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289.51 289.51 Solid waste open burning standards.
289.51(1) (1) As used in this section:
289.51(1)(a) (a) "Air curtain destructor" means a solid waste disposal operation that combines a fixed wall open pit and a mechanical air supply which uses an excess of oxygen and turbulence to accomplish the smokeless combustion of clean wood wastes.
289.51(1)(am) (am) "Household waste" means any solid waste derived from a household, hotel, motel, bunkhouse, ranger station, crew quarters, campground, picnic ground or day-use recreation area.
289.51(1)(b) (b) "Open burning" means the combustion, except in a properly operated air curtain destructor, of solid waste if that combustion lacks any of the following:
289.51(1)(b)1. 1. Control of combustion air to maintain adequate temperature for efficient combustion.
289.51(1)(b)2. 2. Containment of the combustion reaction in an enclosed device to provide sufficient residence time and mixing for complete combustion.
289.51(1)(b)3. 3. Control of the emission of the combustion products.
289.51(1)(c) (c) "Population equivalent" means the population equal to the sum of the population of the geographical area based on the most recent census data, or department of administration census data used for tax sharing purposes, plus the seasonal population not included in the census data, plus one person per 1,000 pounds per year of industrial, commercial and agricultural waste.
289.51(2) (2) The department shall grant licenses for the open burning of solid waste at the licensee's solid waste disposal facilities if:
289.51(2)(a) (a) The open burning operation serves a population equivalent of less than 10,000 or, if the operation is controlled by more than one municipality, a population equivalent of less than 2,500 for each additional controlling municipality. The department shall give consideration to seasonal variations in population in granting partial yearly burning exemptions.
289.51(2)(b) (b) All portions of the licensed operation are greater than one-fourth mile from any residence or place of public gathering, or written consent is obtained from all residents and proprietors within one-fourth mile thereof.
289.51(2)(c) (c) The open burning does not include the burning of wet combustible rubbish, garbage, oily substances, asphalt, plastic or rubber products and, if the open burning operation serves a population equivalent of more than 2,500, the open burning includes only wood and paper which is separated from other solid waste.
289.51(2)(d) (d) The open burning operation is supervised by an attendant.
289.51(2)(e) (e) The open burning operation is accomplished in a nuisance-free manner and does not create hazards for adjacent properties.
289.51(2)(f) (f) Adequate firebreaks are provided and provision is made to obtain the services of the local fire protection agency if needed.
289.51(2)(g) (g) The open burning operation is not in violation of any federal air pollution control or municipal solid waste regulations, or any state air pollution control rules required to be adopted under applicable federal statutes or regulations.
289.51(3) (3) The department may not require that ash resulting from the burning of a structure for practice or instruction of fire fighters or the testing of fire fighting equipment be disposed of in a landfill licensed under s. 289.31.
289.51 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 535; Stats. 1995 s. 289.51; 2009 a. 28.
289.53 289.53 Commercial PCB waste storage and treatment facilities.
289.53(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
289.53(1)(a) (a) "Commercial" means providing services to persons other than the owner or operator.
289.53(1)(b) (b) "PCBs" has the meaning specified under s. 299.45 (1).
289.53(1)(c) (c) "PCB waste" means any product containing PCBs, as defined under s. 299.45 (1) (c), which is subject to regulation under s. 299.45 after the product becomes a solid waste. This term also means any material which is contaminated by the discharge, as defined under s. 292.01 (3), of a substance containing PCBs subject to regulation under s. 292.11.
289.53(2) (2)Feasibility report and related provisions. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may establish or construct a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with the requirement under ss. 289.23 to 289.29 in the same manner as if the facility were a solid waste disposal facility including each of the following:
289.53(2)(a) (a) Submitting a feasibility report under s. 289.23 (1) to determine whether the site has potential for use in establishing a PCB waste storage or treatment facility.
289.53(2)(b) (b) Complying with requirements for the preparation and contents of a feasibility report under s. 289.24 (1) including any special requirements for PCB waste storage or treatment facilities.
289.53(2)(c) (c) Following the notice, hearing, procedure and other requirements under ss. 289.23 to 289.29 including any environmental impact requirements.
289.53(3) (3)Plan of operation and related provisions. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may establish, construct or operate a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with the requirements under s. 289.30 as if the facility were a solid waste disposal facility including all of the following:
289.53(3)(a) (a) Submitting a plan of operation which complies with requirements for preparation and contents specified under s. 289.30 (4) including any special requirements for PCB waste storage or treatment facilities except the department may waive any requirement for proof of financial responsibility for long-term care.
289.53(3)(b) (b) Constructing the facility in accordance with an approved plan of operation as required under s. 289.30 (8).
289.53(3)(c) (c) Operating the facility in accordance with the approved plan of operation subject to the sanctions under s. 289.30 (9).
289.53(4) (4)Financial responsibility requirements. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may establish or construct a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with s. 289.41.
289.53(5) (5)License requirement. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may operate a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person obtains an operating license under s. 289.31.
289.53(6) (6)Exceptions. The department may exempt a person establishing, constructing or operating certain categories of facilities which store or treat PCB waste or which store or treat certain types, amounts or concentrations of PCB waste from the provisions of this section.
289.53(7) (7)Applicability. This section applies to any facility which is not otherwise subject to ss. 289.21 to 289.32.
289.53 History History: History: 1995 a. 227 s. 582.
289.54 289.54 Disposal of certain dredged materials.
289.54(1) (1) In this section, "PCBs" has the meaning given in s. 299.45 (1) (a).
289.54(2) (2) The department may not approve a request by the operator of a solid waste disposal facility to accept dredged materials that contain PCBs or heavy metals in a concentration of less than 50 parts per million for disposal in the solid waste disposal facility until after the department holds a public meeting in the city, village or town in which the solid waste disposal facility is located. At the public meeting, the department shall describe the nature of the requested disposal and shall solicit public comment.
289.54 History History: 1999 a. 9.
289.55 289.55 Tire dumps.
289.55(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
289.55(1)(a) (a) "Nuisance" means an unreasonable danger to public health, safety or welfare or the environment.
289.55(1)(am) (am) "Recovery activity" means a project designed to reduce the number or volume of waste tires, to recycle waste tires or to recover waste tires.
289.55(1)(b) (b) "Tire dump" means any location that is used for storing or disposing of waste tires or solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires.
289.55(1)(c) (c) "Waste tire" means a tire that is no longer suitable for its original purpose because of wear, damage or defect.
289.55(2) (2)Department authority; abatement. If the department determines that a tire dump is a nuisance, it shall notify the person responsible for the nuisance and request that the waste tires or the solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires be processed or removed within a specified period. If the person fails to take the requested action within the specified period, the department shall order the person to abate the nuisance within a specified period. If the person responsible for the nuisance is not the owner of the property on which the tire dump is located, the department may order the property owner to permit abatement of the nuisance. If the person responsible for the nuisance fails to comply with the order, the department may take any action necessary to abate the nuisance, including entering the property where the tire dump is located and confiscating the waste tires or the solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires, or arranging to have the waste tires or the solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires processed or removed.
289.55(2r) (2r)Enforcement action. To carry out a nuisance abatement under sub. (2), the department may refer a nuisance abatement to the attorney general for enforcement action.
289.55(3) (3)Applicability. This section does not apply to any of the following:
289.55(3)(a) (a) A retail business premises where tires are sold if no more than 500 waste tires are kept on the premises at one time.
289.55(3)(b) (b) The premises of a tire retreading business if no more than 3,000 waste tires are kept on the premises at one time.
289.55(3)(c) (c) A premises where tires are removed from motor vehicles in the ordinary course of business if no more than 500 waste tires are kept on the premises at one time.
289.55(3)(d) (d) A solid waste disposal facility where no more than 60,000 waste tires are stored above ground at one time if all tires received for storage are processed, buried or removed from the facility within one year after receipt.
289.55(3)(e) (e) A site where no more than 250 waste tires are stored for agricultural uses.
289.55(3)(f) (f) A site where a recovery activity is carried on if no more than a 6-month inventory of tires is kept on the site.
289.55(3)(g) (g) A site where waste tires are stored for use in constructing artificial reefs in waters of the state.
289.55(3)(h) (h) An artificial reef constructed of waste tires.
289.55(3)(i) (i) A construction site where waste tires are stored for use or used in road surfacing and construction of embankments.
289.55(3)(j) (j) A solid waste disposal facility where waste tires are buried in compliance with rules promulgated by the department.
289.55(4) (4)Abatement priorities. The order of priority for the department's abatement activities under sub. (2) shall be as follows:
289.55(4)(a) (a) Tire dumps determined by the department to contain more than 1,000,000 tires.
289.55(4)(b) (b) Tire dumps which constitute a fire hazard or threat to public health.
289.55(4)(c) (c) Tire dumps in densely populated areas.
289.55(4)(d) (d) All other tire dumps.
289.55(5) (5)Recovery of expenses. The department may ask the attorney general to initiate a civil action to recover from the person responsible for the nuisance the reasonable and necessary costs incurred by the department for its nuisance abatement activities and its administrative and legal expenses related to the abatement. The department's certification of expenses shall be prima facie evidence that the expenses are reasonable and necessary.
289.55(6) (6)Other abatement. This section does not change the existing authority of the department to enforce any existing laws or of any person to abate a nuisance. The department may reimburse a person for the costs of any such abatement.
289.55 History History: 1987 a. 27, 110; 1987 a. 403 s. 256; 1989 a. 335 s. 89; 1995 a. 27; 1995 a. 227 s. 630; Stats. 1995 s. 289.55; 1997 a. 27.
289.57 289.57 Disposal and treatment records.
289.57(1) (1) Submission of information. The owner or operator of each solid waste treatment facility at which solid waste is converted into fuel or burned and of each solid waste disposal facility shall annually submit to the department a report containing all of the following information:
289.57(1)(a) (a) The name of the owner of the facility.
289.57(1)(b) (b) The location of the facility.
289.57(1)(c) (c) For a solid waste disposal facility, the remaining capacity available for disposal.
289.57(1)(d) (d) A list of all licensed haulers transporting waste to the facility for disposal or treatment in the previous year.
289.57(1)(e) (e) A list of the states of origin of solid waste disposed of or treated at the facility in the previous year and the amount, by weight, of that solid waste originating in each state.
289.57(2) (2)Maintenance of records. Except as provided in s. 289.09 (2) (a) 2., the department shall separately maintain as a public record, for each solid waste facility, the reports required by sub. (1).
289.57 History History: 1989 a. 335; 1995 a. 227 s. 633; Stats. 1995 s. 289.57.
289.59 289.59 Disposal and burning of low-level radioactive waste.
289.59(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "low-level radioactive waste" has the meaning given in s. 16.11 (2) (m).
289.59(2) (2)Prohibitions.
289.59(2)(a)(a) No person may dispose of low-level radioactive waste that is determined by the federal nuclear regulatory commission under 42 USC 2021j to be below regulatory concern in a landfill or a hazardous waste disposal facility unless the landfill or hazardous waste disposal facility is licensed for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste by the federal nuclear regulatory commission or by this state under an agreement under 42 USC 2021 that grants this state the authority to regulate the disposal of low-level radioactive waste.
289.59(2)(b) (b) No person may burn in an incinerator low-level radioactive waste that is determined by the federal nuclear regulatory commission under 42 USC 2021j to be below regulatory concern.
289.59 History History: 1991 a. 50; 1995 a. 115; 1995 a. 227 s. 639; Stats. 1995 s. 289.59.
subch. VI of ch. 289 SUBCHAPTER VI
FEES; FUNDS
289.61 289.61 License and review fees.
289.61(1) (1) The department shall adopt by rule a graduated schedule of reasonable license and review fees to be charged for solid waste license and review activities.
289.61(2) (2) Solid waste license and review activities consist of reviewing feasibility reports, plans of operation, closure plans and license applications, issuing determinations of feasibility, plan of operation approvals and operating licenses, inspecting construction projects and taking other actions in administering ss. 289.21 to 289.32, 289.43, 289.47, 289.53 and 289.95.
289.61(3) (3) The department shall establish solid waste review fees at a level anticipated to recover the solid waste program staff review costs of conducting solid waste review activities.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)