137.02(2) (2)A commissioner appointed under sub. (1) shall have authority to take the acknowledgment and proof of the execution of deeds, conveyances and leases of any lands lying in this state, or written instruments relating thereto, or of any contract or any other writing, sealed or unsealed, to be used or recorded in this state; to administer oaths required to be used in this state; to take and certify depositions to be used in the courts of this state, either under a commission, by consent of parties or on notice to the opposite party; and all such acts done pursuant to the laws of this state and certified under the commissioner's hand and seal of office shall be as valid as if done by a proper officer of this state.
Effective date note NOTE: Section 137.02 is repealed eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125.
137.02 History History: 1993 a. 482; 1997 a. 254; 2019 a. 125.
137.02 Annotation “All the damages" in sub. (8) incorporates the American rule of damages that attorney fees are not recoverable by a prevailing party unless certain exceptions apply. Bank One, Wisconsin v. Koch, 2002 WI App 176, 256 Wis. 2d 618, 649 N.W.2d 339, 01-2174.
subch. II of ch. 137 SUBCHAPTER II
ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS AND RECORDS;
ELECTRONIC NOTARIZATION AND
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Effective date note NOTE: Subch. II (title) is repealed eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125.
137.11 137.11 Definitions. In this chapter:
Effective date note NOTE: Section 137.11 (intro.) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text 137.11 Definitions. In this subchapter:
137.11(1) (1)“Agreement" means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances and from rules, regulations, and procedures given the effect of agreements under laws otherwise applicable to a particular transaction.
137.11(2) (2)“Automated transaction" means a transaction conducted or performed, in whole or in part, by electronic means or by the use of electronic records, in which the acts or records of one or both parties are not reviewed by an individual in the ordinary course in forming a contract, performing under an existing contract, or fulfilling an obligation required by the transaction.
137.11(3) (3)“Computer program" means a set of statements or instructions to be used directly or indirectly in an information processing system in order to bring about a certain result.
137.11(4) (4)“Contract" means the total legal obligation resulting from the parties' agreement as affected by this chapter and other applicable law.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (4) “Contract" means the total legal obligation resulting from the parties' agreement as affected by this subchapter and other applicable law.
137.11(5) (5)“Electronic" means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.
137.11(6) (6)“Electronic agent" means a computer program or an electronic or other automated means used independently to initiate an action or respond to electronic records or performances in whole or in part, without review or action by an individual.
137.11(7) (7)“Electronic record" means a record that is created, generated, sent, communicated, received, or stored by electronic means.
137.11(8) (8)“Electronic signature" means an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record.
137.11(9) (9)“Governmental unit" means:
137.11(9)(a) (a) An agency, department, board, commission, office, authority, institution, or instrumentality of the federal government or of a state or of a political subdivision of a state or special purpose district within a state, regardless of the branch or branches of government in which it is located.
137.11(9)(b) (b) A political subdivision of a state or special purpose district within a state.
137.11(9)(c) (c) An association or society to which appropriations are made by law.
137.11(9)(d) (d) Any body within one or more of the entities specified in pars. (a) to (c) that is created or authorized to be created by the constitution, by law, or by action of one or more of the entities specified in pars. (a) to (c).
137.11(9)(e) (e) Any combination of any of the entities specified in pars. (a) to (d).
137.11(10) (10)“Information" means data, text, images, sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases, or the like.
137.11(11) (11)“Information processing system" means an electronic system for creating, generating, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, or processing information.
137.11(12) (12)“Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
137.11(13) (13)“Security procedure" means a procedure employed for the purpose of verifying that an electronic signature, record, or performance is that of a specific person or for detecting changes or errors in the information in an electronic record. The term includes a procedure that requires the use of algorithms or other codes, identifying words or numbers, encryption, callback, or other acknowledgment procedures.
137.11(14) (14)“State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term includes an Indian tribe or band, or Alaskan native village, which is recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.
137.11(15) (15)“Transaction" means an action or set of actions occurring between 2 or more persons relating to the conduct of business, commercial, or governmental affairs.
137.11 History History: 2003 a. 294; 2019 a. 125.
137.12 137.12 Application.
137.12(1)(1)Except as otherwise provided in sub. (2) and except in ss. 137.25 and 137.26, this chapter applies to electronic records and electronic signatures relating to a transaction.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (1) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (1)Except as otherwise provided in sub. (2) and except in ss. 137.25 and 137.26, this subchapter applies to electronic records and electronic signatures relating to a transaction.
137.12(2) (2)Except as otherwise provided in sub. (3), this chapter does not apply to a transaction to the extent it is governed by:
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2) (intro.) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (2) Except as otherwise provided in sub. (3), this subchapter does not apply to a transaction to the extent it is governed by:
137.12(2)(a) (a) Any law governing the execution of wills or the creation of testamentary trusts;
137.12(2)(b) (b) Chapters 401 and 403 to 410, other than s. 401.306.
137.12(2m) (2m)This chapter does not apply to any of the following records or any transaction evidenced by any of the following records:
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2m) (intro.) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (2m) This subchapter does not apply to any of the following records or any transaction evidenced by any of the following records:
137.12(2m)(a) (a) Records governed by any law relating to adoption, divorce, or other matters of family law.
137.12(2m)(b) (b) Notices provided by a court.
137.12(2m)(c) (c) Court orders.
137.12(2m)(d) (d) Official court documents, including briefs, pleadings, and other writings, required to be executed in connection with court proceedings.
137.12(2p) (2p)This chapter applies to a transaction governed by the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7001, et seq., but this chapter is not intended to limit, modify, or supersede 15 USC 7001 (c).
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2p) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (2p) This subchapter applies to a transaction governed by the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7001, et seq., but this subchapter is not intended to limit, modify, or supersede 15 USC 7001 (c).
137.12(2r) (2r)To the extent that it is excluded from the scope of 15 USC 7003, this chapter does not apply to a notice to the extent that it is governed by a law requiring the furnishing of any notice of:
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2r) (intro.) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (2r) To the extent that it is excluded from the scope of 15 USC 7003, this subchapter does not apply to a notice to the extent that it is governed by a law requiring the furnishing of any notice of:
137.12(2r)(a) (a) The cancellation or termination of utility services, including water, heat, and power service.
137.12(2r)(b) (b) Default, acceleration, repossession, foreclosure, or eviction, or the right to cure, under a credit agreement secured by or a rental agreement for a primary residence of an individual;
137.12(2r)(c) (c) The cancellation or termination of health insurance or benefits or life insurance benefits, excluding annuities;
137.12(2r)(d) (d) Recall of a product, or material failure of a product, that risks endangering health or safety; or
137.12(2r)(e) (e) A law requiring a document to accompany any transportation or handling of hazardous materials, pesticides, or other toxic or dangerous materials.
137.12(3) (3)This chapter applies to an electronic record or electronic signature otherwise excluded from the application of this chapter under subs. (2), (2m), and (2r) to the extent it is governed by a law other than those specified in subs. (2), (2m), and (2r).
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (3) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (3) This subchapter applies to an electronic record or electronic signature otherwise excluded from the application of this subchapter under subs. (2), (2m), and (2r) to the extent it is governed by a law other than those specified in subs. (2), (2m), and (2r).
137.12(4) (4)A transaction subject to this chapter is also subject to other applicable substantive law.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (4) A transaction subject to this subchapter is also subject to other applicable substantive law.
137.12(5) (5)This chapter applies to the state of Wisconsin, unless otherwise expressly provided.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (5) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (5) This subchapter applies to the state of Wisconsin, unless otherwise expressly provided.
137.12(6) (6)To the extent there is a conflict between this chapter and ch. 407, ch. 407 governs.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (6) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (6) To the extent there is a conflict between this subchapter and ch. 407, ch. 407 governs.
137.12 History History: 2003 a. 294; 2009 a. 320, 322; 2019 a. 125.
137.12 Annotation Legal Effects of Electronic Transactions. Serum. Wis. Law. Feb. 2005.
137.13 137.13 Use of electronic records and electronic signatures; variation by agreement.
137.13(1)(1)This chapter does not require a record or signature to be created, generated, sent, communicated, received, stored, or otherwise processed or used by electronic means or in electronic form.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (1) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (1)This subchapter does not require a record or signature to be created, generated, sent, communicated, received, stored, or otherwise processed or used by electronic means or in electronic form.
137.13(2) (2)This chapter applies only to transactions between parties each of which has agreed to conduct transactions by electronic means. Whether the parties agree to conduct a transaction by electronic means is determined from the context and surrounding circumstances, including the parties' conduct.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (2) This subchapter applies only to transactions between parties each of which has agreed to conduct transactions by electronic means. Whether the parties agree to conduct a transaction by electronic means is determined from the context and surrounding circumstances, including the parties' conduct.
137.13(3) (3)A party that agrees to conduct a transaction by electronic means may refuse to conduct other transactions by electronic means. The right granted by this subsection may not be waived by agreement.
137.13(4) (4)Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the effect of any provision of this chapter may be varied by agreement. Use of the words “unless otherwise agreed," or words of similar import, in this chapter shall not be interpreted to preclude other provisions of this chapter from being varied by agreement.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (4) Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, the effect of any provision of this subchapter may be varied by agreement. Use of the words “unless otherwise agreed," or words of similar import, in this subchapter shall not be interpreted to preclude other provisions of this subchapter from being varied by agreement.
137.13(5) (5)Whether an electronic record or electronic signature has legal consequences is determined by this chapter and other applicable law.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (5) is shown as amended eff. 5-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 125. Prior to 5-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (5) Whether an electronic record or electronic signature has legal consequences is determined by this subchapter and other applicable law.
137.13 History History: 2003 a. 294; 2019 a. 125.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 184 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on March 28, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after March 28, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 3-28-20)