For a nonexempt vehicle, whenever the owner of the vehicle is notified under sub. (9) (g)
that an emissions inspection must be performed.
The program shall require an air pollution control equipment inspection to determine compliance with s. 285.30 (6)
of any nonexempt vehicle customarily kept in a county identified in sub. (5)
whenever a nontransient emissions inspection is performed or at the time of application for a waiver under sub. (13)
The department may not require an emissions inspection of any vehicle prior to the inspection of the vehicle scheduled under sub. (6) (a) 1.
or (9) (d)
if an interest in the vehicle is transferred to a surviving spouse under s. 342.17 (4)
The inspection and maintenance program shall require inspection of any nonexempt vehicle which a person presents for inspection at an inspection station or at any other location where, as established under sub. (8) (bm)
, the vehicle may be inspected.
Contractors and other inspection methods. 110.20(8)(am)1.1.
The emissions test and equipment inspection of nonexempt vehicles may be performed by persons under contract with the department. Each such contract shall require the contractor to operate inspection stations, which may be permanent or mobile, for a minimum of 3 years and shall provide for equitable compensation to the contractor if the operation of an inspection and maintenance program within any county is terminated within 3 years after the inspection and maintenance program in the county is begun. No officer, director or employee of the contractor may be an employee of the department. The department may contract with any person, including any person engaged in the business of selling, maintaining, or repairing motor vehicles or of selling motor vehicle replacement or repair parts. The department shall require the contractor to operate a sufficient number of inspection stations, permanent or mobile, to ensure public convenience in those counties identified under sub. (5)
Each contract under subd. 1.
may authorize or require the contractor to install and operate self-service inspection stations and may allow the use of different methods for emissions testing and equipment inspection, consistent with methods established under par. (bm)
, than those used at inspection stations that are not self-service.
The department may require the contractor to test the fuel efficiency of nonexempt vehicles during emission inspections.
The department may delegate to the contractor specified registration functions of the department under ch. 341
. The department may direct the contractor to perform specified registration functions under ch. 341
The department may delegate to the contractor functions associated with the issuance of a temporary operating permit under sub. (10) (b)
or the waiver of compliance under sub. (13) (a)
The contractor shall collect, maintain and report data as the department requires. The department shall reserve the right to enter and inspect test station premises, equipment and records at all reasonable times in the discharge of its administrative duties.
Each contract under subd. 1.
may authorize the contractor to enter into subcontracts for the performance of any of the contractor's functions or duties under the contract. In performing any such function or duty, a subcontractor shall comply with all requirements applicable to the contractor. With the department's approval, the contractor may subcontract with any person engaged in the business of selling, maintaining, or repairing motor vehicles or of selling motor vehicle replacement or repair parts.
Each contract under subd. 1.
shall require that, if an emissions inspection is performed by a contractor or subcontractor engaged in the business of selling, maintaining, or repairing motor vehicles or of selling motor vehicle replacement or repair parts and the inspection shows that the vehicle does not comply with applicable emission limitations, the contractor or subcontractor shall advise the vehicle owner as specified in sub. (12)
The emissions test and equipment inspection of nonexempt vehicles may be performed by the department or by persons who are not under contract with the department but who are otherwise authorized by the department to perform such testing and inspection. The department may establish methods for emissions testing and equipment inspection by the department or other authorized persons of nonexempt vehicles, in addition to testing and inspection by contractors. These methods may include the installation and operation by the department or other authorized persons of self-service inspection stations and the utilization of any technology related to emissions or data transmission with which motor vehicles may be equipped, including reading and reporting diagnostic codes stored in any on-board diagnostic system capable of monitoring all emission-related engine systems or components. The department may establish methods for emissions testing and equipment inspection specifically applicable to self-service inspection stations, which methods shall apply equally to self-service inspection stations operated by contractors under par. (am) 1m.
and self-service inspection stations operated under this paragraph.
Notwithstanding subs. (5)
, and (9) (d)
, the department of transportation may, with concurrence of the department of natural resources, grant a temporary exemption for nonexempt vehicles during any period in which the department of transportation is unable to operate an inspection and maintenance program. An exemption granted under this subdivision is valid until the next required inspection of the vehicle required under sub. (6)
, or until the time given by the department of transportation to complete inspection of the vehicle, whichever occurs first. Notwithstanding subs. (7)
, the department of transportation may deny requests for inspection during any period in which exemptions are granted under this subdivision.
The department shall promulgate rules which:
Specify procedures for the inspection of vehicles, including the method of measuring emissions, the types of equipment which may be used in performing the measurements and the calibration requirements for the equipment. The procedures and methods shall be capable of being correlated with the federal test procedures established under section 7525 of the federal act.
Prescribe a procedure for determining whether the cost of necessary repairs and adjustments exceeds the limit under sub. (13)
Specify procedures under which a vehicle may be refused inspection for safety reasons or for defects which would result in inaccurate measurement of emissions.
Specify a period of time during which an emissions inspection must be performed for a nonexempt vehicle subject to sub. (6) (a) 1.
Prescribe a procedure for conducting all federally required performance audits of inspection and maintenance program operations and personnel and all enforcement against contractors, and other persons authorized by the department to perform testing and inspection, required by 40 CFR 51.364
Establish a performance monitoring system to inform the public regarding repair efficacy.
Prescribe a procedure for remote sensing of not less than 0.5 percent of nonexempt vehicles and, for such vehicles that grossly exceed applicable emission limitations, as determined by the department, notifying vehicle owners by mail that an emissions inspection must be performed under sub. (6) (a) 4.
Provide procedures for identifying any nonexempt vehicle subject to a recall by the manufacturer of the vehicle that is related to emissions and ensuring motorist compliance with the recall.
Provide a procedure for detecting and preventing the fraudulent classification of any nonexempt vehicle as a vehicle that is not a nonexempt vehicle.
Prescribe an annual frequency for inspection for any model year subset of nonexempt vehicles if the department determines annual inspection to be appropriate after additional program evaluation.
Prescribe a procedure for any method for emissions testing and equipment inspection established under sub. (8) (bm)
Prescribe procedures for authorizing persons other than contractors, subcontractors of contractors, or the department to perform emission testing and equipment inspection as provided under sub. (8) (bm)
Require each person engaged in the business of selling, maintaining, or repairing motor vehicles or of selling motor vehicle replacement or repair parts, in a county identified in sub. (5)
, that performs emissions inspections to collect and periodically report to the department information related to vehicle repairs and reinspections after the vehicle has failed an inspection test, including the repairs performed, any technician recommended repairs not performed at the owner's request, the name and address of the facility that performed the repairs, the name of the individual who performed the repairs, and, if applicable, the identification number of the recognized repair facility or recognized automotive emission repair technician, or both, that performed the repairs. The reports shall also include compiled information containing the number of vehicles submitted for reinspection and percentages indicating the number of vehicles that passed, failed, and received waivers after repair following a failed inspection test. The department shall make information gathered from these reports available to the public.
Reciprocity; temporary operating permit and exemptions.
The department may promulgate rules which:
Authorize the acceptance of an inspection performed in another state instead of an inspection required under this section if the inspection in the other state was performed under procedures, requirements and standards comparable to those required under this section and it satisfies the requirements of the federal act.
Authorize the issuance of a temporary operating permit, valid for not more than 30 days, to allow time for inspection and necessary repairs and adjustments of any motor vehicle subject to inspection under sub. (6)
Permit a temporary exemption for nonexempt vehicles absent from an emissions inspection area.
Authorize the issuance of a certificate of compliance for nonexempt vehicles that fail the inspection tests under sub. (11) (a)
for applicable emission limitations but complete a comprehensive physical and functional diagnostic inspection which indicates that no adjustments or repairs will bring the vehicle into compliance with applicable emissions limitations.
The owner of a nonexempt vehicle inspected under this section is entitled, if the inspection determines that any applicable emission limitation is exceeded, to one reinspection of the same vehicle at any inspection station within this state operated by a contractor under sub. (8) (am)
, or at any other location where, as established under sub. (8) (bm)
, the vehicle was initially inspected, if the reinspection takes place within 30 days after the initial inspection or the owner presents satisfactory evidence that the repairs and adjustments which were performed on the vehicle could not have been made within 30 days of the initial inspection.
A contractor shall perform the tests required under the federal act, and any testing and inspection method established under sub. (8) (bm)
shall include the tests required under the federal act. The tests shall include one of the approved short tests required by the federal act to determine compliance with applicable emission limitations for carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen. The department may require contractors to provide information on the fuel efficiency of the motor vehicle.
The department shall require each contractor to furnish the results of the emissions inspection in writing to the person presenting the vehicle for inspection before he or she departs from the inspection station. For emissions inspections not conducted by a contractor, the department shall require any testing and inspection method established under sub. (8) (bm)
to include the contemporaneous furnishing of the results of the emissions inspection in writing to the person having the vehicle inspected. If the inspection shows that the vehicle does not comply with one or more applicable emissions limitations, the results shall include, to the extent possible, a description of the noncompliance and the adjustments or repairs likely to be needed for compliance.
No person may knowingly do any of the following:
Submit a false report of data from an inspection test required under sub. (6)
Attribute data from an inspection test under sub. (6)
to a vehicle other than the vehicle tested.
Repairs or adjustments necessary to bring a vehicle into compliance with applicable emissions limitations are the responsibility of the vehicle owner and may be made by the owner or any person selected by the owner. If the emissions inspection is performed in a county identified in sub. (5)
by a person engaged in the business of selling, maintaining, or repairing motor vehicles or of selling motor vehicle replacement or repair parts and the vehicle fails the inspection test, then after the failed test the person shall advise the vehicle owner that the owner is not required to have any repair or adjustment necessary to bring the vehicle into compliance made by, or to purchase any necessary service or part from, the person and has the right to select a vendor of the owner's own choice. For a nonexempt vehicle with a model year of 1981 or later, only repairs performed by automotive repair technicians, as defined by the department by rule, shall be valid for the issuance of a waiver of compliance under sub. (13)
The department shall issue a waiver of compliance valid until the next required inspection of the vehicle under sub. (6)
if the owner presents satisfactory evidence to the department that the actual costs of repairs performed on a vehicle in accordance with an inspection report under sub. (11) (b)
exceeded the repair cost limit established under par. (b)
The department of natural resources shall, by rule, establish the amount of the repair cost limit to equal the amount required under 42 USC 7511a
. or (c) (3) (C).
In determining the costs of repairs and adjustments included in the repair cost limit, the following costs shall be excluded:
Costs necessary to repair or replace any emissions control system or mechanism which has been removed, dismantled or rendered inoperative in violation of s. 285.30 (6)
or rules promulgated under that section.
Use of state supported revenue borrowing.
The department may not use state supported revenue borrowing for the inspection and maintenance program without the approval of the joint committee on finance.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, any person who violates this section or rules promulgated under this section may be required to forfeit not more than $500.
The employer of an individual who performs a test under sub. (11) (a)
and who violates sub. (11) (c)
may be required to forfeit not more than $500.
See also ch. Trans 131
, Wis. adm. code.
Education and training related to motor vehicle emissions.
The department and its contractors under s. 110.20 (8) (am)
shall conduct a program of public education related to the motor vehicle emission and equipment inspection and maintenance program established under s. 110.20 (6)
. The program under s. 110.20 (6)
may include a pilot project of motor vehicle emissions inspections for those owners who elect to present their motor vehicles for inspection.
Motor vehicle emission control equipment grant program.
From the appropriation under s. 20.395 (5) (hq)
, the department shall, in consultation with the department of natural resources, develop and administer a program to provide grants for the purchase and installation of oxidation catalyst mufflers on school buses customarily kept in counties identified in s. 110.20 (5)
. The department shall adopt rules to implement and administer this section, including procedures, standards, and criteria for awarding and distributing the grants.
History: 2003 a. 220
See also ch. Trans 135
, Wis. adm. code.
Repaired salvage vehicle inspector training.
From the appropriation under s. 20.395 (5) (cq)
, the department shall provide training on the examination of repaired salvage vehicles to inspectors or persons eligible to be authorized as inspectors by the department under s. 342.07 (2)
History: 1993 a. 16