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154.19 History History: 1995 a. 200; 1997 a. 27; 1999 a. 9.
154.19 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 125, Wis. adm. code.
154.19 Annotation Wisconsin's Do Not Resuscitate Bracelet Law Raises Legal and Medical Issues. Mandel. Wis. Law. Dec. 1997.
154.21 154.21 Revocation of do-not-resuscitate order.
154.21(1)(1) Method of revocation. A patient may revoke a do-not-resuscitate order at any time by any of the following methods:
154.21(1)(a) (a) The patient expresses to an emergency medical technician, first responder or to a person who serves as a member of an emergency health care facility's personnel the desire to be resuscitated. The emergency medical technician, first responder or the member of the emergency health care facility shall promptly remove the do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.21(1)(b) (b) The patient defaces, burns, cuts or otherwise destroys the do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.21(1)(c) (c) The patient removes the do-not-resuscitate bracelet or another person, at the patient's request, removes the do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.21(2) (2)Recording the revocation. The attending physician shall be notified as soon as practicable of the patient's revocation and shall record in the patient's medical record the time, date and place of the revocation, if known, and the time, date and place, if different, that he or she was notified of the revocation. A revocation under sub. (1) is effective regardless of when the attending physician has been notified of that revocation.
154.21 History History: 1995 a. 200.
154.225 154.225 Guardians and health care agents.
154.225(1) (1) In this section:
154.225(1)(a) (a) "Guardian" has the meaning given in s. 51.40 (1) (f).
154.225(1)(b) (b) "Health care agent has the meaning given in s. 155.01 (4).
154.225(1)(c) (c) "Incapacitated" has the meaning given in s. 50.06 (1).
154.225(2) (2) The guardian or health care agent of an incapacitated qualified patient may request a do-not-resuscitate order on behalf of that incapacitated qualified patient and consent to the order and sign it after receiving the information specified in s. 154.19 (2) (a). The guardian or health care agent of an incapacitated qualified patient may revoke a do-not-resuscitate order on behalf of the incapacitated qualified patient by any of the following methods:
154.225(2)(a) (a) The guardian or health care agent directs an emergency medical technician, first responder or a person who serves as a member of an emergency health care facility's personnel to resuscitate the patient. The emergency medical technician, first responder or the member of the emergency health care facility shall promptly remove the do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.225(2)(b) (b) The guardian or health care agent defaces, burns, cuts or otherwise destroys the do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.225(2)(c) (c) The guardian or health care agent removes the do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.225 History History: 1997 a. 27.
154.23 154.23 Liability. No physician, emergency medical technician, first responder, health care professional or emergency health care facility may be held criminally or civilly liable, or charged with unprofessional conduct, for any of the following:
154.23(1) (1) Under the directive of a do-not-resuscitate order, withholding or withdrawing, or causing to be withheld or withdrawn, resuscitation from a patient.
154.23(2) (2) Failing to act upon the revocation of a do-not-resuscitate order unless the person or facility had actual knowledge of the revocation.
154.23(3) (3) Failing to comply with a do-not-resuscitate order if the person or facility did not have actual knowledge of the do-not-resuscitate order or if the person or facility in good faith believed that the order had been revoked.
154.23 History History: 1995 a. 200.
154.25 154.25 General provisions.
154.25(1)(1) Suicide. Under this subchapter, the withholding or withdrawing of resuscitation from a patient wearing a valid do-not-resuscitate bracelet does not, for any purpose, constitute suicide. Requesting a do-not-resuscitate order under this subchapter does not, for any purpose, constitute attempted suicide.
154.25(2) (2)Life insurance. Requesting a do-not-resuscitate order under s. 154.19 may not be used to impair in any manner the procurement of any policy of life insurance, and may not be used to modify the terms of an existing policy of life insurance. No policy of life insurance may be impaired in any manner by the withholding or withdrawal of resuscitation from a qualified patient.
154.25(3) (3)Health insurance. No person may be required to request a do-not-resuscitate order as a condition prior to being admitted to a health care facility or being insured for, or receiving, health care services.
154.25(4) (4)Other rights. This subchapter does not impair or supersede any of the following:
154.25(4)(a) (a) A person's right to withhold or withdraw resuscitation.
154.25(4)(b) (b) The right of any person who does not have a do-not-resuscitate order in effect to receive resuscitation.
154.25(5) (5)Intent. Failure to request a do-not-resuscitate order creates no presumption that the person consents to the use or withholding of resuscitation in the event that the person suffers from a condition that renders the person a qualified patient.
154.25(6) (6)Valid do-not-resuscitate bracelet. A do-not-resuscitate bracelet that has not been removed, altered or tampered with in any way shall be presumed valid, unless the patient, the patient's guardian or the patient's health care agent expresses to the emergency medical technician, first responder or emergency health care facility personnel the patient's desire to be resuscitated.
154.25(6m) (6m)Desire of the patient. The desire of a patient to be resuscitated supersedes the effect of that patient's do-not-resuscitate order at all times.
154.25(7) (7)Construction. Nothing in this subchapter condones, authorizes or permits any affirmative or deliberate act to end life other than to permit the natural process of dying.
154.25 History History: 1995 a. 200; 1997 a. 27.
154.27 154.27 Specifications and distribution of do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.27(1) (1) The department shall establish by rule a uniform standard for the size, color, and design of all do-not-resuscitate bracelets. Except as provided in sub. (2), the rules shall require that the do-not-resuscitate bracelets include the inscription "Do Not Resuscitate"; the name, address, date of birth and gender of the patient; and the name, business telephone number and signature of the attending physician issuing the order.
154.27(2) (2) The department may approve a do-not-resuscitate bracelet developed and distributed by a commercial vendor if the bracelet contains an emblem that displays an internationally recognized medical symbol on the front and the words "Wisconsin Do-Not-Resuscitate-EMS" and the qualified patient's first and last name on the back. The department may not approve a do-not-resuscitate bracelet developed and distributed by a commercial vendor if the vendor does not require a doctor's order for the bracelet prior to distributing it to a patient.
154.27 History History: 1995 a. 200; 1999 a. 9.
154.27 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 125, Wis. adm. code.
154.29 154.29 Penalties.
154.29(1)(1) Any person who willfully conceals, defaces or damages the do-not-resuscitate bracelet of another person without that person's consent may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days or both.
154.29(2) (2) Any person who, with the intent to cause the withholding or withdrawal of resuscitation contrary to the wishes of any patient, falsifies, forges or transfers a do-not-resuscitate bracelet to that patient or conceals the revocation under s. 154.21 of a do-not-resuscitate order or any responsible person who withholds personal knowledge of a revocation under s. 154.21 is guilty of a Class F felony.
154.29(3) (3) Any person who directly or indirectly coerces, threatens or intimidates an individual so as to cause the individual to sign or issue a do-not-resuscitate order shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days or both.
154.29 History History: 1995 a. 200; 1997 a. 283; 2001 a. 109.
subch. IV of ch. 154 SUBCHAPTER IV
AUTHORIZATION FOR FINAL DISPOSITION
154.30 154.30 Control of final disposition of certain human remains.
154.30(1)(1) Definitions.
154.30(1)(a)(a) "Authorization for final disposition" means a document that satisfies the conditions under sub. (8) (d) or (dm), and that is voluntarily executed by a declarant under sub. (8), but is not limited in form or substance to that provided in sub. (8).
154.30(1)(b) (b) "Cemetery authority" has the meaning given in s. 157.061 (2).
154.30(1)(c) (c) "Credential" has the meaning given in s. 440.01 (2) (a).
154.30(1)(d) (d) "Crematory authority" has the meaning given in s. 440.70 (9).
154.30(1)(e) (e) "Declarant" means an individual who executes an authorization for final disposition.
154.30(1)(f) (f) "Estranged" means being physically and emotionally alienated for a period of time, at the time of the decedent's death, and clearly demonstrating an absence of due affection, trust, and regard.
154.30(1)(g) (g) "Final disposition" means disposition of a decedent's remains, including any of the following:
154.30(1)(g)1. 1. Arrangements for a viewing.
154.30(1)(g)2. 2. A funeral ceremony, memorial service, graveside service, or other last rite.
154.30(1)(g)3. 3. A burial, cremation and burial, or other disposition, or donation of the decedent's body.
154.30(1)(h) (h) "Funeral director" has the meaning given in s. 445.01 (5).
154.30(1)(i) (i) "Health care provider" means any individual who has a credential to provide health care.
154.30(1)(L) (L) "Representative" means an individual specifically designated in an authorization for final disposition or, if that individual is unable or unwilling to carry out the declarant's decisions and preferences, a successor representative designated in the authorization for final disposition to do so.
154.30(1)(m) (m) "Social worker" has the meaning given in s. 252.15 (1) (er).
154.30(2) (2)Individuals with control of final disposition; order.
154.30(2)(a)(a) Notwithstanding s. 445.14 and except as provided in par. (b) and sub. (3), any of the following, as prioritized in the following order, who is at least 18 years old and has not been adjudicated incompetent under ch. 54 or ch. 880, 2003 stats., may control final disposition, including the location, manner, and conditions of final disposition:
154.30(2)(a)1. 1. Subject to sub. (8) (e), a representative of the decedent acting under the decedent's authorization for final disposition that conveys to the representative the control of final disposition, or a successor representative.
154.30(2)(a)2. 2. The surviving spouse of the decedent.
154.30(2)(a)3. 3. The surviving child of the decedent, unless more than one child of the decedent survives. In such an instance, the majority of the surviving children has control of the final disposition, except that fewer than the majority of the surviving children may control the final disposition if that minority has used reasonable efforts to notify all other surviving children and is not aware of opposition by the majority to the minority's intended final disposition.
154.30(2)(a)4. 4. The surviving parent or parents of the decedent or a surviving parent who is available if the other surviving parent is unavailable after the available surviving parent has made reasonable efforts to locate him or her.
154.30(2)(a)5. 5. The surviving sibling of the decedent, unless more than one sibling of the decedent survives. In such an instance, the majority of the surviving siblings has control of the final disposition, except that fewer than the majority of the surviving siblings may control the final disposition if that minority has used reasonable efforts to notify all other surviving siblings and is not aware of opposition by the majority to the minority's intended final disposition.
154.30(2)(a)6. 6. In descending order, an individual in the class of the next degree of kinship specified in s. 990.001 (16).
154.30(2)(a)7. 7. The guardian of the person, if any, of the decedent.
154.30(2)(a)8. 8. Any individual other than an individual specified under subds. 1. to 7. who is willing to control the final disposition and who attests in writing that he or she has made a good-faith effort, to no avail, to contact the individuals under subds. 1. to 7.
154.30(2)(b) (b) Control of final disposition under par. (a), in the order of priority specified in par. (a), is restored to an individual specified in sub. (3) (b) 1. for whom charges under sub. (3) (b) 1. a. to d. are dismissed or who is found not guilty of the offense. Subject to s. 69.18 (4), the control of final disposition under this paragraph, with respect to a decedent for whom disposition has already been made of his or her remains, is limited, as appropriate, to any of the following:
154.30(2)(b)1. 1. A funeral ceremony, memorial service, graveside service, or other last rite.
154.30(2)(b)2. 2. Disinterment.
154.30(2)(b)3. 3. Reinterment, cremation and reinterment, or other disposition of the decedent's body.
154.30(3) (3)Exceptions.
154.30(3)(a)(a) All of the following are exceptions to any control conferred under sub. (2):
154.30(3)(a)1. 1. The disposition of any unrevoked anatomical gift made by the decedent under s. 157.06 or made by an individual other than the decedent under s. 157.06.
154.30(3)(a)2. 2. Any power or duty of a coroner, medical examiner, or other physician licensed to perform autopsies with respect to the reporting of certain deaths, performance of autopsies, and inquests under ch. 979.
154.30(3)(b) (b) None of the following is authorized under sub. (2) to control the final disposition:
154.30(3)(b)1. 1. Unless sub. (2) (b) applies, an individual who is otherwise authorized to control final disposition under the order of priority of individuals specified in sub. (2) (a) but who has been charged with any of the following in connection with the decedent's death and the charges are known to the funeral director, crematory authority, or cemetery authority:
154.30(3)(b)1.a. a. First-degree intentional homicide under s. 940.01 (1).
154.30(3)(b)1.b. b. First-degree reckless homicide under s. 940.02.
154.30(3)(b)1.c. c. Second-degree intentional homicide under s. 940.05.
154.30(3)(b)1.d. d. Second-degree reckless homicide under s. 940.06.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)