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48.978(2)(c)1.c. c. The child's guardian ad litem.
48.978(2)(c)1.d. d. The child's counsel.
48.978(2)(c)1.e. e. The child's other parent, if that parent has not joined in the petition and if that parent can with reasonable diligence be located.
48.978(2)(c)1.f. f. The persons to whom notice is required to be given under s. 48.27 (3) (b) 1.
48.978(2)(c)1.g. g. The person who is nominated as the standby guardian of the child in the petition and, if an alternate standby guardian is nominated in the petition, the person who is nominated as the alternate standby guardian.
48.978(2)(c)2. 2. Service shall be made by certified mail at least 7 days before the hearing or by personal service in the same manner as a summons is served under s. 801.11 (1) (a) or (b) at least 7 days before the hearing or, if with reasonable diligence a party specified in subd. 1. cannot be served by mail or by personal or substituted service, service shall be made by publication of a notice published as a class 1 notice under ch. 985. In determining which newspaper is likely to give notice as required under s. 985.02 (1), the petitioner shall consider the residence of the party, if known, or the residence of the relatives of the party, if known, or the last-known location of the party.
48.978(2)(d) (d) Plea hearing.
48.978(2)(d)1.1. A hearing to determine whether any party wishes to contest a petition filed under par. (a) shall take place on a date that allows reasonable time for the parties to prepare but is no more than 30 days after the filing of the petition. At the hearing, the nonpetitioning parties and the child, if he or she is 12 years of age or over or is otherwise competent to do so, shall state whether they wish to contest the petition.
48.978(2)(d)2. 2. If the petition is not contested, the court may immediately proceed to a dispositional hearing under par. (g), unless an adjournment is requested under par. (g).
48.978(2)(d)3. 3. If the petition is contested, the court shall set a date for a fact-finding hearing under par. (e) that allows reasonable time for the parties to prepare but is no more than 30 days after the plea hearing.
48.978(2)(e) (e) Fact-finding hearing. The court shall hold a fact-finding hearing on the petition on the date set by the court under par. (d) 3. at which any party may present evidence relevant to any of the following issues:
48.978(2)(e)1. 1. Whether there is a significant risk that the petitioner will become incapacitated or debilitated or die within 2 years after the date on which the petition was filed.
48.978(2)(e)2. 2. Whether the child has any parent, other than the petitioner, who is willing and able to exercise the duty and authority of guardianship.
48.978(2)(e)3. 3. If a parent cannot be located, whether the petitioner has made diligent efforts to locate that parent.
48.978(2)(e)4. 4. If a parent has refused to join in the petition, whether that refusal is unreasonable.
48.978(2)(f) (f) Required findings by court. If the court, at the conclusion of the fact-finding hearing, makes all of the following findings by clear and convincing evidence, the court shall immediately proceed to a dispositional hearing unless an adjournment is requested under par. (g):
48.978(2)(f)1. 1. That there is a significant risk that the petitioner will become incapacitated or debilitated or die within 2 years after the date on which the petition was filed.
48.978(2)(f)2. 2. That the child has no parent, other than the petitioner, who is willing and able to exercise the duty and authority of guardianship.
48.978(2)(f)3. 3. That, if a parent cannot be located, the petitioner has made diligent efforts to locate that parent.
48.978(2)(f)4. 4. That, if a parent has refused to join in the petition, the refusal was unreasonable.
48.978(2)(f)5. 5. That the person nominated as standby guardian is willing and able to act as standby guardian or, if that person is not so willing and able, that the person nominated as alternate standby guardian is willing and able to act as standby guardian.
48.978(2)(g) (g) Dispositional hearing. The court shall hold a dispositional hearing on the petition at the time specified under par. (d) 2. or (e), at which any party may present evidence, including expert testimony, relevant to the disposition. If at the plea hearing or the fact-finding hearing a party requests an adjournment of the dispositional hearing, the court shall set a date for the dispositional hearing that allows reasonable time for the parties to prepare but is no more than 30 days after the plea hearing or fact-finding hearing.
48.978(2)(h) (h) Dispositional factors. In determining the appropriate disposition under this par. (j), the best interests of the child shall be the prevailing factor to be considered by the court. In making a decision about the appropriate disposition, the court shall consider all of the following:
48.978(2)(h)1. 1. Whether the person nominated as standby guardian or alternate standby guardian would be a suitable guardian of the child.
48.978(2)(h)2. 2. The willingness and ability of the person nominated as standby guardian or alternate standby guardian to serve as the child's guardian if the petitioner becomes incapacitated or debilitated or dies.
48.978(2)(h)3. 3. The wishes of the child.
48.978(2)(i) (i) Appearance by petitioner. If the petitioner is medically unable to appear at a hearing under par. (d), (e) or (g), the court may dispense with the petitioner's appearance, except on the motion of a party and for good cause shown.
48.978(2)(j) (j) Disposition. After receiving any evidence relating to the disposition, the court shall enter one of the following dispositions within 10 days after the dispositional hearing:
48.978(2)(j)1. 1. A disposition dismissing the petition if the court determines that appointment of the person nominated as standby guardian or alternate standby guardian as the child's standby guardian is not in the best interests of the child.
48.978(2)(j)2. 2. A disposition ordering that the person nominated as standby guardian or alternate standby guardian be appointed as the child's standby guardian if the court determines that such an appointment is in the best interests of the child.
48.978(2)(k) (k) Guardianship order. A standby guardianship order under par. (j) 2. shall include all of the following:
48.978(2)(k)1. 1. A statement of whether the standby guardianship is a full guardianship under sub. (6) (b) 1. or a limited guardianship under sub. (6) (b) 2.
48.978(2)(k)2. 2. A statement of when the standby guardianship goes into effect, which may be on receipt by the standby guardian of a determination of the petitioner's incapacity, a certificate of the petitioner's death, or a determination of the petitioner's debilitation and the petitioner's written consent under par. (L) 3. that the standby guardianship go into effect.
48.978(2)(L) (L) Commencement of duty and authority of court-appointed standby guardian.
48.978(2)(L)1.1. If a standby guardianship order under par. (j) 2. provides that the duty and authority of a standby guardian are effective on the petitioner's incapacity, the duty and authority of the standby guardian shall begin on the receipt by the standby guardian of a copy of a determination of incapacity under sub. (4).
48.978(2)(L)2. 2. If a standby guardianship order under par. (j) 2. provides that the duty and authority of a standby guardian are effective on the petitioner's death, the duty and authority of the standby guardian shall begin on the receipt by the standby guardian of a copy of the certificate of the petitioner's death.
48.978(2)(L)3. 3. If a standby guardianship order under par. (j) 2. provides that the duty and authority of a standby guardian are effective on the petitioner's debilitation and consent to the standby guardianship going into effect, the duty and authority of a standby guardian shall begin on the receipt by the standby guardian of a determination of debilitation under sub. (4) and a written consent to the beginning of that duty and authority signed by the petitioner in the presence of 2 witnesses 18 years of age or over, neither of whom may be the standby guardian, and by the standby guardian. If the petitioner is physically unable to sign that written consent, another person 18 years of age or over who is not the standby guardian may sign the written consent on behalf of the petitioner and at the direction of the petitioner, in the presence of the petitioner and 2 witnesses 18 years of age or over, neither of whom may be the standby guardian.
48.978(2)(L)4. 4. The standby guardian shall file the determination of incapacity received under subd. 1., the certificate of death received under subd. 2., or the determination of debilitation and written consent received under subd. 3., whichever is applicable, with the court that entered the guardianship order within 90 days after the date on which the standby guardian receives that determination, certificate, or determination and written consent. If the standby guardian fails to file that determination, certificate, or determination and written consent with that court within those 90 days, the court may rescind the guardianship order.
48.978(2)(m) (m) Suspension of duty and authority of court-appointed standby guardian.
48.978(2)(m)1.1. The duty and authority of a standby guardian appointed under par. (j) 2. shall be suspended on the receipt by the standby guardian of a copy of a determination of recovery or remission under sub. (5).
48.978(2)(m)2. 2. The standby guardian shall file the determination of recovery or remission received under subd. 1. with the court that entered the guardianship order within 90 days after the date on which the standby guardian receives that determination. If the standby guardian fails to file that determination with that court within those 90 days, the court may rescind the guardianship order.
48.978(2)(m)3. 3. The duty and authority of a standby guardian that are suspended under subd. 1. shall begin again as provided in par. (L).
48.978(2)(n) (n) Rescission of standby guardianship.
48.978(2)(n)1.1. If at any time before the duty and authority of a standby guardian appointed under par. (j) 2. begin, the court finds that the findings of the court under par. (f) no longer apply or determines that the determination of the court under par. (j) 2. no longer applies, the court may rescind the guardianship order.
48.978(2)(n)2. 2. A person who is appointed as a standby guardian under par. (j) 2. may, at any time before his or her duty and authority as a standby guardian begin, renounce that appointment by executing a written renunciation, filing the renunciation with the court that issued the guardianship order and notifying the petitioner in writing of the renunciation. On compliance with this subdivision, the court shall rescind the guardianship order.
48.978(2)(n)3. 3. A person who is appointed as a standby guardian under par. (j) 2. may, at any time after his or her duty and authority as standby guardian begin, resign that appointment be executing a written resignation, filing the resignation with the court that issued the guardianship order and notifying the petitioner, if living, in writing of that resignation. On compliance with this subdivision, the court may accept the resignation and rescind the guardianship order if the court determines that the resignation and rescission are in the best interests of the child.
48.978(2)(n)4. 4. The petitioner may revoke a standby guardianship ordered under par. (j) 2. at any time before the duty and authority of the standby guardian begin by executing a written revocation, filing the revocation with the court that entered the guardianship order and notifying the standby guardian in writing of the revocation. On compliance with this subdivision, the court shall rescind the guardianship order.
48.978(2)(n)5. 5. The petitioner may revoke a standby guardianship ordered under par. (j) 2. at any time after the duty and authority of the standby guardian begin by executing a written revocation, filing the written revocation with the court that entered the guardianship order and notifying the standby guardian in writing of the revocation. On compliance with this subdivision, the court may rescind the guardianship order if the court determines that rescission of the guardianship order is in the best interests of the child.
48.978(3) (3)Parental designation.
48.978(3)(a)(a) Written designation. A parent may designate a standby guardian for his or her child by means of a written designation signed by the parent in the presence of 2 witnesses 18 years of age or over, neither of whom may be the standby guardian, and by the standby guardian. If a parent is physically unable to sign that written designation, another person 18 years of age or over who is not the standby guardian may sign the written designation on behalf of the parent and at the direction of the parent, in the presence of the parent and 2 witnesses 18 years of age or over, neither of whom may be the standby guardian.
48.978(3)(b) (b) Contents of written designation; form.
48.978(3)(b)1.1. A written designation of a standby guardian shall identify the parent who is making the designation, the child who is the subject of the standby guardianship and the person who is designated to be the standby guardian. The written designation shall also state the duties and authority that the parent wishes the standby guardian to exercise and shall indicate that the parent intends for the duty and authority of standby guardian to begin on the parent's incapacity, death, or debilitation and consent under par. (c) 3. to the beginning of the duty and authority of the standby guardian, or on whichever occurs first. A parent may designate an alternate standby guardian in the same written designation and in the same manner as the parent designates the standby guardian.
48.978(3)(b)2. 2. A written designation of a standby guardian complies with this subsection if the written designation substantially conforms to the following form:
Designation of standby guardian
I, .... (name and address of parent), being of sound mind, do hereby designate .... (name and address of standby guardian) as standby guardian of the person and estate of my child(ren) .... (name(s), birth date(s) and address(es) of child(ren)).
(You may, if you wish, provide that the duty and authority of the standby guardian shall extend only to the person, or only to the estate, of your child(ren), by crossing out "person and" or "and estate", whichever is inapplicable, above.)
The duty and authority of the standby guardian shall begin on one of the following events, whichever occurs first:
1. I die.
2. My doctor determines that I am mentally incapacitated, and thus unable to care for my child(ren).
3. My doctor determines that I am physically debilitated, and thus unable to care for my child(ren), and I consent in writing, before 2 witnesses, to the standby guardian's duty and authority taking effect.
If the person I designate above is unwilling or unable to act as standby guardian for my child(ren), I hereby designate .... (name and address of alternate standby guardian) as standby guardian for my child(ren).
I also understand that the duty and authority of the standby guardian designated above will end 180 days after the day on which that duty and authority begin if the standby guardian does not petition the court within those 180 days for an order appointing him or her as standby guardian.
I understand that I retain full parental rights over my child(ren) even after the beginning of the standby guardianship, that I may revoke the standby guardianship at any time before the standby guardianship begins, that I may revoke the standby guardianship at any time after the standby guardianship begins, subject to the approval of the court, and that the standby guardianship will be suspended on my recovery or remission from my incapacity or debilitation.
Signature....   Date ....
Statement of witnesses
I declare that the person whose name appears above signed this document in my presence, or was physically unable to sign the document and asked another person 18 years of age or over to sign the document, who did so in my presence, and that I believe the person whose name appears above to be of sound mind. I further declare that I am 18 years of age or over and that I am not the person designated as standby guardian or alternate standby guardian.
Witness No. 1:
(print) Name ...   Date ....
Address ....
Signature ....
Witness No. 2:
(print) Name ....   Date ....
Address ....
Signature ....
Statement of standby guardian
and alternate standby guardian
I .... (name and address of standby guardian), and I, .... (name and address of alternate standby guardian), understand that .... (name of parent) has designated me to be the standby guardian or alternate standby guardian of the person and estate (cross out "person and" or "and estate", if inapplicable) of his or her child(ren) if he or she dies, becomes mentally incapacitated, or becomes physically debilitated and consents, to my duty and authority taking effect. I hereby declare that I am willing and able to undertake the duty and authority of standby guardianship and I understand that within 180 days after that duty and authority begin I must petition the court for an order appointing me as standby guardian. I further understand that .... (name of parent) retains full parental rights over his or her child(ren) even after the beginning of the standby guardianship, that he or she may revoke the standby guardianship at any time before the standby guardianship begins, that he or she may revoke the standby guardianship at any time after the standby guardianship begins, subject to the approval of the court, and that the standby guardianship will be suspended on his or her recovery or remission from his or her incapacity or debilitation.
Standby guardian's signature ....   Date ....
Address ....
Alternate standby guardian' signature ....   Date ....
Address ....
48.978(3)(b)3. 3. A written designation of a standby guardian may also contain a consent to that designation that substantially conforms to the following form and that shall be completed if the child's other parent can be located:
Consent to designation of standby guardian
I, .... (name and address of other parent), being of sound mind, do hereby consent to the designation by .... (name of designating parent) of .... (name of standby guardian) as standby guardian, and of .... (name of alternate standby guardian) as alternate standby guardian, of the person and estate (cross out "person and" or "and estate", if inapplicable) of my child(ren) .... (name(s), birth date(s) and address(es) of child(ren)).
I also consent to the terms and conditions of the standby guardianship stated above and I understand that I retain full parental rights over my child(ren) even after the beginning of the standby guardianship and that I may revoke my consent to the standby guardianship at any time.
Signature ....   Date ....
Statement of witnesses
I declare that the person whose name appears above signed this document in my presence, or was physically unable to sign the document and asked another person 18 years of age or over to sign the document, who did so in my presence, and that I believe the person whose name appears above to be of sound mind. I further declare that I am 18 years of age or over and that I am not the person designated as standby guardian or alternate standby guardian.
Witness No. 1:
(print) Name ....   Date ....
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)