452.09(1)(a) (a) The kind of license desired.
452.09(1)(b) (b) The name and address of the applicant. If the applicant is a business entity, the application shall also include the name and address of each business representative and the license number of each business representative licensed as a broker under this chapter.
452.09(1)(d) (d) The business or occupation engaged in by the applicant, or if a business entity, by each business representative, for a period of at least 2 years immediately preceding the date of the application.
452.09(1)(e) (e) Any other information that the board may reasonably require to enable it to determine the competency of each applicant, including each business representative of the business entity, to transact the business of a broker or salesperson in a manner that safeguards the interests of the public.
452.09(2) (2)Educational requirements for applicants for licenses.
452.09(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in a reciprocal agreement under s. 452.05 (3), each applicant for a salesperson's license shall submit to the board evidence satisfactory to the board of successful completion of educational programs approved for this purpose under s. 452.05 (1) (c). The board may waive the requirement under this paragraph upon proof that the applicant has received 10 academic credits in real estate or real estate related law courses from an accredited institution of higher education.
452.09(2)(c) (c) Except as provided in par. (d) or a reciprocal agreement under s. 452.05 (3), each applicant for a broker's license to be issued to an individual shall do all of the following:
452.09(2)(c)1. 1. Satisfy or obtain a waiver of the requirement under par. (a) or submit proof of licensure as a salesperson under this chapter.
452.09(2)(c)2. 2. Submit to the board evidence satisfactory to the board of successful completion of educational programs in business management approved for this purpose under s. 452.05 (1) (c). No educational programs applied to satisfy the requirement under subd. 1. may be applied to satisfy the requirement under this subdivision.
452.09(2)(d) (d) The board may waive the requirements under par. (c) upon proof that the applicant has received 20 academic credits in real estate or real estate related law courses from an accredited institution of higher education or that the applicant is licensed to practice law in this state.
452.09(3) (3)Competency of applicant.
452.09(3)(a)(a) In determining competency, the board shall require proof that the applicant for a broker's or salesperson's license has a fair knowledge of the English language; a fair understanding of the general purposes and general legal effect of deeds, mortgages, land contracts of sale, leases, bills of sale, and conditional sales contracts; and a general and fair understanding of the obligations between principal and agent, as well as of this chapter. The board shall deny a license to an applicant receiving a failing grade, as established by rules of the board, on any examination given under this section, but any applicant may review his or her examination results in a manner established by rules of the board.
452.09(3)(b) (b) The board shall determine competency under par. (a) by means of only an oral examination for any applicant who is unable to write because of a physical handicap.
452.09(3)(c) (c) Examinations shall reliably measure an applicant's ability to competently engage in real estate practice.
452.09(3)(d) (d) Except as provided under s. 452.12 (2) or in a reciprocal agreement under s. 452.05 (3), the board may not grant a broker's license to an applicant unless the applicant passes the salesperson's examination and the broker's examination and meets the requirements under sub. (4).
452.09(4) (4)Experience requirements for broker's license applicants.
452.09(4)(a)1.1. An applicant for a broker's license who is an individual shall submit to the board evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant has practiced as a licensed salesperson under the direct supervision of a licensed broker for at least 2 years within the last 4 years preceding the date of the applicant's application for a broker's license.
452.09(4)(a)2. 2. Except as provided under pars. (b) to (e), the board may not accept evidence as satisfactory under subd. 1. unless the evidence demonstrates that the applicant's experience as a licensed salesperson qualifies the applicant for a total of at least 40 points based on the following point system:
452.09(4)(a)2.a. a. Each completed or closed residential transaction is worth 5 points.
452.09(4)(a)2.b. b. Each completed or closed commercial transaction is worth 10 points.
452.09(4)(a)2.c. c. Each property management contract is worth 0.5 points per month.
452.09(4)(a)2.d. d. Each completed or closed time share is worth one point.
452.09(4)(b) (b) An applicant who is licensed to practice law in this state may satisfy the requirement under par. (a) by submitting to the board evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant has experience related to real estate.
452.09(4)(c) (c) An applicant who holds a current certificate of financial responsibility under s. 101.654 may satisfy the requirement under par. (a) by submitting to the board evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant has experience related to real estate sales.
452.09(4)(d) (d) Except as provided in a reciprocal agreement under s. 452.05 (3), an applicant for a broker's license who is a nonresident may satisfy the requirement under par. (a) by submitting to the board evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant has been a licensed broker under the laws of another state for at least 2 years within the last 4 years preceding the date of the applicant's application for a broker's license.
452.09(4)(e) (e) The board may waive any requirement under par. (a), (b), (c), or (d) for any applicant based on standards established by the board by rule.
452.09 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. REEB 12, 23, and 25, Wis. adm. code.
452.10 452.10 Applications, verification, fees, exceptions.
452.10(1)(1) An application shall be verified by the applicant. If made by a business entity it shall be verified by a business representative that is a licensed individual broker or a licensed broker business entity and that is acting as a business representative for the business entity.
452.10(2) (2)
452.10(2)(a)(a) Each new application for a license under this chapter shall be for the remainder of the biennial license period.
452.10(2)(b) (b) Unless an application is withdrawn in writing before the board has made any investigation, no part of the fee shall be returned.
452.10(3) (3) The fees for examinations and licenses granted under this chapter are specified under s. 440.05, and the renewal fee for such licenses is determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a).
452.10(6) (6) In the case of applications for renewals of licenses the board may dispense with such matters contained in s. 452.09 (1) as it deems unnecessary in view of prior applications.
452.10 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. REEB 12 and 23, Wis. adm. code.
452.10 Annotation The real estate examining board cannot prescribe the name to be used on an application for a real estate broker's license. 66 Atty. Gen. 21.
452.11 452.11 Nonresident applicants and licensees.
452.11(1) (1) A nonresident may become a broker or salesperson by conforming to all the provisions of this chapter.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (1) is shown as amended eff. 12-14-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 258. Prior to 12-14-16 it reads:
Effective date text (1) A nonresident may become a broker, salesperson or time-share salesperson by conforming to all the provisions of this chapter.
452.11(3) (3) Every nonresident applicant, and every resident licensee who becomes a nonresident, shall file with the board an irrevocable consent that actions may be commenced against the applicant or licensee in the proper court of any county of the state in which a cause of action arises or in which the plaintiff resides, by the service of any process or pleading authorized by the laws of this state on the board or any duly authorized employee. The consent shall stipulate and agree that such service is valid and binding as due service upon the applicant or licensee in all courts in this state. The consent shall be duly acknowledged and, if made by a corporation, shall be authenticated by the corporate seal.
452.11(4) (4) Any process or pleading under this section shall be served in duplicate upon the board or its duly authorized employee. One copy shall be filed with the board and the other immediately forwarded by certified mail to the nonresident licensee against whom the process or pleading is directed at the last address provided to the board by the nonresident licensee. No default in any such proceeding or action may be taken unless it appears by affidavit of the chairperson of the board or any duly authorized employee that a copy of the process or pleading was mailed to the nonresident licensee as required in this subsection. No judgment by default may be taken in any action or proceeding within 20 days after the date of mailing the process or pleading to the nonresident licensee.
452.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. REEB 12, Wis. adm. code.
452.12 452.12 Licenses.
452.12(1)(1)Expiration. A license granted by the board entitles the holder to act as a broker or salesperson, as the case may be, until the applicable renewal date specified under s. 440.08 (2) (a).
452.12(2) (2)Business entities.
452.12(2)(a)(a) A broker's license may be issued to a business entity if the business entity has at least one business representative licensed as a broker. The license issued to the business entity entitles each business representative of the business entity licensed as a broker to act as a broker on behalf of the business entity. A broker may act as a business representative for more than one business entity if the broker obtains the express, written consent of each business entity for which the broker desires to act as a business representative. A broker may act as a broker on behalf each business entity for which it is serving as a business representative.
452.12(2)(c) (c) Application for a broker's license to be issued to a business entity shall be made on forms prescribed by the board, listing the names and addresses of all business representatives and the license numbers of all business representatives that are licensed brokers, and shall be accompanied by the initial credential fee determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a). If there is a change in any of the business representatives, the change shall be reported to the board, on the same form, within 30 days after the effective date of the change.
452.12(3) (3)Firm's responsibility for acts of licensees. Subject to s. 452.139 (3), a firm is responsible for the brokerage services provided on behalf of the firm by a licensee associated with the firm only to the extent that the firm fails to comply with s. 452.132 and any rules promulgated under s. 452.07 (1m) with respect to that licensee.
452.12(4) (4)Register of licensees. The board shall include in the register the board maintains under s. 440.035 (1m) (d) the names of all persons whose licenses issued under this chapter were revoked within the past 2 years. The register shall be available for purchase at cost.
452.12 Note NOTE: Sub. (4) is shown as affected by 2015 Wis. Acts 258 and 269 as merged by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (2) (i).
452.12(5) (5)Renewal.
452.12(5)(a)(a) Renewal applications for all licenses shall be submitted with the applicable renewal fee determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a) on or before the applicable renewal date specified under s. 440.08 (2) (a). The department shall pay $10 of each renewal fee received under this paragraph to the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System for research and educational, public outreach, and grant activities under s. 36.25 (34).
452.12(5)(b) (b) If an application for renewal of a license issued to an individual is not filed with the board on or before the renewal date with the proof required under par. (c) or if the renewal is not granted, the applicant may not engage in any of the activities covered by the license until the license is renewed or a new license is issued.
452.12(5)(bm) (bm) If an application for renewal of a license issued to a firm is not filed with the board on or before the renewal date or if the renewal is not granted, all of the following apply:
452.12(5)(bm)1. 1. The firm may not engage in any of the activities covered by the license until the license is renewed or a new license is issued.
452.12(5)(bm)2. 2. Any licensees associated with the firm may not engage in any of the activities covered by the firm's license on behalf of the firm until the firm's license is renewed or a new license is issued.
452.12(5)(bm)3. 3. A licensed individual broker or licensed broker business entity who is serving as a business representative for the firm shall notify each licensee associated with the firm that the firm's license was not renewed and, within 10 days after notifying a licensee, file with the department a notice of termination for each such licensee on a form prescribed by the department.
452.12(5)(c) (c) At the time of renewal, each broker or salesperson who is an individual shall submit proof of attendance at and successful completion of continuing education programs or courses approved under s. 452.05 (1) (g).
452.12(5)(d) (d) At the time of renewal, each broker or salesperson who is an individual shall complete the form under s. 452.05 (1) (i).
452.12 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. REEB 17, 23, and 25, Wis. adm. code.
452.13 452.13 Trust accounts.
452.13(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
452.13(1)(a) (a) “Client funds" means all downpayments, earnest money deposits, or other money related to a conveyance of real estate that is received by a licensee on behalf of a firm or any other person. “Client funds" does not include promissory notes.
452.13(1)(b) (b) “Depository institution" means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union that is authorized by federal or state law to do business in this state and that is insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or by the national credit union share insurance fund.
452.13(2) (2)Interest-bearing common trust account.
452.13(2)(a)(a) A firm that holds client funds shall establish an interest-bearing common trust account in a depository institution. The interest-bearing common trust account shall earn interest at a rate not less than that applicable to individual accounts of the same type, size, and duration and for which withdrawals or transfers can be made without delay, subject to any notice period that the depository institution is required to observe by law or regulation.
452.13(2)(b) (b) Any firm that maintains an interest-bearing common trust account shall do all of the following:
452.13(2)(b)1. 1. Register with the department the name and address of the depository institution and the number of the interest-bearing common trust account.
452.13(2)(b)2. 2. Notify the department when any of the information required under subd. 1. is changed.
452.13(2)(b)3. 3. Furnish the department with a letter authorizing the department and the department of administration to examine and audit the interest-bearing common trust account whenever either department considers it necessary.
452.13(2)(bm) (bm) The department shall forward to the department of administration the information and documents furnished under par. (b).
452.13(2)(c) (c) A firm shall deposit all client funds in the interest-bearing common trust account.
452.13(2)(d) (d) The department of administration is the beneficial owner of the interest accruing to the interest-bearing common trust account, minus any service charges or fees.
452.13(2)(e) (e) For each interest-bearing common trust account, the firm shall direct the depository institution to do all of the following:
452.13(2)(e)1. 1. Annually, before February 1, remit to the department of administration the total interest or dividends, minus service charges or fees, earned on the average daily balance in the interest-bearing common trust account during the 12 months ending on the previous December 31. A depository institution is not required to remit any amount if the total interest or dividends for that period is less than $10 before any deduction for service charges or fees.
452.13(2)(e)2. 2. When the interest remittance is sent, furnish to the department of administration and to the firm maintaining the interest-bearing common trust account a statement that includes the name of the firm for whose account the remittance is made, the rate of interest applied, the amount of service charges or fees deducted, if any, and the account balance for the period that the statement covers.
452.13(2)(f) (f) A depository institution:
452.13(2)(f)1. 1. May not assess a service charge or fee that is due on an interest-bearing common trust account against any firm or, except as provided in subd. 3., against any other account, regardless of whether the same firm maintains the other account.
452.13(2)(f)2. 2. May not assess a service charge or fee for an interest-bearing common trust account against the department of administration.
452.13(2)(f)3. 3. May deduct a service charge or fee from the interest earned by an interest-bearing common trust account, and if a balance remains, may deduct the remaining charge or fee from the interest earned on any other interest-bearing common trust account maintained in that depository institution, before remitting interest to the department of administration.
452.13(2)(f)4. 4. May not deduct a service charge or fee from the principal of an interest-bearing common trust account.
452.13(3) (3)Deposit provisions. A firm that deposits client funds in an interest-bearing common trust account in compliance with this section may not be held liable to the owner or beneficial owner of the client funds for damages due to compliance with this section. A licensee that deposits client funds in an interest-bearing common trust account in compliance with this section on behalf of a firm is not required to disclose alternative depository arrangements that could be made by the parties or to disclose that a deposit will be made under this section.
452.13(4) (4)Trust account optional. This section does not require a firm to hold client funds or require a person to transfer client funds to a firm.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 392 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before November 21, 2016. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 21, 2016 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-21-16)