WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION
The state of Wisconsin department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection hereby adopts the following emergency rule to amend s. ATCP 21.17 (1) (b) and to create s. ATCP 21.17 (1) (d), relating to the quarantine of Adams, Buffalo, Calumet, Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Oneida and Outagamie Counties for the emerald ash borer beetle.
Analysis Prepared by the Department
of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection
This emergency rule creates a quarantine for Adams, Buffalo, Calumet, Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Oneida and Outagamie Counties for the emerald ash borer beetle (“EAB”). Under this rule, the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (“DATCP”) quarantines Adams, Buffalo, Calumet, Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Oneida and Outagamie Counties to mitigate the risk of movement of emerald ash borer to other areas of Wisconsin and to other states.
DATCP is adopting this temporary emergency rule pending the adoption of a federal regulation to quarantine Adams, Buffalo, Calumet, Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Oneida and Outagamie Counties. This emergency rule will take effect immediately upon publication in the official state newspaper, and will remain in effect for 150 days. The Legislature’s Joint Committee for Review of Administrative Rules may extend the emergency rule for up to 120 additional days.
Explanation of Statutory Authority
DATCP has broad general authority, under s. 93.07 (1), Wis. Stats., to adopt regulations to enforce laws under its jurisdiction. DATCP also has broad general authority under ss. 93.07 (12) and 94.01, Wis. Stats., to adopt regulations to prevent and control plant pest infestations. Emerald ash borer quarantines created by this rule are part of an overall state strategy to prevent and control plant pest infestations, including EAB infestations. DATCP is adopting this temporary emergency rule under authority of s. 227.24, Wis. Stats., pending the adoption of federal regulations on the same subject.
The United States Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (“APHIS”) positively identified EAB in Adams County near Lake Petenwell in the Town of Monroe on July 31, 2014. APHIS subsequently identified EAB in Merrick State Park, Buffalo County, on August 5, 2014. On August 29, 2014, APHIS identified EAB in the Village of Sherwood, Calumet County, only four miles from the Outagamie County line. On October 6, 2014, APHIS identified EAB in the city of Rhinelander, Oneida County. While EAB has not yet been positively identified in Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc and Outagamie Counties, these four are now almost completely surrounded by the state EAB quarantine and are in relatively close proximity to existing infestations. It is likely that these four counties already contain some level of EAB infestation, and there is little economic or ecological benefit to maintaining their status outside of the EAB quarantine.
This emergency rule creates a DATCP quarantine for Adams, Buffalo, Calumet, Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Oneida and Outagamie Counties. A Federal quarantine will be enacted approximately six to eight weeks after a formal submission by the state plant regulatory official. EAB is carried and spread by untreated ash wood products. An eight-week delay until enactment of the federal quarantine leaves too much time for businesses or individuals to move potentially EAB infested material out of these eight counties to areas of Wisconsin or to other states that are not infested with EAB.
EAB is an injurious exotic pest that now endangers Wisconsin’s estimated 770 million ash trees and ash resources. This insect has the potential to destroy entire stands of ash, and any incursion of EAB can result in substantial losses both to forest ecosystems and to urban trees, as well as impacting the state’s vital tourism and timber industries. The emerald ash borer has killed over fifty million trees in the Midwest and has cost several hundred million dollars in losses to the woodlot, nursery, and landscape industries and to municipalities. APHIS predicts the national urban impact alone from this pest may exceed $370 billion.
DATCP has plant inspection and pest control authority under s. 94.01, Wis. Stats., to adopt rules establishing quarantines or other restrictions on the importation or movement of plants or other materials into and within this state, if these measures are necessary to prevent or control the spread of injurious plant pests. A quarantine order may prohibit the movement of any pest, or any plant, pest host or pest-harboring material, which may transmit or harbor a pest.
Emergency Rule Content
Under this emergency rule, movement of all hardwood (non-coniferous) firewood of any type, plus movement of any ash wood out of Adams, Buffalo, Calumet, Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Oneida and Outagamie Counties, is prohibited with certain exceptions. The emergency rule will do the following:
Create a quarantine for EAB for Adams, Buffalo, Calumet, Juneau, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Oneida and Outagamie Counties that prohibits the movement of regulated articles, including all hardwood species of firewood; and nursery stock, green lumber, and other material living, dead, cut or fallen, including logs, stumps, roots, branches and composted and uncomposted chips of the genus Fraxinus (Ash wood), out of these counties or any contiguous EAB quarantined counties.
Provide an exemption for items that have been inspected and certified by a pest control official and are accompanied by a written certificate issued by the pest control official (some products, such as nursery stock, cannot be given an exemption).
Provide an exemption for businesses that enter into a state or federal compliance agreement. The compliance agreement describes in detail what a company can and cannot do with regulated articles.
Summary of Factual Data and Analytical Methodologies
Data for this analysis was obtained from DATCP nursery license records, local business directories and field surveys of the wood products industry (e.g. timber, lumber, firewood) in the affected area. This analysis was based on the regulatory language of s. ATCP 21.17 and 7 CFR 301.53, on the observations of DATCP Plant Industry Bureau staff, and on conversations with stakeholders in the nursery and timber-related industries.
Analysis and Supporting Documents used to Determine Effect on Small Business