All officers of the town embracing the territory incorporated as a city continue in their powers and duties until the first meeting of the common council at which a quorum is present. Until a city clerk is chosen and qualified all oaths of office and other papers shall be filed with the town clerk, with whom the petition was filed, who shall deliver them with the petition to the city clerk when the city clerk is qualified.
First city election.
Within 10 days after incorporation of the city, the town board and the town clerk who received the petition shall fix a time for the first city election, designate the polling place or places, and name 3 inspectors of election for each place. Ten days' previous notice of the election shall be given by the clerk by publication in the newspapers selected under sub. (3)
and by posting notices in 3 public places in the city. Failure to give notice does not invalidate the election. The election shall be conducted as is prescribed by chs. 5
. The inspectors shall make returns to the board which shall, within 14 days after the election, canvass the returns and declare the result. The clerk shall notify the officers-elect and issue certificates of election. If the first election is on the first Tuesday in April the officers elected and their appointees commence and hold their offices as for a regular term. Otherwise they commence within 14 days and hold until the regular city election and the qualification of their successors, and the term of their appointees expires as soon as successors qualify.
“Adjacent" under sub. (1) means “contiguous," not “near." City of Waukesha v. Salbashian, 128 Wis. 2d 334
, 382 N.W.2d 52
Incorporation of certain towns contiguous to 3rd class cities or villages. 66.02162(1)(1)
A town board may initiate the procedure for incorporating its town as a village under this section by adopting a resolution providing for a referendum by the electors of the town on the question of whether the town should become a village if on the date of the adoption of the resolution any of the following is satisfied:
The most recent federal decennial census shows that the resident population of the town exceeds 6,300.
The most recent data available from the department of revenue show that the equalized value for the town exceeds $600,000,000.
In one of the 5 years before the year in which the town board adopts the resolution, the town's equalized value increased more than 7 percent, compared to the town's equalized value for the prior year.
The town board of the town is authorized to exercise village powers.
The town has entered into, and is bound by, at least 2 separate cooperative boundary agreements under s. 66.0307
with at least 2 municipalities.
The most recent federal decennial census shows that the resident population of the town exceeds 2,300.
The most recent data available from the department of revenue show that the equalized value for the town exceeds $190,000,000.
The town is contiguous to a village to which all of the following conditions apply:
The most recent federal decennial census shows that the resident population of the village is less than 300.
The aggregate net tax rate of the village, as determined by the department of revenue under s. 70.114 (3)
, is greater than 36 mills.
The village under subd. 4.
and the town are located in a county for which the most recent federal decennial census shows that the resident population is less than 150,000.
The resolution of the town board required under sub. (1)
shall do all of the following:
Contain a description of the territory to be incorporated sufficiently accurate to determine its location and a statement that a scale map reasonably showing the boundaries of the territory is on file with the town clerk.
Determine the numbers and boundaries of each ward of the proposed village, conforming to the requirements of s. 5.15 (1)
Determine the date of the referendum, which may not be earlier than 6 weeks after the adoption of the resolution.
Notice of referendum.
The town clerk shall publish the resolution adopted under sub. (1)
in a newspaper published in the town. If no newspaper is published in the town, the town clerk shall publish the resolution in a newspaper designated in the resolution. The town clerk shall publish the resolution once a week for 4 successive weeks, the first publication to be not more than 4 weeks before the referendum.
The referendum shall be conducted in the same manner as elections for town board supervisors. The question appearing on the ballot shall be: “Shall the town of .... become a village?" Below the question shall appear 2 squares. To the left of one square shall appear the words “For a village," and to the left of the other square shall appear the words “Against a village." The inspectors shall make a return to the town clerk.
Certificate of incorporation.
If a majority of the votes are cast in favor of a village, the town clerk shall certify that fact to the secretary, together with 4 copies of a description of the legal boundaries of the town, and 4 copies of a plat of the town. The town clerk shall also send the secretary an incorporation fee of $1,000. Upon receipt of the town clerk's certification, the incorporation fee, and other required documents, the secretary shall issue a certificate of incorporation and record the certificate in a book kept for that purpose. The secretary shall provide 2 copies of the description and plat to the department of transportation and one copy to the department of revenue. The town clerk shall also transmit a copy of the certification and the resolution under sub. (1)
to the county clerk.
No action to contest the validity of an incorporation under this section on any grounds, whether procedural or jurisdictional, may be commenced after 60 days from the date of issuance of the certificate of incorporation by the secretary. In any such action, the burden of proof as to all issues is upon the person bringing the action to show that the incorporation is not valid. An action contesting an incorporation shall be given preference in the circuit court.
A village incorporated under this section is a body corporate and politic, with the powers and privileges of a municipal corporation at common law and conferred by ch. 61
Ordinances in force in the territory or any part of the territory, to the extent not inconsistent with this section or ch. 61
, continue in force until altered or repealed.
Existing intergovernmental and cooperative boundary agreements.
Intergovernmental cooperation agreements entered into under s. 66.0301
and cooperative boundary agreements approved under s. 66.0307
, to which a town incorporating under this section is a party, that are still in effect on the effective date of the incorporation, shall continue in force until altered or repealed, to the extent allowed under the agreements. When incorporated under this section, a village shall be considered the town's successor with respect to such agreements.
Interim officers, first village election.
Section 66.0215 (8)
, as it applies to a town that is incorporated as a city under s. 66.0215
, applies to a town that is incorporated as a village under this section.
This section does not apply after June 30, 2020.
History: 2015 a. 55
Annexation initiated by electors and property owners. 66.0217(1)(1)
In this section, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
“Assessed value" means the value for general tax purposes as shown on the tax roll for the year next preceding the filing of any petition for annexation.
“Department" means the department of administration.
“Legal description" means a complete description of land to be annexed without internal references to any other document, and shall be described in one of the following ways:
By metes and bounds commencing at a monument at the section or quarter section corner or at the end of a boundary line of a recorded private claim or federal reservation in which the annexed land is located and in one of the following ways:
If the land is located in a recorded and filed subdivision or in an area subject to a certified survey map, by reference as described in s. 236.28
or s. 236.34 (3)
“Owner" means the holder of record of an estate in possession in fee simple, or for life, in land or real property, or a vendee of record under a land contract for the sale of an estate in possession in fee simple or for life but does not include the vendor under a land contract. A tenant in common or joint tenant is an owner to the extent of his or her interest.
“Petition" includes the original petition and any counterpart of the original petition.
“Real property" means land and the improvements to the land.
“Scale map" means a map that accurately reflects the legal description of the property to be annexed and the boundary of the annexing city or village, and that includes a graphic scale on the face of the map.
Direct annexation by unanimous approval.
Except as provided in this subsection and sub. (14)
, and subject to ss. 66.0301 (6) (d)
and 66.0307 (7)
, if a petition for direct annexation signed by all of the electors residing in the territory and the owners of all of the real property in the territory is filed with the city or village clerk, and with the town clerk of the town or towns in which the territory is located, together with a scale map and a legal description of the property to be annexed, an annexation ordinance for the annexation of the territory may be enacted by a two-thirds vote of the elected members of the governing body of the city or village without compliance with the notice requirements of sub. (4)
. In an annexation under this subsection, subject to sub. (6)
, the person filing the petition with the city or village clerk and the town clerk shall, within 5 days of the filing, mail a copy of the scale map and a legal description of the territory to be annexed to the department and the governing body shall review the advice of the department, if any, before enacting the annexation ordinance. No territory may be annexed by a city or village under this subsection unless the territory to be annexed is contiguous to the annexing city or village.
Other methods of annexation.
Subject to ss. 66.0301 (6) (d)
and 66.0307 (7)
, and except as provided in sub. (14)
, territory contiguous to a city or village may be annexed to the city or village in the following ways:
Direct annexation by one-half approval.
A petition for direct annexation may be filed with the city or village clerk if it has been signed by either of the following:
A number of qualified electors residing in the territory subject to the proposed annexation equal to at least the majority of votes cast for governor in the territory at the last gubernatorial election, and either of the following:
The owners of one-half of the land in area within the territory.
The owners of one-half of the real property in assessed value within the territory.
If no electors reside in the territory subject to the proposed annexation, by either of the following:
The owners of one-half of the land in area within the territory.
The owners of one-half of the real property in assessed value within the territory.
Annexation by referendum.
A petition for a referendum on the question of annexation may be filed with the city or village clerk signed by a number of qualified electors residing in the territory equal to at least 20 percent of the votes cast for governor in the territory at the last gubernatorial election, and the owners of at least 50 percent of the real property either in area or assessed value. The petition shall conform to the requirements of s. 8.40
An annexation under sub. (3)
shall be initiated by publishing in the territory proposed for annexation a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, of intention to circulate an annexation petition. The notice shall contain:
A statement of intention to circulate an annexation petition.
A legal description of the territory proposed to be annexed and a copy of a scale map.
The name of the city or village to which the annexation is proposed.
The name of the town or towns from which the territory is proposed to be detached.
The name and post-office address of the person causing the notice to be published who shall be an elector or owner in the area proposed to be annexed.
A statement that a copy of the scale map may be inspected at the office of the town clerk for the territory proposed to be annexed and the office of the city or village clerk for the city or village to which the territory is proposed to be annexed.
The person who has the notice published shall serve a copy of the notice, within 5 days after its publication, upon the clerk of each municipality affected, upon the clerk of each school district affected and upon each owner of land in a town if that land will be in a city or village after the annexation. Service may be either by personal service or by certified mail with return receipt requested. If required under sub. (6) (a)
, a copy of the notice shall be mailed to the department as provided in that paragraph.
An annexation petition under this section shall state the purpose of the petition, contain a legal description of the territory proposed to be annexed and have attached a scale map. The petition shall also specify the population of the territory. In this paragraph, “population" means the population of the territory as shown by the last federal census, by any subsequent population estimate certified as acceptable by the department or by an actual count certified as acceptable by the department.
No person who has signed a petition may withdraw his or her name from the petition. No additional signatures may be added after a petition is filed.
The circulation of the petition shall commence not less than 10 days nor more than 20 days after the date of publication of the notice of intention to circulate. The annexation petition is void unless filed within 6 months of the date of publication of the notice.
Annexations within populous counties.
No annexation proceeding within a county having a population of 50,000 or more is valid unless the person publishing a notice of annexation under sub. (4)
mails a copy of the notice to the clerk of each municipality affected and the department, together with any fee imposed under s. 16.53 (14)
, within 5 days of the publication. The department shall within 20 days after receipt of the notice mail to the clerk of the town within which the territory lies and to the clerk of the proposed annexing village or city a notice that states whether in its opinion the annexation is in the public interest or is against the public interest and that advises the clerks of the reasons the annexation is in or against the public interest as defined in par. (c)
. The annexing municipality shall review the advice before final action is taken.
Alternative dispute resolution.
The department shall make available on its public website a list of persons who identify themselves to the department as professionals qualified to facilitate alternative dispute resolution of annexation, boundary, and land use disputes. Persons identifying themselves to the department as qualified professionals shall submit to the department a brief description of their qualifications, including membership in relevant professional associations and certifications in areas such as planning and alternative dispute resolution. The department may edit the descriptions for inclusion on the list using any criteria that, in the department's determination, is appropriate. The department may include with the list a disclaimer that the department is not responsible for the accuracy of the descriptions, and that inclusion of a person on the list does not represent endorsement by the department. The department may include links from the list to other websites, such as those of relevant professional associations and county dispute resolution centers.
Definition of public interest.
For purposes of this subsection “public interest" is determined by the department after consideration of the following:
Whether the governmental services, including zoning, to be supplied to the territory could clearly be better supplied by the town or by some other village or city whose boundaries are contiguous to the territory proposed for annexation which files with the circuit court a certified copy of a resolution adopted by a two-thirds vote of the elected members of the governing body indicating a willingness to annex the territory upon receiving an otherwise valid petition for the annexation of the territory.
The shape of the proposed annexation and the homogeneity of the territory with the annexing village or city and any other contiguous village or city.
Upon the request of the town affected by the annexation, the department shall review an annexation under sub. (2)
to determine whether the annexation violates any of the following, provided that the town submits its request to the department within 30 days of the enactment of the annexation ordinance:
The requirement under sub. (2)
regarding the contiguity of the territory to be annexed with the annexing city or village.
Following its review, and within 20 days of receiving the town's request, the department shall send a copy of its findings to any affected landowner, the town affected by the annexation, and the annexing city or village. If the department does not complete its review and send a copy of its findings within 20 days of receiving the town's request, the effect on the town and the annexing city or village shall be the same as if the department found no violation of the requirements specified in subd. 1.
If the department finds that an annexation violates any requirement specified in subd. 1.
, the town from which territory is annexed may, within 45 days of its receipt of the department's findings, challenge the annexation in circuit court.
If the town commences an action to challenge the annexation and the circuit court rules against the town, the town shall pay the court costs and the city's or village's reasonable attorney fees incurred in defending the annexation. If the town commences an action to challenge the annexation and the circuit court rules in the town's favor and upholds the town's challenge, the city or village shall pay the court costs and the town's reasonable attorney fees incurred in challenging the annexation.