177.225(1)(b) (b) The U.S. savings bond is subject to the custody of this state as unclaimed property under s. 177.03.
177.225(1)(c) (c) At least one year has elapsed since the administrator published the notice required under s. 177.18 (1g).
177.225(2) (2)An action under sub. (1) may be commenced in the circuit court for Dane County or in any county that would be a proper place of trial under s. 801.50. Subject to sub. (3), service may be made under s. 801.11 (1) (c) by publication of a notice published as a class 3 notice under ch. 985. In determining which newspaper is likely to give notice as required under s. 985.02 (1), the administrator shall consider the conditions under s. 177.03 that made the U.S. savings bond subject to the custody of this state as unclaimed property. The administrator may postpone commencing an action under this subsection until sufficient U.S. savings bonds meet the conditions under sub. (1) to justify the expense of the action.
177.225(3) (3)If service is made under sub. (2) by publication of a notice, the administrator shall, before publication of the notice, file with the court an affidavit setting forth the administrator's efforts to locate the owners of each U.S. savings bond subject to the action, and, upon filing of the affidavit, there shall be a presumption that the owners cannot with reasonable diligence be served under s. 801.11 (1) (a) or (b). The affidavit shall include all of the following information with respect to the U.S. savings bond:
177.225(3)(a) (a) A description of the efforts made by the administrator to ascertain the name and last-known address of each person appearing to be an owner of the U.S. savings bond.
177.225(3)(b) (b) The name and last-known address of each person identified by the administrator as appearing to be an owner of the U.S. savings bond.
177.225(3)(c) (c) The interest of each unknown person identified by the administrator as appearing to be an owner of the U.S. savings bond.
177.225(3)(d) (d) A description of the efforts made by the administrator to notify each owner of the U.S. savings bond that the owner may be entitled to claim abandoned property.
177.225(3)(e) (e) A statement that, based on prior efforts of the administrator to locate or contact the persons appearing to be owners of the U.S. saving bond, the administrator believes that the administrator cannot, with reasonable diligence, serve the owners with notice of the action by personal or substituted service.
177.225(4) (4)In an action under sub. (1), if the court finds that the administrator has substantially complied with the provisions of this chapter and that no other person has proven ownership of the U.S. savings bond, the court shall enter judgment that this state has all legal title and interest, including all rights, powers, and privileges of survivorship of any owner, co-owner, or beneficiary, of the U.S. savings bond and that this state owns the U.S. savings bond free of all claims of the owner or previous holder and of all persons claiming through or under them.
177.225(5) (5)Within 3 years after the entry of a judgment under sub. (4), the administrator shall file an application with the U.S. department of the treasury to redeem the U.S. savings bond.
177.225 History History: 2015 a. 309.
177.23 177.23 Deposit of funds.
177.23(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (2), the administrator shall deposit in the school fund all funds received under this chapter, including the clear proceeds from the sale of abandoned property under s. 177.22 and amounts received from the redemption of U.S. savings bonds under s. 177.225 (5). Before making the deposit, the administrator shall record the name and last-known address of each person appearing from the holders' reports to be entitled to the property; the name and last-known address of each insured person or annuitant and beneficiary; with respect to each policy or contract listed in the report of an insurance company, its number, the name of the company, and the amount due; and, with respect to each U.S. savings bond, the name and last-known address of each owner of the U.S. savings bond and the issue date, face amount, and serial number of the U.S. savings bond. The information recorded by the administrator under this subsection is not available for inspection or copying under s. 19.35 (1) until 12 months after payment or delivery of the property is due under s. 177.17 (4) (a).
177.23(2) (2)The administrator shall deposit in the general fund an amount necessary for the payment of claims under ss. 177.24 to 177.26 and administrative expenses. Administrative expenses consist of any of the following:
177.23(2)(a) (a) Any costs in connection with the sale of abandoned property.
177.23(2)(am) (am) Any costs in connection with an action under s. 177.225 (1) and the redemption of a U.S. savings bond under s. 177.225 (5).
177.23(2)(b) (b) Costs of mailing and publication in connection with any abandoned property.
177.23(2)(c) (c) Reasonable service charges.
177.23(2)(d) (d) Costs incurred in examining records of holders of property and in collecting the property from those holders.
177.23(2)(e) (e) Salaries of the employees of the office of the state treasurer and the department of revenue that are attributable to the administration of this chapter.
177.24 177.24 Filing of claim with administrator.
177.24(1)(1)
177.24(1)(a) (a) Any person, except another state, claiming an interest in any property paid or delivered under this chapter may file with the administrator a claim on a form prescribed by the administrator and verified by the claimant.
177.24(1)(b)1.1. Subject to subd. 2., any person, except another state, claiming an interest in any property that is reported to the administrator under s. 177.17 and that is in the form of amounts credited under s. 20.912 (1) to the support collections trust fund or amounts not distributable from the support collections trust fund to the persons for whom the amounts were awarded may file a claim with the administrator, after December 1 following the report, on a form prescribed by the administrator and verified by the claimant.
177.24(1)(b)2. 2. A person who, on behalf of the owner of property reported to the administrator under s. 177.17, enters into an agreement under s. 177.35 to locate, deliver, recover, or assist in the recovery of the property shall include a copy of the agreement with the claim filed under this paragraph.
177.24(2) (2)The administrator shall consider each claim within 90 days after it is filed and may refer any claim to the attorney general for an opinion. For each claim referred, the attorney general shall advise the administrator either to allow it or to deny it in whole or in part. The administrator shall give written notice to the claimant if the claim is denied in whole or in part. The notice shall be sent to the last address, if any, stated in the claim as the address to which notices are to be sent. If no address for notices is stated in the claim, the notice shall be sent to the last address, if any, stated in the claim as the address of the claimant. No notice of denial need be given if the claim fails to state either the last address to which notices are to be sent or the address of the claimant.
177.24(3) (3)
177.24(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c), if a claim is allowed, the administrator shall deliver the property to the claimant or pay the claimant the amount the administrator actually received or the net proceeds of the sale of the property, together with any additional amount required under s. 177.21. If the property claimed was interest bearing to the owner on the date of surrender by the holder, the administrator shall pay interest at a rate of 6 percent per year or any lesser rate the property earned while in the possession of the holder. Interest begins to accrue when the property is delivered to the administrator and ceases on the earlier of the expiration of 10 years after delivery or the date on which payment is made to the owner. No interest on interest-bearing property is payable for any period before December 31, 1984.
177.24(3)(b) (b) If the administrator allows a claim made under sub. (1) (b), the administrator shall pay the claimant the amount reported to the administrator under s. 177.17.
177.24(3)(c) (c) The administrator shall not pay interest under par. (a) on claimed property that is a U.S. savings bond.
177.24(4) (4)Any holder who pays the owner for property that has been delivered to this state which, if claimed from the administrator, would be subject to sub. (3) (a) shall add interest as provided under sub. (3) (a). The added interest shall be repaid to the holder by the administrator in the same manner as the principal.
177.24 History History: 1983 a. 408; 2001 a. 16; 2011 a. 231; 2017 a. 17, 324.
177.25 177.25 Claim of another state to recover property; procedure.
177.25(1)(1)At any time after property has been paid or delivered to the administrator under this chapter, another state may recover the property under any of the following circumstances:
177.25(1)(a) (a) The property was subjected to custody by this state because the records of the holder did not reflect the last-known address of the apparent owner when the property was presumed abandoned under this chapter, and the other state establishes that the last-known address of the apparent owner or other person entitled to the property was in that state and that, under the laws of that state, the property escheated to or was subject to a claim of abandonment by that state.
177.25(1)(b) (b) The last-known address of the apparent owner or other person entitled to the property, as reflected by the records of the holder, is in the other state and under the laws of that state the property has escheated to or become subject to a claim of abandonment by that state.
177.25(1)(c) (c) The records of the holder were erroneous in that they did not accurately reflect the actual owner of the property and the last-known address of the actual owner is in the other state and, under the laws of that state, the property escheated to or was subject to a claim of abandonment by that state.
177.25(1)(d) (d) The property was subjected to custody by this state under s. 177.03 (6) and, under the laws of the state of domicile of the holder, the property has escheated to or become subject to a claim of abandonment by that state.
177.25(1)(e) (e) The property is the sum payable on a travelers check, money order or other similar instrument that was subjected to custody by this state under s. 177.04, the instrument was purchased in the other state and, under the laws of that state, the property escheated to or became subject to a claim of abandonment by that state.
177.25(1m) (1m)At any time after December 1 following the reporting, under s. 177.17, of property that is in the form of amounts credited under s. 20.912 (1) to the support collections trust fund or amounts not distributable from the support collections trust fund to the persons for whom the amounts were awarded, another state may recover the property under any of the circumstances described in sub. (1) (a) to (d).
177.25(2) (2)The claim of another state to recover escheated or abandoned property shall be presented in a form prescribed by the administrator, who shall decide the claim within 90 days after it is presented. The administrator shall allow the claim if he or she determines that the other state is entitled to the abandoned property under sub. (1) or (1m).
177.25(3) (3)The administrator shall require a state, before recovering property under this section, to agree to indemnify this state and its officers and employees against any liability on a claim for the property.
177.25 History History: 1983 a. 408; 2001 a. 16.
177.255 177.255 Claim to recover abandoned U.S. savings bond. Notwithstanding s. 177.225, any person who could have claimed an interest in a U.S. savings bond immediately before this state became the owner of the U.S. savings bond pursuant to a judgment entered under s. 177.225 (4) may file a claim under s. 177.24, and another state may file a claim under s. 177.25. Notwithstanding s. 177.24 (3) or 177.25 (2), if the claim is allowed, the administrator shall pay the claimant the amount the administrator received from redeeming the U.S. savings bond under s. 177.225 (5), minus any amounts that were deposited in the general fund to pay administrative expenses under s. 177.23 (2) that are attributable to the U.S. savings bond, or, if the U.S. savings bond has not been redeemed, the amount the administrator estimates the administrator will receive from redeeming the U.S. savings bond under s. 177.225 (5), minus any amounts the administrator estimates will be deposited in the general fund to pay administrative expenses under s. 177.23 (2) that are attributable to the U.S. savings bond.
177.255 History History: 2015 a. 309.
177.26 177.26 Action to establish claim. A person aggrieved by a decision of the administrator or whose claim has not been acted upon within 90 days after its filing may bring an action to establish the claim in the circuit court, naming the administrator as a defendant. The action shall be brought within 90 days after the decision of the administrator or within 180 days after the filing of the claim if the administrator has failed to act on it. If the person establishes the claim in an action against the administrator, the court shall award the person costs and reasonable attorney fees.
177.26 History History: 1983 a. 408.
177.265 177.265 Reimbursement for claims and administrative expenses.
177.265(1)(1)At least quarterly, the department of children and families shall reimburse the administrator, based on information provided by the administrator, for all of the following:
177.265(1)(a) (a) Any claims paid under ss. 177.24 to 177.26, since the last reimbursement was made, with respect to abandoned property in the form of amounts credited under s. 20.912 (1) to the support collections trust fund and amounts not distributable from the support collections trust fund to the persons for whom the amounts were awarded.
177.265(1)(b) (b) Any administrative expenses specified in s. 177.23 (2) (a) to (e), incurred since the last reimbursement was made, with respect to abandoned property in the form of amounts credited under s. 20.912 (1) to the support collections trust fund and amounts not distributable from the support collections trust fund to the persons for whom the amounts were awarded.
177.265(2) (2)The administrator shall deposit in the general fund all moneys received under sub. (1).
177.265 History History: 2001 a. 16; 2007 a. 20.
177.27 177.27 Election to take payment or delivery.
177.27(1)(1)The administrator may decline to receive any property reported under this chapter if the administrator considers the property to have a value that is less than the anticipated expense of notice and sale. If the administrator elects not to receive custody of the property, the holder shall be notified within 120 days after filing the report required under s. 177.17.
177.27(2) (2)A holder may report and deliver property before the property is presumed abandoned with the written consent of the administrator and upon the conditions and terms prescribed by the administrator.
177.27 History History: 1983 a. 408; 2005 a. 400.
177.28 177.28 Destruction or disposition of property having insubstantial commercial value; immunity from liability. If the administrator determines after investigation that any property delivered under this chapter has insubstantial commercial value, the administrator may destroy or otherwise dispose of the property at any time. No action or proceeding may be maintained against this state or any of its officers or against the holder for or on account of any action taken by the administrator under this section.
177.28 History History: 1983 a. 408.
177.29 177.29 Periods of limitation.
177.29(1)(1)The expiration, before, on or after December 31, 1984, of any period of time specified by contract, statute or court order, during which an owner may make a claim for money or property or during which an owner may commence or enforce an action or proceeding to obtain payment of a claim for money or to recover property, does not prevent the money or property from being presumed abandoned or affect any duty to file a report or to pay or deliver abandoned property to the administrator as required by this chapter, subject to sub. (2).
177.29(2) (2)
177.29(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), no civil action or proceeding with respect to any duty of a holder under this chapter may be commenced more than 5 years after the duty arose.
177.29(2)(b) (b) The expiration of any period of time during which an action or proceeding may be commenced or enforced to obtain payment of a claim for money or to recover property may not serve as a defense to an action or proceeding brought by or on behalf of the administrator against a governmental entity, or an officer or employee thereof, for the payment or delivery of abandoned property to the administrator or for the enforcement of a penalty.
177.29 History History: 1983 a. 408; 1991 a. 299.
177.30 177.30 Requests for reports and examination of records.
177.30(2)(2)The administrator, at reasonable times and upon reasonable notice, may examine the records of any person to determine whether the person has complied with this chapter. The administrator may designate the division of banking or other appropriate regulatory authority to examine the records of regulated institutions to determine if the institutions have complied with this chapter. The administrator may conduct the examination even if the person believes it is not in possession of any property reportable or deliverable under this chapter.
177.30(3) (3)If a person is treated under s. 177.12 as the holder of the property only insofar as the interest of the business association in the property is concerned, the administrator may examine the records of the person as provided under sub. (2) if the administrator has given the required notice to both the person and the business association at least 90 days before the examination.
177.30(4) (4)If an examination of the records of a person results in the disclosure of property reportable and deliverable under this chapter, the administrator may assess the cost of the examination against the holder at the rate of $150 a day for each examiner, but the charges may not exceed the value of the property found to be reportable and deliverable. The cost of examination under sub. (3) may be imposed only against the business association.
177.30(5) (5)If a holder, after December 31, 1984, fails to maintain the records required under s. 177.31, and the records of the holder available for the periods subject to this chapter are insufficient to permit the preparation of a report, a court may determine the liability of such holder based on the court's findings as to a reasonable estimate of the amount due.
177.30(6) (6)
177.30(6)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c), the administrator may not enter into a contract or other agreement to allow any person to engage in an audit on a contingent fee basis of another person's documents or records as part of an effort to administer this chapter or to purchase information or documents arising from the audit.
177.30(6)(b) (b) If a person whose documents or records are audited is not domiciled in this state, the administrator may enter into a contract or agreement described under par. (a) related to the person if the amount of the contingent fee under the contract or agreement does not exceed 12 percent of the total amount of property reportable and deliverable under this chapter that is disclosed by the audit.
177.30(6)(c) (c) This subsection does not apply to information received from the federal government.
177.30(7) (7)The administrator may not enter into a contract or other agreement as part of an effort to administer this chapter that allows a person that is engaging in an audit of another person's documents or records to use statistical sampling to estimate the other person's liability unless the other person consents to the use of an estimate.
177.30 History History: 1983 a. 408; 1995 a. 27; 2017 a. 235.
177.31 177.31 Retention of records.
177.31(1)(1)Every holder required to file a report under s. 177.17 shall, as to any property for which it has obtained the last-known address of the owner, maintain a record of the name and last-known address of the owner for 5 years after the property is reported, unless a shorter time is provided in sub. (2) or by rule of the administrator.
177.31(2) (2)Any business association that sells in this state its travelers checks, money orders or other similar written instruments, other than 3rd-party bank checks on which the business association is directly liable, or that provides such instruments to others for sale in this state, shall, for 3 years after the date the property is reportable, maintain a record of those instruments while they remain outstanding, indicating the state and date of issue.
177.31 History History: 1983 a. 408; 2005 a. 253.
177.32 177.32 Enforcement. The attorney general may bring an action in circuit court or in federal court to enforce this chapter.
177.32 History History: 1983 a. 408; 1991 a. 299.
177.33 177.33 Interstate agreements and cooperation; joint and reciprocal actions with other states.
177.33(1)(1)The administrator may enter into agreements with other states to exchange information needed to enable this or another state to audit or otherwise determine unclaimed property that it or another state may be entitled to subject to a claim of custody. The administrator may by rule require the reporting of information needed to enable compliance with agreements made under this section and may prescribe the form of the required reports.
177.33(2) (2)To avoid conflicts between the administrator's procedures and the procedures of administrators in other jurisdictions that enact the uniform unclaimed property act, the administrator shall, consistent with the purposes, policies and provisions of this chapter, before adopting, amending or repealing rules, advise and consult with administrators in other jurisdictions that enact substantially the uniform unclaimed property act and shall take into consideration the rules of administrators in other jurisdictions that enact the uniform unclaimed property act.
177.33(3) (3)The administrator may join with other states to seek enforcement of this chapter against any person who is or may be holding property reportable under this chapter.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)