4 hours shall have a nap or rest period.
Child care workers shall permit a child who does not sleep after 30 minutes and a child who awakens to get up and to have quiet time through the use of equipment or activities which will not disturb other children.
Each child who has a nap or rest period shall be provided with an individual bed, cot, sleeping bag, 2 inch thick mat, crib or playpen which is placed at least 2 feet from the next sleeping child. Cribs or cots may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates children and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between cribs and cots.
Each child shall be provided with an individually identified sheet and blanket or sleeping bag which may be used only by that child until it is washed.
Bedding shall be maintained and stored in a clean and sanitary manner, replaced immediately if wet or soiled and washed at least after every 5 uses.
Center-provided transportation time shall be included in determining the amount of time children are present for the purposes of subd. 1.
Food shall be served at flexible intervals, but no child may go without nourishment for longer than 3 hours.
Each meal and snack served shall meet the U.S. department of agriculture child care food program minimum meal requirements.
DCF 251.07 Note
Note: See Appendices B and C for information on the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements.
Be planned at least one week in advance, dated and kept on file for 3 months.
Any changes in a menu as planned shall be recorded on the copies of the menu kept on file and posted for parents.
When snacks are provided by parents for all children, a record of the snack served shall be posted in an area accessible to parents.
Enough food shall be prepared for each meal so that second portions of vegetables or fruit, bread and milk are available to children.
When food for a child is provided by the child's parent, the center shall provide parents with information about requirements for food groups and quantities specified by the U.S. department of agriculture child care food program minimum meal requirements.
DCF 251.07 Note
Note: See Appendix B and C for information on the U.S. department of agriculture child care food program minimum meal requirements.
A special diet, based on a medical condition, excluding food allergies, but including nutrient concentrates and supplements, may be served only upon written instruction of a child's physician and upon request of the parent.
A special diet based on a food allergy may be served upon the written request of the parent.
Cooks, staff members, child care workers and substitutes having direct contact with the children shall be informed about food allergies and other allergies of specific children.
Each child upon arrival at a center shall be observed by a staff person for symptoms of illness and injury. For an apparently ill child, the procedure under par. (c)
shall be followed.
Any injury to a child or evidence of unusual bruises, contusions, lacerations or burns received by a child in or out of center care shall be recorded in a medical log book and reported immediately to the administrator or other person in charge of the center.
A center shall have an isolation area for the care of children who appear to be ill. If the area is not a separate room, it shall be separated from space used by other children by a partition, screen or other means.
(c) Ill child procedure.
The following procedures shall apply when a child with an illness or condition, such as vomiting or diarrhea, having the potential to affect the health of other persons is observed in the child care center:
The child in the isolation area shall be provided with a bed, crib or cot and a sheet and blanket or sleeping bag, with a staff member within sight and hearing of the child, except that for sessions of up to 4 hours a kindergarten mat may be provided for the isolation room instead of a bed, crib or cot. Isolation shall be used until the child can be removed from the center.
The child's parent, or a designated responsible person when a parent cannot be reached, shall be contacted as soon as possible after the illness is discovered, and arrangements shall be made for removal of the child from the center.
(d) Care of a mildly ill child.
A child who is mildly ill may be cared for at the center when all of the following conditions are met:
The space for the care of a mildly ill child shall be a self-contained room and shall be separate from children who are well.
The written health policy of the center allows a mildly ill child to remain at the center.
The center follows and implements procedures in a written plan for the provision of care to mildly ill children approved and signed by a licensed physician, or a pediatric or family nurse practitioner which covers all of the following:
Medical consultation is available from a physician or local health department in establishing policy for the management of mildly ill children.