ORDER OF THE
STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION
ADOPTING EMERGENCY RULES
The scope statement for this rule, SS 107-17, was published in Register No. 742A1, on October 2, 2017, and approved by State Superintendent Tony Evers on October 12, 2017. Pursuant to Coyne v. Walker, the Department of Public Instruction is not required to obtain the Governor’s approval for the statement of scope for this rule. Coyne v. Walker, 368 Wis.2d 444. The State Superintendent of Public Instruction hereby adopts an order to repeal EmR 1711 and ss. PI 34.01 (53), 34.14 (1) (a) 1. to 3. and (b), 34.17 (4), 34.33 (5m); to renumber and amend ss. PI 34.14 (1) (a) (intro.); to amend ss. 34.14 (1) (intro.), 34.15 (2) (a) 3. a., 34.17 (5), and 34.30 (2); to repeal and recreate s. PI 34.21; and to create ss. 34.175, 34.185, 34.30 (2) (p), 34.34 (21), and subch. IX; relating revisions to emergency rules governing licensure as a result of 2017 Wisconsin Act 59.
ANALYSIS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION
Explanation of agency authority:
115.28 General duties. The state superintendent shall:
(7) Licensing of teachers.
(a) License all teachers for the public schools of the state; make rules establishing standards of attainment and procedures for the examination and licensing of teachers within the limits prescribed in ss. 118.19 (2) and (3), 118.191, 118.192, 118.193, 118.194, and 118.195; prescribe by rule standards, requirements, and procedures for the approval of teacher preparatory programs leading to licensure, including a requirement that, beginning on July 1, 2012, and annually thereafter, each teacher preparatory program located in this state shall submit to the department a list of individuals who have completed the program and who have been recommended by the program for licensure under this subsection, together with each individual's date of program completion, from each term or semester of the program's most recently completed academic year; file in the state superintendent's office all papers relating to state teachers' licenses; and register each such license.
Related statute or rule:
Through its work with stakeholder groups, the Department advanced an emergency rule, Emergency Rule 1711, on
June 14, 2017, to help school districts address teacher shortages and provide flexibility and clarity around teacher licensing by doing the following:
• Creating a one-year License with Stipulations (replacing emergency licenses and permits) for:
• Teachers and pupil services professionals from another state who have not met Wisconsin testing requirements;
• Speech Language Pathologists who hold a valid license from DSPS; and
• If a district cannot find a fully licensed teacher or pupil services professional, an individual with a bachelor’s degree.
• Creating a three-year License with Stipulations as part of a district-sponsored pathway for experienced teachers to receive another teacher license in a new subject or developmental level.
• Issuing licenses to teachers from another state who have successfully completed the edTPA or the National Board process (Foundations of Reading Test still required).
• Starting January 1, 2018, allowing Initial and Professional Educators to use professional growth goals and work in Educator Effectiveness as another option to renew or advance their license.
• Allowing educator preparation programs flexibility in their admissions policies by removing specific testing (Praxis CORE) and GPA requirements from rule.
• Allowing teacher and pupil services candidates to demonstrate content knowledge with a 3.0 or higher GPA in license area, by successfully completing a content-based portfolio, or by successful completion of the currently used Praxis II exam.
• Removing the master’s degree requirement for the Library Media Specialist License and make it a stand-alone license based on completion of a major.
• Creating a Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC) teaching license allowing someone who has been certified as a JROTC instructor by a branch of the military to teach JROTC courses in a high school.
Since Emergency Rule 1711 became effective, 2017 Wisconsin Act 59, the 2017-19 biennial budget, made several changes to the teacher licensure process, including provisions that are not consistent with Emergency Rule 1711. Among these changes were eliminating renewal requirements for licenses and creating lifetime licenses without an expiration date. Further, Section 9135 (5p) of 2017 Wisconsin Act 59, nonstatutory provisions, requires the Department to promulgate rules to revise Chapter PI 34 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code, and to simplify the teacher licensure system by doing at least all of the following:
1. Simplifying the grade levels that a licensee is authorized to teach under his or her license.
2. Creating broad field subject licenses.
3. Allowing school boards to increase the number of teachers in a school district by offering internships and residency opportunities.
4. Creating a permit that authorizes an individual who is enrolled in a teacher preparatory program to teach in public schools as part of an internship, residency program, or other equivalent training program.
5. Simplifying licensure reciprocity for individuals who hold a license in another state.
6. Expanding pathways for individuals who hold a license issued by the department to obtain additional licenses to fill positions in geographic areas and subject areas that are in need of educational personnel.
This emergency rule seeks to build upon the changes in Emergency Rule 1711 while conforming with changes to statute under 2017 Wisconsin Act 59. The promulgation of new emergency rules will ensure implementation of the statutes during the promulgation of a related permanent rule (Clearinghouse Rule 17-093), currently pending at the time of the filing of this emergency rule, in order to fulfill the nonstatutory requirement that the Department promulgate rules related to teacher licensure in the manner described above.
Plain language analysis:
This emergency rule will replace Emergency Rule 1711 to align emergency rule provisions with recent changes in statute as a result of 2017 Wisconsin Act 59. In promulgating a new emergency rule, the Department will continue to implement the flexibilities provided by Emergency Rule 1711 with the exception for the provision allowing educators to use professional growth goals and work in educator effectiveness as an option to renew or advance their license, since this provision is no longer consistent with statute. Instead, this new emergency rule creates rules around the new provisional and lifetime licenses, which were created under 2017 Wisconsin Act 59, as well as a subchapter relating to obsolete licenses. This new emergency rule will ensure consistency between rule and statute while a related permanent rule (Clearinghouse Rule 17-093) completes promulgation.
Summary of, and comparison with, existing or proposed federal regulations:
Because education in the United States is typically governed by each state and local government, federal regulations are generally silent with respect to teacher licensure. As a result, the requirements for teacher licensure are regulated by and vary by state. However, under 34 CFR 300.156 (c), a special education teacher in the state who teaches elementary school, middle school, or secondary school must have obtained full state certification as a special education teacher, or passed the state special education teacher licensing examination and holds a license to teach in the state as a special education teacher, has not had licensure requirements waived on an emergency, temporary, or provisional basis, and holds at least a bachelor’s degree. “Full state certification,” according to federal regulations for the purpose of special education teachers, includes participating in an alternate route to certification as a special education teacher if the alternate route includes: 1) high-quality professional development that is sustained, intensive, and classroom-focused in order to have a positive and lasting impact on classroom instruction, before and while teaching; 2) participation in a program of intensive supervision that consists of structured guidance and regular ongoing support for teachers or a teacher monitoring program; 3) functions as a teacher only for a specified period of time not to exceed three years; and 4) satisfactory progress toward full certification. This emergency rule makes necessary changes to make the teacher licensing process more flexible and efficient while complying with existing federal regulations related to the qualifications of special education teachers.
Comparison with rules in adjacent states:
• Illinois (Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/21B-5): The Illinois State Board of Education expects all of its certified teachers to complete a state-approved teacher preparation program and have at least a bachelor’s degree. While the minimum degree requirement for Illinois teachers is a bachelor’s degree, some of these programs are at the graduate level. License applicants graduated from an out-of-state teacher preparation program are recognized by the Illinois Department of Education if it has been approved by that state’s Department of Education, or if it leads to a teaching certificate or license in that state. License applicants who graduated from a foreign college or university must have their foreign credentials evaluated and converted to fit the American credits/courses standard to receive licensure.
• Iowa (Iowa Administrative Code Chapter 282.13): The Iowa Board of Educational Examiners requires that, in order to be eligible for a teaching license in Iowa, graduates from Iowa institutions must meet the following requirements: 1) A baccalaureate degree from a regionally-accredited institution; 2) Completion of a state-approved teacher preparation program in Iowa, including the required assessments; and 3) Recommendation for licensure from the designated recommending official where the program was completed. Graduates from out-of-state institutions must meet the following requirements: 1) A baccalaureate degree from a regionally-accredited institution; 2) completion of a state-approved teacher preparation program, including the coursework requirements for a content area teaching endorsement, coursework in pedagogy, and a student teaching or internship placement, completed for college semester credit through a regionally-accredited institution; 3) Recommendation for licensure from the designated recommending official where the program was completed; 4) Valid or expired license from another state; and 5) Completion of the required Iowa assessments (not required if the applicant completed their teacher preparation program prior to January 1, 2013, or if the applicant has three years or more teaching experience on a valid license in another state). Applicants who have completed certain nontraditional programs may or may not be eligible for licensure in Iowa.
• Michigan (Michigan Administrative Code Section R 390.1101-390.1216): The Michigan Department of Education Office of Professional Preparation Services requires that applicants pursuing certification via a traditional route should hold a bachelor’s degree, complete a state-approved teacher preparation program, and earn passing scores on the state-required tests. The traditional route to certification leads to the issuance of a provisional certificate, Michigan’s initial teaching certificate for new teachers. After successfully completing three years of teaching experience and continuing education, those holding an initial certificate may upgrade to a Professional Education Certificate. Highly effective and qualified teachers may then move up to the third tier of certification, the Advance Professional Education Certificate. Provisional and interim certificates to teach are available for applicants who are pursuing alternative pathways to licensure.