A person owning or controlling a governmental pole or a utility pole for designated services may not enter into an exclusive arrangement with any person for the right to attach to, or use, such poles.
The fees or rates charged by the owner of a pole described under par. (a)
, and the terms and conditions for such attachment or use, may not be discriminatory.
The rate a political subdivision may charge a wireless provider to collocate a small wireless facility on a utility pole for designated services shall be governed by an agreement between the political subdivision and the wireless provider. If there is a failure to agree on the rate, the public service commission shall determine the compensation pursuant to the procedures in s. 196.04
and the determination shall be reviewable under s. 196.41
The rate an owner of a governmental pole other than a utility pole for designated services charges another person to collocate on the owner's pole shall be sufficient to recover the actual, direct, and reasonable costs related to the applicant's application for, and use of, space on the pole, except that subject to subd. 2.
, the total annual rate for a collocation and any related activities may not exceed the lesser of the actual, direct, and reasonable costs related to the collocation or $250 per year per small wireless facility. If a dispute arises concerning the appropriateness of a rate charged by the state or political subdivision under this subdivision, the governmental unit bears the burden of proving that the rate is reasonably related to the actual, direct, and reasonable costs incurred by the governmental unit.
Beginning on July 12, 2019, the owner of a governmental pole other than a utility pole for designated services may adjust a rate allowed under subd. 1.
by 10 percent every 5 years, rounded to the nearest multiple of $5. During each 5-year period, the adjustment may be applied incrementally or as a single adjustment.
If the federal communications commission adjusts its levels for rates that are presumptively lawful under 47 USC 253
(c) (7), the state or a political subdivision may adjust any impacted rate under subd. 1.
on a pro rata basis, consistent with the federal communications commission's action.
Except as provided in subd. 2.
, by the later of October 1, 2019, or 3 months after receiving its first request to collocate a small wireless facility on a governmental pole, other than a utility pole for designated services, the state or a political subdivision shall implement rates, fees, and terms for the collocation of small wireless facilities on governmental poles that comply with this subsection.
Agreements between a wireless provider and the state or a political subdivision that are in effect on July 12, 2019, and that relate to the collocation of small wireless facilities in the right-of-way, including the collocation of small wireless facilities on governmental poles, remain in effect, subject to applicable termination provisions, except that by August 1, 2021, the state or political subdivision shall amend any such agreement to comply with the rates, fees, and terms required under this subsection.
With regard to a governmental pole that supports aerial cables used for video, communications, or electric service, and with regard to utility poles for designated services, the parties shall comply with the process for make-ready work under 47 USC 224
and its implementing regulations, including 47 CFR 1.1420
. The good faith estimate of the person owning or controlling such poles for any make-ready work necessary to enable the pole to support the requested collocation must include pole replacement if necessary.
With regard to a governmental pole that does not support aerial cables used for video, communications, or electric service, the state or political subdivision shall provide a good faith estimate for any make-ready work necessary to enable the pole to support the requested collocation, including pole replacement if necessary, not later than 60 days beginning after receipt of a complete application, except that the governmental unit may provide the applicant with access to the governmental pole that is necessary for the applicant to make that estimate. Make-ready work, including any pole replacement, must be completed within 60 days after the applicant's written acceptance of a good faith estimate provided by the governmental unit or within 60 days after the applicant makes the estimate.
A person owning or controlling a governmental pole other than a utility pole for designated services may not require more make-ready work than required to meet applicable codes or industry standards. Fees for make-ready work may not include any costs that are related to preexisting conditions, prior damage, or noncompliance with currently applicable standards. Fees for make-ready work, including any pole replacement, may not exceed actual costs or the amount charged to other communications service providers for similar work, and may not include any consultant fees or expenses.
Except as provided in sub. (4) (c)
, and notwithstanding ss. 182.017 (8) (a)
and 196.58 (4) (a)
, a court of competent jurisdiction shall determine all disputes arising under this section. Unless otherwise agreed to by the parties to a dispute, and pending resolution of a right-of-way access rate dispute, a political subdivision controlling access to and use of a right-of-way shall allow the placement of a small wireless facility or utility pole at a temporary rate of one-half of the political subdivision's proposed annual rate, or $20, whichever is less. Rates shall be reconciled and adjusted upon final resolution of the dispute. Pending the resolution of a dispute concerning rates for collocation of small wireless facilities on governmental poles or utility poles for designated services, the person owning or controlling the pole shall allow the collocating person to collocate on its poles, at annual rates of no more than $20 per year per pole, with rates to be reconciled and adjusted upon final resolution of the dispute.
A wireless provider shall indemnify and hold harmless a political subdivision against any and all liability and loss from personal injury or property damage resulting from or arising out of, in whole or in part, the use or occupancy of rights-of-way by the wireless provider or its employees, agents, or contractors arising out of the rights and privileges granted under this section. A wireless provider has no obligation to indemnify or hold harmless against any liabilities and losses as may be due to or caused by the sole negligence of the political subdivision or its employees or agents.
Federal law; contracts.
Nothing in this section adds to, replaces, or supersedes federal laws regarding utility poles owned by investor-owned electric utilities nor shall this section impose or otherwise affect any rights, controls, or contractual obligations investor-owned electric utilities may establish with respect to their utility poles.
Private property owners.
Nothing in this section is intended to authorize a person to place, maintain, modify, operate, or replace a privately owned utility pole or wireless support structure or to collocate small wireless facilities on a privately owned utility pole, a privately owned wireless support structure, or other private property without the consent of the property owner.
This section may not be construed or interpreted to authorize any entity to provide communications service without compliance with all applicable laws or to authorize the collocation, installation, placement, operation, or maintenance of any communications facilities, including wireline backhaul facilities, other than small wireless facilities and associated utility poles.
Except as it relates to small wireless facilities subject to the permit and fee requirements established under this section and except as otherwise authorized by federal or state law, a political subdivision may not do any of the following:
Adopt or enforce any regulation or requirement on the placement or operation of communications facilities in rights-of-way by a communications service provider authorized under federal, state, or local law to operate in rights-of-way.
Impose or collect any tax, fee, or other charge for the provision of additional communications services over a communications service provider's communications facilities in a right-of-way.
History: 2019 a. 14
; 2021 a. 239
Offensive industry. 66.0415(1)(1)
Except as provided under s. 62.23 (7a) (am)
, the common council of a city or village board may direct the location, management and construction of, and license, regulate or prohibit, any industry, thing or place where any nauseous, offensive or unwholesome business is carried on, that is within the city or village or within 4 miles of the boundaries of the city or village, except that the Milwaukee, Menominee and Kinnickinnic rivers with their branches to the outer limits of the county of Milwaukee, and all canals connecting with these rivers, together with the lands adjacent to these rivers and canals or within 100 yards of them, are within the jurisdiction of the city of Milwaukee. A town board has the same powers as are provided in this section for cities and villages as to the area within the town that is not licensed, regulated or prohibited by a city or village under this section. A business that is conducted in violation of a city, village or town ordinance that is authorized under this section is a public nuisance. An action for the abatement or removal of the business or an injunction to prevent operation of the business may be brought and maintained by the common council or village or town board in the name of this state on the relation of the city, village or town as provided in ss. 823.01
, or as provided in s. 254.58
. Section 97.42
does not limit the powers granted by this section. Section 95.72
does not limit the powers granted by this section to cities or villages but powers granted to towns by this section are limited by s. 95.72
and by any orders and rules promulgated under s. 95.72
To prevent nuisance, a city or village may, subject to the approval of the appropriate town board, by ordinance enact reasonable regulations governing areas where refuse, rubbish, ashes or garbage are dumped or accumulated in a town within one mile of the corporate limits of the city or village.
History: 1973 c. 206
; Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 774 (1975); 1993 a. 27
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0415; 2021 a. 198
The social and economic roots of judge-made air pollution policy in Wisconsin. Laitos, 58 MLR 465.
Stands operated by minors. 66.0416(1)(a)
“Political subdivision” means a city, village, town, or county.
“Stand operated by a minor” means a stand or other location at which goods other than potentially hazardous food, as defined in s. 97.30 (1) (bm)
, are sold in occasional sales, as defined in s. 77.51 (9)
, directly to consumers; that operates on a temporary, occasional basis; and that is operated solely by a person or persons under the age of 18 on private property with the permission of the property owner.
No political subdivision may do any of the following:
Enact an ordinance or adopt a resolution that prohibits a stand operated by a minor.
Require a license or permit for, or impose a fee, charge, or surcharge on, any stand operated by a minor.
If a political subdivision has enacted an ordinance or adopted a resolution before November 27, 2019, that is inconsistent with sub. (2)
, the ordinance or resolution does not apply and may not be enforced.
History: 2019 a. 60
Local enforcement of certain food and health regulations. 66.0417(1)(1)
An employee or agent of a local health department designated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection under s. 97.41
or 97.615 (2)
may enter, at reasonable hours, any premises for which the local health department issues a license under s. 97.41
or 97.615 (2)
to inspect the premises, secure samples or specimens, examine and copy relevant documents and records, or obtain photographic or other evidence needed to enforce ch. 97
, relating to those premises. If samples of food are taken, the local health department shall pay or offer to pay the market value of those samples. The local health department or department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection shall examine the samples and specimens secured and shall conduct other inspections and examinations needed to determine whether there is a violation of ch. 97
, rules adopted by the department under those statutes, ordinances adopted by the village, city or county or regulations adopted by the local board of health under s. 97.41 (7)
Whenever, as a result of an examination, a village, city or county has reasonable cause to believe that any examined food constitutes, or that any construction, sanitary condition, operation or method of operation of the premises or equipment used on the premises creates an immediate danger to health, the administrator of the village, city or county agency responsible for the village's, city's or county's agent functions under s. 97.41
or 97.615 (2)
may issue a temporary order and cause it to be delivered to the licensee, or to the owner or custodian of the food, or to both. The order may prohibit the sale or movement of the food for any purpose, prohibit the continued operation or method of operation of specific equipment, require the premises to cease any other operation or method of operation which creates the immediate danger to health, or set forth any combination of these requirements. The administrator may order the cessation of all operations authorized by the license only if a more limited order does not remove the immediate danger to health. Except as provided in par. (c)
, no temporary order is effective for longer than 14 days from the time of its delivery, but a temporary order may be reissued for one additional 14-day period, if necessary to complete the analysis or examination of samples, specimens or other evidence.
No food described in a temporary order issued and delivered under par. (a)
may be sold or moved and no operation or method of operation prohibited by the temporary order may be resumed without the approval of the village, city or county, until the order has terminated or the time period specified in par. (a)
has run out, whichever occurs first. If the village, city or county, upon completed analysis and examination, determines that the food, construction, sanitary condition, operation or method of operation of the premises or equipment does not constitute an immediate danger to health, the licensee, owner, or custodian of the food or premises shall be promptly notified in writing and the temporary order shall terminate upon his or her receipt of the written notice.
If the analysis or examination shows that the food, construction, sanitary condition, operation or method of operation of the premises or equipment constitutes an immediate danger to health, the licensee, owner, or custodian shall be notified within the effective period of the temporary order issued under par. (a)
. Upon receipt of the notice, the temporary order remains in effect until a final decision is issued under sub. (3)
, and no food described in the temporary order may be sold or moved and no operation or method of operation prohibited by the order may be resumed without the approval of the village, city or county.
A notice issued under sub. (2) (c)
shall be accompanied by notice of a hearing as provided in s. 68.11 (1)
. The village, city or county shall hold a hearing no later than 15 days after the service of the notice, unless both parties agree to a later date. Notwithstanding s. 68.12
, a final decision shall be issued under s. 68.12
within 10 days of the hearing. The decision may order the destruction of food, the diversion of food to uses which do not pose a danger to health, the modification of food so that it does not create a danger to health, changes to or replacement of equipment or construction, other changes in or cessations of any operation or method of operation of the equipment or premises, or any combination of these actions necessary to remove the danger to health. The decision may order the cessation of all operations authorized by the license only if a more limited order will not remove the immediate danger to health.
A proceeding under this section, or the issuance of a license for the premises after notification of procedures under this section, does not constitute a waiver by the village, city or county of its authority to rely on a violation of ch. 97
or any rule adopted under those statutes as the basis for any subsequent suspension or revocation of the license or any other enforcement action arising out of the violation.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, any person who violates this section or an order issued under this section may be fined not more than $10,000 plus the retail value of any food moved, sold or disposed of in violation of this section or the order, or imprisoned not more than one year in the county jail, or both.
Any person who does either of the following may be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than one year in a county jail, or both:
Assaults, restrains, threatens, intimidates, impedes, interferes with or otherwise obstructs a village, city or county inspector, employee or agent in the performance of his or her duties under this section.
Gives false information to a village, city or county inspector, employee or agent engaged in the performance of his or her duties under this section, with the intent to mislead the inspector, employee or agent.
Prohibition of local regulation of certain foods, beverages. 66.0418(1)(1)
In this section “political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
No political subdivision may enact an ordinance or adopt a resolution that prohibits or restricts the sale of food or nonalcoholic beverages based on the number of calories, portion size, or other nutritional criteria of the food or nonalcoholic beverage.
If a political subdivision has enacted an ordinance or adopted a resolution before July 2, 2013, that is inconsistent with par. (a)
, the ordinance or resolution does not apply and may not be enforced.
History: 2013 a. 20
; 2021 a. 238
Local regulation of auxiliary containers. 66.0419(1)(a)
“Auxiliary container" means a bag, cup, bottle, can, or other packaging that is designed to be reusable or single-use; that is made of cloth, paper, plastic, cardboard, corrugated material, aluminum, glass, postconsumer recycled material, or similar material or substrates, including coated, laminated, or multi-layer substrates; and that is designed for transporting or protecting merchandise, food, or beverages from a food service or retail facility.
“Political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
No political subdivision may do any of the following:
Enact or enforce an ordinance or adopt or enforce a resolution regulating the use, disposition, or sale of auxiliary containers.
Impose a fee, charge, or surcharge on auxiliary containers.
This section does not limit the authority of a political subdivision in operating a curbside recycling or commercial recycling program or an effective recycling program under s. 287.11
or in designating a recycling location.
Subsection (2) (b)
does not apply to the use of auxiliary containers on a property owned by the political subdivision.
History: 2015 a. 302
The legislature finds all of the following:
Video service brings important daily benefits to state residents by providing news, education, and entertainment.
Uniform regulation of all video service providers by this state is necessary to ensure that state residents receive adequate and efficient video service and to protect and promote the public health, safety, and welfare.
Fair competition in the provision of video service will result in new and more video programming choices for consumers in this state, and a number of providers have stated their desire to provide that service.
Timely entry into the market is critical for new entrants seeking to compete with existing providers.
This state's economy would be enhanced by additional investment in communications and video programming infrastructure by existing and new providers of video service.
Minimal regulation of all providers of video service within a uniform framework will promote the investment described in par. (e)
Ensuring that existing providers of video service are subject to the same regulatory requirements and procedures as new entrants will ensure fair competition among all providers.
This section is an enactment of statewide concern for the purpose of providing uniform regulation of video service that promotes investment in communications and video infrastructures and the continued development of this state's video service marketplace within a framework that is fair and equitable to all providers.
“Affiliate," when used in relation to any person, means another person who owns or controls, is owned or controlled by, or is under common ownership or control with such person.
“Basic local exchange service area" means the area on file with the public service commission in which a telecommunications video service provider provides basic local exchange service, as defined in s. 196.01 (1g)
Except as provided in sub. (8) (ag)
, “department" means the department of financial institutions.
“FCC" means the federal communications commission.