Clean, uncluttered and free of obstructions on the floors, aisles and seats.
Enclosed. Children may not be transported in a truck except in the cab.
Each child who is under 1 year of age or who weighs less than 20 pounds shall be properly restrained in a rear-facing individual child car safety seat when being transported in a vehicle as specified in s. 347.48
Each child who is at least 1 year of age but less than 4 years of age or who weighs at least 20 pounds but less than 40 pounds shall be properly restrained in a forward-facing individual child car safety seat when being transported in a vehicle as specified in s. 347.48
Each child who is at least 4 years of age but less than 8 years, weighing not more than 80 pounds or taller than 4 feet 9 inches shall be properly restrained in a shoulder-positioning child booster seat when being transported in a vehicle as specified in s. 347.48
Each child who is not required to be transported in an individual child car safety seat or booster seat when being transported in a vehicle shall be properly restrained by a seat belt. Each adult in the vehicle shall be properly restrained by a seat belt. Seat belts may not be shared.
Children transported in school buses or vehicles built to school bus standards shall be properly seated according to the manufacturer's specifications.
Passenger doors shall be locked at all times when a vehicle transporting children is moving.
Children under age 13 may not ride in the front seat of a vehicle.
When children are transported in a vehicle, there shall be at least one adult supervisor in addition to the driver in either of the following circumstances:
There are more than 3 children who are either under 2 years of age or have a disability which limits their ability to respond in an emergency.
There are more than 10 children under 5 years of age in the vehicle.
After transporting a child to his or her destination, an adult shall wait until the child enters the building or is in the custody of an adult designated by the parent, unless otherwise authorized by the parent of a school-age child.
A seat in the vehicle shall be provided for each child. In a vehicle not required to have seat belts, the manufacturer shall determine the capacity of the vehicle.
The center shall develop and implement a procedure to ensure that all children exit the vehicle after being transported to a destination.
When regularly scheduled transportation is provided by a center, the center shall maintain the following information in writing at the center and in each vehicle:
The name and address of the person authorized to receive a child if the child is dropped off at a place other than the child's residence.
Procedures to be followed when the parent or designated authorized adult is not at home to receive the child.
The center shall maintain written safety precautions to be followed and implemented when transporting children with disabilities or children who have a limited ability to respond in an emergency.
When transportation services are contracted or chartered, the name, address and telephone number of the contracting firm and the name of a representative of the firm who may be contacted after hours shall be on file at the center.
A center-provided vehicle shall be in safe operating condition. Except for licensed contract motor carrier vehicles, the licensee shall provide the department evidence of the vehicle's safe operating condition at 12-month intervals on a form the department provides. Licensed contract motor carrier vehicles shall comply with all applicable standards for those vehicles.
DCF 251.08 Note
The department's form, Vehicle Safety Inspection, is used to record evidence of the vehicle's safe operating condition. Information on how to obtain the department's form is available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov
, or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
A center-provided vehicle, other than a licensed contract motor carrier, shall be equipped with a first aid kit.
A vehicle shall be equipped with a child safety alarm that prompts the driver to inspect the vehicle for children before exiting if all of the following conditions apply:
The vehicle is owned or leased by a licensee or a contractor of a licensee.
The vehicle has a seating capacity of 6 or more passengers plus the driver. The seating capacity of the vehicle shall be determined by the manufacturer.
No person may shut off a child safety alarm unless the driver first inspects the vehicle to ensure that no child is left unattended in the vehicle.
The child safety alarm shall be in good working order each time the vehicle is used for transporting children to or from a center.
DCF 251.08 Note
Information on the required vehicle safety alarm is available in the “child care licensing/information for providers" section of the department website at http://dcf.wisconsin.gov
DCF 251.08 History
Cr. Register, January, 1997, No. 493
, eff. 8-1-97; CR 03-052
: r. and recr. (3) and (7), am. (4) (b) and (5) (d), cr. (4) (d) Register December 2004 No. 588
, eff. 3-1-05; CR 07-102
: am. (1), (3) (b), (4) (d), (5) (b) 1. and (6) (b), r. and recr. (2) (a), cr. (3) (c), (4) (b) 2. to 5. and (5) (e), renum. (4) (b) to be (4) (b) 1. and am. Register December 2008 No. 636
, eff. 1-1-09; CR 14-028
: cr. (8) Register July 2016 No. 727
, eff. 8-1-16.
DCF 251.09 Additional requirements for infant and toddler care. DCF 251.09(1)(a)(a)
Group child care centers providing care and supervision to infants and toddlers shall comply with the additional requirements of this section.
Prior to admission, an interview shall be conducted with a child's parent or guardian to obtain written information which will aid child care workers in individualizing the program of care for the child. Information shall include all of the following:
DCF 251.09 Note
The licensee may use the department's form, Intake for Child Under 2 Years — Child Care Centers, or the licensee's own form to record information for individualizing the program of care for each child. Information on how to obtain the department's form is available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov
, or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
Admission information for an infant or toddler shall be on file in the room or area to which the child is assigned and shall be known to the child care worker.
Child care workers shall document changes in a child's development and routines every 3 months based on discussion with the parent.
Each infant and toddler shall be cared for by a regularly assigned child care worker in a specific self-contained room or area. Infants and toddlers may not be transferred to the care of another child care worker or another group or room in order to adjust group sizes or staff-to-child ratios, except under one of the following circumstances:
When the number of children in a group is one or 2 children to one child care worker.
The regularly assigned child care teacher and assistant child care teacher for each group of infants and toddlers shall have a minimum of 10 hours of training in infant and toddler care approved by the department within 6 months after assuming the position. If the training is not part of the required entry-level training under s. DCF 251.05 (1) (f)
, it shall be obtained through continuing education.
Infants and toddlers are restricted to first floors and ground floors having direct grade-level exits unless the building is in compliance with all applicable building codes that permit children to be cared for on other levels. The building inspection report on file with the licensing office shall indicate that children under 2 years of age may be cared for on other levels of the center.
For centers licensed on or after January 1, 2009, the space occupied by cribs shall be deducted in determining the 35 square feet space requirement under s. DCF 251.06 (7) (a)
for each child.
The number of children under one year of age admitted at any one time may not exceed the number of cribs and playpens.
Cribs and playpens shall contain a tight fitting mattress and any mattress covering shall fit snugly over the mattress. Water beds may not be used by children under age 2.
Sheets or blankets used to cover the child shall be tucked tightly under the mattress and shall be kept away from the child's mouth and nose.
Children under one year of age may not sleep in a crib or playpen that contains soft materials such as sheepskins, pillows, fluffy blankets, bumper pads or stuffed animals.
Child care workers shall respond promptly to a crying child's needs.
Each infant and each toddler shall be allowed to form and follow his or her own pattern of sleeping and waking.
Each child under one year of age shall be placed to sleep on his or her back in a crib unless otherwise specified in writing by the child's physician. The child shall be allowed to assume the position most comfortable to him or her when able to roll over unassisted.
Emphasis in activities shall be given to play as a learning and growth experience.
Throughout the day each infant and each toddler shall receive physical contact and attention such as being held, rocked, talked to, sung to and taken on walks inside and outside the center.
Routines relating to activities such as taking a nap, eating, diapering and toileting shall be used as occasions for language development and other learning experiences.
When a non-mobile child is awake, the child care worker shall change the child's body position and location in the room periodically. Non-mobile children who are awake shall be placed on their stomach occasionally throughout the day.
The non-walking child who can creep or crawl shall be given opportunities during each day to move freely by creeping and crawling in a safe, clean, open, warm and uncluttered area.
Child care workers shall encourage infants and toddlers to play with a wide variety of safe toys and objects.
Infants and toddlers shall be taken outdoors for part of each day except during inclement weather or when this is not advisable for health reasons.
Equipment shall be provided to take infants and toddlers out of doors for a walk.
An adult-size rocking chair or other adult-size chair shall be provided for each child care worker for the purpose of holding and rocking children.
Feed each infant and each toddler on the child's own feeding schedule.
Ensure that food and formula brought from home are labeled with the child's name and dated, and are refrigerated if required.
Ensure that formula prepared by the center is of the commercial, iron-enriched type and mixed according to the manufacturer's directions.
Except as provided in subd. 6.
, provide formula or breast milk to all children under 12 months of age.
Provide a type of milk other than a type under subd. 4.
, or a milk substitute, only on the written direction of the child's physician.
Discard leftover milk or formula after each feeding and rinse bottles after use.
Hold a child unable to hold a bottle whenever a bottle is given. Bottles may not be propped.
Cover, date and refrigerate commercial baby food containers which are opened and foods prepared in the center which are stored. If not used within 36 hours, leftover food shall be discarded.
Hold or place a child too young to sit in a high chair in an infant seat during feeding. Wide-based high chairs, hook-on chairs or infant seats with safety straps shall be provided for children who are not developmentally able to sit at tables and chairs.
Encourage children to experiment with self-feeding with their hands and spoons. Eating utensils and cups shall be scaled to the size and developmental level of the children.