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100.27(1)(e) (e) "Zinc carbon battery" means a battery with a manganese dioxide electrode, a zinc electrode and an electrolyte that is not alkaline.
100.27(2) (2)Alkaline manganese batteries.
100.27(2)(a)(a) No person may sell or offer for sale an alkaline manganese battery that is manufactured after January 1, 1996, except for an alkaline manganese button cell battery, unless the manufacturer has certified to the department that the alkaline manganese battery contains no mercury that was intentionally introduced.
100.27(2)(b) (b) No person may sell or offer for sale an alkaline manganese button cell battery that is manufactured after January 1, 1996, unless the manufacturer has certified to the department that the alkaline manganese button cell battery contains no more than 25 milligrams of mercury.
100.27(3) (3)Zinc carbon batteries. No person may sell or offer for sale a zinc carbon battery that is manufactured after July 1, 1994, unless the manufacturer has certified to the department that the zinc carbon battery contains no mercury that was intentionally introduced.
100.27(5) (5)Mercuric oxide batteries. Beginning on July 1, 1994, no person may sell or offer for sale a mercuric oxide battery that is not a mercuric oxide button cell battery unless the manufacturer does all of the following:
100.27(5)(a) (a) Identifies a collection site, that has all required governmental approvals, to which persons may send used mercuric oxide batteries for recycling or proper disposal.
100.27(5)(b) (b) Informs each purchaser of one of its mercuric oxide batteries of the collection site identified under par. (a) and of the prohibition in s. 287.185 (2).
100.27(5)(c) (c) Informs each purchaser of one of its mercuric oxide batteries of a telephone number that the purchaser may call to get information about returning mercuric oxide batteries for recycling or proper disposal.
100.27(5)(d) (d) Informs the department and the department of natural resources of the collection site identified under par. (a) and the telephone number under par. (c).
100.27(5m) (5m)Zinc air button cell batteries. No person may sell at retail or offer for sale at retail a zinc air button cell battery that is manufactured after January 1, 2013, unless the manufacturer has certified to the department that the zinc air button cell battery contains no mercury that was intentionally introduced.
100.27(6) (6)List of certified batteries. The department shall compile and make available to the public a list of all batteries for which it has received certification under subs. (2), (3), and (5m).
100.27(7) (7)Penalties.
100.27(7)(a)(a) Any person who violates subs. (2) to (5m) shall forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200.
100.27(7)(b) (b) Any manufacturer that submits a fraudulent certification under sub. (2), (3), or (5m) shall forfeit not less than $1,000 nor more than $10,000 for each violation.
100.27 History History: 1993 a. 74; 1995 a. 227; 2011 a. 201.
100.28 100.28 Sale of cleaning agents and water conditioners containing phosphorus restricted.
100.28(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
100.28(1)(a) (a) "Chemical water conditioner" means a water softening chemical or other substance containing phosphorus intended to treat water for machine laundry use.
100.28(1)(b) (b) "Cleaning agent" means any laundry detergent, laundry additive, dishwashing compound, cleanser, household cleaner, metal cleaner, degreasing compound, commercial cleaner, industrial cleaner, phosphate compound or other substance intended to be used for cleaning purposes.
100.28(2) (2)Restrictions; retail sales. Except as provided under sub. (3), no person may sell or offer to sell at retail:
100.28(2)(a) (a) General restriction; 0.5%. Any cleaning agent which contains more than 0.5% phosphorus by weight, other than a cleaning agent for nonhousehold machine dishwashing or for cleansing of medical and surgical equipment.
100.28(2)(b) (b) Restriction for nonhousehold machine dishwashing or cleansing of medical equipment; 8.7%. Any cleaning agent for nonhousehold machine dishwashing or for cleansing of medical and surgical equipment which contains more than 8.7% phosphorus by weight.
100.28(2)(c) (c) Restriction for water conditioner; 20%. Any chemical water conditioner which contains more than 20% phosphorus by weight.
100.28(2m) (2m)Restrictions; sale to retailer. Except as provided under sub. (3), no person may sell or offer to sell to a retailer:
100.28(2m)(a) (a) General restriction; 0.5%. Any cleaning agent which contains more than 0.5% phosphorus by weight, other than a cleaning agent for nonhousehold machine dishwashing or for cleansing of medical and surgical equipment.
100.28(2m)(b) (b) Restriction for nonhousehold machine dishwashing or cleansing of medical equipment; 8.7%. Any cleaning agent for nonhousehold machine dishwashing or for cleansing of medical and surgical equipment which contains more than 8.7% phosphorus by weight.
100.28(2m)(c) (c) Restriction for water conditioner; 20%. Any chemical water conditioner which contains more than 20% phosphorus by weight.
100.28(3) (3)Exemption; industrial processes and dairy equipment. Cleaning agents used for industrial processes and cleaning or for cleansing dairy equipment are not subject to this section.
100.28(4) (4)Penalty; enforcement.
100.28(4)(a)(a) A person who violates this section shall forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $25,000 for each violation. Each day on which the person sells or offers to sell in violation of this section constitutes a separate violation. Each place at which the person sells or offers to sell in violation of this section constitutes a separate violation.
100.28(4)(am) (am) If a court imposes a forfeiture under par. (a) on the manufacturer of a chemical water conditioner or cleaning agent for a violation of sub. (2m), the court may order the manufacturer to accept the return of the chemical water conditioner or cleaning agent that is the subject of the violation and to refund the purchase price to the retailer who purchased that chemical water conditioner or cleaning agent.
100.28(4)(b) (b) In lieu of or in addition to forfeitures under par. (a), the department may seek an injunction restraining any person from violating this section.
100.28(4)(c) (c) The department, or any district attorney upon the request of the department, may commence an action in the name of the state under par. (a) or (b).
100.28(4)(d) (d) Any action on a violation of this section may be commenced in the circuit court for the county in which the violation occurred, or in the case of multiple violations by a single defendant, in the circuit court for the county in which any of the violations occurred.
100.28 History History: 1983 a. 73; 1991 a. 115; 1995 a. 27; 2009 a. 63.
100.285 100.285 Reduction of toxics in packaging.
100.285(1) (1) Definition. In this section, "packaging component" means any individual assembled part of a package, including any interior or exterior blocking, bracing, cushioning, weatherproofing, coating, closure, ink or label.
100.285(2) (2)Restriction. Except as provided in sub. (3), a manufacturer or distributor may not sell a package, packaging material or packaging component with a total concentration of lead, cadmium, mercury plus hexavalent chromium that exceeds:
100.285(2)(a) (a) Beginning on June 1, 1992, 600 parts per million.
100.285(2)(b) (b) Beginning on June 1, 1993, 250 parts per million.
100.285(2)(c) (c) Beginning on June 1, 1994, 100 parts per million.
100.285(3) (3)Exceptions.
100.285(3)(a)(a) Before June 1, 1996, sub. (2) does not apply with respect to a package, packaging material or packaging component made from recycled materials.
100.285(3)(b) (b) Subsection (2) does not apply with respect to a package, packaging material or packaging component if a higher total concentration of lead, cadmium, mercury plus hexavalent chromium is necessary to meet federal health or safety requirements.
100.285(3)(c) (c) Subsection (2) does not apply with respect to a package, packaging material or packaging component for which there is no feasible alternative that satisfies the limitations in sub. (2).
100.285(3)(d) (d) Subsection (2) does not apply with respect to lead foil purchased and used on or before December 31, 1992, to wrap the opening of a bottle that contains intoxicating liquor, as defined in s. 125.02 (8), or to any package that contains intoxicating liquor, as defined in s. 125.02 (8), if the package was filled and sealed on or before December 31, 1992.
100.285(5) (5)No penalty. A person who violates sub. (2) is not subject to a penalty.
100.285(6) (6)Report. The department shall review the effectiveness of subs. (1) to (5) and shall report the results of the review, including a recommendation of whether enforcement provisions and penalties should be instituted, on or before June 1, 1993, to the governor and to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution under s. 13.172 (2).
100.285 History History: 1989 a. 335; 1991 a. 36.
100.29 100.29 Sale of nonrecyclable materials.
100.29(1) (1) Definitions. In this section "new packaging" means packaging, including a container, made from a material or a combination of materials not used in any packaging, exclusive of any closure or label, that is in commerce in this state on or before May 11, 1990.
100.29(3) (3)New packaging.
100.29(3)(a)(a) If the department receives a complaint that there is not an adequate market to make recycling of a type of new packaging economically feasible, the department shall investigate the complaint. If the department determines that the product has been in commerce in this state for at least 3 years and that the complaint is well-founded, it shall inform the manufacturer or distributor of the new packaging and attempt to ensure an adequate market within a reasonable period through negotiations.
100.29(3)(b) (b) The department shall identify by rule a type of new packaging for food or beverages to which all of the following apply:
100.29(3)(b)1. 1. After at least 3 years in commerce in this state, there is not an adequate market to make recycling of the type of new packaging economically feasible.
100.29(3)(b)2. 2. The department received a complaint under par. (a) about the type of new packaging material.
100.29(3)(b)3. 3. Negotiations under par. (a) did not result in an adequate market.
100.29(3)(c) (c) The department shall promulgate rules for determining whether there is an adequate market to make recycling of new packaging economically feasible.
100.29 History History: 1989 a. 335.
100.295 100.295 Labeling of recycled, recyclable or degradable products.
100.295(1)(1) Labeling standards. The department shall establish standards that must be met by products in order for any person to represent that the products are recycled, recyclable or degradable. The department shall establish standards that are consistent, to the greatest extent practicable, with nationwide industry consensus standards. In developing standards, the department shall consult with the department of natural resources and the council on recycling and consider purchasing specifications under s. 16.72 (2) (e) and (f) and any existing federal standards. The department shall give priority to establishing standards for specific products commonly represented as being recycled, recyclable or degradable.
100.295(2) (2)False advertising prohibited. No person may represent any product as being recycled, recyclable or degradable unless the product meets standards established under sub. (1).
100.295(3) (3)Penalty. Any person who violates sub. (2) may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each violation.
100.295 History History: 1989 a. 335.
100.295 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. ATCP 137.01, Wis. adm. code.
100.297 100.297 Plastic container recycled content.
100.297(1) (1) Definition. In this section, "plastic container" means a plastic container, as defined in s. 100.33 (1) (c), that is required to be labeled under s. 100.33 (2).
100.297(2) (2)Prohibition. Except as provided in sub. (3), no person may sell or offer for sale at retail any product in a plastic container unless the plastic container consists of at least 10% recycled or remanufactured material, by weight beginning on January 1, 1995.
100.297(3) (3)Exception. Subsection (2) applies to a person who sells or offers to sell a product that is a food, beverage, drug, cosmetic or medical device and that is regulated under the federal food, drug and cosmetic act, 21 USC 301 to 394, in a plastic container only if the federal food and drug administration has approved the use of the specified recycled or remanufactured content in that plastic container.
100.297 History History: 1989 a. 335; 1993 a. 245.
100.30 100.30 Unfair sales act.
100.30(1)(1) Policy. The practice of selling certain items of merchandise below cost in order to attract patronage is generally a form of deceptive advertising and an unfair method of competition in commerce. Such practice causes commercial dislocations, misleads the consumer, works back against the farmer, directly burdens and obstructs commerce, and diverts business from dealers who maintain a fair price policy. Bankruptcies among merchants who fail because of the competition of those who use such methods result in unemployment, disruption of leases, and nonpayment of taxes and loans, and contribute to an inevitable train of undesirable consequences, including economic depression.
100.30(2) (2)Definitions. When used in this section unless context otherwise requires:
100.30(2)(a) (a) "Average posted terminal price" means the average posted rack price, as published by a petroleum price reporting service, at which motor vehicle fuel is offered for sale at the close of business on the determination date by all refiners and wholesalers of motor vehicle fuel at a terminal plus any excise, sales or use taxes imposed on the motor vehicle fuel or on its sale, any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges that are not otherwise included in the average posted rack price. In this paragraph, "average" means the arithmetic mean.
100.30(2)(am)1.1. With respect to the sale of cigarettes or other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages or intoxicating liquor or wine, "cost to retailer" means the invoice cost of the merchandise to the retailer within 30 days prior to the date of sale, or replacement cost of the merchandise to the retailer, whichever is lower, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise taxes imposed on such merchandise or the sale thereof other than excise taxes collected by the retailer, and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost or the replacement cost of the merchandise as herein set forth, to which shall be added a markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business, which markup, in the absence of proof of a lesser cost, shall be 6% of the cost to the retailer as herein set forth.
100.30(2)(am)1m. 1m. With respect to the sale of motor vehicle fuel, "cost to retailer" means the following:
100.30(2)(am)1m.a. a. In the case of the retail sale of motor vehicle fuel by a refiner at a retail station owned or operated either directly or indirectly by the refiner, the refiner's lowest selling price to other retailers or to wholesalers of motor vehicle fuel on the date of the refiner's retail sale, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise, sales or use taxes imposed on the motor vehicle fuel or on its sale and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost of the motor vehicle fuel, plus a markup of 9.18% of that amount to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business; or the average posted terminal price at the terminal located closest to the retail station plus a markup of 9.18% of the average posted terminal price to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business; whichever is greater.
100.30(2)(am)1m.b. b. In the case of the retail sale of motor vehicle fuel by a wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel, who is not a refiner, at a retail station owned or operated either directly or indirectly by the wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel, the invoice cost of the motor vehicle fuel to the wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel within 10 days prior to the date of sale, or the replacement cost of the motor vehicle fuel, whichever is lower, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise, sales or use taxes imposed on the motor vehicle fuel or on its sale, and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost or replacement cost of the motor vehicle fuel, plus a markup of 9.18% of that amount to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business; or the average posted terminal price at the terminal located closest to the retail station plus a markup of 9.18% of the average posted terminal price to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business; whichever is greater.
100.30(2)(am)1m.c. c. In the case of the retail sale of motor vehicle fuel by a person other than a refiner or a wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel at a retail station, the invoice cost of the motor vehicle fuel to the retailer within 10 days prior to the date of sale, or the replacement cost of the motor vehicle fuel, whichever is lower, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise, sales or use taxes imposed on the motor vehicle fuel or on its sale and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost or the replacement cost of the motor vehicle fuel, plus a markup of 6% of that amount to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business; or the average posted terminal price at the terminal located closest to the retailer plus a markup of 9.18% of the average posted terminal price to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business; whichever is greater.
100.30(2)(am)1m.d. d. In the case of a retail sale of motor vehicle fuel by a refiner at a place other than a retail station, the refiner's lowest selling price to other retailers or to wholesalers of motor vehicle fuel on the date of the refiner's retail sale, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise, sales or use taxes imposed on the motor vehicle fuel or on its sale and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost of the motor vehicle fuel to which shall be added a markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business, which markup, in the absence of proof of a lesser cost, shall be 3% of the cost to the retailer as set forth in this subd. 1m. d.
100.30(2)(am)1m.e. e. In the case of a retail sale of motor vehicle fuel by a person other than a refiner at a place other than a retail station, the invoice cost of the motor vehicle fuel to the retailer within 10 days prior to the date of the sale, or the replacement cost of the motor vehicle fuel, whichever is lower, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise, sales or use taxes imposed on the motor vehicle fuel or on its sale and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost or the replacement cost of the motor vehicle fuel to which shall be added a markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business, which markup, in the absence of proof of a lesser cost, shall be 3% of the cost to the retailer as set forth in this subd. 1m. e.
100.30(2)(am)2. 2. With respect to the sale of merchandise other than cigarettes or other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages, intoxicating liquor or wine, or motor vehicle fuel, "cost to retailer" means the invoice cost of the merchandise to the retailer, or replacement cost of the merchandise to the retailer, whichever is lower, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise taxes imposed on such merchandise or the sale thereof other than excise taxes collected by the retailer, and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost or the replacement cost of the merchandise as herein set forth.
100.30(2)(b) (b) "Cost to retailer" and "cost to wholesaler" as defined in pars. (am) and (c) mean bona fide costs; and purchases made by retailers, wholesalers, wholesalers of motor vehicle fuel and refiners at prices which cannot be justified by prevailing market conditions within this state shall not be used in determining cost to the retailer and cost to the wholesaler. Prices at which purchases of merchandise other than motor vehicle fuel are made by retailers or wholesalers cannot be justified by prevailing market conditions in this state when they are below the lowest prices at which the manufacturer or producer of such merchandise sells to other retailers or wholesalers in this state. Prices at which sales of motor vehicle fuel are made by retailers, wholesalers, wholesalers of motor vehicle fuel and refiners cannot be justified by prevailing market conditions in this state when they are below the applicable cost to retailers and cost to wholesalers specified under pars. (am) and (c).
100.30(2)(c)1.a.a. With respect to the sale of cigarettes or other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages or intoxicating liquor or wine, "cost to wholesaler" means, except as provided in subd. 1. b., the invoice cost of the merchandise to the wholesaler within 30 days prior to the date of sale, or the replacement cost of the merchandise to the wholesaler, whichever is lower, less all trade discounts except customary discounts for cash, plus any excise taxes imposed on the sale thereof prior to the sale at retail, and any cost incurred for transportation and any other charges not otherwise included in the invoice cost or the replacement cost of the merchandise as herein set forth, to which shall be added, except for sales at wholesale between wholesalers, a markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business, which markup, in the absence of proof of a lesser cost, shall be 3% of the cost to the wholesaler as herein set forth.
100.30(2)(c)1.b. b. For every person holding a permit as a distributor as defined in s. 139.30 (3) or as a multiple retailer as defined in s. 139.30 (8), with respect to that portion of the person's business which involves the purchase and sale of cigarettes "cost to wholesaler" means the cost charged by the cigarette manufacturer, disregarding any manufacturer's discount or any discount under s. 139.32 (5), plus the amount of tax imposed under s. 139.31. Except for a sale at wholesale between wholesalers, a markup to cover a proportionate part of the cost of doing business shall be added to the cost to wholesaler. In the absence of proof of a lesser cost, this markup shall be 3% of the cost to wholesaler as set forth in this subd. 1. b.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)