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323.71(4) (4)
323.71(4)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), a person shall reimburse a local agency as provided in sub. (5) for actual, reasonable, and necessary expenses incurred in responding to an emergency involving the release or potential release of a hazardous substance if any of the following conditions applies:
323.71(4)(a)1. 1. The person possessed or controlled a hazardous substance involved in the emergency.
323.71(4)(a)2. 2. The person caused the emergency.
323.71(4)(b) (b) A local emergency response team may receive reimbursement under par. (a) only if the team followed the procedures established under s. 323.70 (7) (c) to determine if an emergency requiring the team's response existed.
323.71(5) (5)
323.71(5)(a)(a) The county board may designate a county employee or body as the reviewing entity under this subsection. If the county board does not make a designation, the local emergency planning committee is the reviewing entity.
323.71(5)(am) (am) A local agency seeking reimbursement under sub. (4) shall submit a claim stating its expenses to the reviewing entity for the county in which the emergency occurred.
323.71(5)(b) (b) The reviewing entity shall review claims submitted under par. (am) and determine the amount of reasonable and necessary expenses incurred. The reviewing entity shall provide a person who is liable for reimbursement under sub. (4) with a notice of the amount of expenses it has determined to be reasonable and necessary that arose from the emergency involving the release or potential release of a hazardous substance and that were incurred by all local agencies from which the reviewing entity receives a claim.
323.71(5)(c) (c) If a person receiving a notice under par. (b) objects to the amount of expenses in the notice, the person may ask the reviewing entity to review its determination. The reviewing entity may modify the determination and shall notify the person of the result of its review.
323.71(5)(d) (d) A person liable for reimbursement under sub. (4) shall pay the reimbursement directly to each local agency.
323.71(6) (6) A county may enact an ordinance in conformity with this section that governs the administration of claims under sub. (5).
323.71 History History: 1989 a. 256; 1995 a. 13, 227, 247; 1997 a. 27; 2001 a. 16; 2009 a. 42 ss. 222, 225 to 231; Stats. 2009 s. 323.71.
323.72 323.72 Structural collapse emergency response.
323.72(1)(1) A regional structural collapse team shall assist in the emergency response to a structural collapse incident in a region of this state designated by the division. Whenever a regional structural collapse team assists in an emergency response under this subsection, it shall determine under the rules promulgated under sub. (5) whether an emergency requiring the team's response existed. If the regional structural collapse team determines that such an emergency existed, it shall make a good faith effort to identify the person who is required to reimburse the division under sub. (3) and shall provide that information to the division. The division shall contract with local agencies, as defined in s. 323.70 (1) (b), to establish no more than 4 regional structural collapse teams. A member of a regional structural collapse team shall meet the highest standards for a structural collapse team under the National Fire Protection Association standards NFPA 1006 and 1670.
323.72(2) (2) The division shall reimburse a regional structural collapse team for costs incurred by the team in responding to an emergency involving a structural collapse incident if the team determines that a structural collapse emergency requiring a response existed as provided under the rules promulgated under sub. (5). Reimbursement under this subsection is limited to amounts collected under sub. (3). Reimbursement under this subsection is available only if the regional structure collapse team has identified the person who is required to reimburse the division under sub. (3) and provided that information to the division.
323.72(3) (3) A person shall reimburse the division for costs incurred by a regional structural collapse team in responding to an emergency if the team determines under the rules promulgated under sub. (5) that an emergency requiring the team's response existed and that one of the following conditions applies:
323.72(3)(a) (a) The person possessed or controlled a structure that was involved in the structural collapse.
323.72(3)(b) (b) The person caused the structural collapse.
323.72(4) (4) A member of a regional structural collapse team who is acting under a contract under sub. (1) is considered an employee of the state for purposes of worker's compensation benefits.
323.72(5) (5)
323.72(5)(a)(a) The division shall promulgate rules establishing standards to be used to determine if a regional structural response team has made a good faith effort to identify the person who is required to reimburse the division under sub. (3).
323.72(5)(b) (b) The division shall promulgate rules that establish the procedures that a regional structural collapse team shall follow to determine if a structural collapse emergency requiring the team's response existed.
323.72 History History: 2009 a. 43 s. 1; Stats. 2009 s. 323.72; 2011 a. 258 s. 67.
subch. VIII of ch. 323 SUBCHAPTER VIII
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE COMPACTS
323.80 323.80 Emergency management assistance compact. The following compact, by and between the state of Wisconsin and all other states that enter into the compact, is ratified and approved:
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE COMPACT
323.80(1) (1)Article I — Purpose and Authorities.
323.80(1)(a)(a) This compact is made and entered into by and between the participating member states that enact this compact, called "party states" in this section. In this agreement, the term "states" means the several states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and all U.S. territorial possessions.
323.80(1)(b) (b) The purpose of this compact is to provide for mutual assistance among the party states in managing any emergency or disaster that is declared by the governor of the affected state, whether arising from natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, civil emergency aspects of resource shortages, community disorders, insurgency, or enemy attack.
323.80(1)(c) (c) This compact also provides for mutual cooperation in emergency-related exercises, testing, or other training activities using equipment and personnel simulating performance of any aspect of the giving and receiving of aid by party states or subdivisions of party states during emergencies if such activities occur outside actual declared emergency periods. Mutual assistance in this compact may include the use of the states' national guard forces, either in accordance with the national guard mutual assistance compact or by mutual agreement among states.
323.80(2) (2)Article II — General Implementation.
323.80(2)(a)(a) Each party state recognizes that many emergencies transcend political jurisdictional boundaries and that intergovernmental coordination is essential in managing these and other emergencies under this compact. Each party state recognizes that there will be emergencies which require immediate access and present procedures to apply outside resources to make a prompt and effective response to such an emergency.
323.80(2)(b) (b) The prompt, full, and effective utilization of resources of the party states, including any resources on hand or available from the federal government or any other source, that are essential to the safety, care, and welfare of the people in the event of any emergency or disaster declared by a party state, shall be the underlying principle on which subs. (1) to (12) of this compact shall be understood.
323.80(2)(c) (c) On behalf of the governor of each party state, the legally designated state official who is assigned responsibility for emergency management will be responsible for formulation of the appropriate interstate mutual aid plans and procedures necessary to implement this compact.
323.80(3) (3)Article III — Party State Responsibilities.
323.80(3)(a)(a) It shall be the responsibility of each party state to formulate procedural plans and programs for interstate cooperation in the performance of the responsibilities listed in this subsection. In formulating such plans, and in carrying them out, the party states, insofar as practical, shall do all of the following:
323.80(3)(a)1. 1. Review individual state hazards analyses and, to the extent reasonably possible, determine all those potential emergencies the party states might jointly suffer, whether due to natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, emergency aspects of resource shortages, civil disorders, insurgency, or enemy attack.
323.80(3)(a)2. 2. Review party states' individual emergency plans and develop a plan that will determine the mechanism for the interstate management and provision of assistance concerning any potential emergency.
323.80(3)(a)3. 3. Develop interstate procedures to fill any identified gaps and to resolve any identified inconsistencies or overlaps in existing or developed plans.
323.80(3)(a)4. 4. Assist in warning communities adjacent to or crossing the state boundaries.
323.80(3)(a)5. 5. Protect and assure uninterrupted delivery of services, medicines, water, food, energy and fuel, search and rescue, and critical lifeline equipment, services, and resources, both human and material.
323.80(3)(a)6. 6. Inventory and set procedures for the interstate loan and delivery of human and material resources, together with procedures for reimbursement or forgiveness.
323.80(3)(a)7. 7. Provide, to the extent authorized by law, for temporary suspension of any statues or ordinances that restrict the implementation of the responsibilities listed in subds. 1. to 6.
323.80(3)(b) (b) The authorized representative of a party state may request assistance of another party state by contacting the authorized representative of that state. The provisions of this agreement shall only apply to requests for assistance made by and to authorized representatives. Requests may be made by and to authorized representatives. Requests may be verbal or in writing. If verbal, the request shall be confirmed in writing within thirty days of the verbal request. Requests shall provide all of the following.
323.80(3)(b)1. 1. A description of the emergency service function for which assistance is needed, such as fire services, law enforcement, emergency medical, transportation, communications, public works and engineering, building inspection, planning and information assistance, mass care, resource support, health and medical services, and search and rescue.
323.80(3)(b)2. 2. The amount and type of personnel, equipment, materials and supplies needed, and a reasonable estimate of the length of time they will be needed.
323.80(3)(b)3. 3. The specific place and time for staging of the assisting party's response and a point of contact at that location.
323.80(3)(c) (c) There shall be frequent consultation among state officials who have assigned emergency management responsibilities and other appropriate representatives of the party states with affected jurisdictions and the U.S. government, with free exchange of information, plans, and resource records relating to emergency capabilities.
323.80(4) (4)Article IV — Limitations. Any party state requested to render mutual aid or conduct exercises and training for mutual aid shall take any action that is necessary to provide and make available the resources covered by this compact in accordance with the terms of this compact, provided that it is understood that the state rendering aid may withhold resources to the extent necessary to provide reasonable protection for that state. Each party state shall afford to the emergency forces of any party state, while operating within its state limits under the terms and conditions of this compact, the same powers, except that of arrest unless specifically authorized by the receiving state, duties, rights, and privileges as are afforded forces of the state in which it is performing emergency services. Emergency forces will continue under the command and control of their regular leaders, but the organizational units will come under the operational control of the emergency services authorities of the state receiving assistance. These conditions may be activated, as needed, only subsequent to a declaration of a state of emergency or disaster by the governor of the party state that is to receive assistance or commencement of exercises or training for mutual aid and shall continue so long as the exercises or training for mutual aid are in progress, the state of emergency or disaster remains in effect, or loaned resources remain in the receiving state, whichever is longest.
323.80(5) (5)Article V — Licenses and Permits. Whenever any person holds a license, certificate, or other permit issued by any party state evidencing the meeting of qualifications for professional, mechanical, or other skills, and when such assistance is requested by the receiving party state, that person shall be deemed licensed, certified, or permitted by the state requesting assistance to render aid involving such skill to meet a declared emergency or disaster, subject to any limitations and conditions as the governor of the requesting state may prescribe by executive order or otherwise.
323.80(6) (6)Article VI — Liability. Officers or employees of a party state rendering aid in another party state shall be considered agents of the requesting state for tort liability and immunity purposes, and no party state or its officers or employees rendering aid in another party state shall be liable on account of any act or omission performed in good faith on the part of those forces while so engaged or on account of the maintenance or use of any equipment or supplies in connection with the rendering of aid. "Good faith" in this subsection shall not include willful, wanton or reckless misconduct.
323.80(7) (7) Article VII — Supplementary Agreements. Inasmuch as it is probable that the pattern and detail of the machinery for mutual aid among two or more states may differ from that among the party states, this compact contains elements of a broad base common to all states, and nothing contained in this compact shall preclude any state from entering into supplementary agreements with another state or affect any other agreements already in force among states. Supplementary agreements may include provisions for evacuation and reception of injured and other persons and the exchange of medical, fire, police, public utility, reconnaissance, welfare, transportation and communications personnel, and equipment and supplies.
323.80(8) (8) Article VIII — Compensation. Each party state shall provide for the payment of compensation and death benefits to injured members of the emergency forces of that state and representatives of deceased members of those forces in case those members sustain injuries or are killed while rendering aid under this compact, in the same manner and on the same terms as if the injury or death were sustained within their own state.
323.80(9) (9) Article IX — Reimbursement. Except as provided in this subsection, any party state rendering aid in another state under this compact shall be reimbursed by the party state receiving the aid for any loss or damage to or expense incurred in the operation of any equipment and the provision of any service in answering a request for aid and for the costs incurred in connection with the requests. Any aiding party state may assume in whole or in part the loss, damage, expense, or other cost, or may loan equipment or donate services to the receiving party state without charge or cost. Any two or more party states may enter into supplementary agreements establishing an allocation of costs among those states. Subsection (8) expenses may not be reimbursable under this subsection.
323.80(10) (10) Article X — Evacuation. Plans for the orderly evacuation and interstate reception of portions of the civilian population as the result of any emergency or disaster of sufficient proportions to so warrant, shall be worked out and maintained among the party states and the emergency management or services directors of the various jurisdictions where any type of incident requiring evacuations might occur. Evacuation plans shall be put into effect by request of the state from which evacuees come and shall include the manner of transporting such evacuees, the number of evacuees to be received in different areas, the manner in which food, clothing, housing, and medical care will be provided, the registration of the evacuees, the providing of facilities for the notification of relatives or friends, the forwarding of such evacuees to other areas or the bringing in of additional materials, supplies, and all other relevant factors. Evacuation plans shall provide that the party state receiving evacuees and the party state from which the evacuees come shall mutually agree as to reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses incurred in receiving and caring for the evacuees, for expenditures for transportation, food, clothing, medicines and medical care, and for like items. Those expenditures shall be reimbursed as agreed by the party state from which the evacuees come. After the termination of the emergency or disaster, the party state from which the evacuees came shall assume the responsibility for the ultimate support of repatriation of such evacuees.
323.80(11) (11)Article XI — Implementation.
323.80(11)(a)(a) This compact shall become operative immediately upon its enactment into law by any two states. After this compact becomes operative, this compact shall become effective as to any other state upon its enactment by such state.
323.80(11)(b) (b) Any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing the compact, but the withdrawal shall not take effect until thirty days after the governor of the withdrawing state has given notice in writing of the withdrawal to the governors of all other party states. Withdrawal from this compact shall not relieve the withdrawing state from obligations assumed under the compact before the effective date of withdrawal.
323.80(11)(c) (c) Authenticated copies of this compact and of any supplementary agreements as may be entered into shall, at the time of their approval, be deposited with each of the party states and with the federal emergency management agency and other appropriate agencies of the U.S. government.
323.80(12) (12) Article XII — Additional Provisions. Nothing in this compact shall authorize or permit the use of military force by the national guard of a state at any place outside that state in any emergency for which the president is authorized by law to call into federal service the militia, or for any purpose for which the use of the army or the air force would in the absence of express statutory authorization be prohibited under 18 USC 1385.
323.80 History History: 1999 a. 26; 2009 a. 42 s. 238; Stats. 2009 s. 323.80.
323.81 323.81 State and province emergency management assistance compact. The following compact, by and between the state of Wisconsin and all other jurisdictions that enter into the compact, is ratified and approved:
323.81(1) (1)Article I — Purpose and Authorities.
323.81(1)(a)(a) The State and Province Emergency Management Assistance Memorandum of Understanding, hereinafter referred to as the "compact," is made and entered into by and among such of the jurisdictions as shall enact or adopt this compact, hereinafter referred to as "participating jurisdictions." For the purposes of this compact, the term "participating jurisdictions" may include any or all of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, New York, and Wisconsin, and the Canadian Provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, and Saskatchewan, and such other states and provinces as may hereafter become a party to this compact. The term "states" means the several states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and all territorial possessions of the United States. The term "provinces" means the 10 political units of government within Canada.
323.81(1)(b) (b) The purpose of this compact is to provide for the possibility of mutual assistance among the participating jurisdictions in managing any emergency or disaster when the affected jurisdiction or jurisdictions ask for assistance, whether arising from natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, or civil emergency aspects of resources shortages.
323.81(1)(c) (c) This compact also provides for the process of planning mechanisms among the participating jurisdictions responsible and for mutual cooperation, including civil emergency preparedness exercises, testing, or other training activities using equipment and personnel simulating performance of any aspect of the giving and receiving of aid by participating jurisdictions or subdivisions of participating jurisdictions during emergencies, with such actions occurring outside emergency periods.
323.81(2) (2)Article II — General Implementation.
323.81(2)(a)(a) Each participating jurisdiction entering into this compact recognizes that many emergencies may exceed the capabilities of a participating jurisdiction and that intergovernmental cooperation is essential in such circumstances. Each participating jurisdiction further recognizes that there will be emergencies that may require immediate access and present procedures to apply outside resources to make a prompt and effective response to such an emergency because few, if any, individual jurisdictions have all the resources they need in all types of emergencies or the capability of delivering resources to areas where emergencies exist.
323.81(2)(b) (b) On behalf of the participating jurisdictions in the compact, the legally designated official who is assigned responsibility for emergency management is responsible for formulation of the appropriate interjurisdictional mutual aid plans and procedures necessary to implement this compact, and for recommendations to the participating jurisdiction concerned with respect to the amendment of any statutes, regulations, or ordinances required for that purpose.
323.81(3) (3)Article III — Participating Jurisdiction Responsibilities.
323.81(3)(a)(a) It is the responsibility of each participating jurisdiction to formulate procedural plans and programs for interjurisdictional cooperation in the performance of the responsibilities listed in this section. In formulating and implementing such plans and programs the participating jurisdictions, to the extent practical, may do any of the following:
323.81(3)(a)1. 1. Share and review individual jurisdiction hazards analyses that are available and determine all those potential emergencies the participating jurisdictions might jointly suffer, whether due to natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, or emergency aspects of resource shortages.
323.81(3)(a)2. 2. Share emergency operations plans, procedures, and protocols established by each of the participating jurisdictions before entering into this compact.
323.81(3)(a)3. 3. Share policies and procedures for resource mobilization, tracking, demobilization, and reimbursement.
323.81(3)(a)4. 4. Consider joint planning, training, and exercises.
323.81(3)(a)5. 5. Assist with alerts, notifications, and warnings for communities adjacent to or crossing participating jurisdiction boundaries.
323.81(3)(a)6. 6. Consider procedures to facilitate the movement of evacuees, refugees, civil emergency personnel, equipment, or other resources into jurisdictions or across boundaries, or to a designated staging area when it is agreed that such movement or staging will facilitate civil emergency operations by the affected or participating jurisdictions.
323.81(3)(a)7. 7. Provide, to the extent authorized by law, for temporary suspension of any statutes or ordinances that impede the implementation of responsibilities described in this section.
323.81(3)(b) (b) The authorized representative of a participating jurisdiction may request assistance of another participating jurisdiction by contacting the authorized representative of that jurisdiction. These provisions only apply to requests for assistance made by and to authorized representatives. Requests may be oral or in writing. If oral, the request must be confirmed in writing within 15 days of the oral request. Requests must provide all of the following information:
323.81(3)(b)1. 1. A description of the emergency service function for which assistance is needed and of the mission, including fire services, emergency medical, transportation, communications, public works and engineering, building inspection, planning and information assistance, mass care, resource support, health and medical services, and search and rescue.
323.81(3)(b)2. 2. The amount and type of personnel, equipment, materials, and supplies needed and a reasonable estimate of the length of time they will be needed.
323.81(3)(b)3. 3. The specific place and time for staging of the assisting participating jurisdictions' response and a point of contact at the location.
323.81(3)(c) (c) There shall be periodic consultation among the authorized representatives who have assigned emergency management responsibilities.
323.81(4) (4)Article IV — Limitation. It is recognized that any participating jurisdiction that agrees to render mutual aid or conduct exercises and training for mutual aid will respond as soon as possible. It is also recognized that the participating jurisdiction rendering aid may withhold or recall resources to provide reasonable protection for itself, at its discretion. To the extent authorized by law, each participating jurisdiction will afford to the personnel of the emergency contingent of any other participating jurisdiction while operating within its jurisdiction limits under the terms and conditions of this compact and under the operational control of an officer of the requesting participating jurisdiction the same treatment as is afforded similar or like human resources of the participating jurisdiction in which they are performing emergency services. Staff comprising the emergency contingent continue under the command and control of their regular leaders but the organizational units come under the operational control of the emergency services authorities of the participating jurisdiction receiving assistance. These conditions may be activated, as needed, by the participating jurisdiction that is to receive assistance or upon commencement of exercises or training for mutual aid and continue as long as the exercises or training for mutual aid are in progress, the emergency or disaster remains in effect or loaned resources remain in the receiving participating jurisdictions, whichever is longer. The receiving participating jurisdiction is responsible for informing the assisting participating jurisdiction when services will no longer be required.
323.81(5) (5)Article V — Licenses, Certificates, and Permits. Whenever a person holds a license, certificate, or other permit issued by any participating jurisdiction evidencing the meeting of qualifications for professional, mechanical, or other skills, and when such assistance is requested by the receiving participating jurisdiction, such person is deemed to be licensed, certified, or permitted by the jurisdiction requesting assistance to render aid involving such skill to meet an emergency or disaster, subject to such limitations and conditions as the requesting jurisdiction prescribes by executive order or otherwise.
323.81(6) (6)Article VI — Liability. Any person or entity of a participating jurisdiction rendering aid in another jurisdiction under this compact is considered an agent of the requesting jurisdiction for tort liability and immunity purposes. Any person or entity rendering aid in another jurisdiction under this compact is not liable on account of any act or omission made in good faith on the part of such forces while so engaged or on account of the maintenance or use of any equipment or supplies in connection therewith. Good faith in this article does not include willful misconduct, gross negligence, or recklessness.
323.81(7) (7)Article VII — Supplementary Agreements. Because it is probable that the pattern and detail of the compact for mutual aid among 2 or more participating jurisdictions may differ from that among the participating jurisdictions that are party to this compact, this compact contains elements of a broad base common to all participating jurisdictions, and nothing in this compact precludes any participating jurisdiction from entering into supplementary agreements with another jurisdiction or affects any other agreements already in force among participating jurisdictions. Supplementary agreements may include provisions for evacuation and reception of injured and other persons and the exchange of medical, fire, public utility, reconnaissance, welfare, transportation, and communications personnel, equipment, and supplies.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 324 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 25, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 25, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-25-14)