Finally, the proposal to amend the regulation to explicitly require the date and time of appearance to be shown on the citation is simply codifying procedures that should already be mandated by courts processing citations. A person who is issued a citation should be notified of the time and place he or she is required to appear in court or pay the ticket as part of that process. All persons have a fundamental due process right to notice of the time and place their case will be heard. Unfortunately, the Uniform Traffic Citation Council and Department have become aware that some police agencies do not specify the return date on citations. This amendment is intended to end that practice.
Summary of, and preliminary comparison with, existing or proposed federal regulation: The purpose of making changes to the citation form related to CMV use or the transportation of hazardous materials is to improve compliance with federal CDL laws and regulations. Federal law requires Wisconsin to:
• Notify the licensing jurisdiction within 10 days if one of its drivers is convicted of a CDL offense in Wisconsin.
• Post convictions on Wisconsin driving records within 10 days of the conviction.
Section 345.48(1m), Stats., requires courts to report convictions to DMV within 5 working days. By having consistent information regarding CMV use or hazardous materials transportation, as well as a consistent automated citation format, DMV should be more consistent in processing reported convictions within the 10-day federal time limit.
Comparison with Rules in the Following States: Neighboring states have a requirement similar to Wisconsin’s that a uniform citation be used for traffic offenses.
Michigan: Michigan: Section 257.727c, Michigan Vehicle Code Act 300
(1) As used in this act, “citation” means a complaint or notice upon which a police officer shall record an occurrence involving 1 or more vehicle law violations by the person cited. Each citation shall be numbered consecutively, be in a form as determined by the secretary of state, the attorney general, the state court administrator, and the director of the department of state police.
Minnesota: 2008 Minnesota Statutes 169.99 Uniform Traffic Ticket
Subdivision 1. Form. (a) Except as provided in subdivision 3, there shall be a uniform ticket issued throughout the state by the police and peace officers or by any other person for violations of this chapter and ordinances in conformity thereto. Such uniform traffic ticket shall be in the form and have the effect of a summons and complaint. Except as provided in paragraph (b), the uniform ticket shall state that if the defendant fails to appear in court in response to the ticket, an arrest warrant may be issued. The uniform traffic ticket shall consist of four parts, on paper sensitized so that copies may be made without the use of carbon paper, as follows:
Illinois: Joint Committee on Administrative Title 92, Chapter 1, Part 450
The complaint shall be in the form provided by the Illinois Uniform Citation and Complaint form, and shall contain.
Iowa: Chapter 805.6 Uniform Citation and Complaint
1.a.(1) The commissioner of public safety, the director of transportation, and the director of natural resources, acting jointly, shall adopt a uniform, combined citation and complaint which shall be used for charging all traffic violations in Iowa under state law or local regulation.
Summary of factual data and analytical methodologies used and how the related findings support the regulatory approach chosen: The uniform traffic citation is created with the advice of the Council on Uniformity of Traffic Citations and Complaints. That group consists of representatives of various groups involved in the enforcement and adjudication of traffic regulations.
Analysis and supporting documentation used to determine effect on small businesses: Traffic citations are generally written to individuals. The form used by law enforcement officers to write citations does not affect business in the state of Wisconsin. There is no documentation on this point and the analysis is limited to observing that there is no possible relationship between the form used for citations in traffic cases and small business development in Wisconsin.
Effect on small business: This rule has no effect on small business. The Department’s Regulatory Review Coordinator may be contacted by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org, or by calling (414) 438-4585. Fiscal effect: The Department estimates that there will be no fiscal impact on the state or on the liabilities or revenues of any county, city, village, town, school district, vocational, technical and adult education district, sewerage district, or federally-recognized tribes or bands. Existing s. Trans 114.07 permits law enforcement agencies to exhaust the existing stock of forms before buying new forms. This mitigates any fiscal impact on local governments.
Anticipated costs incurred by private sector: The Department anticipates there will be no fiscal impact on private sector revenues or liabilities.
Agency contact person and copies of rule: Copies of the rule may be obtained upon request, without cost, by writing to Glenn Green, Department of Transportation, 4802 Sheboygan Avenue, Room 266, Madison, WI 53707-7911. You may also contact Mr. Green by phone at (608) 266-0428, or via e-mail at email@example.com.
TEXT OF PROPOSED RULE
SECTION 1. Trans 114.03(title) is amended to read:
Trans 114.03(title) Uniform Prototype uniform traffic citation form use.
SECTION 2. Trans 114.06(2)(a) is amended to read:
Trans 114.06(2)(a) A person who is issued an automated citation shall be served with a printed citation in the format set forth in figure 6. The citation shall be printed on 8.5 inch by 11 inch white paper and shall match the format and content requirements of figure 6 exactly. The citation shall include a unique control number assigned to the issuing agency, officer or computer by the department.
SECTION 3. Trans 114.07(1)(title) is created to read:
Trans 114.07(1)(title) USE OF OLD FORMS.
SECTION 4. Trans 114.07(2)(title) is created to read:
Trans 114.07(2)(title) NEWLY PRINTED FORMS.
SECTION 5. Trans 114.07(2) is amended to read:
Trans 114.07(2) All uniform traffic citation forms printed after the effective date of this rule (revisor insert date) shall conform to the requirements of Trans 114.06.
SECTION 6. Trans 114.07(3) is created to read:
Trans 114.07(3) NOTICE OF COURT DATE REQUIRED ON COMPLETED CITATION. In addition to the information specified in s. 345.11(2), Stats., the completed uniform traffic citation served on a defendant driver shall include the date and time at which the defendant driver is required to appear in court or by which the defendant driver must post deposit or bail for the offense or pay the forfeiture.
SECTION 7. INITIAL APPLICABILITY. This rule is applicable as of the effective date of this rule.
SECTION 8. Figures 1, 4, 5, and 6 of Ch. Trans 114 are repealed and recreated as shown in attached Figures 1, 4, 5, and 6.
SECTION 9. EFFECTIVE DATE. This rule shall take effect on the first day of the month following publication in the Wisconsin Administrative Register as provided in s. 227.22 (2) (intro.), Stats.
(END OF RULE TEXT)