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146.001(1) (1) "Department" means the department of health services.
146.001(2) (2) "Secretary" means the secretary of health services.
146.0255 146.0255 Testing infants for controlled substances or controlled substance analogs.
146.0255(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
146.0255(1)(a) (a) "Controlled substance" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (4).
146.0255(1)(b) (b) "Controlled substance analog" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (4m).
146.0255(2) (2)Testing. Any hospital employee who provides health care, social worker, or intake worker under ch. 48 may refer an infant or an expectant mother of an unborn child, as defined in s. 48.02 (19), to a physician for testing of the bodily fluids of the infant or expectant mother for controlled substances or controlled substance analogs if the hospital employee who provides health care, social worker, or intake worker suspects that the infant or expectant mother has controlled substances or controlled substance analogs in the bodily fluids of the infant or expectant mother because of the use of controlled substances or controlled substance analogs by the mother while she was pregnant with the infant or by the expectant mother while she is pregnant with the unborn child. The physician may test the infant or expectant mother to ascertain whether or not the infant or expectant mother has controlled substances or controlled substance analogs in the bodily fluids of the infant or expectant mother, if the physician determines that there is a serious risk that there are controlled substances or controlled substance analogs in the bodily fluids of the infant or expectant mother because of the use of controlled substances or controlled substance analogs by the mother while she was pregnant with the infant or by the expectant mother while she is pregnant with the unborn child and that the health of the infant, the unborn child or the child when born may be adversely affected by the controlled substances or controlled substance analogs. If the results of the test indicate that the infant does have controlled substances or controlled substance analogs in the infant's bodily fluids, the physician shall report the occurrence of that condition in the infant to the agency, as defined in s. 48.981 (1) (ag), that is responsible for conducting child abuse and neglect investigations under s. 48.981, and that agency shall offer to provide, or arrange or refer for the provision of, services and treatment for the child and the child's mother as provided under s. 46.238. If the results of the test indicate that the expectant mother does have controlled substances or controlled substance analogs in the expectant mother's bodily fluids, the physician may report the occurrence of that condition in the expectant mother to the agency, as defined in s. 48.981 (1) (ag), that is responsible for conducting unborn child abuse investigations under s. 48.981, and that agency shall offer to provide, or arrange or refer for the provision of, services and treatment for the unborn child and expectant mother as provided under s. 46.238. Under this subsection, no physician may test an expectant mother without first receiving her informed consent to the testing.
146.0255(3) (3)Test results. The physician who performs a test under sub. (2) shall provide the infant's parents or guardian or the expectant mother with all of the following information:
146.0255(3)(a) (a) A statement of explanation concerning the test that was performed, the date of performance of the test and the test results.
146.0255(3)(b) (b) A statement of explanation that the test results of an infant must, and that the test results of an expectant mother may, be disclosed to an agency under sub. (2) if the test results are positive.
146.0255(4) (4)Confidentiality. The results of a test given under this section may be disclosed as provided in sub. (3).
146.0255 History History: 1989 a. 122, 359; 1993 a. 16, 446; 1995 a. 386, 448; 1997 a. 27, 35, 292; 2009 a. 79.
146.0257 146.0257 Evaluation of infants for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
146.0257(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "agency" has the meaning given in s. 48.981 (1) (ag).
146.0257(2) (2)Evaluation. If a hospital employee who provides health care, social worker, or intake worker under ch. 48 suspects that an infant has a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, the hospital employee, social worker, or intake worker shall refer the infant to a physician for an evaluation to diagnose whether the infant has that disorder. If a physician determines that there is a serious risk that an infant has a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, the physician shall evaluate the infant to diagnose whether the infant has that disorder. If a physician diagnoses that an infant has a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, the physician shall report that diagnosis to the agency that is responsible for conducting child abuse and neglect investigations under s. 48.981, and that agency shall offer to provide, or arrange or refer for the provision of, services and treatment for the infant and the infant's mother as provided under s. 46.238.
146.0257(3) (3)Diagnosis. A physician who performs an evaluation under sub. (2) shall provide the infant's parents or guardian with all of the following information:
146.0257(3)(a) (a) An explanation concerning the evaluation that was performed, the date of that evaluation, and the diagnosis resulting from that evaluation.
146.0257(3)(b) (b) An explanation that the results of the evaluation must be disclosed to an agency under sub. (2) if the evaluation indicates a diagnosis of a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
146.0257(4) (4)Confidentiality. The results of an evaluation performed under sub. (2) may be disclosed as provided in sub. (3).
146.0257 History History: 2013 a. 260.
146.085 146.085 Pay toilets prohibited.
146.085(1) (1) Prohibition. The owner or manager of any public building shall not permit an admission fee to be charged for the use of any toilet compartment.
146.085(2) (2)Penalty. Any person who violates this section shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $50.
146.085(3) (3)Enforcement. The department, the department of safety and professional services, and the public service commission shall enforce this section within their respective jurisdictions.
146.085 History History: 1971 c. 228 s. 44; 1973 c. 12 s. 37; 1975 c. 298; 1995 a. 27 ss. 4361, 9116 (5); 2011 a. 32.
146.15 146.15 Information. State officials, physicians of mining, manufacturing and other companies or associations, officers and agents of a company incorporated by or transacting business under the laws of this state, shall when requested furnish, so far as practicable, the department any information required touching the public health; and for refusal shall forfeit $10.
146.16 146.16 Expenses. Expenses incurred under this chapter, not made otherwise chargeable, shall be paid by the town, city or village.
146.16 History History: 1983 a. 27 s. 2202 (20); 1993 a. 27; 1995 a 227.
146.17 146.17 Limitations. Nothing in the statutes shall be construed to authorize interference with the individual's right to select his or her own physician or mode of treatment, nor as a limitation upon the municipality to enact measures in aid of health administration, consistent with statute and acts of the department.
146.17 History History: 1993 a. 482.
146.22 146.22 Flushing devices for urinals. The department shall not promulgate any rules which either directly or indirectly prohibit the use of manual flushing devices for urinals. The department shall take steps to encourage the use of manual flushing devices for urinals.
146.22 History History: 1977 c. 418.
146.25 146.25 Required implanting of microchip prohibited.
146.25(1)(1) No person may require an individual to undergo the implanting of a microchip.
146.25(2) (2) Any person who violates sub. (1) may be required to forfeit not more than $10,000. Each day of continued violation constitutes a separate offense.
146.25 History History: 2005 a. 482.
146.29 146.29 Access to toilet facility in retail establishment.
146.29(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
146.29(1)(a) (a) "Eligible medical condition" means inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, or any other medical condition that periodically requires immediate access to a toilet facility.
146.29(1)(b) (b) "Inflammatory bowel disease" means Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.
146.29(1)(c) (c) "Ostomy device" means a medical device that creates an artificial passage for elimination of body waste.
146.29(1)(d) (d) "Physician" has the meaning given in s. 448.01 (5).
146.29(1)(e) (e) "Retail establishment" means a store or shop in which retail sales is the principal business conducted, except that "retail establishment" does not include a motor vehicle fuel retailer's establishment that is a structure that is 800 square feet or less in size.
146.29(2) (2)Access to toilet facility required. A retail establishment that has a toilet facility that is designated for use by the establishment's employees shall permit a person who suffers from an eligible medical condition or uses an ostomy device to use the toilet facility if all of the following apply:
146.29(2)(a) (a) The person provides the retail establishment any of the following:
146.29(2)(a)1. 1. A copy of a written statement, signed and issued by a physician on the physician's letterhead or that of the facility with which the physician is associated, that indicates that the person suffers from an eligible medical condition or uses an ostomy device.
146.29(2)(a)2. 2. An identification card issued by an entity approved by the department under sub. (4) that indicates that the person suffers from an eligible medical condition or uses an ostomy device.
146.29(2)(b) (b) The person requests to use the toilet facility during the retail establishment's usual business hours.
146.29(2)(c) (c) Three or more employees of the retail establishment are working at the establishment at the time the person requests use of the toilet facility.
146.29(2)(d) (d) The toilet facility is not located in an area where access creates an obvious health or safety risk for the person or an obvious security risk for the retail establishment.
146.29(2)(e) (e) The retail establishment does not have a toilet facility that the public may use.
146.29(2)(f) (f) A public toilet facility is not immediately accessible to the person.
146.29(3) (3)Limitation on requirement. No retail establishment may, under this section, be required to make physical changes to a toilet facility that is designated for use by the establishment's employees.
146.29(4) (4)Entities that may issue identification cards. The department shall approve, to issue identification cards that may be used under sub. (2) (a) 2., entities that provide services to, or advocate on behalf of, persons who suffer from an eligible medical condition or use an ostomy device.
146.29(5) (5)Penalties.
146.29(5)(a)(a) Whoever violates sub. (2) may be required to forfeit not more than $200.
146.29(5)(b) (b) Whoever does any of the following with respect to a written statement or identification card that is specified in sub. (2) (a) may be required to forfeit not more than $200:
146.29(5)(b)1. 1. Forges a statement or identification card, or utters a forged statement or identification card.
146.29(5)(b)2. 2. Alters a statement or identification card, or utters an altered statement or identification card.
146.29(5)(b)3. 3. Transfers to another person, for use by that person, a statement or identification card intended for use by a different person.
146.29(5)(b)4. 4. Knowingly possesses a forged or altered statement or identification card.
146.29(5)(c) (c) Each day of continued violation under par. (a) or (b) constitutes a separate offense.
146.29 History History: 2009 a. 198.
146.31 146.31 Blood or tissue transfer services.
146.31(1) (1) It is unlawful to operate a blood bank for commercial profit.
146.31(2) (2) The procurement, processing, distribution or use of whole blood, plasma, blood products, blood derivatives and other human tissues such as corneas, bones or organs for the purpose of injecting, transfusing or transplanting any of them into the human body is declared to be, for all purposes except as provided under s. 146.345, the rendition of a service by every person participating therein and, whether or not any remuneration is paid therefor, not to be a sale of the whole blood, plasma, blood products, blood derivatives or other tissues. No person involved in the procurement, processing, distribution or use of whole blood, plasma, blood products or blood derivatives for the purpose of injecting or transfusing any of them into the human body shall be liable for damages resulting from these activities except for his or her own negligence or willful misconduct.
146.31(3) (3) No hospital, nonprofit tissue bank, physician, nurse or other medical personnel acting under the supervision and direction of a physician involved in the procurement, processing, distribution or use of human tissues such as corneas, bones or organs for the purpose of transplanting any of them into the human body shall be liable for damages resulting from those activities except for negligence or willful misconduct by that hospital, nonprofit tissue bank, physician, nurse or other medical personnel.
146.31 History History: 1975 c. 75, 76; 1987 a. 97.
146.31 Annotation Sub. (1) is unconstitutional. It violates the commerce clause, Art. I, s. 8, and the supremacy clause, art. VI, of the U.S. Constitution. State v. Interstate Blood Bank, Inc. 65 Wis. 2d 482, 222 N.W.2d 912 (1974).
146.33 146.33 Blood donors. Any person who is 17 years old or older may donate blood in any voluntary and noncompensatory blood program, and any person who is 16 years old may donate blood in such a program if his or her parent or legal guardian consents to the donation.
146.33 History History: 1971 c. 228; 1983 a. 21; 2007 a. 103.
146.34 146.34 Donation of bone marrow by a minor.
146.34(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
146.34(1)(a) (a) "Bone marrow" means the soft material that fills human bone cavities.
146.34(1)(b) (b) "Bone marrow transplant" means the medical procedure by which transfer of bone marrow is made from the body of a person to the body of another person.
146.34(1)(c) (c) "Donor" means a minor whose bone marrow is transplanted from his or her body to the body of the minor's brother or sister.
146.34(1)(d) (d) "Guardian" means the person named by the court under ch. 48 or 54 or ch. 880, 2003 stats., having the duty and authority of guardianship.
146.34(1)(e) (e) "Legal custodian" means a person other than a parent or guardian or an agency to whom the legal custody of a minor has been transferred by a court under ch. 48 or 938, but does not include a person who has only physical custody of a minor.
146.34(1)(f) (f) "Parent" means a biological parent, a husband who has consented to the artificial insemination of his wife under s. 891.40 or a parent by adoption. If the minor is a nonmarital child who is not adopted or whose parents do not subsequently intermarry under s. 767.803, "parent" includes a person adjudged in a judicial proceeding under ch. 48 to be the biological father of the minor. "Parent" does not include any person whose parental rights have been terminated.
146.34(1)(g) (g) "Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery under ch. 448.
146.34(1)(h) (h) "Psychiatrist" means a physician specializing in psychiatry.
146.34(1)(i) (i) "Psychologist" means a person licensed to practice psychology under ch. 455.
146.34(1)(j) (j) "Relative" means a parent, grandparent, stepparent, brother, sister, first cousin, nephew or niece; or uncle or aunt within the 3rd degree of kinship as computed under s. 990.001 (16). This relationship may be by blood, marriage or adoption.
146.34(2) (2)Prohibition on donation of bone marrow by a minor. Unless the conditions under sub. (3) or (4) have been met, no minor may be a bone marrow donor in this state.
146.34(3) (3)Consent to donation of bone marrow by a minor under 12 years of age. If the medical condition of a brother or a sister of a minor who is under 12 years of age requires that the brother or sister receive a bone marrow transplant, the minor is deemed to have given consent to be a donor if all of the following conditions are met:
146.34(3)(a) (a) The physician who will remove the bone marrow from the minor has informed the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the minor of all of the following:
146.34(3)(a)1. 1. The nature of the bone marrow transplant.
146.34(3)(a)2. 2. The benefits and risks to the prospective donor and prospective recipient of performance of the bone marrow transplant.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)