Registration; required information.
Registration; treasurer and depositories.
Registration; required information.
Reporting; specific express advocacy.
Limitation on cash contributions.
Return of contributions.
Valuation of opinion poll results.
Corporations, cooperatives, and tribes.
Sole proprietors, partnerships, and limited liability companies.
Two candidate committees.
False reports and statements.
Unlawful political contributions.
Use of government materials by candidates.
Travel by public officers.
Political solicitation involving public officials and employees restricted.
Unlawful political disbursements and obligations.
Defense fund authorized.
Donations to charitable organizations or school fund.
Attribution of political contributions, disbursements and communications.
Duties of the ethics commission.
Criminal penalties; prosecution.
Ch. 11 Cross-reference
See definitions in s. 5.02
This chapter shall be construed to impose the least possible restraint on persons whose activities do not directly affect the elective process, consistent with the right of the public to have a full, complete, and readily understandable accounting of those activities expressly advocating for or against candidates for office or for or against referendums. Nothing in this chapter may be construed to regulate issue discussion, debate, or advocacy; grassroots outreach or lobbying; nonpartisan voter registration or turnout efforts; or the rights of the media.
History: 2015 a. 117
Campaign finance in Wisconsin after Buckley. 1976 WLR 816.
In this chapter:
“Candidate" means an individual about whom any of the following applies:
The individual takes any of the following affirmative actions to seek nomination or election to a state or local office:
Files nomination papers with the appropriate filing officer.
Is nominated as a candidate for state or local office by a caucus under s. 8.05 (1)
or by a political party and the nomination is certified to the appropriate filing officer.
Receives a contribution, makes a disbursement, or gives consent for another person to receive a contribution or make a disbursement in order to bring about the individual's nomination or election to a state or local office.
The individual holds a state or local office and is the subject of a recall petition.
“Candidate committee" means a committee authorized by a candidate or a candidate's agent to make or accept contributions or make disbursements in support of a candidate's campaign.
“Candidate's agent" means an individual who has control over the day-to-day operation of the candidate committee, but does not include an employee of a political party or a legislative campaign committee that is not also an employee of the candidate.
“Charitable organization" means any organization described in section 170
(c) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code.
“Clearly identified" means any of the following with regard to a communication supporting or opposing a candidate:
A photograph or drawing of the candidate appears.
The candidate's identity is apparent by unambiguous reference.
“Commission" means the ethics commission.
“Committee" means a candidate committee, legislative campaign committee, political action committee, independent expenditure committee, political party, recall committee, and referendum committee.
“Conduit" means a person other than an individual that receives a contribution of money, deposits the contribution in an account held by the person, and releases the contribution to a candidate committee, legislative campaign committee, political party, or political action committee at the direction of the contributor.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, “contribution" means any of the following:
A gift, subscription, loan, advance, or transfer of money to a committee.
With the committee's consent under s. 11.1109
, a transfer of tangible personal property or services to a committee, valued as provided under s. 11.1105
The purchase of a ticket for a fundraising event for a committee regardless of whether the ticket is used to attend the event.
“Contribution" does not include any of the following:
Services that an individual provides to a committee, if the individual is not specifically compensated for providing the services to the committee.
Any unreimbursed travel expenses that an individual incurs to volunteer his or her personal services to a committee.
The costs of preparing and transmitting personal correspondence.
Rebates or awards earned in connection with the use of a debit or credit card.
A loan from a commercial lending institution that the institution makes in its ordinary course of business.
The reuse of surplus materials or the use of unused surplus materials acquired in connection with a previous campaign for or against the same candidate, political party, or recall if the materials were previously reported as a contribution.
The cost of invitations, food, and beverages in connection with an event held in a private residence on behalf of a candidate committee.
Any communication that does not expressly advocate for the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate.
A communication made exclusively between an organization and its members. In this subdivision, a member of an organization means a shareholder, employee, or officer of the organization, or an individual who has affirmatively manifested an interest in joining, supporting, or aiding the organization.