History: 1987 a. 89
; 1995 a. 27
Unfair trade practices in procurement of vegetable crops. 100.235(1)(a)
“Affiliate" means any of the following persons or business entities:
An officer, director, partner, member, manager, major stockholder, employee or agent of a contractor.
A corporation or business entity that is owned, controlled or operated by any of the persons under subd. 1.
“Contractor's cost to grow" means the average cost, per unit weight of vegetable, incurred by the contractor and the contractor's subsidiaries and affiliates to grow a species of vegetable in a growing region, either during 3 of the preceding 5 years excluding the highest and lowest years, or, if the contractor has grown a vegetable species less than 5 consecutive years, during the most recent years available.
“Growing region" means one or more geographic areas in which the department determines that the cost to grow a particular species of vegetable tends to be reasonably similar.
“Producer" means any person who produces and sells vegetables, or who grows vegetables under contract.
“Subsidiary" means a corporation or business entity that is owned, controlled or operated by a contractor.
“Vegetable" means a vegetable grown or sold for use in food processing, whether or not it is actually processed as food. “Vegetable" includes sweet corn but does not include grain.
“Vegetable procurement contract" means an agreement between a contractor and a producer, under which the contractor buys vegetables grown in this state from the producer or contracts with the producer to grow vegetables in this state.
Contractor may not pay producer less than contractor's cost to grow.
If a contractor and the contractor's affiliates and subsidiaries collectively grow more than 10 percent of the acreage of any vegetable species grown and procured by the contractor in any license year, the contractor shall pay a producer, for vegetables of that species tendered or delivered under a vegetable procurement contract, a price not less than the contractor's cost to grow that vegetable species in the same growing region. For vegetables contracted on a tonnage basis and for open-market tonnage purchased, acreage under this subsection shall be determined using the state average yield per acre during the preceding license year.
Cost to grow; report to department upon request.
If the department determines that a contractor and the contractor's affiliates and subsidiaries will collectively grow more than 10 percent of the acreage of any vegetable species grown and procured by the contractor during a license year, the department may require the contractor to file a statement of the contractor's cost to grow that vegetable species. The contractor shall file the report with the department within 30 days after the department makes its request, unless the department grants an extension of time. The department may permit the contractor to report different costs to grow for different growing regions if the contractor can define the growing regions to the department's satisfaction, and can show to the department's satisfaction that the contractor's costs to grow are substantially different between the growing regions.
Department investigations; response to producer complaints.
The department may, on its own initiative, investigate to determine whether any contractor has violated this section. If a producer or producer association files a written complaint with the department alleging a violation of sub. (2)
, the department shall investigate the complaint. The department is not required to investigate any complaint filed more than 180 days after the producer tendered or delivered the vegetables to the contractor.
Additional reports; inspection and audit.
For purposes of an investigation under sub. (5)
, the department may require a contractor to submit reports of acreage, tonnages, costs to grow, and amounts paid to producers. The department may require that the reports be certified by a certified public accountant, or the department may inspect and audit the contractor's records to verify that the reports are accurate.
Reports are confidential.
Reports submitted to the department under subs. (4)
are confidential and not open to public inspection.
Department findings and order.
If the department completes an investigation in response to a complaint under sub. (5)
, the department shall issue written findings to the contractor and complainant, indicating whether the department has found a violation of sub. (2)
by the contractor. If the department finds that the contractor has violated sub. (2)
, the department shall specify what it finds to be the contractor's cost to grow. Either the contractor or the complainant may demand a public hearing on the department's finding, under ch. 227
Uniform system of cost accounting; department rules.
The department may promulgate rules prescribing a uniform system of cost accounting to be used by contractors in determining and reporting a contractor's cost to grow. The accounting system shall take into account cost differences attributable to factors affecting prices for vegetable species under vegetable procurement contracts.
A producer who sustains a monetary loss as a result of a violation of this section by a contractor may recover the amount of the loss, together with costs, including all reasonable attorney fees, notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1)
Any person who violates this section or any rule promulgated or order issued under this section may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $10,000. Notwithstanding s. 165.25 (1)
, the department may commence an action to recover a forfeiture under this paragraph.
Fine or imprisonment.
Any person who intentionally violates this section shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year in the county jail or both for each violation.
Revocation of corporate authority.
Any corporation, or limited liability company, foreign or domestic, which violates any order issued under s. 100.20
may be enjoined from doing business in this state and its certificate of authority, incorporation or organization may be canceled or revoked. The attorney general may bring an action for this purpose in the name of the state. In any such action judgment for injunction, cancellation or revocation may be rendered by the court, upon such terms as it deems just and in the public interest, but only upon proof of a substantial and willful violation.
History: 1981 c. 124
; 1993 a. 112
Nothing in ss. 100.22
shall be construed as repealing any other law of this state, but the remedies herein provided shall be cumulative to all other remedies provided by law in and for such cases.
Any person who violates any provision of this chapter, except s. 100.18
, for which no specific penalty is prescribed shall be fined not to exceed $200, or imprisoned in the county jail not more than 6 months or both.
Any person violating s. 100.02
is guilty of a Class I felony.
Any person who violates s. 100.15
, or who intentionally refuses, neglects or fails to obey any regulation or order made or issued under s. 100.19
, shall, for each offense, be fined not less than $25 nor more than $5,000, or imprisoned in the county jail for not more than one year or both.
Any person who violates s. 100.18 (1)
is subject to a civil forfeiture of not less than $50 nor more than $200 for each violation.
Any person who violates s. 100.18 (10r)
is subject to a civil forfeiture of not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each violation.
Any person violating s. 100.18 (9)
may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both. Each day of violation constitutes a separate offense.
The department, the department of justice, after consulting with the department, or any district attorney may commence an action in the name of the state to recover a civil forfeiture to the state of not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each violation of an injunction issued under s. 100.18
or 100.20 (6)
. The department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection or any district attorney may commence an action in the name of the state to recover a civil forfeiture to the state of not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each violation of an order issued under s. 100.20
Any person violating s. 100.182
may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both for each offense. Each unlawful advertisement published, printed or mailed on separate days or in separate publications, hand bills or direct mailings is a separate violation of this section.
Any person who violates s. 100.46
may be required to forfeit not more than $100.
Any person who violates s. 100.30 (7) (a)
is subject to a forfeiture of not less than $50 nor more than $200 for each violation.
It was constitutionally proper for the legislature to authorize in sub. (3) the imposition of criminal penalties for the violation of department rules adopted pursuant to s. 100.20. State v. Lambert, 68 Wis. 2d 523
, 229 N.W.2d 622
“Intentionally" in sub. (3) modifies only “refuses," not “neglects or fails." Multiplicitous charges must be avoided. State v. Stepniewski, 105 Wis. 2d 261
, 314 N.W.2d 98
A conviction under sub. (3) without proof of criminal intent did not violate the due process clause. Stepniewski v. Gagnon, 732 F.2d 567
Consumer protection surcharge. 100.261(1)(1)
If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture for a violation of this chapter, ch. 98
, a rule promulgated under this chapter or ch. 98
, or an ordinance enacted under this chapter or ch. 98
, the court shall also impose a consumer protection surcharge under ch. 814
in an amount equal to 25 percent of the fine or forfeiture imposed. If multiple violations are involved, the court shall base the consumer protection surcharge upon the total of the fine or forfeiture amounts for all violations. If a fine or forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the court shall reduce the surcharge in proportion to the suspension.
If any deposit is made for a violation to which this section applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the consumer protection surcharge under this section. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the consumer protection surcharge shall be transmitted to the secretary of administration under sub. (3)
. If the deposit is returned, the consumer protection surcharge shall also be returned.
The clerk of court shall collect and transmit the consumer protection surcharges imposed under ch. 814
to the county treasurer under s. 59.40 (2) (m)
. The county treasurer shall then make payment to the secretary of administration under s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2.
The secretary of administration shall deposit the consumer protection surcharges imposed under ch. 814
in the general fund and shall credit them to the appropriation account under s. 20.115 (1) (jb)
, subject to the limit under par. (c)
In addition to other remedies available under this chapter, the court may award the department the reasonable and necessary costs of investigation and an amount reasonably necessary to remedy the harmful effects of the violation and the court may award the department of justice the reasonable and necessary expenses of prosecution, including attorney fees, from any person who violates this chapter. The department and the department of justice shall deposit in the state treasury for deposit in the general fund all moneys that the court awards to the department, the department of justice or the state under this section. Ten percent of the money deposited in the general fund that was awarded under this section for the costs of investigation and the expenses of prosecution, including attorney fees, shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.455 (1) (gh)
History: 1995 a. 27
; 1997 a. 36
Violations against elderly or disabled persons. 100.264(1)(a)
“Disabled person" means a person who has an impairment of a physical, mental or emotional nature that substantially limits at least one major life activity.
“Elderly person" means a person who is at least 62 years of age.
“Major life activity" means self-care, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, performing manual tasks or being able to be gainfully employed.
If a fine or a forfeiture is imposed on a person for a violation under ch. 136
or s. 100.16
, 100.30 (3)
, 344.576 (1)
, or (3) (a)
, or 344.578
, or a provision of ch. 704
for which the department has rule-making, investigation, or enforcement authority, or a rule promulgated under one of those sections, chapters, or provisions, the person shall be subject to a supplemental forfeiture not to exceed $10,000 for that violation if the conduct by the defendant, for which the violation was imposed, was perpetrated against an elderly person or disabled person and if the court finds that any of the following factors is present:
The defendant knew or should have known that the defendant's conduct was perpetrated against an elderly person or disabled person.
The defendant's conduct caused an elderly person or disabled person to suffer any of the following:
Loss of principal employment or principal source of income.
Loss of more than 25 percent of the property that the elderly person or disabled person has set aside for retirement or for personal or family care or maintenance.
Loss of more than 25 percent of the total of payments to be received under a pension or retirement plan.
Loss of assets essential to the health or welfare of the elderly person or disabled person.
The defendant's conduct caused physical or emotional damage or economic loss, other than the losses specified in par. (b) 1.
, and elderly persons or disabled persons are more likely to suffer the loss than other persons due to their age, poor health, impaired understanding or restricted mobility.
Priority for restitution.
If the court orders restitution under s. 100.171 (8)
, 100.173 (4) (a)
, 100.174 (7)
, 100.175 (7)
, 100.177 (15)
, 100.18 (11) (d)
, 100.182 (5) (a)
, 100.20 (6)
, 100.205 (7)
, 100.207 (6) (b) 1.
, 100.44 (5)
, or 134.87 (6)
for a pecuniary or monetary loss suffered by a person, the court shall require that the restitution be paid by the defendant before the defendant pays any forfeiture imposed under this section.
History: 1995 a. 38
; 2015 a. 252
List of gasohol and alternative fuel refueling facilities.
No later than December 31 annually, and at such other times as the department determines to be necessary, the department shall publish and transmit to the department of administration a list of all refueling facilities in the state at which gasohol, as defined in s. 16.045 (1) (d)
, or any alternative fuel, as defined in s. 16.045 (1) (b)
, is available. The list shall be organized by location and shall indicate which facilities are open to the public, which types of fuel are available at the facilities and which facilities are limited to use by certain employees or types of vehicles, and shall identify the employees or types of vehicles to which such use is limited.
History: 1993 a. 351
Dry cell batteries containing mercury. 100.27(1)(a)
“Alkaline manganese battery" means a battery with a manganese dioxide electrode and an alkaline electrolyte.
“Alkaline manganese button cell battery" means an alkaline manganese battery that resembles a button in size and shape.
“Mercuric oxide battery" means a battery with a mercuric oxide electrode.
“Mercuric oxide button cell battery" means a mercuric oxide battery that resembles a button in size and shape.
“Zinc air battery" means a battery with a zinc anode, an alkaline electrolyte, and a cathode that is capable of catalyzing oxygen when present.
“Zinc air button cell battery" means a zinc air battery that resembles a button in size and shape.
“Zinc carbon battery" means a battery with a manganese dioxide electrode, a zinc electrode and an electrolyte that is not alkaline.
No person may sell or offer for sale an alkaline manganese battery that is manufactured after January 1, 1996, except for an alkaline manganese button cell battery, unless the manufacturer has certified to the department that the alkaline manganese battery contains no mercury that was intentionally introduced.
No person may sell or offer for sale an alkaline manganese button cell battery that is manufactured after January 1, 1996, unless the manufacturer has certified to the department that the alkaline manganese button cell battery contains no more than 25 milligrams of mercury.
Zinc carbon batteries.
No person may sell or offer for sale a zinc carbon battery that is manufactured after July 1, 1994, unless the manufacturer has certified to the department that the zinc carbon battery contains no mercury that was intentionally introduced.
Mercuric oxide batteries.
Beginning on July 1, 1994, no person may sell or offer for sale a mercuric oxide battery that is not a mercuric oxide button cell battery unless the manufacturer does all of the following:
Identifies a collection site, that has all required governmental approvals, to which persons may send used mercuric oxide batteries for recycling or proper disposal.
Informs each purchaser of one of its mercuric oxide batteries of the collection site identified under par. (a)
and of the prohibition in s. 287.185 (2)
Informs each purchaser of one of its mercuric oxide batteries of a telephone number that the purchaser may call to get information about returning mercuric oxide batteries for recycling or proper disposal.