66.0404(1)(q) (q) “Public utility" has the meaning given in s. 196.01 (5).
66.0404(1)(r) (r) “Search ring" means a shape drawn on a map to indicate the general area within which a mobile service support structure should be located to meet radio frequency engineering requirements, taking into account other factors including topography and the demographics of the service area.
66.0404(1)(s) (s) “Substantial modification" means the modification of a mobile service support structure, including the mounting of an antenna on such a structure, that does any of the following:
66.0404(1)(s)1. 1. For structures with an overall height of 200 feet or less, increases the overall height of the structure by more than 20 feet.
66.0404(1)(s)2. 2. For structures with an overall height of more than 200 feet, increases the overall height of the structure by 10 percent or more.
66.0404(1)(s)3. 3. Measured at the level of the appurtenance added to the structure as a result of the modification, increases the width of the support structure by 20 feet or more, unless a larger area is necessary for collocation.
66.0404(1)(s)4. 4. Increases the square footage of an existing equipment compound to a total area of more than 2,500 square feet.
66.0404(1)(t) (t) “Support structure" means an existing or new structure that supports or can support a mobile service facility, including a mobile service support structure, utility pole, water tower, building, or other structure.
66.0404(1)(u) (u) “Utility pole" means a structure owned or operated by an alternative telecommunications utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (1d); public utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (5); telecommunications utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (10); political subdivision; or cooperative association organized under ch. 185; and that is designed specifically for and used to carry lines, cables, or wires for telecommunications service, as defined in s. 182.017 (1g) (cq); for video service, as defined in s. 66.0420 (2) (y); for electricity; or to provide light.
66.0404(2) (2)New construction or substantial modification of facilities and support structures.
66.0404(2)(a) (a) Subject to the provisions and limitations of this section, a political subdivision may enact a zoning ordinance under s. 59.69, 60.61, or 62.23 to regulate any of the following activities:
66.0404(2)(a)1. 1. The siting and construction of a new mobile service support structure and facilities.
66.0404(2)(a)2. 2. With regard to a class 1 collocation, the substantial modification of an existing support structure and mobile service facilities.
66.0404(2)(b) (b) If a political subdivision regulates an activity described under par. (a), the regulation shall prescribe the application process which a person must complete to engage in the siting, construction, or modification activities described in par. (a). The application shall be in writing and shall contain all of the following information:
66.0404(2)(b)1. 1. The name and business address of, and the contact individual for, the applicant.
66.0404(2)(b)2. 2. The location of the proposed or affected support structure.
66.0404(2)(b)3. 3. The location of the proposed mobile service facility.
66.0404(2)(b)4. 4. If the application is to substantially modify an existing support structure, a construction plan which describes the proposed modifications to the support structure and the equipment and network components, including antennas, transmitters, receivers, base stations, power supplies, cabling, and related equipment associated with the proposed modifications.
66.0404(2)(b)5. 5. If the application is to construct a new mobile service support structure, a construction plan which describes the proposed mobile service support structure and the equipment and network components, including antennas, transmitters, receivers, base stations, power supplies, cabling, and related equipment to be placed on or around the new mobile service support structure.
66.0404(2)(b)6. 6. If an application is to construct a new mobile service support structure, an explanation as to why the applicant chose the proposed location and why the applicant did not choose collocation, including a sworn statement from an individual who has responsibility over the placement of the mobile service support structure attesting that collocation within the applicant's search ring would not result in the same mobile service functionality, coverage, and capacity; is technically infeasible; or is economically burdensome to the mobile service provider.
66.0404(2)(c) (c) If an applicant submits to a political subdivision an application for a permit to engage in an activity described under par. (a), which contains all of the information required under par. (b), the political subdivision shall consider the application complete. If the political subdivision does not believe that the application is complete, the political subdivision shall notify the applicant in writing, within 10 days of receiving the application, that the application is not complete. The written notification shall specify in detail the required information that was incomplete. An applicant may resubmit an application as often as necessary until it is complete.
66.0404(2)(d) (d) Within 90 days of its receipt of a complete application, a political subdivision shall complete all of the following or the applicant may consider the application approved, except that the applicant and the political subdivision may agree in writing to an extension of the 90 day period:
66.0404(2)(d)1. 1. Review the application to determine whether it complies with all applicable aspects of the political subdivision's building code and, subject to the limitations in this section, zoning ordinances.
66.0404(2)(d)2. 2. Make a final decision whether to approve or disapprove the application.
66.0404(2)(d)3. 3. Notify the applicant, in writing, of its final decision.
66.0404(2)(d)4. 4. If the decision is to disapprove the application, include with the written notification substantial evidence which supports the decision.
66.0404(2)(e) (e) A political subdivision may disapprove an application if an applicant refuses to evaluate the feasibility of collocation within the applicant's search ring and provide the sworn statement described under par. (b) 6.
66.0404(2)(f) (f) A party who is aggrieved by the final decision of a political subdivision under par. (d) 2. may bring an action in the circuit court of the county in which the proposed activity, which is the subject of the application, is to be located.
66.0404(2)(g) (g) If an applicant provides a political subdivision with an engineering certification showing that a mobile service support structure, or an existing structure, is designed to collapse within a smaller area than the setback or fall zone area required in a zoning ordinance, that zoning ordinance does not apply to such a structure unless the political subdivision provides the applicant with substantial evidence that the engineering certification is flawed.
66.0404(2)(h) (h) A political subdivision may regulate the activities described under par. (a) only as provided in this section.
66.0404(2)(i) (i) If a political subdivision has in effect on July 2, 2013, an ordinance that applies to the activities described under par. (a) and the ordinance is inconsistent with this section, the ordinance does not apply to, and may not be enforced against, the activity.
66.0404(3) (3)Collocation on existing support structures.
66.0404(3)(a)1.1. A class 2 collocation is a permitted use under ss. 59.69, 60.61, and 62.23.
66.0404(3)(a)2. 2. If a political subdivision has in effect on July 2, 2013, an ordinance that applies to a class 2 collocation and the ordinance is inconsistent with this section, the ordinance does not apply to, and may not be enforced against, the class 2 collocation.
66.0404(3)(a)3. 3. A political subdivision may regulate a class 2 collocation only as provided in this section.
66.0404(3)(a)4. 4. A class 2 collocation is subject to the same requirements for the issuance of a building permit to which any other type of commercial development or land use development is subject.
66.0404(3)(b) (b) If an applicant submits to a political subdivision an application for a permit to engage in a class 2 collocation, the application shall contain all of the information required under sub. (2) (b) 1. to 3., in which case the political subdivision shall consider the application complete. If any of the required information is not in the application, the political subdivision shall notify the applicant in writing, within 5 days of receiving the application, that the application is not complete. The written notification shall specify in detail the required information that was incomplete. An applicant may resubmit an application as often as necessary until it is complete.
66.0404(3)(c) (c) Within 45 days of its receipt of a complete application, a political subdivision shall complete all of the following or the applicant may consider the application approved, except that the applicant and the political subdivision may agree in writing to an extension of the 45 day period:
66.0404(3)(c)1. 1. Make a final decision whether to approve or disapprove the application.
66.0404(3)(c)2. 2. Notify the applicant, in writing, of its final decision.
66.0404(3)(c)3. 3. If the application is approved, issue the applicant the relevant permit.
66.0404(3)(c)4. 4. If the decision is to disapprove the application, include with the written notification substantial evidence which supports the decision.
66.0404(3)(d) (d) A party who is aggrieved by the final decision of a political subdivision under par. (c) 1. may bring an action in the circuit court of the county in which the proposed activity, which is the subject of the application, is to be located.
66.0404(4) (4)Limitations. With regard to an activity described in sub. (2) (a) or a class 2 collocation, a political subdivision may not do any of the following:
66.0404(4)(a) (a) Impose environmental testing, sampling, or monitoring requirements, or other compliance measures for radio frequency emissions, on mobile service facilities or mobile radio service providers.
66.0404(4)(b) (b) Enact an ordinance imposing a moratorium on the permitting, construction, or approval of any such activities.
66.0404(4)(c) (c) Enact an ordinance prohibiting the placement of a mobile service support structure in particular locations within the political subdivision.
66.0404(4)(d) (d) Charge a mobile radio service provider a fee in excess of one of the following amounts:
66.0404(4)(d)1. 1. For a permit for a class 2 collocation, the lesser of $500 or the amount charged by a political subdivision for a building permit for any other type of commercial development or land use development.
66.0404(4)(d)2. 2. For a permit for an activity described in sub. (2) (a), $3,000.
66.0404(4)(e) (e) Charge a mobile radio service provider any recurring fee for an activity described in sub. (2) (a) or a class 2 collocation.
66.0404(4)(f) (f) Permit 3rd party consultants to charge the applicant for any travel expenses incurred in the consultant's review of mobile service permits or applications.
66.0404(4)(g) (g) Disapprove an application to conduct an activity described under sub. (2) (a) based solely on aesthetic concerns.
66.0404(4)(gm) (gm) Disapprove an application to conduct a class 2 collocation on aesthetic concerns.
66.0404(4)(h) (h) Enact or enforce an ordinance related to radio frequency signal strength or the adequacy of mobile service quality.
66.0404(4)(i) (i) Impose a surety requirement, unless the requirement is competitively neutral, nondiscriminatory, and commensurate with the historical record for surety requirements for other facilities and structures in the political subdivision which fall into disuse. There is a rebuttable presumption that a surety requirement of $20,000 or less complies with this paragraph.
66.0404(4)(j) (j) Prohibit the placement of emergency power systems.
66.0404(4)(k) (k) Require that a mobile service support structure be placed on property owned by the political subdivision.
66.0404(4)(L) (L) Disapprove an application based solely on the height of the mobile service support structure or on whether the structure requires lighting.
66.0404(4)(m) (m) Condition approval of such activities on the agreement of the structure or mobile service facility owner to provide space on or near the structure for the use of or by the political subdivision at less than the market rate, or to provide the political subdivision other services via the structure or facilities at less than the market rate.
66.0404(4)(n) (n) Limit the duration of any permit that is granted.
66.0404(4)(o) (o) Require an applicant to construct a distributed antenna system instead of either constructing a new mobile service support structure or engaging in collocation.
66.0404(4)(p) (p) Disapprove an application based on an assessment by the political subdivision of the suitability of other locations for conducting the activity.
66.0404(4)(q) (q) Require that a mobile service support structure, existing structure, or mobile service facilities have or be connected to backup battery power.
66.0404(4)(r) (r) Impose a setback or fall zone requirement for a mobile service support structure that is different from a requirement that is imposed on other types of commercial structures.
66.0404(4)(s) (s) Consider an activity a substantial modification under sub. (1) (s) 1. or 2. if a greater height is necessary to avoid interference with an existing antenna.
66.0404(4)(t) (t) Consider an activity a substantial modification under sub. (1) (s) 3. if a greater protrusion is necessary to shelter the antenna from inclement weather or to connect the antenna to the existing structure by cable.
66.0404(4)(u) (u) Limit the height of a mobile service support structure to under 200 feet.
66.0404(4)(v) (v) Condition the approval of an application on, or otherwise require, the applicant's agreement to indemnify or insure the political subdivision in connection with the political subdivision's exercise of its authority to approve the application.
66.0404(4)(w) (w) Condition the approval of an application on, or otherwise require, the applicant's agreement to permit the political subdivision to place at or collocate with the applicant's support structure any mobile service facilities provided or operated by, whether in whole or in part, a political subdivision or an entity in which a political subdivision has a governance, competitive, economic, financial or other interest.
66.0404(4e) (4e)Setback requirements.
66.0404(4e)(a) (a) Notwithstanding sub. (4) (r), and subject to the provisions of this subsection, a political subdivision may enact an ordinance imposing setback requirements related to the placement of a mobile service support structure that applies to new construction or the substantial modification of facilities and support structures, as described in sub. (2).
66.0404(4e)(b) (b) A setback requirement may apply only to a mobile service support structure that is constructed on or adjacent to a parcel of land that is subject to a zoning ordinance that permits single-family residential use on that parcel. A setback requirement does not apply to an existing or new utility pole, or wireless support structure in a right-of-way that supports a small wireless facility, if the pole or facility meets the height limitations in s. 66.0414 (2) (e) 2. and 3.
66.0404(4e)(c) (c) The setback requirement under par. (b) for a mobile service support structure on a parcel shall be measured from the lot lines of other adjacent and nonadjacent parcels for which single-family residential use is a permitted use under a zoning ordinance.
66.0404(4e)(d) (d) A setback requirement must be based on the height of the proposed mobile service support structure, and the setback requirement may not be a distance that is greater than the height of the proposed structure.
66.0404(5) (5)Applicability. If a county enacts an ordinance as described under sub. (2) the ordinance applies only in the unincorporated parts of the county, except that if a town enacts an ordinance as described under sub. (2) after a county has so acted, the county ordinance does not apply, and may not be enforced, in the town, except that if the town later repeals its ordinance, the county ordinance applies in that town.
66.0404 History History: 2013 a. 20, 173; 2019 a. 14.
66.0404 Annotation An ordinance that prohibits a mobile service support structure where the structure is not compatible with the adjacent land's current use does not violate sub. (4) (c). Eco-Site, LLC v. Town of Cedarburg, 2019 WI App 42, 388 Wis. 2d 375, 933 N.W.2d 179, 18-0580.
66.0404 Annotation Denial of a conditional use permit on the basis of lost property values and the detrimental effect on public health and safety and general welfare does not equate to a denial based on aesthetic concerns, which is prohibited by sub. (4) (g) if it is the sole reason. Eco-Site, LLC v. Town of Cedarburg, 2019 WI App 42, 388 Wis. 2d 375, 933 N.W.2d 179, 18-0580.
66.0405 66.0405 Removal of rubbish. Cities, villages and towns may remove ashes, garbage, and rubbish from such classes of places in the city, village or town as the board or council directs. The removal may be from all of the places or from those whose owners or occupants desire the service. Districts may be created and removal provided for certain districts only, and different regulations may be applied to each removal district or class of property. The cost of removal may be funded by special assessment against the property served, by general tax upon the property of the respective districts, or by general tax upon the property of the city, village or town. If a city, village or town contracts for ash, garbage or rubbish removal service, it may contract with one or more service providers.
66.0405 History History: 1993 a. 246; 1999 a. 150 s. 119; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0405.
66.0406 66.0406 Radio broadcast service facility regulations.
66.0406(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
66.0406(1)(a) (a) “Political subdivision" means any city, village, town, or county.
66.0406(1)(b) (b) “Radio broadcast services" means the regular provision of a commercial or noncommercial service involving the transmission, emission, or reception of radio waves for the transmission of sound or images in which the transmissions are intended for direct reception by the general public.
66.0406(1)(c) (c) “Radio broadcast service facilities" means commercial or noncommercial facilities, including antennas and antenna support structures, intended for the provision of radio broadcast services.
66.0406(2) (2)Limitations on local regulation. Beginning on May 1, 2013, if a political subdivision enacts an ordinance, adopts a resolution, or takes any other action that affects the placement, construction, or modification of radio broadcast service facilities, the ordinance, resolution, or other action may not take effect unless all of the following apply:
66.0406(2)(a) (a) The ordinance, resolution, or other action has a reasonable and clearly defined public health or safety objective, and reflects the minimum practical regulation that is necessary to accomplish that objective.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 1, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 1, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-1-20)