632.857 History History: 2007 a. 20.
632.86 632.86 Restrictions on pharmaceutical services.
632.86(1)(1)In this section:
632.86(1)(a) (a) “Disability insurance policy" has the meaning given in s. 632.895 (1) (a), except that the term does not include coverage under a health maintenance organization, as defined in s. 609.01 (2), a limited service health organization, as defined in s. 609.01 (3), a preferred provider plan, as defined in s. 609.01 (4), or a health care plan operated by a cooperative association organized under s. 185.981.
632.86(1)(b) (b) “Pharmaceutical mail order plan" means a plan under which prescribed drugs or devices are dispensed through the mail.
632.86(1)(c) (c) “Prescribed drug or device" has the meaning given in s. 450.01 (18).
632.86(2) (2)No group or blanket disability insurance policy that provides coverage of prescribed drugs or devices through a pharmaceutical mail order plan may do any of the following:
632.86(2)(a) (a) Exclude coverage, expressly or by implication, of any prescribed drug or device provided by a pharmacist or pharmacy selected by a covered individual if the pharmacist or pharmacy provides or agrees to provide prescribed drugs or devices under the terms of the policy and at the same cost to the insurer issuing the policy as a pharmaceutical mail order plan.
632.86(2)(b) (b) Contain coverage, deductible or copayment provisions for prescribed drugs or devices provided by a pharmacist or pharmacy selected by a covered individual that are different from the coverage, deductible or copayment provisions for prescribed drugs or devices provided by a pharmaceutical mail order plan.
632.86 History History: 1991 a. 70; 2009 a. 165.
632.865 632.865 Pharmacy benefit managers.
632.865(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
632.865(1)(a) (a) “Pharmacist" has the meaning given in s. 450.01 (15).
632.865(1)(b) (b) “Pharmacy" means an entity licensed under s. 450.06 or 450.065.
632.865(1)(c) (c) “Pharmacy benefit manager" means an entity doing business in this state that contracts to administer or manage prescription drug benefits on behalf of any insurer or other entity that provides prescription drug benefits to residents of this state.
632.865(1)(d) (d) “Prescribed drug or device" has the meaning given in s. 450.01 (18).
632.865(1)(e) (e) “Prescription drug benefit" means coverage of or payment or assistance for prescribed drugs or devices.
632.865(2) (2)Pricing transparency.
632.865(2)(a) (a) The pharmacy benefit manager shall agree in each contract or renewal to do all of the following:
632.865(2)(a)1. 1. Update maximum allowable cost pricing information for prescribed drugs or devices at least every 7 business days and provide a means by which contracted pharmacies may promptly review pricing updates in a format that is readily available and accessible.
632.865(2)(a)2. 2. Reimburse pharmacists and pharmacies for prescribed drugs or devices subject to maximum allowable cost information that has been updated at least every 7 business days.
632.865(2)(a)3. 3. Eliminate prescribed drugs or devices from the maximum allowable cost information or modify maximum allowable cost in a timely fashion consistent with availability of prescribed drugs or devices and pricing changes in the marketplace.
632.865(2)(b) (b) A pharmacy benefit manger shall include in each contract with a pharmacy a process to appeal, investigate, and resolve disputes regarding maximum allowable cost pricing that includes all of the following:
632.865(2)(b)1. 1. A 21-day limit on the right to appeal following the initial claim.
632.865(2)(b)2. 2. A requirement that the appeal be investigated and resolved within 21 days after the date of the appeal.
632.865(2)(b)3. 3. A dedicated telephone number at which the pharmacy may contact the pharmacy benefit manager to speak to a person responsible for processing appeals.
632.865(2)(b)4. 4. A requirement that a pharmacy benefit manager provide a reason for any appeal denial and the national drug code published in a directory by the federal food and drug administration of a prescribed drug or device that may be purchased by retail network pharmacies at a price at or below the maximum allowable cost.
632.865(2)(b)5. 5. A requirement that a pharmacy benefit manager make a pricing adjustment no later than one day after the date of the final determination of the appeal.
632.865 History History: 2015 a. 55.
632.866 632.866 Step therapy protocols.
632.866(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
632.866(1)(a) (a) “Clinical practice guideline” means a systematically developed statement to assist decision making by health care providers and patients about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances and conditions.
632.866(1)(b) (b) “Clinical review criteria” means written screening procedures, decision abstracts, clinical protocols, and clinical practice guidelines used by an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization to determine whether health care services are medically necessary and appropriate.
632.866(1)(c) (c) “Exigent circumstances” means when a patient is suffering from a health condition that may seriously jeopardize the patient's life, health, or ability to regain maximum function.
632.866(1)(d) (d) “Pharmacy benefit manager” has the meaning given in s. 632.865 (1) (c).
632.866(1)(e) (e) “Step therapy protocol” means a protocol or program that establishes the specific sequence in which prescription drugs for a specified medical condition, whether self-administered or physician-administered, that are medically appropriate for a particular patient are covered under a policy or plan.
632.866(1)(f) (f) “Utilization review organization” means an entity that conducts utilization review, other than an insurer or pharmacy benefit manager performing utilization review for its own policy or plan.
632.866(2) (2)Clinical review criteria.
632.866(2)(a) (a) When establishing a step therapy protocol, an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall use clinical review criteria that are based on clinical practice guidelines that are derived from peer-review publications, evidence-based research, and widely accepted medical practice. If such clinical practice guidelines are unavailable, the insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall derive clinical review criteria from peer-reviewed publications, evidence-based research, and widely accepted medical practice. The insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall continually update the clinical review criteria based on an update to the clinical practice guidelines or a review of new evidence and research and newly developed treatments.
632.866(2)(b) (b) Any individual involved in establishing a step therapy protocol under this subsection shall disclose to the insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization any potential conflict of interest due to a financial or other relationship or payment from a pharmaceutical manufacturer and shall recuse himself or herself from voting on a decision regarding the step therapy protocol if he or she has a conflict of interest.
632.866(2)(c) (c) An insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall describe on its Internet site the process and criteria used for selecting and evaluating clinical practice guidelines used under par. (a) to develop step therapy protocols.
632.866(2)(d) (d) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to require insurers, pharmacy benefit managers, or the state to create a new entity to develop clinical review criteria used for step therapy protocols.
632.866(3) (3)Transparency of exceptions process.
632.866(3)(a)(a) When coverage of a prescription drug for the treatment of any medical condition is restricted for use by an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization through the use of a step therapy protocol, the insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall provide access to a clear, readily accessible, and convenient process to request an exception to the step therapy protocol. An insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization may use any existing medical exceptions process to satisfy the requirement under this paragraph. The exception process shall be made easily accessible on the Internet site of the insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization.
632.866(3)(b) (b) An insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall grant an exception to the step therapy protocol if the prescribing provider submits complete, clinically relevant written documentation supporting a step therapy exception request and any of the following are satisfied:
632.866(3)(b)1. 1. The prescription drug required under the step therapy protocol is contraindicated or, due to a documented adverse event with a previous use or a documented medical condition, including a comorbid condition, is likely to do any of the following:
632.866(3)(b)1.a. a. Cause a serious adverse reaction in the patient.
632.866(3)(b)1.b. b. Decrease the ability to achieve or maintain reasonable functional ability in performing daily activities.
632.866(3)(b)1.c. c. Cause physical or psychiatric harm to the patient.
632.866(3)(b)2. 2. The prescription drug required under the step therapy protocol is expected to be ineffective based on all of the following:
632.866(3)(b)2.a. a. Sound clinical evidence or medical and scientific evidence.
632.866(3)(b)2.b. b. The known clinical characteristics of the patient.
632.866(3)(b)2.c. c. The known characteristics of the prescription drug regimen as described in peer-reviewed literature or the manufacturer's prescribing information for the prescription drug.
632.866(3)(b)3. 3. The patient has tried the prescription drug required under the step therapy protocol, or another prescription drug in the same pharmacologic class or with the same mechanism of action, under the policy or plan or a previous policy or plan, the patient was adherent to the prescription drug regimen for a time that allows for a positive treatment outcome, and the patient's use of the prescription drug was discontinued by the patient's provider due to lack of efficacy or effectiveness, diminished effect, or adverse event. This subdivision does not prohibit an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization from requiring a patient to try another drug in the same pharmacologic class or with the same mechanism of action if that therapy sequence is supported by clinical review criteria under sub. (2) (a).
632.866(3)(b)4. 4. The patient is stable on a prescription drug selected by his or her health care provider for the medical condition under consideration while covered under the policy or plan or a previous policy or plan.
632.866(3)(c) (c) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to allow the use of a pharmaceutical sample to satisfy a criterion for an exception to a step therapy protocol.
632.866(3)(d) (d) Upon granting an exception to the step therapy protocol under par. (b), the insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall authorize coverage for the prescription drug prescribed by the patient's treating health care provider to the extent the prescribed drug is covered under the patient's policy or plan.
632.866(3)(e) (e) An insured may appeal any request for an exception to the step therapy protocol that is denied.
632.866(3)(f) (f) An insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall grant or deny a request for any exception to the step therapy protocol within 3 business days of receipt of the complete, clinically relevant written documentation required under par. (b) to support a step therapy exception request under par. (b) or the receipt of a request to appeal a previous decision that includes the complete, clinically relevant written documentation supporting a step therapy exception request. In exigent circumstances, an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization shall grant or deny a request for an exception to the step therapy protocol by the end of the next business day after receipt of the complete, clinically relevant written documentation supporting a step therapy exception request under par. (b). If the insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization does not grant or deny a request or an appeal under the time specified under this paragraph, the exception is considered granted.
632.866(3)(g) (g) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prevent any of the following:
632.866(3)(g)1. 1. An insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or utilization review organization from requiring a patient to try an A-rated generic equivalent prescription drug, as designated by the federal food and drug administration, or a biosimilar, as defined under 42 USC 262 (i) (2), before providing coverage for the equivalent brand name prescription drug.
632.866(3)(g)2. 2. A health care provider from prescribing a prescription drug that is determined to be medically appropriate.
632.866(4) (4)Rules. The commissioner shall promulgate any rules necessary to implement or enforce this section.
632.866 History History: 2019 a. 12; s. 35.17 correction in (3) (a).
632.867 632.867 Oral and injected chemotherapy.
632.867(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
632.867(1)(a) (a) “Chemotherapy" means drugs and biologics that kill cancer cells directly, including antineoplastics, biologic response modifiers, hormone therapy, and monoclonal antibodies, and that are used to do any of the following:
632.867(1)(a)1. 1. Cure a specific cancer.
632.867(1)(a)2. 2. Control tumor growth when cure is not possible.
632.867(1)(a)3. 3. Shrink tumors before surgery or radiation therapy.
632.867(1)(a)4. 4. Destroy microscopic cancer cells that may be present after a tumor is removed by surgery to prevent a cancer recurrence.
632.867(1)(b) (b) “Disability insurance policy" has the meaning given in s. 632.895 (1) (a).
632.867(1)(c) (c) “Self-insured health plan" has the meaning given in s. 632.85 (1) (c).
632.867(2) (2)Copayment, deductible, or coinsurance requirements; limitations.
632.867(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (am), a disability insurance policy that covers injected or intravenous chemotherapy and oral chemotherapy, or a self-insured health plan that covers injected or intravenous chemotherapy and oral chemotherapy, may not require a higher copayment, deductible, or coinsurance amount for oral chemotherapy than it requires for injected or intravenous chemotherapy, regardless of the formulation or benefit category determination by the policy or plan.
632.867(2)(am) (am) A disability insurance policy or self-insured health plan that limits copayments paid by a covered individual to no more than $100 for a 30-day supply of oral chemotherapy medication is considered to comply with this section. On January 1, 2016, and on each January 1 annually thereafter, a disability insurance policy or self-insured health plan may adjust the $100 limit under this paragraph by an amount that does not exceed the percentage increase in the U.S. consumer price index for all urban consumers, U.S. city average, as determined by the U.S. department of labor.
632.867(2)(b) (b) A disability insurance policy or a self-insured health plan may not comply with par. (a) by increasing the copayment, deductible, or coinsurance amount required for injected or intravenous chemotherapy that is covered under the policy or plan.
632.867(2)(c) (c) Notwithstanding par. (a), for a disability insurance policy, or self-insured health plan, that is a high deductible health plan, as defined in 26 USC 223 (c) (2), par. (a) applies only after the plan enrollee's deductible has been satisfied for the year.
632.867 History History: 2013 a. 186.
632.87 632.87 Restrictions on health care services.
632.87(1)(1)No insurer may refuse to provide or pay for benefits for health care services provided by a licensed health care professional on the ground that the services were not rendered by a physician as defined in s. 990.01 (28), unless the contract clearly excludes services by such practitioners, but no contract or plan may exclude services in violation of sub. (2), (2m), (3), (4), (4m), (5), or (6).
632.87(2) (2)No insurer may, under a contract or plan covering vision care services or procedures, refuse to provide coverage for vision care services or procedures provided by an optometrist licensed under ch. 449 within the scope of the practice of optometry, as defined in s. 449.01 (1), if the contract or plan includes coverage for the same services or procedures when provided by another health care provider.
632.87(2m) (2m)No health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan that provides vision care services or procedures within the scope of the practice of optometry, as defined in s. 449.01 (1), may do any of the following:
632.87(2m)(am) (am) Fail to provide to persons covered by the health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan, at the time of enrollment and annually thereafter, a listing of then participating vision care providers, including participating optometrists, setting forth the names of the vision care providers in alphabetical order by last name and their respective business addresses and telephone numbers, with the listing of participating vision care providers to be incorporated in any listing of all participating health care providers that includes the same information regarding all providers, if such listing is provided at the time of enrollment and annually thereafter, or with the listing of participating vision care providers otherwise to be provided separately.
632.87(2m)(b) (b) Fail to provide to persons covered by the health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan, at the time vision care services or procedures are needed, the opportunity to choose optometrists from the listing under par. (am) from whom the persons may obtain covered vision care services and procedures within the scope of the practice of optometry, as defined in s. 449.01 (1).
632.87(2m)(c) (c) Fail to include as participating providers in the health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan optometrists licensed under ch. 449 in sufficient numbers to meet the demand of persons covered by the health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan for optometric services.
632.87(2m)(d) (d) When vision care services or procedures are deemed appropriate by the health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan, restrict or discourage a person covered by the health maintenance organization or preferred provider plan from obtaining covered vision care services or procedures, within the scope of the practice of optometry as defined in s. 449.01 (1), from participating optometrists solely on the basis that the providers are optometrists.
632.87(3) (3)
632.87(3)(a)(a) No policy, plan or contract may exclude coverage for diagnosis and treatment of a condition or complaint by a licensed chiropractor within the scope of the chiropractor's professional license, if the policy, plan or contract covers diagnosis and treatment of the condition or complaint by a licensed physician or osteopath, even if different nomenclature is used to describe the condition or complaint. Examination by or referral from a physician shall not be a condition precedent for receipt of chiropractic care under this paragraph. This paragraph does not:
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on November 3, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 3, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-3-20)