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49.89(8) (8)Welfare claims not prejudiced by recipient's release.
49.89(8)(a)(a) No person who has or may have a claim or cause of action in tort or contract and who has received assistance under this chapter or under s. 253.05 as a result of the occurrence that creates the claim or cause of action may release the liable party or the liable party's insurer from liability to the units of government specified in sub. (2). Any payment to a beneficiary or recipient of assistance under this chapter or under s. 253.05 in consideration of a release from liability is evidence of the payer's liability to the unit of government that granted the assistance.
49.89(8)(b) (b) Liability under par. (a) is to the extent of assistance payments under this chapter or under s. 253.05 resulting from the occurrence creating the claim or cause of action, but not in excess of any insurance policy limits, counting payments made to the injured person. The unit of government administering assistance shall include in its claim any assistance paid to or on behalf of dependents of the injured person, to the extent that eligibility for assistance resulted from the occurrence creating the claim or cause of action.
49.89(9) (9)Powers of health maintenance organizations. A health maintenance organization or other prepaid health care plan has the powers of the department of health services under subs. (2) to (5) to recover the costs which the organization or plan incurs in treating an individual if all of the following circumstances are present:
49.89(9)(a) (a) The costs result from an occurrence of an injury or sickness of an individual who is a recipient of medical assistance.
49.89(9)(b) (b) The occurrence of the injury or sickness creates a claim or cause of action on the part of the recipient or the estate of the recipient.
49.89(9)(c) (c) The medical costs are incurred during a period for which the department of health services pays a capitation or enrollment fee for the recipient.
49.89 Annotation Counties were entitled to be reimbursed for medical assistance from insurance settlements obtained by accident victims despite the fact that neither victim had been fully compensated. Waukesha County v. Johnson, 107 Wis. 2d 155, 320 N.W.2d 1 (Ct. App. 1982).
49.89 Annotation A county could recoup medical assistance payments from a recipient who was minor. Perkins v. Utnehmer, 122 Wis. 2d 497, 361 N.W.2d 739 (Ct. App. 1984).
49.89 Annotation This section, not s. 49.45 (19) (a) 2., specifically addresses the assignment of actions and subrogation of rights by a public assistance recipient who is injured and has a tort claim against a 3rd party. Ellsworth v. Schelbrock, 2000 WI 63, 235 Wis. 2d 678, 611 N.W.2d 764, 98-0294.
49.89 Annotation An Arkansas law that automatically imposed a lien on tort settlements in an amount equal to the state's Medicaid's costs incurred on behalf of the settlement recipient, including settlement proceeds meant to compensate the recipient for damages distinct from medical costs like pain and suffering, lost wages, and loss of future earnings contravened federal law and was therefore unenforceable. A state cannot lay claim to more than the portion of the settlement that represents medical expenses. Arkansas Dept. of Health and Human Services v. Ahlborn, 547 U.S. 268, 164 L. Ed. 2d 459, 126 S. Ct. 1752 (2006).
49.89 Annotation Attorney's fees are not chargeable against public assistance recovered in an action under this section. 70 Atty. Gen. 61.
49.90 49.90 Liability of relatives; enforcement.
49.90(1) (1)
49.90(1)(a)1.1. The parent and spouse of any dependent person who is unable to maintain himself or herself shall maintain such dependent person, so far as able, in a manner approved by the authorities having charge of the dependent, or by the board in charge of the institution where such dependent person is; but no parent shall be required to support a child 18 years of age or older.
49.90(1)(a)2. 2. Except as provided under subs. (11) and (13) (a), the parent of a dependent person under the age of 18 shall maintain a child of the dependent person so far as the parent is able and to the extent that the dependent person is unable to do so. The requirement under this subdivision does not supplant any requirement under subd. 1. and applies regardless of whether a court has ordered maintenance by the parent of the dependent person or established a level of maintenance by the parent of the dependent person.
49.90(1)(b) (b) For purposes of this section those persons receiving benefits under federal Title XVI or under s. 49.77 shall not be deemed dependent persons.
49.90(1)(c) (c) For the purpose of determining the ability of a parent or spouse to maintain a dependent person or the ability of a parent to support the child of his or her dependent child under the age of 18, credit granted under subch. VIII of ch. 71 shall not be considered.
49.90(1m) (1m) Each spouse has an equal obligation to support the other spouse as provided in this chapter. Each parent has an equal obligation to support his or her minor children as provided in this chapter and chs. 48 and 938. Each parent of a dependent person under the age of 18 has an equal obligation to support the child of the dependent person as provided under sub. (1) (a) 2.
49.90(2) (2) Upon failure of these relatives to provide maintenance the authorities or board shall submit to the corporation counsel a report of its findings. Upon receipt of the report the corporation counsel shall, within 60 days, apply to the circuit court for the county in which the dependent person under sub. (1) (a) 1. or the child of a dependent person under sub. (1) (a) 2. resides for an order to compel the maintenance. Upon such an application the corporation counsel shall make a written report to the county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, or 46.23, with a copy to the chairperson of the county board of supervisors in a county with a single-county department or the county boards of supervisors in counties with a multicounty department, and to the department of health services or the department of children and families, whichever is appropriate.
49.90(2g) (2g) In addition to the remedy specified in sub. (2), upon failure of a grandparent to provide maintenance under sub. (1) (a) 2., another grandparent who is or may be required to provide maintenance under sub. (1) (a) 2., a child of a dependent minor or the child's parent may apply to the circuit court for the county in which the child resides for an order to compel the provision of maintenance. A county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, or 46.23, a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5), or the department of children and families may initiate an action to obtain maintenance of the child by the child's grandparent under sub. (1) (a) 2., regardless of whether the child receives public assistance.
49.90(2r) (2r) An action under sub. (2) or (2g) for maintenance of a grandchild by a grandparent may be joined with an action to determine paternity under s. 767.80 (1) or an action for child support under s. 767.001 (1) (f) or (j) or 767.501, or both.
49.90(3) (3) At least 10 days prior to the hearing on the application under sub. (2) or (2g), notice of the hearing shall be served upon the grandparent or other relative who is alleged not to have provided maintenance, in the manner provided for the service of summons in courts of record.
49.90(4) (4) The circuit court shall in a summary way hear the allegations and proofs of the parties and by order require maintenance from these relatives, if they have sufficient ability, considering their own future maintenance and making reasonable allowance for the protection of the property and investments from which they derive their living and their care and protection in old age, in the following order: First the husband or wife; then the father and the mother; and then the grandparents in the instances in which sub. (1) (a) 2. applies. The order shall specify a sum which will be sufficient for the support of the dependent person under sub. (1) (a) 1. or the maintenance of a child of a dependent person under sub. (1) (a) 2., to be paid weekly or monthly, during a period fixed by the order or until the further order of the court. If the court is satisfied that any such relative is unable wholly to maintain the dependent person or the child, but is able to contribute to the person's support or the child's maintenance, the court may direct 2 or more of the relatives to maintain the person or the child and prescribe the proportion each shall contribute. If the court is satisfied that these relatives are unable together wholly to maintain the dependent person or the child, but are able to contribute to the person's support or the child's maintenance, the court shall direct a sum to be paid weekly or monthly by each relative in proportion to ability. Contributions directed by court order, if for less than full support, shall be paid to the department of health services or the department of children and families, whichever is appropriate, and distributed as required by state and federal law. An order under this subsection that relates to maintenance required under sub. (1) (a) 2. shall specifically assign responsibility for and direct the manner of payment of the child's health care expenses, subject to the limitations under subs. (1) (a) 2. and (11). Upon application of any party affected by the order and upon like notice and procedure, the court may modify such an order. Obedience to such an order may be enforced by proceedings for contempt.
49.90(5) (5) Any party aggrieved by such order may appeal therefrom but when the appeal is taken by the authorities having charge of the dependent person an undertaking need not be filed.
49.90(6) (6) If any relative who has been ordered to maintain an institutionalized dependent person or an institutionalized child of a dependent person under 18 years of age neglects to do as ordered, the authorities in charge of the dependent or child or in charge of the institution may recover in an action on behalf of the relief agency or institution for relief or support accorded the dependent person or child against such relative while the order was disobeyed and up to the time of judgment, with costs.
49.90(7) (7) When the income of a responsible relative is such that the relative would be expected to make a contribution to the support of the recipient and such recipient lives in the relative's home and requires care, a reasonable amount may be deducted from the expected contribution in exchange for the care provided.
49.90(9) (9) In any action under this section the court may impose any sum ordered paid by a party as a charge upon any specific real estate of the party liable or may require sufficient security to be given for payment according to the judgment or order.
49.90(10) (10) If an action under this section relates to support or maintenance of a child, to the extent appropriate the court shall determine maintenance or support in the manner in which support is determined under s. 767.511.
49.90(11) (11) Except as provided in sub. (13) (b), the parent of a dependent person who is under the age of 18 and is alleged to be the father of a child is responsible for maintenance of that child only if the paternity of the child has been determined to be that of the dependent person as provided in subch. VIII of ch. 48 or under subch. IX of ch. 767. Subject to the limitations under sub. (1) (a), if a parent of a dependent person is liable for the health care expenses of the dependent person's child under sub. (4), this liability extends to all expenses of the child's medical care and treatment, including those associated with the childbirth, regardless of whether they were incurred prior to the determination of paternity and regardless of whether the determination of paternity is made after the child's father attains 18 years of age, except that the period for which maintenance payment is ordered for the parent of a dependent person may not extend beyond the date on which the dependent person attains 18 years of age. The court may limit the liability of the dependent person's parent for the child's medical expenses if the expenses exceed 5% of the parent's federal adjusted gross income for the previous taxable year, if the parent files separately, or 5% of the sum of the parents' federal adjusted gross income for the previous taxable year, if the parents file jointly.
49.90(12) (12) The parent of a dependent person who maintains a child of the dependent person under sub. (1) (a) 2. may, after the dependent person attains the age of 18, apply to the circuit court for the county in which the child resides for an order to compel restitution by the dependent person of the amount of maintenance provided to the dependent person's child by that parent. The circuit court shall in a summary way hear the allegations and proof of the parties and, after considering the financial resources and the future ability of the dependent person to pay, may by order specify a sum in payment of the restitution, to be paid weekly or monthly, during a period fixed by the order or until further order of the court. Upon application of any party affected by the order and following notice and an opportunity for presentation of allegations and proof by the parties, the court may modify the order. The parent of the dependent person may file a restitution order with the clerk of circuit court. Upon payment of the fee under s. 814.61 (5) (a), the clerk of circuit court shall enter the order on the judgment and lien docket under s. 806.10 in the same manner as for a judgment in a civil action. Thereafter, the parent of the dependent person may enforce the order against the dependent person in the same manner as for a judgment in a civil action.
49.90(13) (13)
49.90(13)(a)(a) The parent of a dependent person who is the victim of a sexual assault under s. 940.225 (1) (a) for which a conviction is obtained and which results in the birth of a child before the dependent person attains the age of 18 is not responsible under sub. (1) (a) 2. for the maintenance of that child of the dependent person.
49.90(13)(b) (b) If a dependent person is convicted at any time of causing a pregnancy under s. 940.225 (1) (a) which results in the birth of a child before the dependent person attains the age of 18, the parent of that dependent person is solely liable under the requirements of sub. (1) (a) 2. for the maintenance of the dependent person's child.
49.90(13)(c) (c) If the parent of the dependent person specified in par. (a) provides maintenance to the dependent person's child and if par. (b) applies, the parent may apply to the circuit court for the county in which the child resides for an order to compel restitution by the parent specified in par. (b) of the amount of maintenance provided. The circuit court shall in a summary way hear the allegations and proof of the parties and, after considering the financial resources and future ability of the parent of the dependent person specified in par. (b) to pay, may by order specify a sum in payment of the restitution, to be paid weekly or monthly, during a period fixed by the order or until further order of the court. Upon application of any party affected by the order and following notice and an opportunity for presentation of allegations and proof by the parties, the court may modify the order. The parent specified in par. (a) may file a restitution order with the clerk of circuit court. Upon payment of a fee under s. 814.61 (5) (a), the clerk of circuit court shall enter the order on the judgment and lien docket under s. 806.10 in the same manner as for a judgment in a civil action. Thereafter, the parent specified in par. (a) may enforce the order against the parent specified in par. (b) in the same manner as for a judgment in a civil action.
49.90 Annotation Sub. (1) (a) 2. is a substantive provision and legislative intent indicates it is to have prospective effect only. In re Paternity of C.J.H., 149 Wis. 2d 624, 439 N.W.2d 615 (Ct. App. 1989).
49.90 Annotation Sub. (1) (a) 1. obligates a spouse to support a dependent spouse who is unable to financially care for him or herself while residing in an institution, but must give way to the more specific terms of s. 49.455 (2) and (3) (a), which are specifically concerned with the allocation of income from a community spouse to an institutionalized spouse receiving medical assistance benefits. Section 49.455 (2) applies in determining eligibility for medical assistance and the required contribution to an institutionalized person's care and s. 49.455 (3) (a) declares that the income of a community spouse is not available to the institutionalized spouse, when, with specific exceptions, a community spouse's income is paid solely to the spouse. Chippewa County Department of Human Services v. Bush, 2007 WI App 184, 305 Wis. 2d 181, 738 N.W.2d 562, 05-1113.
49.95 49.95 Penalties; evidence.
49.95(1) (1) Any person who, with intent to secure public assistance under this chapter, whether for himself or herself or for some other person, willfully makes any false representations is subject to the following penalties:
49.95(1)(a) (a) If the value of the assistance so secured does not exceed $300, the person may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000.
49.95(1)(b) (b) If the value of the assistance exceeds $300 but does not exceed $1,000, the person may be fined not more than $250 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
49.95(1)(c) (c) If the value of the assistance exceeds $1,000 but does not exceed $2,000, the person may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both.
49.95(1)(d) (d) If the value of the assistance exceeds $2,000 but does not exceed $5,000, the person is guilty of a Class I felony.
49.95(1)(e) (e) If the value of the assistance exceeds $5,000 but does not exceed $10,000, the person is guilty of a Class H felony.
49.95(1)(f) (f) If the value of the assistance exceeds $10,000, the person is guilty of a Class G felony.
49.95(2) (2) Any person who willfully does any act designed to interfere with the proper administration of public assistance shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $100 or be punished by imprisonment for not less than 10 nor more than 60 days.
49.95(3) (3) Any dependent person who sells or exchanges supplies or articles furnished the person as assistance or who disposes of such supplies or articles in any other way than as directed, with intent thereby to defraud the county or municipality furnishing the assistance, and any person who purchases any article knowing it to have been furnished to another person as assistance shall be punished as provided in sub. (2).
49.95(4m) (4m) Any person who does all of the following shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days or both:
49.95(4m)(a) (a) Without legal authority, sends or brings a person to a county, tribal governing body or municipality or advises a person to go to a county, tribal governing body or municipality for the purpose of obtaining relief funded by a relief block grant, benefits under the Wisconsin works program under ss. 49.141 to 49.161, aid to families with dependent children under s. 49.19, medical assistance under subch. IV or food stamps under 7 USC 2011 to 2029.
49.95(4m)(b) (b) Obtains a pecuniary advantage because the person is brought or sent or goes to the county, tribal governing body or municipality.
49.95(5) (5) Any person in charge of public assistance or any of the person's assistants who receives or solicits any commission or derives or seeks to obtain any personal financial gain through any purchase, sale, disbursement or contract for supplies or other property used in the administration of public assistance shall be punished as provided in s. 946.13.
49.95(6) (6) Where a person is originally eligible for assistance and receives any income or assets or both thereafter and fails to notify the officer or agency granting such assistance of the receipt of such assets within 10 days after such receipt and continues to receive aid, such failure to so notify the proper officer or agency of receipt of such assets or income or both shall be considered a fraud and the penalties in sub. (1) shall apply.
49.95(8) (8) Any person who makes any statement in a written application for aid under this chapter shall be considered to have made an admission as to the existence, correctness or validity of any fact stated, which shall be taken as prima facie evidence against the party making it in any complaint, information or indictment, and in any action or proceeding brought for the enforcement of any provision of this chapter.
49.95(9) (9) If any person obtains for himself or herself, or for any other person or dependents or both, assistance under this chapter on the basis of facts stated to the authorities charged with the responsibility of furnishing assistance and fails to notify said authorities within 10 days of any change in the facts as originally stated and continues to receive assistance based on the originally stated facts such failure to notify shall be considered a fraud and the penalties in sub. (1) shall apply. The negotiation of a check, share draft or other draft received in payment of such assistance by the recipient or the withdrawal of any funds credited to the recipient's account through the use of any other money transfer technique after any change in such facts which would render the person ineligible for such assistance shall be prima facie evidence of fraud in any such case.
49.95(10) (10) Any person who accepts a relief voucher granted as relief and fails to tender the commodities authorized by the relief authorities to the relief recipient but in lieu thereof refunds to the relief recipient cash or substitutes any alcohol beverages or cigarettes not authorized by the relief voucher shall be considered to have committed a fraud and the penalties provided in sub. (1) shall apply to said person.
49.95(11) (11) "Public assistance" as used in this section includes relief funded by a relief block grant and benefits under ss. 49.141 to 49.161.
49.95 AnnotationSub. (9) is not unconstitutionally vague. Weber v. State, 59 Wis. 2d 371, 208 N.W.2d 396 (1973).
49.95 AnnotationWelfare fraud under sub. (9) is a continuing offense. John v. State, 96 Wis. 2d 183, 291 N.W.2d 502 (1980).
49.95 Annotation An insurance payment compensating for the loss of personal and household property, which are exempt assets under AFDC regulations, was not an exempt asset and was required to be reported under sub. (6). State v. Salzer, 133 Wis. 2d 54, 393 N.W.2d 121 (Ct. App. 1986).
49.95 Annotation Welfare fraud is chargeable as a continuing offense. State v. Schumacher, 144 Wis. 2d 388, 424 N.W.2d 672 (1988).
49.95 Annotation Sub. (6) requires recipients to report all assets or income, regardless of whether they were illegally obtained. State v. Baeza, 156 Wis. 2d 651, 457 N.W.2d 522 (Ct. App. 1990).
49.95 Annotation If the defendant's AFDC eligibility was based on the absence of the child's father, the failure to report the return to the household of the father constituted fraud regardless of whether the family might have still qualified for assistance under different criteria. State v. Kaufman, 188 Wis. 2d 485, 525 N.W.2d 138 (Ct. App. 1994).
49.96 49.96 Assistance grants exempt from levy. All grants of aid to families with dependent children, payments made under ss. 48.57 (3m) or (3n), 49.148 (1) (b) 1. or (c) or (1m) or 49.149 to 49.159, payments made for social services, cash benefits paid by counties under s. 59.53 (21), and benefits under s. 49.77 or federal Title XVI, are exempt from every tax, and from execution, garnishment, attachment and every other process and shall be inalienable.
49.96 History History: 1973 c. 147; 1987 a. 27, 399; 1989 a. 278; 1995 a. 27 s. 2940; Stats. 1995 s. 49.96; 1995 a. 201, 289; 1997 a. 27, 35, 105.
49.96 Annotation AFDC money did not lose its exemption from garnishment when it was deposited in a checking account. Northwest Engineering Credit Union v. Jahn, 120 Wis. 2d 185, 353 N.W.2d 67 (Ct. App. 1984).
49.96 Annotation A support order against actual AFDC grants is prohibited, but an order against earned income of one who also receives AFDC is not. In Support of B., L., T. & K. 171 Wis. 2d 617, 492 N.W.2d 350 (Ct. App. 1992).
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 11, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 11, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-11-14)