“Time-out period" means removing the child from the situation in a non-humiliating manner and placing the child in a designated location in order to interrupt the child's unacceptable behavior.
“Redirection" means directing the child's attention to a different program activity.
Each child care center shall develop and implement a written policy that provides for positive guidance, redirection, and the setting of clear-cut limits for the children. The policy shall be designated to help a child develop self-control, self-esteem, and respect for the rights of others.
If a center uses time-out periods to deal with unacceptable behavior, time-out periods may not exceed 3 minutes, and the procedure shall be included in the center's guidance policy. For purposes of this paragraph, a “time-out” is an interruption of unacceptable behavior by the removal of the child from the situation, not to isolate the child, but to allow the child an opportunity to pause, and with support from the provider, reflect on behavior and gain self-control.
Use of time-out periods is prohibited for children under 3 years of age.
Actions that may be psychologically, emotionally or physically painful, discomforting, dangerous or potentially injurious are prohibited. Examples of prohibited actions include all of the following:
Spanking, hitting, pinching, shaking, slapping, twisting, throwing or inflicting any other form of corporal punishment.
Verbal abuse, threats or derogatory remarks about the child or the child's family.
Physical restraint, binding or tying to restrict movement or enclosing in a confined space such as a closet, locked room, box or similar cubicle.
Actions that are cruel, aversive, frightening or humiliating to the child.
DCF 251.07 Note
Prohibited actions by an employee or volunteer to a child by a staff member must be reported to the department within 24 hours after the occurrence under s. DCF 251.04 (3) (i)
Indoor furnishings and equipment shall be safe and durable. The equipment and furnishings shall be:
Scaled to the developmental level, size and ability of the children.
Of sturdy construction with no sharp, rough, loose, protruding, pinching or pointed edges, or areas of entrapment, in good operating condition, and anchored when necessary.
Placed to avoid danger of injury or collision and to permit freedom of action.
Placed over an energy-absorbing surface, when equipment is 4 feet or more in height.
Used in accordance with all manufacturer's instructions and any manufacturer's recommendations that may affect the safety of children in care.
A center shall provide equipment and supplies according to the following criteria:
Child development shall be fostered through selection of a variety of equipment that will:
A center shall provide sufficient indoor play equipment to allow each child a choice of at least 3 activities involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
A center shall provide sufficient outdoor play equipment to allow each child at least one activity involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
The quantity of indoor and outdoor play equipment specified in par. (b) 2.
shall be provided based on the maximum licensed capacity of the center.
Equipment and materials which reflect an awareness of cultural and ethnic diversity shall be provided.
Shelves shall be provided for equipment and supplies in rooms used by children. Equipment and supplies shall be arranged in an orderly fashion so that children may select, use, and replace items.
Trampolines and inflatable bounce surfaces on the premises shall not be accessible to children and shall not be used by children in care.
Tables and seating shall be scaled to the proper height and size for the children's comfort and reach.
There shall be sufficient storage space for the clothing and personal belongings of each child in attendance. For children 2 years of age and older, the space for outer garment storage shall be at child level.
Furnishings, toys, and other equipment shall be washed or cleaned when they become soiled.
A child under 5 years of age in care for more than 4 hours shall have a nap or rest period.
Child care workers shall permit a child who does not sleep after 30 minutes and a child who awakens to get up and to have quiet time through the use of equipment or activities which will not disturb other children.
Each child under one year of age who naps or sleeps shall be provided with a safe, washable crib or playpen that meets the applicable safety standards in 16 CFR Part 1219
and shall be placed at least 2 feet from the nearest sleeping child. Cribs or playpens may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates the crib or playpen and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between sleeping surfaces.
Each child one year of age and older who has a nap or rest period shall be provided with a sleeping surface that is clean, safe, washable, and placed at least 2 feet from the nearest sleeping child. Sleeping surfaces may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates children and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between sleeping surfaces. The sleeping surface shall be any of the following:
Each child one year of age and older not using a sleeping bag shall be provided with an individually identified sheet and blanket that may be used only by that child until it is washed.
Bedding shall be maintained and stored in a clean and sanitary manner, replaced immediately if wet or soiled, and washed after every 5 uses, at a minimum. A crib or playpen shall be washed and disinfected between changes in occupancy.
Center-provided transportation time shall be included in determining the amount of time children are present for the purposes of subd. 1.
Food shall be served at flexible intervals, but no child may go without nourishment for longer than 3 hours.
At a minimum, children shall be provided food for each meal and snack that meets the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements for amounts and types of food.
Additional portions of vegetables, fruits, bread, and milk shall be available.
Be planned at least one week in advance, dated and kept on file for 3 months.
Any changes in a menu as planned shall be recorded on the copies of the menu kept on file and posted for parents.
When snacks are provided by parents for all children, a record of the snack served shall be posted in an area accessible to parents.
When food for a child is provided by the child's parent, the center shall provide the parent with information about requirements for food groups and quantities specified by the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements.
A special diet based on a medical condition, excluding food allergies, but including nutrient concentrates and supplements, may be served only upon written instruction of a child's physician and upon request of the parent.
A special diet based on a food allergy may be served upon the written request of the parent.
Cooks, staff members, child care workers and substitutes having direct contact with the children shall be informed about food allergies and other allergies of specific children.
Except as provided in subd. 4.
, in a center where meals and snacks are served, seating and table space shall be at least equal to the licensed capacity of the center, excluding infants, so that all children can be served at the same time.
In a center where meals are served in a central lunchroom, seating and table space shall be at least equal to the number of children to be served in a shift.
Eating surfaces, including high chairs, shall be washed and sanitized before and after each use.
Each child upon arrival at a center shall be observed by a staff person for symptoms of illness and injury. For an apparently ill child, the procedure under par. (c)
shall be followed.
A center shall have an isolation area for the care of children who appear to be ill. If the area is not a separate room, it shall be separated from the space used by other children by a partition, screen, or other means to keep other children away from the ill child.
(c) Ill child procedure.
The following procedures shall apply when a child with an illness or condition that has the potential to affect the health of other persons, such as vomiting, diarrhea, unusual lethargy, or uncontrolled coughing, is observed in the child care center:
The child shall be isolated until the child can be removed from the center.
The child in the isolation area shall be within sight and sound supervision of a staff member.
The child shall be provided with a bed, crib, playpen, cot, or padded mat and a sheet and blanket or a sleeping bag.
The child's parent or emergency contact shall be contacted as soon as possible after the illness is discovered and arrangements shall be made for the child to be removed from the center.
(d) Care of a mildly ill child.
A child who is mildly ill may be cared for at the center when all of the following conditions are met:
The space for the care of a mildly ill child shall be a self-contained room and shall be separate from children who are well.
The written health policy of the center allows a mildly ill child to remain at the center.
The center follows and implements procedures in a written plan for the provision of care to mildly ill children approved and signed by a licensed physician, or a pediatric or family nurse practitioner which covers all of the following: