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281.346(4s)(d)4. 4. If the department determines that a withdrawal does not qualify for coverage under a general permit, the department shall notify the applicant in writing of the reason for that determination.
281.346(4s)(dm) (dm) Requiring individual permit. The department may require a person who is making or proposes to make a withdrawal that averages 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period, but that does not equal at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, to obtain an individual permit under sub. (5) if the withdrawal is located in a groundwater protection area, as defined in s. 281.34 (1) (a), or a groundwater management area designated under s. 281.34 (9).
281.346(4s)(e) (e) Increase in withdrawal amount.
281.346(4s)(e)1.1. If a person making a withdrawal that is covered under a general permit issued under this subsection or s. 281.344 (4s) proposes to increase the amount of the withdrawal over the withdrawal amount specified in the database under par. (i) for the withdrawal, but does not propose to withdraw at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, the person shall apply to the department for a modification of the withdrawal amount.
281.346(4s)(e)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 3m., if the department has issued any approvals that are required for modifying the withdrawal under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., the department shall modify the withdrawal amount to an amount that is, except as provided in subd. 3e., equal to the smallest of the following amounts:
281.346(4s)(e)3.a. a. The maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component of the water supply system used for the withdrawal for which the person has approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., or, if an approval under one of those provisions is not required for the most restrictive component of the water supply system, the maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component that the person proposes to use in the water supply system.
281.346(4s)(e)3.b. b. If an approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., specifies a maximum amount of water that may be withdrawn, that amount.
281.346(4s)(e)3e. 3e. If water is withdrawn through more than one water supply system to serve a facility, the department shall determine the smallest amount under subd. 3. a. or b. for each of the water supply systems and shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the sum of the amounts determined for each of the water supply systems.
281.346(4s)(e)3m.a.a. The department may not approve an application under subd. 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that serves a population of more than 10,000 unless the withdrawal is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348.
281.346(4s)(e)3m.b. b. The department may not approve an application under subd. 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348, unless the withdrawal is consistent with the water supply service area plan.
281.346(4s)(e)3m.c. c. If the department approves an application under subd. 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348, the department shall issue a notice of coverage. In the notice of coverage the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the withdrawal amount in the water supply service area plan.
281.346(4s)(f) (f) Term of coverage. Coverage under a general permit ends on the date that the term of the general permit under par. (am) ends.
281.346(4s)(g) (g) Redetermination. A person to whom the department has issued a notice of coverage under a general permit issued under this subsection or s. 281.344 (4s) shall apply to the department for redetermination of coverage under a new general permit issued under this subsection at least 180 days before the end of the term of the current general permit if the person intends to continue to withdraw from the Great Lakes basin an average of 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period but does not intend to withdraw at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days. If the person is in substantial compliance with the current general permit and the withdrawal qualifies for coverage under the new general permit, the department shall issue a notice of coverage under the new general permit.
281.346(4s)(h) (h) Suspension and revocation. After an opportunity for a hearing, the department may suspend or revoke coverage under a general permit issued under this subsection or s. 281.344 (4s) for cause, including obtaining coverage under the permit by misrepresentation or failure to disclose material facts or substantially violating the terms of the permit.
281.346(4s)(i) (i) Database. The department shall maintain a database of the withdrawal amounts for all withdrawals that are covered under general permits issued under this subsection. Until December 8, 2021, the department shall include in the database the baselines for all withdrawals that are covered under general permits issued under this subsection.
281.346(5) (5)Individual water use permits for Great Lakes basin.
281.346(5)(a)(a) Requirement. Beginning on December 8, 2011, a person may not make a withdrawal from the Great Lakes basin that equals at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days unless the withdrawal is covered by an individual permit issued under this subsection. A person to whom the department has issued an individual permit shall comply with the individual permit.
281.346(5)(b) (b) Content of individual permits. The department shall include all of the following in an individual permit:
281.346(5)(b)1. 1. A withdrawal amount as determined under par. (d) 3., 3e., or 3m., (g) 3., 3e., or 3m., or (j) 3., 3e., or 3m., or sub. (4g).
281.346(5)(b)2. 2. Provisions for estimating and, if necessary, monitoring substantial increases in water loss resulting from increases in withdrawal amounts during the term of a permit and reporting the results of the estimating and monitoring, as provided in rules promulgated by the department.
281.346(5)(b)3. 3. Requirements for estimating the amount withdrawn, monitoring the withdrawal, if necessary, and reporting the results of the estimating and monitoring, as provided in rules promulgated by the department.
281.346(5)(b)4. 4. Requirements for water conservation, as provided in rules promulgated by the department under sub. (8) (d).
281.346(5)(b)5. 5. Limits on the location and dates or seasons of the withdrawal and on the allowable uses of the water, as provided in rules promulgated by the department.
281.346(5)(b)5m. 5m. If a decision-making standard under sub. (5m) or (6) applies to the withdrawal, any limit on the amount of the withdrawal necessary to ensure compliance with the decision-making standard.
281.346(5)(b)6. 6. Conditions on any diversion approved under sub. (4) made by the person making the withdrawal.
281.346(5)(b)6m. 6m. If s. 281.35 (4) applies to the withdrawal, the matters under s. 281.35 (6) (a).
281.346(5)(b)7. 7. If the withdrawal is from a surface water body tributary to one of the Great Lakes and would result in a water loss of more than 95 percent of the amount of water withdrawn, conditions that ensure that the withdrawal does not cause significant adverse environmental impact.
281.346(5)(c) (c) Automatic issuance of individual permits for preexisting withdrawals. The department shall automatically issue an individual permit to a person who makes a withdrawal from the Great Lakes basin that is covered by an interim approval under s. 281.344 (5m) and that equals at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, or who makes a withdrawal that is not covered by an interim approval, that equals at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, and that before December 8, 2008, averaged 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period. If necessary, the department may request additional information before issuing a permit under this paragraph. The department shall issue a permit under this paragraph no later than December 8, 2011. In the permit, the department shall specify a baseline equal to the baseline determined under sub. (4e) for the withdrawal and a withdrawal amount equal to the withdrawal amount determined under sub. (4g) for the withdrawal.
281.346(5)(cm) (cm) Initial individual permit for existing withdrawals not entitled to automatic notice of coverage.
281.346(5)(cm)1.1. A person who makes a withdrawal from the Great Lakes basin that, before December 8, 2011, equals at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days and who is not entitled to automatic issuance of an individual permit under par. (c) shall apply to the department for an individual permit.
281.346(5)(cm)2. 2. After receiving an application under subd. 1., the department shall, within the time limit established by the department by rule, determine whether to approve the application or notify the applicant of any additional information needed to determine whether to approve the application.
281.346(5)(cm)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 5., if the department approves an application under subd. 1. and the department has issued any approvals that are required for the withdrawal under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., the department shall issue an individual permit. In the permit, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is, except as provided in subd. 4., equal to the smallest of the following amounts:
281.346(5)(cm)3.a. a. The maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component of the water supply system used for the withdrawal for which the person has approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., or, if an approval under one of those provisions is not required for the most restrictive component of the water supply system, the maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component in the water supply system used for the withdrawal.
281.346(5)(cm)3.b. b. If an approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., specifies a maximum amount of water that may be withdrawn, that amount.
281.346(5)(cm)4. 4. If water is withdrawn through more than one water supply system to serve a facility, the department shall determine the smallest amount under subd. 3. a. or b. for each of the water supply systems and shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the sum of the amounts determined for each of the water supply systems.
281.346(5)(cm)5. 5. If the department approves an application under subd. 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the withdrawal amount in the water supply service area plan.
281.346(5)(cm)6. 6. If the department disapproves an application under subd. 1., the department shall notify the applicant in writing of the reason for the disapproval.
281.346(5)(d) (d) Initial individual permit for withdrawal begun or increased after December 7, 2011.
281.346(5)(d)1.1. A person who proposes to begin a withdrawal from the Great Lakes basin after December 7, 2011, that will equal at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days or to modify an existing withdrawal so that it will equal at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days shall apply to the department for an individual permit.
281.346(5)(d)2. 2. After receiving an application under subd. 1., the department shall, within the time limit established by the department by rule, determine whether to approve the application or notify the applicant of any additional information needed to determine whether to approve the application.
281.346(5)(d)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 3m., if the department approves an application under subd. 1. and the department has issued any approvals that are required for the withdrawal under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., the department shall issue an individual permit. In the permit, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is, except as provided in subd. 3e., equal to the smallest of the following amounts:
281.346(5)(d)3.a. a. The maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component of the water supply system used for the withdrawal for which the person has approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., or, if an approval under one of those provisions is not required for the most restrictive component of the water supply system, the maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component that the person proposes to use in the water supply system.
281.346(5)(d)3.b. b. If an approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., specifies a maximum amount of water that may be withdrawn, that amount.
281.346(5)(d)3.c. c. Any limit on the amount of the withdrawal necessary to ensure compliance with a decision-making standard applicable under par. (e) or (f).
281.346(5)(d)3e. 3e. If water is withdrawn through more than one water supply system to serve a facility and subd. 3. c. does not apply, the department shall determine the smallest amount under subd. 3. a. or b. for each of the water supply systems and shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the sum of the amounts determined for each of the water supply systems.
281.346(5)(d)3m. 3m. If the department approves an application under subd. 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348, the department shall issue an individual permit. In the permit, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the withdrawal amount in the water supply service area plan.
281.346(5)(d)4. 4. If the department disapproves an application under subd. 1., the department shall notify the applicant in writing of the reason for the disapproval.
281.346(5)(dm) (dm) Consistency with water supply plans.
281.346(5)(dm)1.1. The department may not approve an application under par. (d) 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that serves a population of more than 10,000 unless the public water supply system is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348.
281.346(5)(dm)2. 2. The department may not approve an application under par. (d) 1. for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348 unless the withdrawal is consistent with the water supply service area plan.
281.346(5)(e) (e) Standards for approval of certain unpermitted withdrawals.
281.346(5)(e)1.1. Except as provided in par. (dm), the department may not approve an application under par. (d) 1. for a new withdrawal that will equal at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, or for an existing withdrawal that is not covered by a general permit under sub. (4s) and that is proposed to be modified so that it will equal at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, but to which subd. 2. does not apply, unless the withdrawal meets the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m).
281.346(5)(e)2. 2. Except as provided in subd. 3. or par. (dm), the department may not approve an application under par. (d) 1. for a new withdrawal that will equal at least 10,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, or for an existing withdrawal that is not covered by a general permit under sub. (4s) and that is proposed to be modified so that it will equal at least 10,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days, unless the withdrawal meets the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6).
281.346(5)(e)3. 3. A person who submits an application under par. (d) 1., to which subd. 2. would otherwise apply, may choose to demonstrate, using procedures specified in rules promulgated by the department, the water loss that will result from the withdrawal. If the person demonstrates that the water loss would average less than 5,000,000 gallons per day in every 90-day period, the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m), rather than the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6), applies to the withdrawal.
281.346(5)(f) (f) Standards for approval of withdrawals covered by general permits.
281.346(5)(f)1.1. Except as provided in par. (dm), the department may not approve an application under par. (d) 1. for a withdrawal that is covered under a general permit under sub. (4s) if the applicant proposes to modify the withdrawal before December 8, 2021, so that it equals 1,000,000 or more gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the baseline or if the applicant proposes to modify the withdrawal after December 7, 2021, so that it equals 1,000,000 or more gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the withdrawal amount as of the date that the department issued the current notice of coverage under the general permit and if subd. 2. does not apply, unless the withdrawal meets the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m).
281.346(5)(f)2. 2. Except as provided in subd. 3. or par. (dm), the department may not approve an application under par. (d) 1. for a withdrawal that is covered under a general permit under sub. (4s) if the applicant proposes to modify the withdrawal before December 8, 2021, so that it equals 10,000,000 or more gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the baseline or if the applicant proposes to modify the withdrawal after December 7, 2021, so that it equals 10,000,000 or more gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the withdrawal amount as of the date that the department issued the current notice of coverage under the general permit, unless the withdrawal meets the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6).
281.346(5)(f)3. 3. A person who submits an application under par. (d) 1., to which subd. 2. would otherwise apply, may choose to demonstrate, using procedures specified in rules promulgated by the department, the water loss that will result from the increase in the withdrawal over the baseline or over the withdrawal amount, whichever is applicable under subd. 2. If the person demonstrates that the resulting increase in water loss would average less than 5,000,000 gallons per day in every 90-day period, the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m), rather than the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6), applies to the increase in the withdrawal.
281.346(5)(g) (g) Modification of individual permit for increased withdrawal.
281.346(5)(g)1.1. If a person making a withdrawal that is covered under an individual permit issued under this subsection or s. 281.344 (5) proposes to increase, during the term of the permit, the amount of the withdrawal over the withdrawal amount specified in the permit, the person shall apply to the department for a modification of the permit to increase the withdrawal amount.
281.346(5)(g)2. 2. After receiving an application under subd. 1., the department shall, within the time limit established by the department by rule, determine whether to approve the application for modification of the permit or notify the applicant of any additional information needed to determine whether to approve the application.
281.346(5)(g)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 3m., if the department approves an application under subd. 1. and the department has issued any approvals that are required for modifying the withdrawal under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., the department shall modify the individual permit. In the modified permit, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is, except as provided in subd. 3e., equal to the smallest of the following amounts:
281.346(5)(g)3.a. a. The maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component of the water supply system used for the withdrawal for which the person has approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., or, if an approval under one of those provisions is not required for the most restrictive component of the water supply system, the maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component that the person proposes to use in the water supply system.
281.346(5)(g)3.b. b. If an approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., specifies a maximum amount of water that may be withdrawn, that amount.
281.346(5)(g)3.c. c. Any limit on the amount of the withdrawal necessary to ensure compliance with a decision-making standard applicable under par. (e) or (f).
281.346(5)(g)3e. 3e. If water is withdrawn through more than one water supply system to serve a facility and subd. 3. c. does not apply, the department shall determine the smallest amount under subd. 3. a. or b. for each of the water supply systems and shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the sum of the amounts determined for each of the water supply systems.
281.346(5)(g)3m. 3m. If the department approves an application under subd. 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348, the department shall modify the individual permit. In the modified permit, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the withdrawal amount in the water supply service area plan.
281.346(5)(g)4. 4. If the department disapproves an application under subd. 1., the department shall notify the applicant in writing of the reason for the disapproval.
281.346(5)(gm) (gm) Consistency with water supply plans.
281.346(5)(gm)1.1. The department may not approve an application under par. (g) 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that serves a population of more than 10,000 unless the public water supply system is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348.
281.346(5)(gm)2. 2. The department may not approve an application under par. (g) 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348 unless the withdrawal is consistent with the water supply service area plan.
281.346(5)(h) (h) Standards for approval of certain modifications.
281.346(5)(h)1.1. Except as provided in par. (gm), the department may not approve an application under par. (g) 1., if the person proposes to increase the amount of the withdrawal before December 8, 2021, and after the increase the withdrawal would equal 1,000,000 or more gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the baseline, or, if the department issued a modified permit for the withdrawal and the modification was subject to the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m) or the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6), the withdrawal would equal 1,000,000 or more gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the withdrawal amount as of the date that the department issued that modified permit and if subd. 2. does not apply, unless the increased withdrawal meets the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m).
281.346(5)(h)1m. 1m. Except as provided in par. (gm), the department may not approve an application under par. (g) 1., if the person proposes to increase the amount of the withdrawal after December 7, 2021, and after the increase the withdrawal would equal 1,000,000 or more gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the withdrawal amount as of the beginning of the current permit term or the date that the department issued a modified permit for the withdrawal if the modification was subject to the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m) or the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6), whichever is later, and if subd. 2m. does not apply, unless the increased withdrawal meets the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m).
281.346(5)(h)2. 2. Except as provided in subd. 3. or par. (gm), the department may not approve an application under par. (g) 1., if the person proposes to increase the amount of the withdrawal before December 8, 2021, and after the increase the withdrawal would equal at least 10,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the baseline, or, if the department issued a modified permit for the withdrawal and the modification was subject to the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6), over the withdrawal amount as of the date that the department issued that modified permit unless the withdrawal meets the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6).
281.346(5)(h)2m. 2m. Except as provided in subd. 3. or par. (gm), the department may not approve an application under par. (g) 1., if the person proposes to increase the amount of the withdrawal after December 7, 2021, and after the increase the withdrawal would equal at least 10,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days over the withdrawal amount as of the beginning of the current permit term, or the date that the department issued a modified permit for the withdrawal if the modification was subject to the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6), whichever is later, unless the withdrawal meets the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6).
281.346(5)(h)3. 3. A person who submits an application under par. (g) 1., to which subd. 2. or 2m. would otherwise apply, may choose to demonstrate, using procedures specified in rules promulgated by the department, the water loss that will result from the increase in the withdrawal over the baseline or over the applicable withdrawal amount, whichever applies under subd. 2. or 2m. If the person demonstrates that the resulting increase in water loss would average less than 5,000,000 gallons per day in every 90-day period, the state decision-making standard under sub. (5m), rather than the compact decision-making standard under sub. (6), applies to the increase in the withdrawal.
281.346(5)(i) (i) Term of permit. The term of an individual permit is 10 years.
281.346(5)(j) (j) Reissuance.
281.346(5)(j)1.1. A person to whom the department has issued an individual permit under this subsection or s. 281.344 (5) shall apply to the department for reissuance of the individual permit at least 180 days before the end of the term of the permit if the person intends to continue to withdraw from the Great Lakes basin at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for any 30 consecutive days.
281.346(5)(j)2. 2. After receiving an application under subd. 1., the department shall, within the time limit established by the department by rule, determine whether to approve the application or notify the applicant of any additional information needed to determine whether to approve the application.
281.346(5)(j)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 3m., if the department approves an application under subd. 1., determines that the person is in substantial compliance with the current individual permit, and has issued any approvals that are required for the withdrawal under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., the department shall reissue the individual permit. In the permit, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the amount in the current permit, except that, if the person proposes in the application to increase the amount of the withdrawal, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is, except as provided in subd. 3e., equal to the smallest of the following amounts:
281.346(5)(j)3.a. a. The maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component of the water supply system used for the withdrawal for which the person has approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., or, if an approval under one of those provisions is not required for the most restrictive component of the water supply system, the maximum hydraulic capacity of the most restrictive component that the person proposes to use in the water supply system.
281.346(5)(j)3.b. b. If an approval under s. 30.12, 30.18, 281.34, or 281.41 or s. 281.17, 2001 stats., specifies a maximum amount of water that may be withdrawn, that amount.
281.346(5)(j)3.c. c. Any limit on the amount of the withdrawal necessary to ensure compliance with a decision-making standard applicable under par. (e) or (f).
281.346(5)(j)3e. 3e. If water is withdrawn through more than one water supply system to serve a facility and subd. 3. c. does not apply, the department shall determine the smallest amount under subd. 3. a. or b. for each of the water supply systems and shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the sum of the amounts determined for each of the water supply systems.
281.346(5)(j)3m. 3m. If the department approves an application under subd. 1. for a withdrawal for the purpose of providing water to a public water supply system that is covered by an approved water supply service area plan under s. 281.348 and determines that the person is in substantial compliance with the current individual permit, the department shall reissue the individual permit. In the permit, the department shall specify a withdrawal amount that is equal to the withdrawal amount in the water supply service area plan.
281.346(5)(j)4. 4. If the department disapproves an application under subd. 1., the department shall notify the applicant in writing of the reason for the disapproval.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)