126.47(1)(ae) (ae) A milk contractor who reports any deferred payment contract obligations under s. 126.41 (6) (ar) or 126.44 (1) (e) 1., other than deferred payment contract obligations to a milk producer or producer agent that has, under s. 126.70 (1) (b), permanently waived eligibility to file a default claim against the milk contractor, shall file security with the department, and maintain that security until the department releases it under sub. (7) (ae), unless the milk contractor's annual financial statement under s. 126.44 (1) shows that the milk contractor has positive equity and a debt to equity ratio of not more than 4.0 to 1.0.
126.47(1)(b) (b) A milk contractor shall file security with the department, and shall maintain that security until the department releases it under sub. (7) (am), if all of the following apply:
126.47(1)(b)1. 1. The milk contractor's last annual financial statement under s. 126.44 (1) shows negative equity, a current ratio of less than 1.25 to 1.0, or a debt to equity ratio of more than 2.0 to 1.0.
126.47(1)(b)2. 2. The milk contractor's estimated default exposure exceeds $20,000,000.
126.47(3) (3) Amount of security.
126.47(3)(a)(a) A milk contractor who is required to file or maintain security under sub. (1) (a) shall at all times maintain security in an amount at least equal to the milk contractor's estimated default exposure.
126.47(3)(ae) (ae) A milk contractor who is required to file or maintain security under sub. (1) (ae) shall at all times maintain security that is at least equal to the milk contractor's highest total, at any time during the preceding 12 months, of unpaid obligations for producer milk procured in this state under a deferred payment contract, excluding any unpaid obligation under a deferred payment contract, for milk procured in this state, with a milk producer or producer agent that has, under s. 126.70 (1) (b), permanently waived eligibility to file a default claim against the milk contractor.
126.47(3)(b) (b) A milk contractor who is required to file or maintain security under sub. (1) (b) shall at all times maintain security at least equal to the milk contractor's estimated default exposure less $20,000,000.
126.47(3)(c) (c) If more than one of pars. (a) to (b) applies to a milk contractor, the milk contractor shall at all times maintain security at least equal to the greatest amount of security that the milk contractor is required to maintain under any one of pars. (a) to (b).
126.47(4) (4) Form of security. The department shall review, and determine whether to approve, security filed under this section. The department may approve only the following types of security:
126.47(4)(a) (a) Currency.
126.47(4)(b) (b) A commercial surety bond if all of the following apply:
126.47(4)(b)1. 1. The surety bond is made payable to the department for the benefit of milk producers and producer agents.
126.47(4)(b)2. 2. The surety bond is issued by a person authorized to operate a surety business in this state.
126.47(4)(b)3. 3. The surety bond is issued as a continuous term bond that may be canceled only with the department's written agreement or upon 90 days' prior written notice served on the department in person or by certified mail.
126.47(4)(b)4. 4. The surety bond is issued in a form, and subject to any terms and conditions, that the department considers appropriate.
126.47(4)(c) (c) A certificate of deposit or money market certificate, if all of the following apply:
126.47(4)(c)1. 1. The certificate is issued or endorsed to the department for the benefit of milk producers and producer agents.
126.47(4)(c)2. 2. The certificate may not be canceled or redeemed without the department's written permission.
126.47(4)(c)3. 3. No person may transfer or withdraw funds represented by the certificate without the department's written permission.
126.47(4)(c)4. 4. The certificate renews automatically without any action by the department.
126.47(4)(c)5. 5. The certificate is issued in a form, and subject to any terms and conditions, that the department considers appropriate.
126.47(4)(d) (d) An irrevocable bank letter of credit if all of the following apply:
126.47(4)(d)1. 1. The letter of credit is payable to the department for the benefit of milk producers or producer agents.
126.47(4)(d)2. 2. The letter of credit is issued on bank letterhead.
126.47(4)(d)3. 3. The letter of credit is issued for an initial period of at least one year.
126.47(4)(d)4. 4. The letter of credit renews automatically unless, at least 90 days before the scheduled renewal date, the issuing bank gives the department written notice, in person or by certified mail, that the letter of credit will not be renewed.
126.47(4)(d)5. 5. The letter of credit is issued in a form, and subject to any terms and conditions, that the department considers appropriate.
126.47(5) (5) Department custody of security. The department shall hold, in its custody, all security filed and maintained under this section. The department shall hold the security for the benefit of milk producers and producer agents.
126.47(5m) (5m) Monthly reports. A milk contractor who is required to file or maintain security under this section shall provide a monthly report to the department containing all of the following:
126.47(5m)(a) (a) The milk contractor's total unpaid obligations at the end of the previous month for producer milk procured in this state under a deferred payment contract, excluding any unpaid obligation under a deferred payment contract, for milk procured in this state, with a milk producer or producer agent that has, under s. 126.70 (1) (b), permanently waived eligibility to file a default claim against the milk contractor.
126.47(5m)(b) (b) Either of the following:
126.47(5m)(b)1. 1. The highest amount of the milk contractor's unpaid milk payroll obligations at any time during the preceding month.
126.47(5m)(b)2. 2. The total amount of milk payroll obligations that the milk contractor incurred during the preceding month.
126.47(6) (6) Additional security.
126.47(6)(a)(a) The department may, at any time, demand additional security from a milk contractor if any of the following applies:
126.47(6)(a)1. 1. The milk contractor's existing security falls below the amount required under sub. (3) for any reason, including depreciation in the value of the security, increased obligations to milk producers or producer agents, or the cancellation of any security filed with the department.
126.47(6)(a)2. 2. The milk contractor fails to provide required information that is relevant to a determination of security requirements.
126.47(6)(b) (b) The department shall issue a demand under par. (a) in writing. The department shall indicate why additional security is required, the amount of security required, and the deadline date for filing security. The department may not specify a deadline for filing security that is more than 30 days after the date on which the department issues its demand for security.
126.47(6)(c) (c) A milk contractor may request a hearing, under ch. 227, on a demand for security under par. (b). A request for hearing does not automatically stay a security demand.
126.47(6)(d) (d) If a milk contractor fails to comply with the department's demand for security under this subsection, the milk contractor shall give written notice of that fact to all milk producers and producer agents from whom the contractor procures producer milk in this state. If the milk contractor fails to give accurate notice under this paragraph within 5 days after the deadline for filing security under par. (b) has passed, the department shall promptly notify milk producers and producer agents by publishing a class 3 notice under ch. 985. The department may also give individual notice to those milk producers or producer agents of whom the department is aware.
126.47(6)(e) (e) If a milk contractor fails to comply with the department's demand for security under this subsection, the department may do any of the following:
126.47(6)(e)1. 1. Issue a summary order under s. 126.85 (2).
126.47(6)(e)2. 2. Suspend or revoke the milk contractor's license.
126.47(7) (7) Releasing security.
126.47(7)(a)(a) The department may release security filed under sub. (1) (a), except for any amount of security that the milk contractor is required to file under sub. (1) (ae) or (b), if any of the following applies:
126.47(7)(a)1. 1. The milk contractor reports not more than 150,000 hundredweight of milk under s. 126.41 (6) (bg) for at least 2 consecutive years and the milk contractor pays the fund assessment installment amount that would have been required of the milk contractor if the milk contractor had been a contributing milk contractor on the date when the most recent installment under s. 126.46 was due.
126.47(7)(a)2. 2. The milk contractor's annual financial statement under s. 126.44 shows positive equity for at least 2 consecutive years and the milk contractor pays the fund assessment installment amount that would have been required of the milk contractor if the milk contractor had been a contributing milk contractor on the date when the most recent installment under s. 126.46 was due.
126.47(7)(ae) (ae) The department may release security filed under sub. (1) (ae), except for any amount of security that the milk contractor is required to file under sub. (1) (a) or (b), if any of the following applies:
126.47(7)(ae)1. 1. The milk contractor has not had any deferred payment contract obligations since the beginning of the milk contractor's last completed fiscal year.
126.47(7)(ae)2. 2. The milk contractor files 2 consecutive annual financial statements under s. 126.44 showing that the milk contractor meets the applicable equity requirement and debt to equity ratio under sub. (1) (ae).
126.47(7)(am) (am) The department may release security filed under sub. (1) (b), except for any amount of security that the milk contractor is required to file because sub. (1) (a) or (ae) applies to the milk contractor, if the milk contractor files 2 consecutive annual financial statements under s. 126.44 showing that the milk contractor no longer has negative equity, a current ratio of less than 1.25 to 1.0, or a debt to equity ratio of more than 2.0 to 1.0.
126.47(7)(c) (c) The department may release security to the extent that the security exceeds the amount required under sub. (3).
126.47(7)(d) (d) The department may release security if the milk contractor files alternative security, of equivalent value, that the department approves.
126.47(7)(e) (e) The department shall release security if the milk contractor has gone out of business and paid all milk payroll obligations in full.
126.47 History History: 2001 a. 16; 2003 a. 38, 238, 320; 2005 a. 253; 2009 a. 296; 2017 a. 155, ss. 28 to 30, 46 to 62.
126.48 126.48 Milk contractors; payments to producers.
126.48(1)(1)First monthly payment. Except as provided under the terms of a deferred payment contract that satisfies the requirements under s. 126.485, by the 4th day of each month, a milk contractor shall pay for producer milk received during the first 15 days of the preceding month. The milk contractor shall base the payment on an estimated price that is at least 80 percent of the class III price published by the regional federal milk market administrator for the month preceding the month in which the milk is received, or 80 percent of the contract price, whichever is greater.
126.48(2) (2) Second monthly payment. Except as provided under the terms of a deferred payment contract that satisfies the requirements under s. 126.485, by the 19th day of each month, a milk contractor shall pay the balance due for producer milk received during the preceding month.
126.48 History History: 2001 a. 16; 2017 a. 155.
126.485 126.485 Milk contractors; deferred payment contracts.
126.485(1)(1)Contract in writing. A milk contractor may not procure milk from any milk producer or producer agent under a deferred payment contract before the contract is reduced to writing and signed by the parties. The milk contractor shall provide a copy of the signed contract to the other party.
126.485(2) (2) Contents of contract. A milk contractor may not enter into a deferred payment contract unless the deferred payment contract includes all of the following:
126.485(2)(a) (a) A unique contract identification number.
126.485(2)(b) (b) The specific payments required under s. 126.48 (1) or (2), or portion thereof, that are deferred under the contract.
126.485(2)(c) (c) The date by which the milk contractor agrees to make full payment for the milk.
126.485(2)(d) (d) The milk contractor's permanent business location.
126.485(2)(e) (e) A statement in clear and conspicuous print immediately above the contract signature line stating: “The milk contractor (buyer) becomes the owner of any milk that the producer or producer agent (seller) delivers to the milk contractor under this contract. The producer or producer agent relinquishes ownership and control of the milk, and may become an unsecured creditor pending payment.”
126.485(2)(f) (f) A statement that the milk contractor deducts the deferred payment contract assessment established by the department by rule under s. 126.46 (1) from the amount paid to a milk producer or producer agent under a deferred payment contract.
126.485(2)(g) (g) Other information required under this section by the department.
126.485(3) (3) Rule making. The department may promulgate rules to modify the requirements for the contents of deferred payment contracts under sub. (2).
126.485(4) (4) Payment due dates.
126.485(4)(a)(a) The due date by which a milk contractor agrees to make full payment for milk under a deferred payment contract may not be more than 120 days after the date on which the milk contractor's payments would have been due under s. 126.48 (2).
126.485(4)(b) (b) A milk contractor shall make full payment under a deferred payment contract by the due date specified in the contract under sub. (2) (c), or if the parties agree by another date that satisfies par. (a).
126.485(5) (5) Deferred payment contract assessment. From the amount that a milk contractor pays to a milk producer or producer agent under a deferred payment contract, the milk contractor shall deduct a deferred payment contract assessment. The assessment shall equal the total amount owed under the contract before the assessment is deducted, multiplied by the deferred payment assessment rate that applies under s. 126.46 (1) when the contract is made. The milk contractor shall disclose the assessment amount.
126.485 History History: 2017 a. 155.
126.487 126.487 Payment explanation. The department may, by rule, require a milk contractor to provide a milk producer or producer agent with a written explanation of each payment under s. 126.48 or of each deferred payment under s. 126.485. The department may specify the content of the explanation, including information related to any of the following:
126.487(1) (1)Milk contractor identification.
126.487(2) (2)Milk producer or producer agent identification.
126.487(3) (3)Pay period.
126.487(4) (4)Volume of milk received.
126.487(5) (5)Grade of milk.
126.487(6) (6)Milk test results.
126.487(7) (7)Milk price and adjustments.
126.487(8) (8)Gross amount due.
126.487(9) (9)Average gross pay per hundredweight less hauling charges.
126.487(10) (10)Net amount due.
126.487(11) (11)Deductions and assignments.
126.487 History History: 2017 a. 155, s. 65; 2017 Stats. s. 126.487.
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 79 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on September 17, 2021. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 17, 2021, are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-17-21)