Partial annexation of school district.
When the city has annexed a portion of the territory of a school district and such annexation does not include the site of any school building of such school district, the school board of the district and the board may enter into an agreement to permit pupils residing in the annexed territory to continue to attend school in the school district, and the board shall pay tuition to the school district for the pupils in accordance with s. 121.78
History: 1985 a. 29
s. 3202 (43)
Special schools. 119.28(1)(1)
The board shall establish and maintain such special schools for children with disabilities, as defined in s. 115.76 (5)
, as are required to accommodate pupils of school age desiring to attend school. The board shall prescribe the courses of study and the educational and other activities in special schools.
The board may employ teachers to give instruction in homes or hospitals to pupils unable to attend special schools.
The board may provide transportation for pupils attending special schools and provide school lunches for pupils under such terms as it determines.
The superintendent of schools shall prescribe, with the approval of the committee on instruction, the periods of instruction at special schools subject to amendment, rejection or confirmation by the board.
Any action under subs. (3)
shall be subject to the direction of the state superintendent and the division for learning support in the department as provided by law.
The board may establish, conduct and maintain one or more schools for the purpose of giving practical instruction in the useful trades and may purchase the proper machinery, tools and equipment and employ a sufficient number of teachers and other necessary employees in such schools. Such schools shall be known as senior trade schools and junior trade schools.
Until otherwise determined by the board, only pupils who have completed the 8th grade in an accredited school whose graduates are eligible for admission to a high school in the city shall be admitted to the senior trade schools. Only pupils who have attained the age of 14 years or have completed at least 6 grades in elementary school shall be admitted to the junior trade schools.
The board may require pupils in trade schools to pay the cost of all materials consumed in the course. In lieu of that requirement, the board may establish a fixed sum to be paid by each pupil in a course which shall be sufficient to cover the cost of materials to be consumed by the pupil in the course. The board may sell any articles made or manufactured in a trade school and determine the use of the proceeds from the sale.
History: 1973 c. 15
; 1989 a. 290
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics pilot programs for pupils in grades kindergarten to 5.
If the board determines that state or federal aid is available, any school in the city that enrolls pupils in grades kindergarten to 5 is eligible to apply to the board for funding to participate in a pilot program designed to develop innovative instructional programs in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; support pupils who are typically under-represented in these subjects; and increase the academic achievement of pupils in those subjects.
History: 2009 a. 215
Superintendent of schools; business manager. 119.32(1)(1)
The board shall elect by roll call vote at a regular meeting a superintendent of schools whenever that office becomes vacant. The superintendent of schools shall be a person of suitable learning and experience in the art of instruction and shall have practical familiarity with the most approved methods of organizing and conducting a system of schools.
Under the direction of the board, the superintendent of schools shall have general supervision of:
The public schools and the manner of conducting and grading such schools.
The assistant superintendents, supervisors, educational department heads, professional assistants to the superintendent of schools, principals, vice principals and teachers in the city.
Subject to confirmation by the board, the superintendent of schools shall appoint the deputy superintendent of schools, associate superintendent of schools, executive assistant to the superintendent of schools, assistant to the superintendent of schools, assistant superintendent, division director, department director and other supervisory or administrative employees designated by the board.
The superintendent of schools shall be an advisory member of every committee of the board, except when an inquiry into his or her acts or an investigation of his or her official conduct is under consideration by such committee.
The superintendent of schools shall assign all teachers and engage and assign substitute teachers at the per diem compensation fixed by the board.
The superintendent of schools shall collect such statistics and information relating to schools and the population entitled to school privileges in the city as the board directs.
Dismissal of superintendent of schools.
By a two-thirds vote of the members-elect and upon compliance with this section, the board may remove from office the superintendent of schools for a misdemeanor in office, incompetency or inattention to the duties of the office. Notice in writing of the charges against the accused and of the time and place of hearing and acting upon the charges shall be served upon the accused at least 5 days before the time of hearing and before any action is taken by the board on the charges. On demand, the accused or counsel for the accused shall be heard. Both the board and the accused may produce witnesses who shall be sworn by the board president and shall give testimony subject to the penalty for perjury.
History: 1991 a. 39
Salary schedules. 119.40(1)(a)(a)
Annually, the board shall establish a schedule of salaries for all classroom teachers, not including principals and vice principals, in the schools of the city.
Annually, the board may establish one or more schedules of salaries for all its employees not covered under par. (a)
All schedules of salaries annually fixed by the board shall be adopted for the same period and on the same year basis as the annual school budget is adopted by the board.
In this section, "teacher" has the meaning given under s. 40.02 (55)
, but excludes the superintendent of schools, deputy superintendent of schools, associate superintendent of schools, executive assistant to the superintendent of schools, assistant to the superintendent of schools, assistant superintendent, division director and department director.
The appointment of a teacher in a 1st class city school district shall be probationary. After successful probation by completing 3 years of continuous service, the appointment shall be permanent during efficiency and good behavior. A teacher who has a permanent appointment shall not be discharged, except for cause upon written charges. After 10 days' written notice to the teacher of the charges and upon the teacher's written request, the charges shall be investigated, heard and determined by the board. The action of the board on the matter shall be final.
Any teacher employed in a public school in territory annexed to the city, who at the time of the annexation possesses the qualifications required by law and by the rules of the board for probationary or permanent appointment to a teaching position in the city, shall have the status of a regularly appointed teacher in the schools of the city and shall be entitled to all the rights and privileges of regularly appointed teachers in the city. Time spent in teaching in the annexed territory prior to annexation shall be credited to each such teacher as time spent in teaching in the city.
This section does not apply after December 21, 1995. Any person whose employment is permanent under this section on December 21, 1995, shall retain all of the rights and privileges of such permanent employment after that date.
Teacher tenure laws are in derogation of the common law, creating a contract between the parties by operation of law, and therefore are to be strictly construed. The scope of the tenure created by the statute, or by school board rule enacted pursuant to statute, must be determined from the language of the section and cannot be broadened beyond the intent of the legislature. Farley v. Milwaukee Board of School Directors, 49 Wis. 2d 765
, 183 N.W.2d 148
A probationer gains permanent status upon completion of six semesters; the school board's letter, sent after the sixth semester stating the plaintiff would not be reappointed, was ineffective. Bufkin v. Milwaukee Board of School Directors, 179 Wis. 2d 228
, 507 N.W.2d 571
(Ct. App. 1993).
The board shall file its annual financial report with the city clerk and shall send a copy of the report to the state superintendent.
Annually at such times as the department prescribes but on or before September 1, the board shall file a verified annual report with the department, on forms supplied by the department. The annual report shall contain all of the following:
Prior school year attendance data, including all of the following categorized by school, grade, gender and ethnicity:
The number of pupils suspended, the number of suspensions and the total number of school days missed as a result of suspensions under s. 120.13 (1) (b)
The number of pupils expelled, the number of expulsions and the total number of school days missed as a result of expulsions under s. 120.13 (1) (c)
The number of pupils transferred by the school board to a different school in the same school district.
Scores of the standardized reading tests administered to pupils during the prior school year under s. 121.02 (1) (r)
, categorized by school, gender and ethnicity.
Taxes for school operations fund. 119.46(1)
As part of the budget transmitted annually to the common council under s. 119.16 (8) (b)
, the board shall report the amount of money required for the ensuing school year to operate all public schools in the city under this chapter, to repair and keep in order school buildings and equipment, to make material improvements to school property, and to purchase necessary additions to school sites. The report shall specify the amount of net proceeds from the sale or lease of city-owned property used for school purposes deposited in the immediately preceding school year into the school operations fund as specified under s. 119.60 (2m) (c)
. The amount included in the report for the purpose of supporting the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program under s. 119.23
shall be reduced by the amount of aid received by the board under s. 121.136
and by the amount specified in the notice received by the board under s. 121.137 (2)
. The common council shall levy and collect a tax upon all the property subject to taxation in the city, which shall be equal to the amount of money required by the board for the purposes set forth in this subsection, at the same time and in the same manner as other taxes are levied and collected. Such taxes shall be in addition to all other taxes which the city is authorized to levy. The taxes so levied and collected, any other funds provided by law and placed at the disposal of the city for the same purposes, and the moneys deposited in the school operations fund under s. 119.60 (1)
, (2m) (c)
, and (5)
, shall constitute the school operations fund.
If moneys specified in s. 119.60 (1)
, (2m) (c)
, or (5)
are deposited in the school operations fund, the moneys shall be used to pay the principal due on any bonds issued under s. 66.1333 (5r) (b)
, to make sinking fund payments with respect to such bonds, to purchase or redeem such bonds, to pay any redemption premium required to be paid when such bonds are redeemed prior to maturity, or to establish a defeasance escrow account for such bonds in an amount sufficient to provide for the payment of principal, any redemption premium and interest on such bonds when due, whether at maturity or upon prior redemption, and to pay any fees or expenses associated with the establishment of the defeasance escrow account.
Taxes for school extension fund. 119.47(1)
If activities are being conducted under s. 119.70 (1)
, the board as part of the budget transmitted annually to the common council under s. 119.16 (8) (b)
shall specify the amount of money required for the ensuing school year under s. 119.70 (3)
. The taxes so levied and collected shall constitute the school extension fund.
The board may receive and expend, in addition to the tax levied and collected under s. 119.70 (3)
, any sums of money appropriated by the common council of the city for community services. The common council may appropriate from the city general fund or a similar fund to the school district such sums of money as the common council deems expedient.
History: 1971 c. 211
; 1975 c. 353
; 1985 a. 225
Taxes for school construction fund. 119.48(1)
If the board adopts a resolution by a two-thirds vote of the members-elect to provide funds, in addition to receipts from the sale of bonds, to purchase school sites, to construct school buildings and additions thereto or to remodel existing buildings, the board may include, as part of the budget transmitted to the common council under s. 119.16 (8) (b)
, a communication stating the amount of funds needed for such purposes. Upon receipt of the communication, the common council shall levy and collect a tax upon all property subject to taxation in the city, which shall be equal to the amount of money required by the board for the purposes set forth in the communication, at the same time and in the same manner as other taxes are levied and collected. Such taxes shall be in addition to all other taxes which the city is authorized to levy. The taxes so levied and collected and the moneys under s. 119.60 (1)
that are deposited in the school construction fund shall constitute the school construction fund. If moneys under s. 119.60 (1)
are deposited in the school construction fund, the moneys shall be used for the purchase of real property for school purposes. The board may allow the school construction fund to accumulate from year to year.
The common council shall have the following options on the board's communication under sub. (1)
To levy and collect a tax equal to the amount of money specified by the board under sub. (1)
To levy and collect a tax to realize part of the money so specified and to provide the remainder thereof from the permanent improvement fund of the city.
To decline to levy and collect a school construction fund tax and to provide the entire amount of money so specified from the permanent improvement fund.
The school construction fund taxes in any one year shall not exceed the levy rate specified in s. 65.07 (1) (f)
, unless the decision to exceed the levy rate specified in s. 65.07 (1) (f)
is approved through the voter referendum procedure specified in sub. (4)
. Any such approval is applicable only for one year.
The school construction fund tax levy shall be reduced in any year only by the amount which the common council in such year provides from the permanent improvement fund of the city.
If the board deems it necessary to exceed the levy rate specified under s. 65.07 (1) (f)
, it may by a two-thirds vote of the members-elect include a communication to the common council as part of the budget transmitted to the common council under s. 119.16 (8) (b)
The communication shall state the purposes for which the funds from the increase in the levy rate will be used and shall request the common council to submit to the voters of the city the question of exceeding the levy rate specified in s. 65.07 (1) (f)
at the September election or a special election.
Upon receipt of the communication, the common council shall file the communication as provided in s. 8.37
and shall cause the question of exceeding the levy rate specified under s. 65.07 (1) (f)
to be submitted to the voters of the city at the September election or at a special election. The question of exceeding the levy rate specified under s. 65.07 (1) (f)
shall be submitted so that the vote upon exceeding the levy rate specified in s. 65.07 (1) (f)
is taken separately from any other question submitted to the voters. If a majority of the electors voting on the question favors exceeding the levy rate specified under s. 65.07 (1) (f)
, the common council shall approve the increase in the levy rate and shall levy and collect a tax equal to the amount of money approved by the electors.
Taxes for state trust fund loans. 119.485(1)
If the board is awarded a state trust fund loan under subch. II of ch. 24
, the board shall include in its budget transmitted to the common council under s. 119.16 (8) (b)
a written notice specifying the amount of money necessary to pay the principal and interest on the loan as they become due. The common council shall levy and collect a tax upon all property subject to taxation in the city, at the same time and in the same manner as other taxes are levied and collected, equal to the amount of money required to make such payments. The taxes are in addition to all other taxes that the city is authorized to levy.
Annually by December 31, the board shall transfer to the city an amount which, when added to the interest that will accrue on the amount, is sufficient to meet the anticipated costs of debt service on the loan in the ensuing year.
History: 1997 a. 27
If the board deems it necessary to construct buildings or additions to buildings, to remodel buildings or to purchase school sites or to provide funds for any such purpose as a participant in a contract under s. 120.25
, it may by a two-thirds vote of the members-elect send a communication to the common council of the city.