321.62(22)(e) (e) If a service member whose professional liability insurance coverage is suspended under par. (a) dies during the period of suspension, all of the following apply:
321.62(22)(e)1. 1. The requirement to stay any action or proceeding under par. (d) 1. terminates on the date of the service member's death.
321.62(22)(e)2. 2. The insurer that suspended the coverage is liable for any claim for damages for the professional negligence or other professional liability of the deceased service member in the same manner and to the same extent as the insurer would be liable if the service member had died while covered by the insurance but before the claim was filed.
321.62(23) (23)Notice of benefits under this section. The department shall provide each service member a brochure explaining this section when that service member enters state active duty.
321.62 History History: 2001 a. 24, 105; 2003 a. 69; 2005 a. 149; 2007 a. 200 ss. 148 to 172; Stats. 2007 s. 321.62; 2009 a. 28; 2011 a. 143; 2015 a. 55, 195.
321.63 321.63 Local government employees or officers in federal active duty.
321.63(1)(1)A local governmental unit, as defined in s. 66.0135 (1) (c), may grant a leave of absence to any employee or officer who is inducted or who enlists in the U.S. armed forces for a period of federal active duty of not more than 5 years unless the employee is involuntarily retained for a longer period. No salary or compensation of the employee or officer shall be paid, nor claim for the salary or compensation exist, during the leave of absence, except as provided in this section. If the employee's or officer's salary or compensation is less in the U.S. armed forces than was paid by the local governmental unit, that governmental unit may pay the employee or officer the difference between the salary or compensation paid by the U.S. armed forces and the salary or compensation that the employee or officer was paid by the local governmental unit at the time that he or she enlisted in or was inducted into the U.S. armed forces.
321.63(2) (2)The local governmental unit may provide for safeguarding the reinstatement and pension rights, as limited in this section, of any employee or officer so inducted or enlisted.
321.63(3) (3)No employee or officer who is appointed to fill the place of any employee or officer so inducted or enlisted shall acquire permanent tenure during the period of the replacement service.
321.63(4) (4)If the leave of absence under sub. (1) is granted to an elected or appointed official or employee and the official or employee has begun federal active duty, a temporary vacancy exists and a successor may be appointed to fill the unexpired term of the official or employee, or until the official or employee returns and files an election to resume the office if the date of the filing is prior to the expiration of the term. The appointment shall be made in the manner provided for the filling of vacancies caused by death, resignation, or otherwise, except that no election need be held to fill a temporary vacancy. The appointee has all the powers, duties, liabilities, and responsibilities and shall be paid and receive the compensation and other benefits of the office or position, unless otherwise provided by the local governmental unit. Within 40 days after the termination of federal active duty, the elected or appointed official or employee, upon filing with the clerk of the local governmental unit, a statement under oath of termination and that the official or employee elects to resume the office or position, may resume the office or position for the remainder of the term for which elected or appointed. The person temporarily filling the vacancy shall cease to hold the office on the date of the filing.
321.63 History History: 2005 a. 22, 253; 2007 a. 200 s. 173; Stats. 2007 s. 321.63.
321.64 321.64 Reemployment after completion of federal active duty or service.
321.64(1)(1)
321.64(1)(a) (a) Any person who has enlisted or enlists in or who has been or is inducted or ordered into federal active duty for 90 days or more, and any person whose services are requested by the federal government for national defense work as a civilian during a period officially proclaimed to be a national emergency or a limited national emergency, who, to perform the duty or service, has left or leaves a position, other than a temporary position, in the employ of any political subdivision of the state or in the employ of any private or other employer, shall be restored to that position or to a position of like seniority, status, pay, and salary advancement as though service toward seniority, status, pay, or salary advancement had not been interrupted by the absence, if all of the following conditions are met:
321.64(1)(a)1. 1. The person presents to the employer evidence of satisfactory completion of the period of federal active duty or federal government service, or of discharge from the U.S. armed forces under conditions other than dishonorable.
321.64(1)(a)2. 2. The person is still qualified to perform the duties of the position.
321.64(1)(a)3. 3. The person makes application for reemployment and resumes work within 90 days after completion of the federal active duty or federal government service, military or civilian, or was so discharged from the U.S. armed forces, or within 6 months after release from hospitalization for duty-connected or service-connected injury or disease.
321.64(1)(a)4. 4. The employer's circumstances have not changed as to make it impossible or unreasonable to restore the person.
321.64(1)(a)5. 5. The federal active duty or federal government service was not for more than 5 years unless extended by law.
321.64(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), in the event of any dispute relating to the provisions under par. (a), the person may file a complaint regarding the matter with the department of workforce development. The department of workforce development shall process any complaint made under this paragraph in the same manner as employment discrimination complaints are processed under s. 111.39.
321.64(1)(c) (c) If a dispute arises regarding a classified employee of the state relating to the provisions of par. (a), the complaint shall be filed with the administrator of the division of personnel management. A decision of the administrator of the division of personnel management in the department of administration may be reviewed under ch. 227.
321.64(2) (2)The service of any person who is or was restored to a position in accordance with sub. (1) shall be considered not to be interrupted by the absence, except for the receipt of pay or other compensation for the period of the absence and he or she shall be entitled to participate in insurance, pensions, retirement plans, or other benefits offered by the employer under established rules and practices relating to employees on furlough or leave of absence in effect with the employer at the time the person entered or was enlisted, inducted, or ordered into federal active duty or federal government service. The person whose position was restored may not be discharged from the position without cause within one year after restoration and the discharge is subject to all federal or state laws affecting any private employment and to the provisions of contracts that may exist between employer and employee. Each political subdivision shall contribute or pay all contributions of the employer to the applicable and existent pension, annuity, or retirement system as though the service of the employee had not been interrupted by federal active duty or federal government service.
321.64(3) (3)If an employer fails or refuses to comply with subs. (1) and (2), a person entitled to the benefits under subs. (1) and (2) may petition the circuit court to require the employer to comply with those subsections. Upon the filing of the petition and on reasonable notice to the employer, the court may require the employer to comply with those subsections and to compensate the person for any loss of wages or benefits suffered by reason of the employer's action. The court shall order a speedy hearing and shall advance the case on the calendar. No fees or court costs may be taxed against a person petitioning the court under this subsection. The action commenced under this subsection against a private employer, and the trial or hearing of the action, shall be in any county in which the employment took place or in which the private employer maintains a place of business, and in all other cases shall be as provided in s. 801.50.
321.64(4) (4)No person who is appointed in the service of the state or of any political subdivision to fill the place of a person entering federal active duty or federal government service under sub. (1) shall acquire permanent tenure during the period of that replacement service.
321.64(5) (5)If the decision of the circuit court is appealed the person who petitioned the circuit court under sub. (3) need not file an appeal bond for the security for costs on the appeal.
321.64(6) (6)The restoration of classified employees of the state shall be governed by s. 230.32. The restoration of unclassified state employees shall be governed by this section.
321.64 History History: 2005 a. 22; 2007 a. 200 s. 175; Stats. 2007 s. 321.64; 2015 a. 55.
321.64 Annotation Language in subs. (1), (2), and (6) clearly expresses that unclassified state employees are protected by sub. (2). “Restoration" in sub. (6) not only refers to who must be restored to state service under sub. (1), but also to restoration rights, including those specified in sub. (2). Sub. (2) unambiguously provides that persons who have been restored under sub. (1) have the restoration rights described in sub. (2). Scocos v. State of Wisconsin Department of Veteran Affairs, 2012 WI App 81, 343 Wis. 2d 648, 819 N.W.2d 360, 11-1178.
321.64 Annotation Returning the Veteran to Work. Walther. Wis. Law. July 2006.
321.65 321.65 Reemployment rights after national guard, state defense force, or public health emergency service.
321.65(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
321.65(1)(a) (a) “Active state service" means any of the following:
321.65(1)(a)1. 1. State active duty or active duty in the national guard under 32 USC 502 (f).
321.65(1)(a)2. 2. Active service with the state laboratory of hygiene under s. 36.25 (11) (em) for the purpose of assisting the department of health services under s. 250.042 during a state of emergency relating to public health declared by the governor under s. 323.10.
321.65(1)(a)3. 3. Active duty in the national guard of any state under an order of the governor of that state.
321.65(1)(b) (b) “Employer" means a person engaging in any activity, enterprise, or business in this state employing one or more persons on a permanent basis. “Employer" includes the state and any office, department, independent agency, authority, institution, association, society, or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, including the legislature and the courts. “Employer" also includes a successor-in-interest of a person employing an individual who has provided notice to that person under sub. (3) (a).
321.65(1)(c) (c) “Health benefit plan" has the meaning given in s. 632.745 (11).
321.65(1)(d) (d) “Qualified" means having the ability to perform the essential tasks of an employment position.
321.65(1)(e) (e) “Reasonable efforts" means, with respect to an action required by an employer under sub. (4) (a) 1., 2., 3., or 4., an action that does not place an undue hardship on the employer.
321.65(1)(f) (f) “Undue hardship" means, with respect to an action required by an employer under sub. (4) (a) 1., 2., 3., or 4., significant difficulty or expense, when considered in light of all of the following:
321.65(1)(f)1. 1. The nature and cost of the action.
321.65(1)(f)2. 2. The overall financial resources of the facility involved in providing the action, the number of persons employed at the facility, the effect of providing the action on the resources and finances of the facility, and any other impact of the action on the operation of the facility.
321.65(1)(f)3. 3. The overall financial resources of the employer, the number of persons employed by the employer, and the number, type, and location of the employer's facilities.
321.65(1)(f)4. 4. The type of operation of the employer, including the composition, structure, and functions of the employer's workforce, the geographic separateness from the employer of the facility involved in providing the action, and the administrative and financial relationship of the facility to the employer.
321.65(2) (2)More generous rights permitted. Nothing in this section prohibits an employer from providing employees who are ordered into active state service with reemployment rights and benefits that are more generous to the employee than the rights and benefits provided under this section.
321.65(3) (3)Reemployment rights.
321.65(3)(a) (a) Prerequisites. Subject to par. (d), any person who is absent from a position of employment because of active state service is entitled to the reemployment rights and benefits specified in this section if all of the following apply:
321.65(3)(a)1. 1. Except as provided in par. (b), the person has given advanced notice of the active state service to the person's employer.
321.65(3)(a)2. 2. Except as provided in par. (c), the cumulative length of the absence from the position of employment and of all previous absences from a position of employment with the employer by reason of active state service or federal active duty does not exceed 5 years.
321.65(3)(a)3. 3. Except as provided in par. (f), the person reports to the employer or submits an application for reemployment to the employer as required under par. (e).
321.65(3)(a)4. 4. In the case of active state service in the national guard in this or another state or territory of the United States or the state defense force, the active state service has not been terminated under other than honorable conditions.
321.65(3)(b) (b) Notice not required. No notice is required under par. (a) 1. if the giving of that notice is precluded by military necessity or is otherwise impossible or unreasonable. A determination of military necessity for purposes of this paragraph shall be made according to rules and regulations promulgated by the adjutant general or the federal secretary of defense and is not subject to judicial review.
321.65(3)(c) (c) Length of absence limit. The periods of federal active duty described in 38 USC 4312 (c) (1) to (4) and all of the following periods of active state service are not included in calculating the 5-year period specified in par. (a) 2.:
321.65(3)(c)1. 1. Any period of active state service beyond that 5-year period that is required to complete an initial period of obligated active state service.
321.65(3)(c)2. 2. Any period of active state service for which the person, through no fault of the person's own, was unable to obtain orders releasing the person from a period of active state service before the expiration of the 5-year period.
321.65(3)(c)3. 3. Any period of active state service that was performed to fulfill any additional training requirements determined and certified in writing by the federal secretary of the army, the federal secretary of the air force, or the adjutant general to be necessary for professional development or for completion of skill training or retraining.
321.65(3)(c)4. 4. Any period of active state service that was performed by a person who was ordered to, or retained in, active state service, other than for training, because of a state emergency declared by the governor, because of a war or national emergency declared by the president of the United States or Congress, because of insurrection, rebellion, riot, invasion, or resistance to the execution of the laws of this state or of the United States, or in support of an operational mission, a critical mission, or any other requirement of the U.S. armed forces.
321.65(3)(d) (d) Exceptions. An employer is not required to reemploy a person under this section if the employer shows that any of the following applies:
321.65(3)(d)1. 1. The employer's circumstances have so changed as to make reemployment of the person impossible or unreasonable.
321.65(3)(d)2. 2. The position of employment that the person left to perform active state service was for a brief, nonrecurrent period and there was no reasonable expectation that the position of employment would continue indefinitely or for a significant period of time.
321.65(3)(d)3. 3. In the case of a person who is entitled to reemployment under sub. (4) (a) 3. or 4., the accommodations, training, or effort required under sub. (4) (a) 3. or 4. would pose an undue hardship on the employer.
321.65(3)(e) (e) Return procedures.
321.65(3)(e)1.1. Subject to subds. 4. and 5., if a person who has been absent from a position of employment because of active state service that lasted for less than 31 days, who has been absent from a position of employment for any period of time for the purpose of an examination to determine the person's fitness to perform active state service, or who has been absent from a position of employment because the person was hospitalized for or was convalescing from an illness or injury that was incurred in or aggravated during the performance of that active state service wishes to receive the reemployment rights and benefits specified in this section, the person must notify the person's employer of the person's intent to return to the position of employment by reporting to the employer by no later than the beginning of the first full regularly-scheduled work period on the first full calendar day following the completion of the active state service, examination, or period of hospitalization or convalescence, a period of time that allows for the safe transportation of the person from the place of active state service, examination, hospitalization, or convalescence to the person's residence, and a rest period of 8 hours following that transportation period or, if through no fault of the person's own reporting to the employer within that time is impossible or unreasonable, by reporting to the employer as soon as possible after that 8-hour rest period.
321.65(3)(e)2. 2. Subject to subds. 4. and 5., if a person who has been absent from a position of employment because of active state service that lasted for more than 30 days, but less than 181 days, or who has been absent from a position of employment because the person was hospitalized for or was convalescing from an illness or injury that was incurred in or aggravated during the performance of that active state service wishes to receive the reemployment rights and benefits specified in this section, the person must notify the person's employer of the person's intent to return to the position of employment by submitting to the employer an application for reemployment by no later than 14 days after the completion of the active state service, hospitalization, or convalescence or, if through no fault of the person's own submitting the application within that time is impossible or unreasonable, by submitting to the employer an application for reemployment by no later than the first full calendar day on which submission of the application becomes possible.
321.65(3)(e)3. 3. Subject to subds. 4. and 5., if a person who has been absent from a position of employment because of active state service that lasted for more than 180 days or who has been absent from a position of employment because the person was hospitalized for or was convalescing from an illness or injury that was incurred in or aggravated during the performance of that active state service wishes to receive the reemployment rights and benefits specified in this section, the person must notify the person's employer of the person's intent to return to the position of employment by submitting to the employer an application for reemployment by no later than 90 days after the completion of the active state service, hospitalization, or convalescence or, if through no fault of the person's own submitting the application within that time is impossible or unreasonable, by submitting to the employer an application for reemployment by no later than the first full calendar day on which submission of the application becomes possible.
321.65(3)(e)4. 4. The period of hospitalization or convalescence specified in subds. 1., 2., and 3. may not exceed 2 years, except that if through no fault of the person's own it is impossible or unreasonable for the person to report to the employer within the time specified in subd. 1. or to apply for reemployment within the time specified in subd. 2. or 3., that 2-year period shall be extended by the minimum period of time required to accommodate the circumstances that made it impossible or unreasonable for the person to report or apply as so required.
321.65(3)(e)5. 5. A person who fails to report to the person's employer within the time specified in subd. 1. or who fails to apply for reemployment within the time specified in subd. 2. or 3. does not automatically forfeit the reemployment rights and benefits specified in this section. Instead, the person shall be subject to the rules, policies, and practices of the person's employer pertaining to discipline for unexcused absences from work.
321.65(3)(f) (f) Documentation.
321.65(3)(f)1.1. A person who submits an application for reemployment under par. (e) 2. or 3. must, on the request of the person's employer, provide to the employer documentation to establish that the application was submitted within the time limits specified in par. (e) 2. or 3., that the person's cumulative length of all absences from employment with the employer because of active state service and federal active duty does not, except as permitted under par. (c), exceed 5 years, and, in the case of active state service in the national guard in this or another state or territory of the United States or the state defense force, that the person's service was not terminated under other than honorable conditions.
321.65(3)(f)2. 2. An employer may not refuse to reemploy a person who fails to provide any of the documentation specified in subd. 1. because that documentation does not exist or is not readily available at the time the employer requests that documentation. If after the person is reemployed documentation becomes available that establishes that the person does not meet a requirement specified in subd. 1., the employer may terminate the person's employment and the provision of any rights and benefits afforded to the person under this section.
321.65(3)(f)3. 3. An employer may not delay or attempt to defeat a reemployment right that the employer is obligated to provide under this section by demanding documentation that does not exist or is not readily available at the time of the demand.
321.65(3)(g) (g) Veterans preferences. The right of a person to reemployment under this subsection does not entitle the person to retention, preference, or displacement rights over any person who has a superior claim under s. 45.03 (4), 62.13 (4) (d), 63.08 (1) (f) or (fm), 63.37, 63.39 (2m), 66.0509 (1), 230.15 (2m), 230.16 (7m), 230.21 (1m), 230.25, or 230.275.
321.65(3)(h) (h) Prohibited bases for denial of reemployment. In determining a person's right to reemployment and other benefits under this section, an employer may not deny reemployment or any other benefits based on the timing, frequency, duration, or nature of the person' s active state service or federal active duty so long as the requirements under par. (a) are met.
321.65(4) (4)Reemployment positions.
321.65(4)(a) (a) Prompt reemployment required.
321.65(4)(a)1.1. Subject to subds. 3. and 4. and par. (b), an employer shall reemploy a person who is entitled to reemployment under sub. (3) and whose period of active state service was for less than 91 days promptly on completion of that period of active state service in the position of employment in which the person would have been employed if the continuous employment of the person with the employer had not been interrupted by that active state service so long as the person is qualified to perform the duties of that position or, if after reasonable efforts by the employer to qualify the person to perform those duties the person is not qualified to perform those duties, in the position of employment in which the person was employed on the date on which the person's period of active state service began.
321.65(4)(a)2. 2. Subject to subds. 3. and 4. and par. (b), an employer shall reemploy a person who is entitled to reemployment under sub. (3) and whose period of active state service was for more than 90 days promptly on completion of that period of active state service in the position of employment in which the person would have been employed if the continuous employment of the person with the employer had not been interrupted by that active state service or in a position of employment of like seniority, status, and pay so long as the person is qualified to perform the duties of that position or, if after reasonable efforts by the employer to qualify the person to perform those duties the person is not qualified to perform those duties, in the position of employment in which the person was employed on the date on which the person's period of active state service began or in a position of employment of like seniority, status, and pay.
321.65(4)(a)3. 3. Subject to par. (b), in the case of a person who has a disability that was incurred in or aggravated during a period of active state service and who, after reasonable efforts by the employer to accommodate the disability, is not qualified due to the disability to perform the duties of the position of employment in which the person would have been employed if the continuous employment of the person with the employer had not been interrupted by the active state service, the employer shall reemploy the person promptly on completion of that period of active state service in any other position that is equivalent to that position in seniority, status, and pay, the duties of which the person is qualified to perform or would become qualified to perform with reasonable efforts by the employer, or, if there is no other position of employment available that is equivalent to that position in seniority, status, and pay, in a position that is the nearest approximation to that equivalent position in terms of seniority, status, and pay, consistent with the person's circumstances.
321.65(4)(a)4. 4. Subject to par. (b), in the case of a person who is not qualified to be employed in the position of employment in which the person would have been employed if the continuous employment of the person with the employer had not been interrupted by the person's active state service or in the position of employment in which the person was employed on the date on which the person's period of active state service began for any reason other than disability incurred in or aggravated during a period of active state service and who cannot become qualified to be so employed with reasonable efforts by the employer, the employer shall reemploy the person promptly on completion of that period of active state service in any other position that the person is qualified to perform and that is the nearest approximation to the position of employment in which the person would have been employed if the continuous employment of the person with the employer had not been interrupted by that active state service, with full seniority, or if no position of employment that is the nearest approximation to that position is available, in a position of employment that the person is qualified to perform and that is the nearest approximation to the position of employment in which the person was employed on the date on which the person's period of active state service began, with full seniority.
321.65(4)(b) (b) Multiple returning employees.
321.65(4)(b)1.1. If 2 or more persons who are entitled to reemployment under sub. (3) in the same position of employment have reported to the employer or applied for reemployment in that position, the person who left employment first shall have the prior right to reemployment in that position.
321.65(4)(b)2. 2. A person who is entitled to reemployment under sub. (3), but who is not reemployed because of subd. 1., shall be entitled to reemployment as provided in par. (a) 1., 2., 3., or 4., whichever is applicable, in a position of employment that provides for similar status and pay as the position described in subd. 1., consistent with the person's circumstances, with full seniority.
321.65(5) (5)Rights, benefits, and obligations.
321.65(5)(a)(a) Seniority. A person who is reemployed under this section is entitled to the seniority and other rights and benefits determined by seniority that the person had on the last day of employment before the person's active state service began, plus all seniority and other rights and benefits determined by seniority that the person would have had if the continuous employment of the person with the employer had not been interrupted by that active state service.
321.65(5)(b) (b) Continuation of benefits.
321.65(5)(b)1.1. Subject to subds. 2. to 5., a person who is absent from employment because of active state service is considered to be on furlough or leave of absence while performing the active state service and is entitled to receive all rights and benefits not determined by seniority that are generally provided by the employer to employees having similar seniority, status, and pay who are on furlough or leave of absence under a contract, agreement, policy, practice, or plan that is in effect on the day on which the active state service began or that is established while the person is performing the active state service.
321.65(5)(b)2. 2. If an employer shows that a person who is absent from a position of employment because of active state service has knowingly provided written notice of the person's intent not to return to a position of employment with the employer after that active state service and, in doing so, was aware of the specific rights and benefits under subd. 1. that the person would lose while absent from the position of employment, the person is not entitled to the rights and benefits specified in subd. 1. while absent from employment.
321.65(5)(b)3. 3. A person who is considered to be on furlough or leave of absence under subd. 1. while performing active state service is not entitled to any benefit to which the person would not otherwise be entitled if the person had remained continuously employed.
321.65(5)(b)4. 4. An employer may require a person who is considered to be on furlough or leave of absence under subd. 1. while performing active state service to pay the employee cost, if any, of any benefit that is continued under subd. 1. to the same extent that other employees who are on furlough or leave of absence are so required.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective prior to November 13, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 13, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-13-18)