If a board member is absent for 4 successive board meetings without presenting satisfactory reason therefor in writing to the board, the board shall declare the member's seat vacant and shall fill the vacancy under s. 119.08 (4)
. If any person appointed or elected by the board is absent or is unable to perform the duties of the person's office, the board may appoint or elect a suitable person to act in the person's place during the person's absence or inability.
All elections or appointments by the board shall be by roll call vote which shall be entered by the clerk in the minutes and printed proceedings of the board.
Board; general provisions. 119.12(1)
Board members are subject to all restrictions, liabilities, punishments and limitations, including recall under s. 9.10 (4)
, prescribed by law for members of the common council in their city. A majority of the members-elect of the board may dismiss from office for malfeasance any member of the board. The board shall provide by resolution the manner of hearing and disposing of complaints against a board member.
In any action or proceeding in which the board is a defendant, service of any summons, writ, pleading or other papers served in commencing the action or proceeding upon the board president and the superintendent of schools constitutes service upon the entire board. It is sufficient to serve on such 2 officers any notice required by law to be served upon the board.
Each member of the board shall be paid an annual salary in the amount set by the board. The salary shall be paid monthly.
The board shall not in any one year contract any debt or incur any expense greater than the amount of the school funds subject to its order.
If the board president is by law a member of any board or commission, the board may appoint another board member to serve on such board or commission in place of the board president.
The city attorney of the city shall be the legal adviser of and attorney for the board, except that the board may retain an attorney to represent the board in any matter if the board determines that it requires specialized legal expertise not possessed by the city attorney, the city attorney does not have sufficient staff to adequately represent the interests of the board or a conflict of interest exists. The board shall provide the city attorney with reasonable notice of any board meeting at which the board will consider retention of an attorney.
Educational priorities and objectives.
The board and the superintendent of schools shall identify broad yearly objectives and assess priorities for education in the district and shall issue an annual report and such additional reports as the board and superintendent deem desirable on the progress of pupils enrolled in the public schools.
(1m) Management of school district.
The board shall have the possession, care, control and management of the schools, facilities, operations, property and affairs of the school district.
(2) Establish schools and districts.
The board shall maintain the public schools in the city and shall establish, organize and maintain such schools as the board determines are necessary to accommodate the children entitled to instruction therein. The board shall divide the city into attendance districts for such schools.
The board shall construct, purchase, lease, improve or enlarge buildings and purchase furniture and sites for the public schools, shall purchase, install and maintain heating systems in public schools and may contract for carrying out any of these purposes.
Except as provided in par. (c)
, schoolhouses and the sites on which they are situated shall be the property of the city. No site may be purchased or leased and no schoolhouse may be constructed unless a resolution therefor is duly adopted by the board. Except as provided in par. (c)
, deeds of conveyance and leases shall be made to the city.
If the redevelopment authority of the city issues bonds under s. 66.1333 (5r)
, the board may lease buildings or sites from the redevelopment authority or borrow money from the redevelopment authority for the purposes of par. (a)
By July 1, 2011, the board shall evaluate all school buildings in the school district operating under this chapter according to the criteria established under par. (b)
, and shall develop a master plan governing the use, repair, renovation, and demolition of buildings in the school district.
The board shall establish criteria to evaluate the safety, structural integrity, utility, and costs of maintenance and repair of school buildings in the school district. Subject to the requirements under sub. (10)
, the criteria shall include consideration of the advantages and disadvantages of repairing versus demolishing older buildings having high maintenance or operating costs.
(4) Competitive bidding.
The board shall establish competitive bidding policies and procedures for purchases and for construction contracts.
(5) Special courses.
Within budgetary limitations, the board shall establish in any public school, in grade 7 and higher, such classes of instruction consistent with the educational goals and objectives adopted by the board under sub. (1)
as are petitioned for by the parents of a number of pupils attending the school sufficient to form one or more classes of instruction. Petition by the parents of 30 or more pupils of like classification attending any such school requesting the establishment of instruction in a specified subject is prima facie evidence of the sufficiency of the number of pupils to commence instruction therein.
(6) Custodians of school premises.
The board shall fix the duties and responsibilities of principals, as custodians of the school premises, and of the school engineers. Each principal shall have general supervision of and shall be custodian of all school premises over which the principal presides.
Annually before adopting its budget for the ensuing school year and at least 5 days before transmitting its completed budget under par. (b)
, the board shall hold a public hearing on the proposed school budget at a time and place fixed by the board. At least one week before the public hearing, the board shall publish a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, of the public hearing.
The board shall transmit its completed budget to the common council on or before the first Monday in August of each year on forms furnished by the auditing officer of the city. Such completed budget shall be published with the budget summary under s. 65.04 (2)
and budget under s. 65.05 (7)
(9) School budget.
Annually, the board shall prepare a budget for each school in the school district operating under this chapter.
The board may not demolish any school facility that is 50 years old or older without the approval of the city historic preservation commission.
The board may construct new school facilities only in the areas of greatest local need for such facilities.
(11) Comprehensive programs.
The board shall collaborate with nonprofit organizations and government agencies to provide pupils with comprehensive social services and educational support, which may include a program that offers comprehensive services that address the needs of children and youth from before the time they are born through postsecondary education.
(12) Alternative routes to graduation.
The board shall provide alternative methods of attaining a high school diploma for those pupils who are unlikely to graduate in the traditional manner, including a program allowing a pupil or former pupil to retake a course in which he or she was not initially successful.
(13) Research consortium.
If the board determines that sufficient state or federal aid or private funding is available for this purpose, the board shall participate in an educational research consortium, similar to the Consortium on Chicago School Research and the Boston Plan for Excellence, to provide research and policy recommendations, including recommendations addressing pupil literacy and academic achievement, to the department, the board, and the legislature. In addition, the research consortium shall make its recommendations publicly available.
(14) Parent survey.
Annually, the board shall conduct a survey of parents of pupils enrolled in the school district operating under this chapter and use the results of the survey to develop or modify parent involvement and school improvement plans, which may include school-based community resource centers, regularly scheduled public meetings, or parent education classes.
One who deals with a municipality does so at his or her own risk and may be subject to any provisions of law that might prevent him or her from being paid by a municipality even though the services were rendered. Unless the power to bind the municipality financially has been specifically delegated, the only entity with the statutory authority to contract is the municipality. The statutes do not authorize anyone other than the board to enter into contracts. The board may delegate that authority, but it must do so clearly and specifically. For an MPS employee to have such power, it must be specifically delegated by the board to that employee or class of employees. Holzbauer v. Safway Steel Products, Inc. 2005 WI App 240
, 288 Wis. 2d 250
, 706 N.W.2d 36
The authority of school boards to contract for services and facilities for special needs students is discussed. 61 Atty. Gen. 203.
The board may do all things reasonable to promote the cause of education, including establishing, providing and improving school district programs, functions and activities for the benefit of pupils.
The board may adopt and modify or repeal rules for its own government and for the organization, discipline and management of the public schools which shall promote the good order and public usefulness of the public schools.
(2) Distribution of printed proceedings.
The board may determine the distribution of the printed proceedings of the board.
The board may provide for the transportation of pupils to and from any school within the city.
The board may provide for accident insurance covering pupils in the school district.
(5) Textbooks for indigent pupils.
The board may purchase textbooks for pupils whose parents, guardians or other persons having control or custody of such pupils are without means to furnish them with textbooks, if the indigency of such pupils have been investigated and certified by a welfare worker or attendance officer. The local governmental authority administering poor relief in the city shall reimburse the board for all expenditures by the board for such textbooks. Such textbooks shall be the property of the city and subject to the disposal of the board.
(6) School calendar.
The board may determine the school calendar and vacation periods for each school year for the regular day schools, summer schools, social centers, and playgrounds. The board may close any school or dismiss any class in the event of an emergency, fire or other casualty, quarantine, or epidemic.
(7) School hours.
The board may establish rules scheduling the hours of each school day during which the schools shall be in session. The board may differentiate between the various grades in scheduling such school hours.
(8) Schools closed.
The board may determine on which national, state and local legal holidays and for which educational conventions the public schools shall be closed. There shall be no deductions from the annual or monthly compensation of employees not rendering services on such days.
(9) Enrollment under legal name.
The board may require that any pupil attending public school shall be enrolled under the pupil's legal name.
Subject to ss. 63.18
when applicable, the board may employ and determine the qualifications, duties and compensation of any persons as are required in the operation and management of the schools.
The board may employ a staff to aid it in its duties. The board shall determine the compensation, duties and qualifications of its staff, including whether or not employment of such staff shall be subject to ss. 63.18
(11) Bonded officers and employees.
The board may require any officer or employee of the board to give security for the faithful performance of the officer's or employee's duties in such form and amount as the board determines, and may require at any time additional bonds and sureties of any officer or employee.
(12) Employer contribution.
The board may make as the employer agency the contributions to the city retirement system payable under chapter 396, laws of 1937
, in respect to its employees who are members of such system.
(13) Exchange teachers.
The board may make an agreement with the managing body of the schools in any city or school district in the United States or another country for the exchange of one of the board's teachers for a teacher of such other city or school district for a period not exceeding one school year. The board shall determine the qualifications and compensation of the teacher rendering service under the agreement in the schools under its jurisdiction, who shall be counted as a regular teacher in the city in the computation of state and county school aids. The agreement shall state:
The manner and by whom the salaries of such exchange teachers shall be paid.
That any teacher regularly employed by the board under this chapter shall receive credit for the year of exchange teaching service in the computation of any benefits to which the teacher is entitled under ch. 40
and the manner in which the monthly reservations shall be paid under that subchapter.
Such other provisions as the board and the other managing body deem appropriate.
(14) Sales and charges.
The board may establish and maintain, in any of the schools or playgrounds under its jurisdiction, cafeterias and stores for the sale of schoolbooks, candies, refreshments and supplies. The board also may charge or permit the making of a charge for admission to any school, social center or athletic entertainment or activity, under such terms and conditions as the board prescribes.
(15) Lease school property.
In addition to any other authority, the board may lease school sites, buildings and equipment not needed for school purposes to any person for any lawful use at a reasonable rental for a term not exceeding 15 years.
In this subsection, "community foundation" means a charitable organization, described in section 501
(c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and exempt from federal income tax under section 501
(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, dedicated to encouraging and assisting charitable activities and enterprises in a designated community in this state and having expertise in finance, fund development, and grantmaking.
The board may receive, accept, and use gifts or grants of furniture, books, equipment, supplies, moneys, securities, or other property used or useful for school and educational purposes. The board shall make such use of gifts or grants, or invest the same in the case of moneys, as the donor or grantor specifies. In the absence of any specific direction as to the use of such gifts or grants by a donor or grantor, the board may determine the use of or may invest the same in accordance with the law applicable to trust investments, or may, subject to par. (c)
, transfer any such gift or grant to a community foundation. In the use, control, or investment of such gifts or grants, the board may exercise the rights and powers generally conferred upon trustees.
The board may transfer a gift or grant to a community foundation only if the board and the community foundation agree, in writing and at the time of the transfer of the gift or grant, to each of the following:
The community foundation agrees to make disbursements from and of the gift or grant to the board upon the written request of the board.
Subject to subd. 2m.
, the board retains control over the manner in which any disbursement made under subd. 1.
The school board's use of any disbursement made under subd. 1.
shall be consistent with the intent of the donor of the gift, bequest, or endowment and with the agreement between the school board and the community foundation.
The board exercises its rights over the use of each disbursement made under subd. 1.
in accordance with the law applicable to trust investments.
(17) Purchases from house of correction.
The board may purchase for use in the schools, from any county in which the city is located, furniture, furnishings and equipment manufactured in any house of correction under s. 303.16 (1)
. The board may waive the furnishing by the county or institution of bid bonds and performance bonds otherwise required by the statutes in connection with any such purchase.
(18) Copyright materials.
The board may copyright under the applicable federal laws any book, pamphlet, bulletin or record form edited and published by or under the direction of the board.
The board may construct around any schoolhouse or playground site a fence of materials and design approved by the board.
The board may grant diplomas in testimony of the completion of high school or special education requirements, including the requirements of special schools established under s. 119.28
(21) Rules on conduct and dress.
The board may establish rules pertaining to conduct and dress of pupils in order to maintain good decorum and a favorable academic atmosphere.
(22) Records custodian.
On behalf of any school district authority as defined in s. 19.32 (1)
, including the board, school district officers and any subunit of the board or school district, designate one or more persons to be legal custodians of records.
(23) School closings.
The board may close any school that it determines is low in performance by adopting a resolution to that effect. If the superintendent of schools recommends to the board that a school be closed, he or she shall state the reasons for the recommendation in writing. If the board closes a school, the superintendent of schools may reassign the school's staff members without regard to seniority in service. If the board reopens the school, the superintendent of schools may reassign staff members to the school without regard to seniority in service.
Released time for religious instruction. 119.19(1)
The board may permit a pupil, with the written permission of the pupil's parent or guardian, to be absent from school for up to 180 minutes per week to obtain religious instruction outside the school during the required school period. The board shall determine periods allotted for the pupil to be absent from school for the purpose of religious instruction. Monthly, the supervisor of the religious instruction shall report the names of the pupils who attended such weekly religious instruction to the principal of the school that the pupil regularly attends. The board may withdraw permission to be absent from school if a pupil does not attend the religious instruction.
The board is not responsible for transporting a pupil to or from religious instruction under sub. (1)
The board is released from all liability for a pupil who is absent from school under sub. (1)
History: 1989 a. 267
Sex discrimination in physical education or physical training prohibited.
Except as provided in s. 120.13 (37m)
, courses in physical education or physical training may not discriminate on the basis of sex in the provision of necessary facilities, equipment, instruction or financial support, or the opportunity to participate in any physical education or training activity as provided in 20 USC 1681
Milwaukee parental choice program. 119.23(1)(ab)
"Accrediting entity" means all of the following:
Wisconsin North Central Association, Wisconsin Religious and Independent Schools Accreditation, Independent Schools Association of the Central States, Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod School Accreditation, National Lutheran School Accreditation, Wisconsin Association of Christian Schools, the diocese or archdiocese within which a private school is located, and any other organization recognized by the National Council for Private School Accreditation.