The duty to disclose to you in writing certain material adverse facts about a property, unless disclosure of the information is prohibited by law.
The duty to protect your confidentiality. Unless the law requires it, the firm and its agents will not disclose your confidential information or the confidential information of other parties.
The duty to safeguard trust funds and other property held by the firm or its agents.
The duty, when negotiating, to present contract proposals in an objective and unbiased manner and disclose the advantages and disadvantages of the proposals.
Please review this information carefully. An agent of the firm can answer your questions about brokerage services, but if you need legal advice, tax advice, or a professional home inspection, contact an attorney, tax advisor, or home inspector.
This disclosure is required by section 452.135 of the Wisconsin statutes and is for information only. It is a plain-language summary of the duties to a customer under section 452.133 (1) of the Wisconsin statutes.
452.135(1)(b) (b) If a firm is providing brokerage services as a subagent to a principal firm, the subagent, or a licensee associated with the subagent, shall provide a copy of the written disclosure statement under par. (a) to any person who is not the principal firm's client and who receives brokerage services from the subagent within the scope of the agreement between the subagent and the principal firm.
452.135(2) (2)
452.135(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), a firm shall provide to a client a copy of the following written disclosure statement not later than the time the firm enters into an agency agreement with the client:
DISCLOSURE TO CLIENTS
Under Wisconsin law, a brokerage firm (hereinafter firm) and its brokers and salespersons (hereinafter agents) owe certain duties to all parties to a transaction:
The duty to provide brokerage services to you fairly and honestly.
The duty to exercise reasonable skill and care in providing brokerage services to you.
The duty to provide you with accurate information about market conditions within a reasonable time if you request it, unless disclosure of the information is prohibited by law.
The duty to disclose to you in writing certain material adverse facts about a property, unless disclosure of the information is prohibited by law.
The duty to protect your confidentiality. Unless the law requires it, the firm and its agents will not disclose your confidential information or the confidential information of other parties.
The duty to safeguard trust funds and other property the firm or its agents holds.
The duty, when negotiating, to present contract proposals in an objective and unbiased manner and disclose the advantages and disadvantages of the proposals.
Because you have entered into an agency agreement with a firm, you are the firm's client. A firm owes additional duties to you as a client of the firm:
The firm or one of its agents will provide, at your request, information and advice on real estate matters that affect your transaction, unless you release the firm from this duty. The firm or one of its agents must provide you with all material facts affecting the transaction, not just adverse facts.
The firm and its agents will fulfill the firm's obligations under the agency agreement and fulfill your lawful requests that are within the scope of the agency agreement.
The firm and its agents will negotiate for you, unless you release them from this duty.
The firm and its agents will not place their interests ahead of your interests. The firm and its agents will not, unless required by law, give information or advice to other parties who are not the firm's clients, if giving the information or advice is contrary to your interests.
If you become involved in a transaction in which another party is also the firm's client (a “multiple representation relationship"), different duties may apply.
MULTIPLE REPRESENTATION RELATIONSHIPS AND DESIGNATED AGENCY
A multiple representation relationship exists if a firm has an agency agreement with more than one client who is a party in the same transaction. If you and the firm's other clients in the transaction consent, the firm may provide services through designated agency, which is one type of multiple representation relationship.
Designated agency means that different agents with the firm will negotiate on behalf of you and the other client or clients in the transaction, and the firm's duties to you as a client will remain the same. Each agent will provide information, opinions, and advice to the client for whom the agent is negotiating, to assist the client in the negotiations. Each client will be able to receive information, opinions, and advice that will assist the client, even if the information, opinions, or advice gives the client advantages in the negotiations over the firm's other clients. An agent will not reveal any of your confidential information to another party unless required to do so by law.
If a designated agency relationship is not authorized by you or other clients in the transaction, you may still authorize or reject a different type of multiple representation relationship in which the firm may provide brokerage services to more than one client in a transaction but neither the firm nor any of its agents may assist any client with information, opinions, and advice which may favor the interests of one client over any other client. Under this neutral approach, the same agent may represent more than one client in a transaction.
If you do not consent to a multiple representation relationship the firm will not be allowed to provide brokerage services to more than one client in the transaction.
CHECK ONLY ONE OF THE THREE BELOW:
________The same firm may represent me and the other party as long as the same agent is not representing us both. (multiple representation relationship with designated agency)
________The same firm may represent me and the other party, but the firm must remain neutral regardless if one or more different agents are involved. (multiple representation relationship without designated agency)
________The same firm cannot represent both me and the other party in the same transaction. (I reject multiple representation relationships)
NOTE: All clients who are parties to this agency agreement consent to the selection checked above. You may modify this selection by written notice to the firm at any time. Your firm is required to disclose to you in your agency agreement the commission or fees that you may owe to your firm. If you have any questions about the commission or fees that you may owe based upon the type of agency relationship you select with your firm, you should ask your firm before signing the agency agreement.
SUBAGENCY
Your firm may, with your authorization in the agency agreement, engage other firms (subagent firms) to assist your firm by providing brokerage services for your benefit. A subagent firm and the agents with the subagent firm will not put their own interests ahead of your interests. A subagent firm will not, unless required by law, provide advice or opinions to other parties if doing so is contrary to your interests.
Please review this information carefully. An agent can answer your questions about brokerage services, but if you need legal advice, tax advice, or a professional home inspection, contact an attorney, tax advisor, or home inspector.
This disclosure is required by section 452.135 of the Wisconsin statutes and is for information only. It is a plain-language summary of the duties owed to you under section 452.133 (2) of the Wisconsin statutes.
452.135(2)(b) (b) If a client enters into an agency agreement with a firm to receive brokerage services related to real estate primarily intended for use as a residential property containing one to 4 dwelling units, and the written disclosure statement under par. (a) is not incorporated into the agency agreement, the firm shall request the client's signed acknowledgment that the client has received a copy of the written disclosure statement.
452.135 History History: 1993 a. 127; 2005 a. 87; 2007 a. 97; 2015 a. 258; s. 35.17 correction in (1) (a).
452.135 Annotation The `New' Chapter 452: Defining Real Estate Broker Practice. Leibsle. Wis. Law. June 2006.
452.136 452.136 Advertising by licensees.
452.136(1) (1)False advertising. A licensee may not advertise in a manner that is false, deceptive, or misleading.
452.136(2) (2)Disclosure of name.
452.136(2)(a)(a) Except for advertisements for the rental of real estate owned by the licensee, a licensee shall in all advertising disclose the firm's name exactly as printed on the license of the licensed individual broker or licensed broker business entity or disclose a trade name previously filed by the firm with the department and shall in either case clearly indicate that the firm is a business enterprise and not a private party.
452.136(2)(b) (b) Except for advertisements for the rental of real estate owned by the licensee, a licensee associated with a firm shall advertise under the supervision of and in the name of the firm. The firm's name as used in advertising shall be clear and conspicuous. This paragraph does not apply to a licensee engaged in independent practice as provided in s. 452.30 (6).
452.136(2)(c) (c) Notwithstanding pars. (a) and (b), a licensee may advertise the occasional sale of real estate owned by the licensee or may engage in the occasional solicitation of real estate for purchase by the licensee without complying with pars. (a) and (b), provided that the licensee clearly identifies himself, herself, or itself as a real estate licensee in the advertisement.
452.136(3) (3)Advertising without agency agreement prohibited. A firm and any licensees associated with the firm may not advertise a property unless one of the following applies:
452.136(3)(a) (a) The firm is the listing firm for the property.
452.136(3)(b) (b) The firm or a licensee associated with the firm has obtained consent to advertise the property from the listing firm for the property.
452.136(4) (4)Advertised price. A licensee may not advertise property at a price other than that agreed upon with the owner, except that the price may be stated as a range or in general terms if it reflects the agreed upon price.
452.136 History History: 2017 a. 110.
452.137 452.137 Cooperation with out-of-state brokers and salespersons.
452.137(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
452.137(1)(a) (a) “Cooperative agreement" means the agreement established by the board under sub. (4).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is renumbered to par. (d) and amended eff. 3-1-18 by 2017 Wis. Act 110.
452.137(1)(am) (am) Notwithstanding s. 452.01 (1m), “agency agreement" includes a written agreement between an out-of-state broker and a client in which the client authorizes the out-of-state broker to provide brokerage services to the client.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (am) is created eff. 3-1-18 by 2017 Wis. Act 110.
452.137(1)(c) (c) “Licensed salesperson" means a salesperson who is licensed under this chapter.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (c) is renumbered to par. (h) eff. 3-1-18 by 2017 Wis. Act 110.
452.137(1)(cm)1.1. “Commercial transaction” means a transaction concerning any real property, other than real property containing 1 to 4 dwelling units or real property zoned for agricultural use.
452.137(1)(cm)2. 2. “Commercial transaction” does not include any transaction concerning a dwelling unit that is a part of real property containing more than 4 dwelling units and that is being sold on a unit-by-unit basis.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (cm) is created eff. 3-1-18 by 2017 Wis. Act 110.
452.137(1)(d) (d) “Cooperative agreement" means an agreement entered into between an out-of-state broker and a firm as provided in this section.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (d) is shown as renumbered from par. (a) and amended eff. 3-1-18 by 2017 Wis. Act 110.
452.137(1)(e) (e) “Dwelling unit” has the meaning given in s. 440.97 (3).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (e) is created eff. 3-1-18 by 2017 Wis. Act 110.
452.137(1)(h) (h) “Licensed salesperson" means a salesperson who is licensed under this chapter.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (h) is shown as renumbered from par. (c) eff. 3-1-18 by 2017 Wis. Act 110.
452.137(2) (2)Out-of-state brokers.
452.137(2)(a)(a) An out-of-state broker may act as a broker in this state only as provided in par. (ag) or (am).
452.137(2)(ag) (ag) An out-of state broker may, subject to par. (b), act as a broker in this state if the out-of-state broker does all of the following:
452.137(2)(ag)1. 1. Enters into a cooperative agreement with a listing firm and cooperates with the listing firm on the listing agreement that is subject to the cooperative agreement. Each cooperative agreement may cover only one listing agreement.
452.137(2)(ag)2. 2. Submits to the listing firm evidence that the out-of-state broker is licensed in good standing to engage in real estate brokerage in a jurisdiction other than this state.
452.137(2)(am) (am) An out-of-state broker representing a person who is seeking to buy or rent property located in this state in a commercial transaction may, subject to pars. (b) and (bm), act as a broker in this state if the out-of-state broker does all of the following:
452.137(2)(am)1. 1. Enters into a cooperative agreement with a firm and cooperates with the firm. Each cooperative agreement shall be limited to a type of property, type of function, geographic area, or other criteria specified in the buyer's or tenant's search parameters.
452.137(2)(am)2. 2. Submits to the firm evidence that the out-of-state broker is licensed in good standing to engage in real estate brokerage in a jurisdiction other than this state.
452.137(2)(am)3. 3. Either the out-of-state-broker or the firm enters into an agency agreement with the prospective buyer or tenant. The cooperative agreement shall acknowledge whether the out-of-state broker or firm has the agency agreement. If the out-of-state broker has entered into the agency agreement with the prospective buyer or tenant, the out-of-state broker and the prospective buyer or tenant shall, notwithstanding s. 452.01 (3m) and (5w), be considered to be a principal firm and client for purposes of this chapter, and the firm shall be a subagent and shall provide the out-of-state broker with a copy of the disclosure statement under s. 452.135 (2) to be given to the client. The out-of-state broker is not required to request that the client sign the statement.
452.137(2)(b) (b) An out-of-state broker, including an out-of-state broker who is a party to a cooperative agreement, may not do any of the following:
452.137(2)(b)1. 1. Enter into a listing agreement concerning any property located in this state.
452.137(2)(b)2. 2. For commission, money, or other thing of value, promote in this state the sale, exchange, purchase, option, rental, or leasing of any property located in this state, including by posting signs on the property.
452.137(2)(b)3. 3. Enter into a cooperative agreement with a person who is not licensed under this chapter as authority to sell, lease, rent, exchange, or attempt to sell, lease, rent, or exchange property in this state.
452.137(2)(bm) (bm) An out-of-state broker acting under par. (am) may not do any of the following:
452.137(2)(bm)1. 1. Negotiate with a seller or landlord, unless authorized under the cooperative agreement. If a property is not listed with a listing firm, the firm shall conduct all negotiations with the seller or landlord of that property.
452.137(2)(bm)2. 2. View or show commercial property in this state for sale or lease without the firm or a licensee associated with the firm being present, unless authorized under the cooperative agreement. If a property is not listed with a listing firm, the firm shall view or show the property with the out-of-state broker.
452.137(2)(bm)3. 3. Have contact with another firm or another firm's seller or landlord, unless otherwise agreed to in the cooperative agreement.
452.137(2)(c) (c) An out-of-state broker who is a party to a cooperative agreement with a firm, and any out-of-state salesperson of the out-of-state broker, are not required to be licensed under this chapter but shall otherwise be treated as licensees for purposes of this chapter and shall comply with the laws of this state as they apply to licensees, and the out-of-state broker shall file with the board an irrevocable consent that actions may be commenced against the out-of-state broker in the proper court of any county in this state in which a cause of action arises or the plaintiff resides, by the service of any process or pleading authorized by the laws of this state on the board or any duly authorized employee. The consent shall stipulate and agree that such service is valid and binding as due service upon the out-of-state broker in all courts in this state. The consent shall be duly acknowledged and, if made by a corporation, shall be authenticated by the corporate seal.
452.137(2)(d) (d) A firm that is a party to a cooperative agreement with an out-of-state broker, and any licensee associated with the firm, may not act under the cooperative agreement on behalf of a broker who is not a party to the cooperative agreement.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 135 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before December 14, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 14, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-14-17)