Determination of right to indemnification.
Allowance of expenses as incurred.
Dental society may limit indemnification.
Additional rights to indemnification and allowance of expenses.
Indemnification and allowance of expenses of employees and agents.
Reliance by directors or officers.
Consideration of interests in addition to members' interests.
Limited liability of directors and officers.
Ch. 447 Cross-reference
See definitions in s. 440.01
In this chapter:
“Accredited" means accredited by the American Dental Association commission on dental accreditation or its successor agency.
“Community rehabilitation program” means a nonprofit entity, county, municipality, or state or federal agency that directly provides, or facilitates the provision of, vocational rehabilitation services to individuals who have disabilities to maximize the employment opportunities, including career advancement, of such individuals.
“Dental disease" means any pain, injury, deformity, physical illness or departure from complete dental health or the proper condition of the human oral cavity or any of its parts.
“Dental hygiene" means the performance of educational, preventive or therapeutic dental services. “Dental hygiene" includes any of the following:
Removing supragingival or subgingival calcareous deposits, subgingival cement or extrinsic stains from a natural or restored surface of or a fixed replacement for a human tooth.
Deep scaling or root planing a human tooth.
Conditioning a human tooth surface in preparation for the placement of a sealant and placing a sealant.
Conducting a substantive medical or dental history interview or preliminary examination of a dental patient's oral cavity or surrounding structures, including the preparation of a case history or recording of clinical findings.
Conducting an oral screening without the written prescription of a dentist.
Participating in the development of a dental patient's dental hygiene treatment plan.
“Dental hygiene student" means an individual who is enrolled in and in regular attendance at an accredited dental hygiene school.
“Dental hygienist" means an individual who practices dental hygiene.
“Dental student" means an individual who is enrolled in and in regular attendance at an accredited dental school.
“Dentist" means an individual who practices dentistry.
“Dentistry" means the examination, evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, or treatment, including surgery, of diseases, disorders, or conditions of the human oral cavity or its adjacent or associated tissues and structures, or of the maxillofacial area, and their impact on the human body.
A dentist licensed under this chapter may not perform dental services that are outside the scope of the dentist's relevant education, training, and experience.
“Examining board" means the dentistry examining board.
“Mobile dentistry program registrant" means a person registered under s. 447.058
“Remediable procedures" means patient procedures that create changes within the oral cavity or surrounding structures that are reversible and do not involve any increased health risks to the patient.
“Written or oral prescription" means specific written or oral authorization by a dentist who is licensed to practice dentistry under this chapter to perform patient procedures according to a clearly defined treatment plan developed by the dentist.
Dentistry examining board. 447.02(1)(1)
The examining board may promulgate rules:
Governing the reexamination of an applicant who fails an examination specified in s. 447.04 (1) (a) 5.
or (2) (a) 5.
The rules may specify additional educational requirements for those applicants and may specify the number of times an applicant may be examined.
Governing the standards and conditions for the use of radiation and ionizing equipment in the practice of dentistry.
Specifying practices, in addition to the practices specified under s. 447.01 (3) (a)
, that are included within the practice of dental hygiene.
Providing for the granting of temporary licenses under this chapter.
The examining board shall promulgate rules specifying all of the following:
The standards, conditions and any educational requirements that are in addition to the requirements specified in s. 447.04 (1)
that must be met by a dentist to be permitted to induce general anesthesia or conscious sedation in connection with the practice of dentistry.
Whether an individual is required to be licensed under this chapter to remove plaque or materia alba accretions with mechanical devices.
The oral systemic premedications and subgingival sustained release chemotherapeutic agents that may be administered by a dental hygienist licensed under this chapter under s. 447.06 (2) (e) 1.
The educational requirements for administration of local anesthesia by a dental hygienist licensed under this chapter under s. 447.06 (2) (e) 2.
A requirement that a mobile dentistry program registrant establish procedures for a patient treated in the mobile dentistry program to access his or her patient records.
Standards of conduct for the operation of a mobile dentistry program in this state, the provision of dental services through a mobile dentistry program, and the use of portable dental equipment.
A definition of “mobile dentistry program" and the activities that constitute the operation of a mobile dentistry program for purposes of the registration requirement under s. 447.058
The educational requirements for a dental hygienist licensed under this chapter to administer nitrous oxide inhalation analgesia under s. 447.06 (2) (e) 4.
The examining board may issue a permit authorizing the practice in this state, without compensation, of dentistry or dental hygiene to an applicant who is licensed to practice dentistry or dental hygiene in another state, if all of the following apply:
The examining board determines that the applicant's services will improve the welfare of Wisconsin residents.
The examining board determines that the applicant is qualified and satisfies the criteria specified under s. 447.04 (1) (b) 1.
, except that the examining board may not require the applicant to pass an examination of state statutes and rules relating to dentistry or dental hygiene.
A permit under this subsection shall authorize the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene in a specified area of the state for a period of time not more than 10 days in a year and may be renewed by the examining board. The examining board may not require an applicant to pay a fee for the issuance or renewal of a permit under this subsection.
In the course of investigating a violation of this chapter, the examining board may require, by order or subpoena, that a person who manages or controls a business that offers dental or dental hygiene services, including management or control of a business through which the person allows another person to offer dental or dental hygiene services, produce patient health care records, as defined in s. 146.81 (4)
Except as provided in ss. 447.058
, nothing in this chapter may be construed as authorizing the examining board to regulate business or administrative support functions or services, that do not constitute the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene, provided to a business that provides dental or dental hygiene services.
See also DE and chs. DE 7
, and 11
, Wis. adm. code.
License required. 447.03(1)(1)
Except as provided under sub. (3)
and ss. 257.03
and 447.02 (3)
, no person may do any of the following unless he or she is licensed to practice dentistry under this chapter:
Use or permit to be used, directly or indirectly, for a profit or otherwise for himself or herself, or for any other person, the title, or append to his or her name the words or letters, “doctor", “Dr.", “Doctor of Dental Surgery", “D.D.S.", or “D.M.D.", or any other letters, titles, degrees, terms or descriptive matter, personal or not, which directly or indirectly represent him or her to be engaged in the practice of dentistry.
Inform the public directly or indirectly in any language, orally, in writing or printing, or by drawings, demonstrations, signs, pictures or other means that he or she can perform or will attempt to perform dental services of any kind.
(2) Dental hygienists.
Except as provided under sub. (3)
and s. 447.02 (3)
, no person may do any of the following unless he or she is licensed to practice dental hygiene under this chapter:
Practice or offer to practice dental hygiene.
Represent himself or herself to the public as a dental hygienist or use, in connection with his or her name, any title or description that may convey the impression that he or she is a dental hygienist.
No license or certificate under this chapter is required for any of the following:
A dental student who practices dentistry under the supervision of a dentist in an infirmary, clinic, hospital or other institution connected or associated for training purposes with an accredited dental school.
A dental hygiene student who practices dental hygiene under the supervision of a dentist in an infirmary, clinic, hospital or other institution connected or associated for training purposes with an accredited dental hygiene school.
An individual licensed to practice dentistry or dental hygiene in another state or country who practices dentistry or dental hygiene in a program of dental education or research at the invitation of a group of dentists or practices dentistry or dental hygiene under the jurisdiction of the army, navy, air force, U.S. public health service or veterans bureau.
Any of the following individuals who do not engage in the private practice of dentistry and do not have an office outside the institution at which he or she is appointed or employed:
A nonclinical instructor in dental science who is employed by an accredited dental school.
A dental fellow engaged in dental science teaching or research who is appointed by and is under the supervision of the faculty of an accredited dental school.
A dental intern who is appointed by a hospital located in this state, if the hospital is accredited for dental internship training and the internship does not exceed one year.
A dental resident who is appointed by a hospital located in this state for a 2nd or subsequent year of advanced study of dental science if the hospital is accredited for dental residency training.
Any examiner representing a testing service approved by the examining board.
A dental laboratory or dental laboratory technician to construct appliances or restorations for dentists if all of the following apply:
The appliances or restorations are constructed upon receipt from a dentist of impressions or measurements, directions, and a written work authorization on a form approved by the examining board.
The amounts payable for the services are billed to the dentist.