The clear space above the top of the lower mattress of a double deck bunk and the bottom of the upper deck shall be a minimum of 27 inches.
The distance from the top of the upper mattress to the ceiling shall be a minimum of 36 inches.
Sleeping facilities may not contain beds used for double occupancy except in family accommodations.
All buildings shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with applicable state or local fire and safety laws.
Any family housing and housing units for less than 10 persons, of one story construction, shall have 2 means of escape.
One of the 2 required means of escape may be a readily accessible window with space of not less than 24 x 24 inches which may be opened.
All sleeping quarters intended for use by 10 or more persons, central dining facilities and common assembly rooms shall have at least 2 doors remotely separated so as to provide alternate means of escape to the outside or to an interior hall.
Sleeping and common use rooms located on or above the second story shall comply with the state and local fire and building codes relative to multi-story dwellings except that:
On two-story buildings a modified class `A' fire escape constructed of wood may be provided as a second exit serving not more than 8 persons.
The fire escape and its connectors shall be capable of supporting 100 pounds per square foot and shall be fastened to the building by through bolts (at least 7
inch diameter and nut and washer (at least 4 inch diameter).
Except as provided in subd. 3.
, a migrant camp operator shall install portable smoke detectors in all of the following locations:
In each sleeping area of each housing unit or elsewhere in the unit within 6 feet of the doorway of each sleeping area and not in a kitchen.
Each portable smoke detector shall be installed no closer than 3 to 12 inches from the ceiling, except a camp operator may follow a manufacturer's recommendation on the installation of a particular smoke detector in a different location if the camp operator provides the department's migrant labor inspector with proof of the manufacturer's installation recommendation at the time of the camp inspection.
This paragraph does not apply to buildings with permanently wired smoke detectors installed by a professional electrician at the time of construction.
A smoke detector required under this paragraph shall be approved by underwriters laboratory.
Exit lights and signs shall be provided in accordance with chs. SPS 361
, Wisconsin Commercial Building Code.
Fire extinguishing equipment shall be provided in a readily accessible place located not more than 100 feet from each housing unit.
Fire extinguishing equipment shall provide protection equal to a 21
gallon stored pressure or 5 gallon pump type water extinguisher.
First aid facilities shall be provided and readily accessible for use at all times.
First aid facilities shall be equivalent to the 16 unit First Aid Kit recommended by the American red cross, and shall be provided in a ratio of 1 per 50 persons, except as provided under par. (k)
A kit supplied to each family shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of par. (i)
if it contains at least the following items:
No flammable or volatile liquids or materials may be stored in or adjacent to rooms used for living purposes, unless needed for current household use.
Agricultural pesticides and toxic chemicals may not be stored in the housing area.
A camp operator or agent may establish reasonable rules relating to the responsibility of camp occupants as to camp occupancy and care. A copy of all such rules shall be posted in the camp where they can be easily seen by the camp occupants and shall be given to the occupants together with the work agreement. All such rules shall be written in English and, if the customary language of any occupant is not English, in the language of the occupant.
Clearly explain to camp occupants their responsibilities under any rules established under par. (a)
At least once a week inspect the camp area, structures, toilets, showers, and other facilities and see that each is maintained in a clean and orderly condition and that broken or damaged property is promptly repaired.
Designate an individual to maintain the grounds and common use facilities in a clean and orderly condition at least daily, except that in camps occupied by 100 or more persons, the camp operator shall provide a full-time person to perform all duties required under this paragraph.
Designate an individual or employee to be responsible for the compliance with this section. Such person's name shall appear on the material posted under sub. (24)
Keep in a clean and orderly manner that part of the camp and premise which the occupant occupies or uses.
Be responsible for the cleanliness of the dwelling units to which the occupant has been assigned and adjacent grounds.
Dispose of rubbish and garbage by placing it in containers provided for rubbish and garbage.
All migrant labor camps including individual dwelling units shall be opened to inspection at all reasonable daylight hours by representatives of the department.
The department inspector shall make the inspector's presence known to the camp operator or an adult member of the operator's immediate family or the person designated as responsible for compliance with this section and to any affected occupant before making an inspection.
(24) Posting of rules.
A copy of this section prepared by the department in English and in the language of the camp occupants if other than English, shall be posted in the camp or where the occupants report for work in a place easily seen by the camp occupants. The copy shall state where copies of the rules may be obtained.
DWD 301.07 History
Cr. Register, April, 1978, No. 268
, eff. 5-1-78; emerg. am. (11) (c), eff. 1-5-79; am. Register, May, 1979, No. 281
, eff. 6-1-79; am. (9) (a) and cr. (1) (cm) and (cn), Register, May, 1981, No. 305
, eff. 6-1-81; cr. (8) (f), Register, October, 1982, No. 322
, eff. 11-1-82; corrections in (4), (6) (e), (11) (a) 1., (13) (c), (14) (h), (15) (a) and (m), (16) (o), (17) (a) 6. and (d) 19. and (21) (f) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7. and 14., Stats., Register, October, 1985, No. 358
; am. (1), Register, March, 1986, No. 363
, eff. 4-1-86; renum. from Ind 201.07 and am. (7), (9) (a) 2.a. and b., (b), (10) (d), (11) (c) (intro.), (h), (i) (intro.), (13) (a), (14) (e), (15) (a) to (c) (intro.), (f), (g), (m) (16) (L) (o) to (q) (17) (a) 6. and (21) r. (11) (bm), (cm), (cn), (gm), (13) (b), (d), (14) (c), (15) (c) 1., (i) to (L), (16) (m) and (n), Register, February 1993, No. 446
, eff. 3-1-93,
corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 5. and 7., Register, August, 1995, No. 476;
renum. (1) to be (1) (a) and am., cr. (1) (b) to (f), (9) (e) and am. (16) (p), (20) (c), (21) (k) 1. and 2., Register, December, 1997, No. 504
, eff. 1-1-98; correction in (14) (e) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, December, 1997, No. 504; CR 07-018
: r. (9) (b), (15) (b) and (c) 2., cr. (11) (cm) and (21) (em), am. (13) (a), r. and recr. (16) (c) and (k) Register December 2007 No. 624
, eff. 1-1-08; corrections in (4), (6) (e), (11) (a) 1., (13) (c), (14) (h), (15) (a) and (21) (f) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2007 No. 624
; corrections in (4), (6) (e), (11) (a) 1., (13) (c), (14) (e) and (h), (15) (a), (16) (c) and (k), (17) (d) 19., (21) (f) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2012 No. 673.
Drafts or checks shall be made payable to the order of individual workers.
The term “termination of the period of employment for which the worker was employed" means termination by either party for whatever reason.
Partial payment under s. 103.93 (1) (b)
, Stats., shall not be allowed unless the employer is unable to determine the amount of piece rate wages owed a worker because of a lack of confirmation from a processor buyer.
Any additional wages due a worker under s. 103.92 (1) (b)
, Stats., shall be paid within 2 days after such wages are determined.
Every employer shall furnish to each migrant worker an individual wage statement. A wage statement may not combine information on wages earned by multiple members of a family. Wage statements shall show the amount of gross and net wages paid by the employer to the worker, the number of hours worked, and the amount of and reason for each deduction from the wages of the worker. A reasonable coding system may be used by an employer.
Authorizations for deductions or withholding from wages must be specific as to the amount and reason for the deduction. A general statement authorizing the employer to make deductions for future loans, services, loss or damage to property shall be invalid.
In cases affecting migrant workers, the statutes and rules authorizing the department to investigate and collect wage claims and enforce the wage and hour laws may be administered by the bureau of migrant services.
DWD 301.08 History
Cr. Register, April, 1978, No. 268
, eff. 5-1-78; renum. from, Ind 201.08, Register, February, 1993, No. 446
, eff. 3-1-93; cr. (7), Register, December, 1997, No. 504
, eff. 1-1-98; CR 07-018
: am. (5) Register December 2007 No. 624
, eff. 1-1-08.
DWD 301.09 Field sanitation standards.
In operations where 6 or more migrant workers are engaged in hand labor, the employer shall meet the requirements of subs. (1)
without cost to the worker.
(1) Toilet facilities.
Toilet facilities shall be provided in the ratio of one facility per every 20 workers, regardless of gender, located within 1
mile of each employee's work place in the field or, if not feasible, at the closest vehicular access. Toilet facilities shall have doors than can be closed and latched from the inside.
Handwashing facilities shall be provided in the ratio of one facility per every 20 workers, regardless of gender, located within 1
mile of each employee's work place in the field, or if not feasible, at the closest vehicular access.
The department may authorize the substitution of prepackaged towelettes for handwashing facilities when such a variation is necessary to prevent a practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship and the substitution does not compromise the health and safety of the worker.
Written application for a variance under par. (b)
shall be filed with the department on a form prescribed by the department. A variance shall not be effective until granted in writing by the department.
(3) Drinking water.
Potable drinking water to meet worker needs shall be provided at a readily accessible location. The water provided to the workers shall be cool and kept in insulated containers which are clean and sanitary. A supply of water shall be available in sufficient amount to meet worker needs. The water shall be dispensed in single serving drinking cups. The use of common drinking cups or dippers is prohibited.
Toilet and handwashing facilities shall be clean and sanitary.
Potable water containers shall be covered, cleaned and refilled daily.
Disposal of wastes from facilities shall not cause unsanitary conditions.
Toilet facilities shall be provided with an adequate supply of toilet paper.
(5) Reasonable use.
Workers shall be allowed reasonable opportunities during the workday to use the facilities.
“Hand labor" means that work which is performed manually in the field.
“Handwashing facility" means a facility provided with running water for washing hands, arms, face and head, including lavatories, basins and sinks, both for cleanliness and for safety purposes.
“Potable water" means all water which may be distributed by any agency or individual, public or private, for human consumption, washing of the person, the preparation of foods or beverages, or for the cleansing of any utensil or article used in the course of preparation or consumption of food or beverages for human beings.
“Sanitary condition" means that condition of good order and cleanliness which precludes the probability of disease transmission.
“Toilet facility" means a facility provided for the purpose of defecation or urination, or both, including water closets and biological or chemical toilets, and urinals.
“Work place" means the area in which work is performed as defined in s. DWD 301.06 (5)
except canneries and freezing plants, and is not in the proximity of any existing sanitary facilities.
The department may, upon written application by a camp operator and after inspection by a migrant labor inspector, grant a variance to a provision of this section if it determines that an equivalency is established in the petition for variance which meets the intent of the provision involved.
An equivalency is established for the purposes of par. (a)
when appropriate alternative measures have been taken to protect the health and safety of workers and to assure that the purpose of the provision from which the variance is sought will be observed.
A variance issued under this subsection may be either temporary or permanent. In granting a variance, the department may impose specific conditions to promote the protection of the health, safety and welfare of the workers. Violation of any condition under which a petition is granted constitutes a violation of this chapter for which a compliance order may be issued or a variance may be revoked.
Any person who wishes to contest a determination on a petition for variance may, within 30 days after the date of the determination, file a request for hearing with the secretary. The request shall contain a statement of the specific reasons for contesting the determination. The secretary may deny the request if he or she determines that it sets forth insufficient reasons for a hearing. If the secretary grants the request, he or she may designate a hearing examiner to conduct the hearing and to issue either a recommended decision to the secretary or a final decision.
DWD 301.09 History
Cr. Register, October, 1985, No. 358
, eff. 1-1-86, emerg. cr. (7), eff. 2-10-86; r. (1) (b), renum. (1) (a) to be (1), cr. (7), Register, June, 1986, No. 366
, eff. 7-1-86; renum. from Ind 201.09 and am. (7) (a), Register, February, 1993, No. 446
, eff. 3-1-93; correction in (6) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., Register, December, 1997, No. 504
; CR 07-018
: am. (2) (c) Register December 2007 No. 624
, eff. 1-1-08.
DWD 301.09 Note
DWD 301.11 Compliance dates. History:
Cr. Register, February, 1993, No. 446
, eff. 3-1-93;
correction in (1) (f) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, December, 1997, No. 504
; CR 07-018
: r. Register December 2007 No. 624
, eff. 1-1-08.
This section applies to post-occupancy inspections of migrant labor camps and other situations in which the department determines that a violation of the statutes or the administrative rules has taken place. The intent of this section is to supplement the system of code enforcement based on citations taken to court with a system based on administrative penalty fees. A penalty fee system enables the department to focus on violations that are serious and base the size of the fee on the degree of danger created by the violation.
DWD 301.13 Note
Section 103.965 (1)
, Stats., provides that in most cases there shall be a correction period for migrant code violation: ``(I)f the department determines that any person has violated ss. 103.90 to 103.97 the person shall have a reasonable time, not to exceed 15 days from the day he or she receives notice of the violation, to correct the violation. If the violation is corrected within that period, no penalty may be imposed under s. 103.97."
The violation penalty fees in this section of the code will apply only to violations that are not corrected within the specified correction period.