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SPS 361.02 Note 2. No lodged individual receives from the owner, manager or operator of the place or the owner's, manager's or operator's agent or employee any of the following:
SPS 361.02 Note a. Personal care, supervision or treatment, or management, control or supervision of prescription medications.
SPS 361.02 Note b. Care or services other than board, information, referral, advocacy or job guidance; location and coordination of social services by an agency that is not affiliated with the owner, manager or operator, for which arrangements were made for an individual before he or she lodged in the place; or, in the case of an emergency, arrangement for the provision of health care or social services by an agency that is not affiliated with the owner, manager or operator.
SPS 361.02 Note (e) An adult family home.
SPS 361.02 Note (f) A residential care apartment complex.
SPS 361.02 Note (g) A residential facility in the village of Union Grove that was authorized to operate without a license under a final judgment entered by a court before January 1, 1982, and that continues to comply with the judgment notwithstanding the expiration of the judgment.
SPS 361.02 Note Note: Section 101.05, Stats., reads as follows:
SPS 361.02 Note Exempt buildings and projects. (1)  No building code adopted by the department under this chapter shall affect buildings located on research or laboratory farms of public universities or other state institutions and used primarily for housing livestock or other agricultural purposes.
SPS 361.02 Note (2) A bed and breakfast establishment, as defined under s. 254.61 (1), is not subject to building codes adopted by the department under this subchapter.
SPS 361.02 Note (3) No standard, rule, code or regulation of the department under this subchapter applies to construction undertaken by the state for the purpose of renovation of the state capitol building.
SPS 361.02 Note (4) No standard, rule, order, code or regulation adopted, promulgated, enforced or administered by the department under this chapter applies to a rural school building if all of the following are satisfied:
SPS 361.02 Note (a) The school building consists of one classroom.
SPS 361.02 Note (b) The school building is used as a school that is operated by and for members of a bona fide religious denomination in accordance with the teachings and beliefs of the denomination.
SPS 361.02 Note (c) The teachings and beliefs of the bona fide religious denomination that operates the school prohibit the use of certain products, devices or designs that are necessary to comply with a standard, rule, order, code or regulation adopted, promulgated, enforced or administered by the department under this chapter.
SPS 361.02(3) (3) This code does not apply to all of the following types of buildings, structures or situations:
SPS 361.02(3)(a) (a) A temporary building or structure used exclusively for construction purposes, not exceeding 2 stories in height, and not used as living quarters.
SPS 361.02(3)(b)1.1. Buildings or structures located on Indian reservation land that are held either in trust by the United States, or in fee by the tribe or a tribal member.
SPS 361.02(3)(b)2. 2. Buildings or structures which are located on off-reservation Indian land that is held in trust by the United States — and which are held either in trust by the United States, or in fee by the tribe or a tribal member.
SPS 361.02(3)(c) (c) Buildings and portions of buildings that are exempted by federal statutes or treaties.
SPS 361.02(3)(d) (d) Portions of buildings leased to the federal government provided all of the following conditions are met:
SPS 361.02(3)(d)1. 1. A statement is recorded with the register of deeds that describes the steps necessary for compliance to this code if the space is converted to a nonexempt use.
SPS 361.02(3)(d)2. 2. The statement recorded with the register of deeds is recorded in a manner that will permit the existence of the statement to be determined by reference to the property where the building is located.
SPS 361.02(3)(d)3. 3. The owner of the building submits a copy of the recorded document to the department or its authorized representative.
SPS 361.02(3)(e) (e) Buildings and structures that are on a farm premises and used exclusively for farming purposes, provided any use of the building or structure by the public consists only of consumers directly receiving farm commodities, substantially all of which have been planted or produced on the farm premises. In this application, "substantially all" means at least 90 percent of the commodities were planted or produced on the farm premises.
SPS 361.02(3)(f) (f) A one- or 2-family dwelling used as a foster home, treatment foster home, or group home, or as a child caring institution having a capacity for 8 or fewer children, all as defined in s. 48.02, Stats.
SPS 361.02 Note Note: The definitions in s. 48.02, Stats., limit foster homes to no more than 4 children unless all the children are siblings, limit treatment foster homes to no more than 4 children, and limit group homes to no more than 8 children. Where permitted by the department of children and families, a group home or a child caring institution having a capacity for 8 or fewer children may be located in a one- and 2-family dwelling as a community living arrangement, as defined in s. 46.03 (22), Stats.
SPS 361.02(3)(g) (g) A one- or 2-family dwelling in which a public or private day care center for 8 or fewer children is located.
SPS 361.02(3)(h) (h) That portion of or space within a one- or 2-family dwelling in which a home occupation is located.
SPS 361.02(4) (4) In this section, "home occupation" means any business, profession, trade or employment conducted in a person's dwelling unit, that may involve the person's immediate family or household and a maximum of one other unrelated person, but does not involve any of the following:
SPS 361.02(4)(a) (a) Explosives, fireworks or repair of motor vehicles.
SPS 361.02(4)(b) (b) More than 25% of the habitable floor area of the dwelling unit.
SPS 361.02(5) (5) This code also applies to any existing building that is converted to a community-based residential facility for 9 to 20 residents.
SPS 361.02 History History: CR 00-179: cr. Register December 2001 No. 552, eff. 7-1-02; CR 04-016: cr. (5) Register December 2004 No. 588, eff. 1-1-05; CR 06-120: r. and recr. (3) (b), am. (3) (d) 1. and 2., Register February 2008 No. 626, eff. 3-1-08.
SPS 361.03 SPS 361.03 Application.
SPS 361.03(1)(1)Standards.
SPS 361.03(1)(a)(a) The design and construction of public buildings and places of employment shall comply with s. SPS 361.05, except as provided in this code.
SPS 361.03(1)(b) (b) The codes and standards that are referenced in this chapter, and any additional codes and standards which are subsequently referenced in those codes and standards, shall apply to the prescribed extent of each such reference, except as modified by this chapter.
SPS 361.03(1)(c) (c) The requirements in IBC Appendix C may be applied to certain agricultural buildings, as specified in s. SPS 362.3600 (2), in lieu of corresponding, otherwise applicable requirements of this code.
SPS 361.03(2) (2)Retroactivity. A rule of this code does not apply retroactively to public buildings and places of employment existing prior to the effective date of the rule unless specifically stated in the rule.
SPS 361.03(3) (3)Conflicts.
SPS 361.03(3)(a)(a) Where any rule written by the department differs from a requirement within a document referenced in this code, the rule written by the department shall govern.
SPS 361.03(3)(b) (b) Where rules of the department specify conflicting requirements, types of materials or methods of construction, the most restrictive rule shall govern, except as provided in pars. (a) and (c).
SPS 361.03 Note Note: If the most restrictive of two or more conflicting requirements is not readily apparent, a determination of which is more restrictive can be obtained from the department.
SPS 361.03(3)(c) (c) Where a rule prescribes a general requirement and another rule prescribes a specific or more detailed requirement regarding the same subject, the specific or more detailed requirement shall govern, except as provided in par. (a).
SPS 361.03(4) (4)Department authority. Any departmental interpretation of the requirements in this chapter or in the codes and standards that are adopted in this chapter shall supersede any differing interpretation by either a lower level jurisdiction or an issuer of the adopted code or standard.
SPS 361.03(5) (5)Local ordinances.
SPS 361.03(5)(a)1.1. Except as provided in par. (b), pursuant to s. 101.02 (7), Stats., a city, village, town or local board of health may enact and enforce additional or more restrictive standards for public buildings and places of employment, provided the standards do not conflict with this code.
SPS 361.03(5)(a)2. 2. Nothing in this code affects the authority of a municipality to enact and enforce standards relative to land use, zoning or regulations under ss. 59.69, 60.61, 60.62, 61.35 and 62.23 (7), Stats.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)1.1. Pursuant to s. 101.02 (7m), Stats., a city, village, town or county may not enact and enforce additional or more restrictive standards for multifamily dwellings, except as provided under s. 101.975, Stats., and that do not conflict with this code.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)2. 2. Any municipality exercising or intending to exercise jurisdiction under this code may apply to the department for a variance permitting the municipality to adopt an ordinance pertaining to multifamily dwellings not in conformance with this code. The department shall review and make a determination on a municipal request under this section within 60 business days of receipt of the request.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)3.a.a. The department may grant a municipal variance only where all of the conditions in subds. 3. b. and c. are demonstrated.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)3.b. b. The municipality demonstrates that the variance is necessary to protect the health, safety, and welfare of individuals within the municipality because of specific climate or soil conditions generally existing within the municipality.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)3.c. c. The municipality demonstrates that the granting of the variance, when viewed both individually and in conjunction with other variances requested by the municipality, does not impair the statewide uniformity of this code.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)3.d. d. Prior to making a determination on a municipal variance, the department shall solicit within the municipality and consider the statements of any interested persons as to whether the variance should be granted.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)3.e. e. This subdivision shall be strictly construed in accordance with the goal of promoting statewide uniformity.
SPS 361.03(5)(b)4. 4. Pursuant s. 101.121, Stats., a city, village, town or county may not enact or enforce additional or more restrictive standards regarding issues addressed under this code that would apply to alteration or change of occupancy for a historic building.
SPS 361.03(6) (6)Alternatives. Nothing in this code is intended to prohibit or discourage the design and utilization of new building products, systems, components, or alternate practices, provided written approval from the department is obtained first.
SPS 361.03 Note Note: Subchapter V contains requirements for approval of building products and alternate standards.
SPS 361.03(7) (7)New buildings and structures. Buildings, structures and additions to buildings, structures and components, to be constructed or erected shall be designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with the rules of this code as the rules exist on one of the following:
SPS 361.03(7)(a) (a) Pursuant to s. SPS 361.30, the date plans for the building, structure or addition are approved by the department or authorized representative.
SPS 361.03(7)(b) (b) The date the local building permit is issued, if plan submission and approval is not required under s. SPS 361.30.
SPS 361.03(7)(c) (c) The date construction is initiated, where pars. (a) and (b) do not apply.
SPS 361.03(8) (8)Alterations. Those portions, elements, systems or components of existing buildings and structures to be altered or modified, where the alteration or the modification affects a building element or component relating to subject matters regulated by this code, shall be designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with the rules of this code as the rules exist on one of the following:
SPS 361.03(8)(a) (a) Pursuant to s. SPS 361.30, the date plans for the alteration or modification are approved by the department or authorized representative.
SPS 361.03(8)(b) (b) The date the local building permit is issued, if plan submission and approval is not required under s. SPS 361.30.
SPS 361.03(8)(c) (c) The date the alteration is initiated, where pars. (a) and (b) do not apply.
SPS 361.03(9) (9)Replacements. Those building systems or components of existing buildings and structures to be replaced, where the replacement involves a building element or component relating to subject matters regulated by this code shall conform and be maintained in accordance with the rules of this code as the rules exist on one of the following:
SPS 361.03(9)(a) (a) Pursuant to s. SPS 361.30, the date plans for the replacement are approved by the department or authorized representative.
SPS 361.03(9)(b) (b) The date the local building permit is issued, if plan submission and approval is not required under s. SPS 361.30.
SPS 361.03(9)(c) (c) The date the replacement is initiated, where pars. (a) and (b) do not apply.
SPS 361.03(10) (10)Repairs. Those portions, elements, systems or components of existing buildings and structures repaired shall conform and be maintained in accordance with the rules of this code as the rules exist on one of the following:
SPS 361.03(10)(a) (a) The date plans for that portion, element, system or component was approved by the department or authorized representative.
SPS 361.03(10)(b) (b) The date the local building permit was issued for that portion, element, system or component, if plan submission and approval was not required.
SPS 361.03(10)(c) (c) The date construction was initiated for that portion, element, system or component, where pars. (a) and (b) do not apply.
SPS 361.03(10)(d) (d) The date repair is initiated.
SPS 361.03(11) (11)Change of occupancy or use. Except as provided in sub. (12), no change may be made in the use or occupancy of any building or structure, or any space within a building or structure, that would place the building, structure or space either in a different division of the same group of occupancies or in a different group of occupancies, unless the building, structure or space complies with this code's requirements for the new division or group of occupancies, as these requirements exist on one of the following dates:
SPS 361.03(11)(a) (a) Pursuant to s. SPS 361.30, the date when plans for the change in occupancy or use are approved by the department or authorized representative.
SPS 361.03(11)(b) (b) The date a local building permit is issued, if plan submittal and approval is not required under s. SPS 361.30.
SPS 361.03(11)(c) (c) The date construction is initiated, where pars. (a) and (b) do not apply.
SPS 361.03(11)(d) (d) The date an occupancy permit is issued, where pars. (a) to (c) do not apply.
SPS 361.03(12) (12)Temporary use. A municipal fire or building code official may permit a building or structure to be used temporarily by the public, subject to all of the following provisions:
SPS 361.03(12)(a) (a) The official shall determine the time frame within which the temporary use is permitted, based on the extent hazards are created by the temporary use. This time frame may not exceed 180 days, except the official may grant extensions for demonstrated cause.
SPS 361.03(12)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), buildings or spaces considered for temporary use shall conform to the requirements of this code as necessary to ensure the public safety, health and general welfare.
SPS 361.03(12)(c) (c) The official may require additional safety requirements for a temporary use as a tradeoff for any safety provisions that may be lacking.
SPS 361.03(12)(d) (d) The official may terminate the approval for a temporary use at any time and order immediate discontinuance of the use or complete evacuation of the building or space.
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