51.448(3) (3)The department shall review proposals submitted by organizations seeking to provide consultation services through the addiction medicine consultation program under this section and shall designate sites, in a number determined by the department, based on the submitted proposals. The department shall select and provide moneys to organizations to provide consultation services through the addiction medicine consultation program in a manner that maximizes medically appropriate access and services as described under sub. (4).
51.448(4) (4)The department shall select qualified organizations to provide addiction medicine consultation program services through the sites designated in sub. (3). Each site shall make available its own qualified provider or consortium of providers. To be a qualified provider in the addiction medicine consultation program under this section, an organization shall successfully demonstrate it meets all of the following criteria:
51.448(4)(a) (a) The organization has the required infrastructure to be located within the geographic service area of the proposed site.
51.448(4)(b) (b) Any individual who would be providing consulting services through the addiction medicine consultation program is located in this state.
51.448(4)(c) (c) The organization enters into a contract with the department agreeing to satisfy all of the following criteria as a condition of providing services through the addiction medicine consultation program:
51.448(4)(c)1. 1. The organization has at the time of participation in the addiction medicine consultation program a physician who is board-certified in addiction psychiatry or addiction medicine.
51.448(4)(c)2. 2. The organization operates during the normal business hours of Monday to Friday between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., excluding holidays.
51.448(4)(c)3. 3. The organization shall be able to provide consultation services as promptly as is practicable.
51.448(4)(c)4. 4. The organization shall provide all of the following services:
51.448(4)(c)4.a. a. Support for participating clinicians to assist in the management of addiction or substance abuse and to provide referral support for patients with a substance use addiction.
51.448(4)(c)4.b. b. A triage-level assessment to determine the most appropriate response to each request, including appropriate referrals to other mental health professionals.
51.448(4)(c)4.c. c. When medically appropriate, diagnostic and therapeutic feedback.
51.448(4)(c)4.d. d. Recruitment of other practices in the site's service territory to the provider's services.
51.448(4)(c)5. 5. The organization shall have the capability to provide consultation services by telephone, at a minimum.
51.448(5) (5)
51.448(5)(a)(a) An organization that provides consultation services through the addiction medicine consultation program under this section may provide services by teleconference, video conference, voice over Internet protocol, electronic mail, pager, or in-person conference.
51.448(5)(b) (b) The organization that provides consultation services through the addiction medicine consultation program under this section may provide any of the following services, which are eligible for funding from the department:
51.448(5)(b)1. 1. Second opinion diagnostic and medication management evaluations conducted either by a physician who is board-certified in addiction psychiatry or addiction medicine or a physician with extensive and documented experience in treating substance use disorders, either by in-person conference or by teleconference, video conference, or voice over Internet protocol.
51.448(5)(b)2. 2. In-person or Internet site-based educational seminars and refresher courses provided to any participating clinician who uses the addiction medicine consultation program on a medically appropriate topic within addiction medicine.
51.448(6) (6)An organization that provides consultation services through the addiction medicine consultation program under this section shall report to the department any information as requested by the department.
51.448(7) (7)An organization that provides consultation services through the addiction medicine consultation program under this section shall do all of the following:
51.448(7)(a) (a) Conduct annual surveys of participating clinicians who use the addiction medicine consultation program under this section to assess the amount of addiction medicine consultation provided, self-perceived levels of confidence in providing addiction medicine services, and the satisfaction with the consultations and the educational opportunities provided.
51.448(7)(b) (b) Immediately after a clinical practice group begins using the addiction medicine consultation program under this section and again 6 to 12 months later, conduct an interview of participating clinicians from that practice group to assess the barriers to and benefits of participation to make future improvements and to determine the participating clinician's treatment abilities, confidence, and awareness of relevant resources before and after using the addiction medicine consultation program.
51.448(7)(c) (c) Annually, submit to the department survey results under par. (a), summaries of interviews under par. (b), and a description of the impact of the program under this section.
51.448 History History: 2017 a. 28.
51.45 51.45 Prevention and control of alcoholism and drug dependence.
51.45(1)(1)Declaration of policy. It is the policy of this state that alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons may not be subjected to criminal prosecution because of their consumption of alcohol beverages or other drugs but rather should be afforded a continuum of treatment in order that they may lead normal lives as productive members of society.
51.45(2) (2)Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:
51.45(2)(b) (b) “Approved private treatment facility" means a private agency meeting the standards prescribed in sub. (8) (a) and approved under sub. (8) (c).
51.45(2)(c) (c) “Approved public treatment facility" means a treatment agency operating under the direction and control of the department or providing treatment under this section through a contract with the department under sub. (7) (g) or with the county department under s. 51.42 (3) (ar) 2., and meeting the standards prescribed in sub. (8) (a) and approved under sub. (8) (c).
51.45(2)(cm) (cm) “County department" means a county department under s. 51.42.
51.45(2)(cr) (cr) “Designated person" means a person who performs, in part, the protective custody functions of a law enforcement officer under sub. (11), operates under an agreement between a county department and an appropriate law enforcement agency under sub. (11), and whose qualifications are established by the county department.
51.45(2)(d) (d) “Incapacitated by alcohol or another drug" means that a person, as a result of the use of or withdrawal from alcohol or another drug, is unconscious or has his or her judgment otherwise so impaired that he or she is incapable of making a rational decision, as evidenced objectively by such indicators as extreme physical debilitation, physical harm or threats of harm to himself or herself or to any other person, or to property.
51.45(2)(e) (e) “Incompetent person" means a person who has been adjudged incompetent by the court, as defined in s. 54.01 (4).
51.45(2)(f) (f) “Intoxicated person" means a person whose mental or physical functioning is substantially impaired as a result of the use of alcohol, a controlled substance, a controlled substance analog, or another drug.
51.45(2)(g) (g) “Treatment" means the broad range of emergency, outpatient, intermediate, and inpatient services and care, including diagnostic evaluation, medical, surgical, psychiatric, psychological, and social service care, vocational rehabilitation and career counseling, which may be extended to alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons, and psychiatric, psychological and social service care which may be extended to their families. Treatment may also include, but shall not be replaced by, physical detention of persons, in an approved treatment facility, who are involuntarily committed or detained under sub. (12) or (13).
51.45(2m) (2m)Applicability to minors.
51.45(2m)(a) (a) Except as otherwise stated in this section, this section shall apply equally to minors and adults.
51.45(2m)(b) (b) Subject to the limitations specified in s. 51.47, a minor may consent to treatment under this section.
51.45(2m)(c) (c) In proceedings for the commitment of a minor under sub. (12) or (13):
51.45(2m)(c)1. 1. The court may appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor; and
51.45(2m)(c)2. 2. The parents or guardian of the minor, if known, shall receive notice of all proceedings.
51.45(3) (3)Powers of department. To implement this section, the department may:
51.45(3)(a) (a) Plan, establish and maintain treatment programs as necessary or desirable.
51.45(3)(b) (b) Make contracts necessary or incidental to the performance of its duties and the execution of its powers, including contracts with public and private agencies, organizations, and individuals to pay them for services rendered or furnished to alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, or intoxicated persons.
51.45(3)(c) (c) Keep records and engage in research and the gathering of relevant statistics.
51.45(3)(d) (d) Provide information and referral services as optional elements of the comprehensive program it develops under sub. (7).
51.45(4) (4)Duties of department. The department shall:
51.45(4)(a) (a) Develop, encourage and foster statewide, regional, and local plans and programs for the prevention of alcoholism and drug dependence and treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons in cooperation with public and private agencies, organizations, and individuals and provide technical assistance and consultation services for these purposes.
51.45(4)(b) (b) Coordinate the efforts and enlist the assistance of all public and private agencies, organizations and individuals interested in prevention of alcoholism and drug dependence and treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons.
51.45(4)(c) (c) Assure that the county department provides treatment for alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons in county, town and municipal institutions for the detention and incarceration of persons charged with or convicted of a violation of a state law or a county, town or municipal ordinance.
51.45(4)(d) (d) Cooperate with the department of public instruction, local boards of education, schools, including tribal schools, as defined in s. 115.001 (15m), police departments, courts, and other public and private agencies, organizations, and individuals in establishing programs for the prevention of alcoholism and drug dependence and treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons, and preparing curriculum materials thereon for use at all levels of school education.
51.45(4)(e) (e) Prepare, publish, evaluate and disseminate educational material dealing with the nature and effects of alcohol and other drugs.
51.45(4)(f) (f) Develop and implement and assure that county departments develop and implement, as an integral part of treatment programs, an educational program for use in the treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons, which program shall include the dissemination of information concerning the nature and effects of alcohol and other drugs.
51.45(4)(g) (g) Organize and foster training programs for all persons engaged in treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons.
51.45(4)(h) (h) Sponsor and encourage research into the causes and nature of alcoholism and drug dependence and treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons, and serve as a clearinghouse for information relating to alcoholism and drug dependence.
51.45(4)(i) (i) Specify uniform methods for keeping statistical information by public and private agencies, organizations, and individuals, and collect and make available relevant statistical information, including number of persons treated, frequency of admission and readmission, and frequency and duration of treatment.
51.45(4)(j) (j) Advise the governor or the state health planning and development agency under P.L. 93-641, as amended, in the preparation of a comprehensive plan for treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons for inclusion in the state's comprehensive health plan.
51.45(4)(k) (k) Review all state health, welfare and treatment plans to be submitted for federal funding under federal legislation, and advise the governor or the state health planning and development agency under P.L. 93-641, as amended, on provisions to be included relating to alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons.
51.45(4)(L) (L) Develop and maintain, in cooperation with other state agencies, local governments and businesses and industries in the state, appropriate prevention, treatment and rehabilitation programs and services for alcohol abuse, alcoholism, controlled substance use, and drug dependence among employees thereof.
51.45(4)(m) (m) Utilize the support and assistance of interested persons in the community, particularly recovered alcoholics and recovered drug dependent persons, to encourage alcoholics and persons who are drug dependent voluntarily to undergo treatment.
51.45(4)(n) (n) Cooperate with the department of transportation in establishing and conducting programs designed to deal with the problem of persons operating motor vehicles while intoxicated.
51.45(4)(o) (o) Encourage general hospitals and other appropriate health facilities to admit without discrimination alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons and to provide them with adequate and appropriate treatment.
51.45(4)(p) (p) Submit to the governor or the state health planning and development agency under P.L. 93-641, as amended, an annual report covering the activities of the department relating to treatment of alcoholism and drug dependence.
51.45(4)(q) (q) Gather information relating to all federal programs concerning alcoholism and drug dependence, whether or not subject to approval by the department, to assure coordination and avoid duplication of efforts.
51.45(7) (7)Comprehensive program for treatment.
51.45(7)(a)(a) The department shall establish a comprehensive and coordinated program for the treatment of alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons.
51.45(7)(b) (b) The program of the department shall include:
51.45(7)(b)1. 1. Emergency medical treatment provided by a facility affiliated with or part of the medical service of a general hospital.
51.45(7)(b)2. 2. Nonmedical emergency treatment provided by a facility having a written agreement with a general hospital for the provision of emergency medical treatment to patients as may be necessary.
51.45(7)(b)3. 3. Inpatient treatment.
51.45(7)(b)4. 4. Intermediate treatment as a part-time resident of a treatment facility.
51.45(7)(b)5. 5. Outpatient and follow-up treatment.
51.45(7)(b)6. 6. Extended care in a sheltered living environment with minimal staffing providing a program emphasizing at least one of the following elements: the development of self-care, social and recreational skills or prevocational or vocational training.
51.45(7)(b)7. 7. Prevention and intervention services.
51.45(7)(c) (c) The department shall provide for adequate and appropriate treatment for alcoholics, persons who are drug dependent, and intoxicated persons admitted under subs. (10) to (13). Treatment may not be provided at a correctional institution except for inmates.
51.45(7)(d) (d) The superintendent of each facility shall make an annual report of its activities to the secretary in the form and manner the secretary specifies.
51.45(7)(e) (e) All appropriate public and private resources shall be coordinated with and utilized in the program if possible.
51.45(7)(f) (f) The secretary shall prepare, publish and distribute annually a list of all approved public and private treatment facilities.
51.45(7)(g) (g) The department may contract for the use of any facility as an approved public treatment facility if the secretary considers this to be an effective and economical course to follow.
51.45(7)(h) (h) The department shall authorize approved tribal treatment facilities to conduct assessments under s. 343.30 (1q) (c) and prepare driver safety plans under s. 343.30 (1q) (d) if, with regard to each person for whom the approved tribal treatment facility conducts an assessment under s. 343.30 (1q) (c), the approved tribal treatment facility agrees in writing to do all of the following:
51.45(7)(h)1. 1. Notify the county assessment agency identified in the order under s. 343.30 (1q) (c) 1. within 72 hours that the approved tribal treatment facility has been contacted for the assessment.
51.45(7)(h)2. 2. Execute all duties of an approved public treatment facility under s. 343.30 (1q) and rules promulgated under s. 343.30 (1q).
51.45(8) (8)Standards for public and private treatment facilities; enforcement procedures.
51.45(8)(a) (a) The department shall establish minimum standards for approved treatment facilities that must be met for a treatment facility to be approved as a public or private treatment facility, except as provided in s. 51.032, and fix the fees to be charged by the department for the required inspections. The standards may concern only the health standards to be met and standards of treatment to be afforded patients and shall distinguish between facilities rendering different modes of treatment. In setting standards, the department shall consider the residents' needs and abilities, the services to be provided by the facility, and the relationship between the physical structure and the objectives of the program. Nothing in this subsection shall prevent county departments from establishing reasonable higher standards.
51.45(8)(b) (b) The department periodically shall make unannounced inspections of approved public and private treatment facilities at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner.
51.45(8)(c) (c) Approval of a facility must be secured under this section before application for a grant-in-aid for such facility under s. 51.423 or before treatment in any facility is rendered to patients.
51.45(8)(d) (d) Each approved public and private treatment facility shall file with the department on request, data, statistics, schedules and information the department reasonably requires, including any data or information specified under s. 46.973 (2m). An approved public or private treatment facility that without good cause fails to furnish any data, statistics, schedules or information as requested, or files fraudulent returns thereof, shall be removed from the list of approved treatment facilities.
51.45(8)(e) (e) The department, after notice and hearing, may under this subsection suspend, revoke, limit, or restrict an approval, or refuse to grant an approval, for failure to meet its standards.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 1, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 1, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-1-18)