A letter signed by the reviewed firm accepting the peer review documents with the understanding that the firm agrees to take certain actions.
A letter notifying the reviewed firm that certain required actions have been completed.
A certified public accountant or firm may comply with a directive under par. (a)
by doing any of the following within 45 days after the date of the directive:
Submitting the requested documents to the examining board, either by mail or electronically.
Allowing the peer review program administrator to make the documents available to the examining board through the Facilitated State Board Access program operated by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
The examining board may make documents submitted to the examining board under par. (b) 1.
available to the Facilitated State Board Access program operated by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
Except as otherwise provided by the examining board by rule, information or data obtained by the board through the Facilitated State Board Access program is not subject to the right of inspection and copying under s. 19.35 (1)
History: 2001 a. 16
; 2017 a. 88
See also ch. Accy 6
, Wis. adm. code.
The fees for examination and licenses granted under this chapter are specified in s. 440.05
. The fee for renewal of such licenses is determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a)
Disclosure of interest in entity reported on. 442.10(1)(1)
Whenever any person, as a certified public accountant, signs or certifies any report, schedule, or statement relative to the affairs of any corporation, association, or partnership in which the person is financially interested or by which the person is regularly engaged as an officer or employee, the signature or certification shall be accompanied by a specific statement setting forth the fact that the person is financially interested in or is an officer or regular employee of the corporation, association, or partnership. If the person is both financially interested and an officer or regular employee, the statement shall cover both financial interest and employment. In the case of a firm signing or certifying as described in this subsection, the interest of any of its members shall be disclosed.
Notwithstanding sub. (1)
, no person licensed under this chapter, and no firm of which the person is a member, may express an opinion as an independent certified public accountant on financial statements of any enterprise unless the person and the firm are independent of the enterprise. The requirement for independence under this subsection also extends to the spouse of such a person and to other relatives having a financial or business relationship with the enterprise which, in the opinion of the examining board, may impair independence.
The examining board may make and enforce all necessary rules relative to this section and may determine the particular phraseology necessary to carry sub. (1)
Whoever does any of the following may, for each offense, be fined not more than $500, or imprisoned in the county jail for not more than one year, or both:
Uses any term other than certified public accountant or the abbreviation C. P. A. to indicate that he or she is a certified public accountant with a specially granted title.
While practicing under an assumed name, or as a member of a firm, other than a firm with a name that is registered under s. 442.07 (3)
, announces, either in writing or by printing, that the assumed name or firm is practicing as a certified public accountant.
Holds himself or herself out to the public as a certified public accountant or assumes to practice as a certified public accountant unless he or she has been granted a certificate as a certified public accountant from the examining board.
Practices as a certified public accountant after his or her certificate has been revoked.
As an individual or member of a firm, practices or permits the firm to practice as a certified public accountant unless a license has been secured for the current licensure period.
Sells, buys, gives, or obtains an alleged certificate as a certified public accountant or a license in any manner other than that provided for by this chapter.
Attempts to practice as a certified public accountant under the guise of a certificate not granted by the examining board or under cover of a certificate obtained illegally or fraudulently.
Certifies to any false or fraudulent report, certificate, exhibit, schedule or statement.
Attempts by any subterfuge to evade the provisions of this chapter while practicing as a certified public accountant.
As an individual or member of a firm, permits to be announced by printed or written statement that any report, certificate, exhibit, schedule, or statement has been prepared by or under supervision of a certified public accountant when the person who prepared the report, certificate, exhibit, schedule, or statement was not a certified public accountant.
Enforcement actions for violations of this chapter. 442.115(1)(1)
If it appears upon complaint to the examining board by any person, or it is known to the examining board, that any person has violated this chapter, the examining board may investigate, subject to the rules promulgated under s. 440.03 (1)
. The district attorney of the county in which violations of this chapter are known or alleged to have occurred shall promptly investigate complaints, from any source, of violations of this chapter and prosecute if the facts warrant. Upon request from the examining board, and when the facts warrant, the appropriate district attorney shall promptly seek an injunction against any person who is violating this chapter.
If the district attorney fails or refuses to act within a time that the examining board considers reasonable, the examining board may request the attorney general to institute a prosecution or to seek an injunction for violation of this chapter.
If a person has engaged, or is about to engage, in an act or practice that constitutes, or will constitute, a violation of this chapter, the examining board in its own right or on behalf of an individual complainant may apply to the appropriate court for an order enjoining the act or practice. Upon a showing by the examining board or the complainant that the person has engaged, or is about to engage, in any act or practice in violation of this chapter, the court may grant an injunction, restraining order or other appropriate order without bond.
History: 1999 a. 85
Disciplinary action. 442.12(1)(1)
Subject to the rules promulgated under s. 440.03 (1)
, the examining board may do any of the following:
Revoke, limit, or suspend for a definite period any certificate, license, or practice privilege, or officially reprimand the holder, if it finds that the holder has violated this chapter or any duly promulgated standard or rule of practice or for any other sufficient cause.
In the case of a firm, revoke, limit, or suspend the license of the firm, or reprimand it, if it is found that any member of the firm has been guilty of such act or omission as would be cause for revoking, limiting, or suspending a certificate or license to the person as an individual or for reprimanding the person.
Impose a period of probation under specified conditions, whether or not in conjunction with other sanctions.
Require additional professional education or training, or reexamination, or any combination, as a condition precedent to the reinstatement of a license or of any privilege, or as a condition precedent to the termination of any suspension.
Suspend a license until further order of the examining board or for a specified period for failure to comply with an order of the examining board imposing disciplinary sanctions.
Upon application in writing and after hearing pursuant to notice, issue a new license to a licensee whose license has been revoked, reinstate a revoked certificate or modify the suspension of any license or certificate which has been suspended. This subsection does not apply to a license or certificate that is suspended under s. 440.13 (2) (c)
or that is revoked under s. 440.12
A person who is licensed or certified under this chapter who practices as a certified public accountant in another state is subject to disciplinary action by the examining board under this section for an act committed in the other state that would subject the person to disciplinary action in the other state.
The examining board shall investigate and may take disciplinary action under sub. (1)
against a person licensed or certified in this state upon receipt of a complaint by the examining board of accountancy of another state against that person.
See also ch. Accy 4
, Wis. adm. code.
Ownership of accountant's working papers.
All statements, records, schedules, working papers, and memoranda made by a certified public accountant incident to or in the course of professional service to clients by a certified public accountant, except reports submitted by a certified public accountant to a client, shall be and remain the property of the certified public accountant, in the absence of an express agreement between the certified public accountant and the client to the contrary. No such statement, record, schedule, working paper, or memorandum shall be sold, transferred, or bequeathed, without the consent of the client or the client's personal representative or assignee, to anyone other than any member of the firm of the certified public accountant.
History: 1991 a. 316
; 2001 a. 16