Antidiscrimination housing ordinances.
Political subdivisions may enact ordinances prohibiting discrimination in housing within their respective boundaries solely on the basis of an individual being a member of a protected class. An ordinance may be similar to ss. 101.132
or may be more inclusive in its terms or in respect to the different types of housing subject to its provisions. An ordinance establishing a forfeiture as a penalty for violation may not be for an amount that is less than the statutory forfeitures under s. 106.50 (6) (h)
. An ordinance may permit a complainant, aggrieved person or respondent to elect to remove the action to circuit court after a finding has been made that there is reasonable cause to believe that a violation of the ordinance has occurred. An ordinance may authorize the political subdivision, at any time after a complaint has been filed alleging an ordinance violation, to file a complaint in circuit court seeking a temporary injunction or restraining order pending final disposition of the complaint.
No political subdivision may enact an ordinance under sub. (2)
that contains a provision making its effective date or the operation of any of its provisions contingent on the enactment of an ordinance on the same or similar subject matter by one or more other political subdivisions.
NOTE: 1991 Wis. Act 295
, which affected this section, contains extensive legislative council notes.
An ordinance provision banning discrimination against “cohabitants" was outside the authority of sub. (2) and was invalid. County of Dane v. Norman, 174 Wis. 2d 683
, 497 N.W.2d 714
Urban homestead programs. 66.1013(1)(1)
In this section “governing body" means a county board, city council, village board or town board that establishes a program under this section and “property" means any property used principally for dwelling purposes that contains no more than 2 dwelling units and that is owned by a governing body. Any county board, city council, village board or town board may establish an urban homestead program. A program established by a county board under this section applies only to those unincorporated areas of the county in which no program exists. The program shall consist of the conveyance of property at cost under conditions set by the governing body and under the requirements of this section, to any individual or household satisfying eligibility requirements established by the governing body. The governing body may appropriate money for the administration of the program and may take any other action considered advisable or necessary to promote the program, including, but not limited to, the following:
Acquisition under ch. 75
of any property which would be eligible for conveyance under the program.
Acquisition of any other property which would be eligible for conveyance under this program and that is declared unfit for human habitation by any housing code enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the property or that is found to be in substantial noncompliance with local housing codes.
Conditions of conveyance.
As a condition of the conveyance of the property under sub. (1)
, the governing body shall require that:
The property be rehabilitated so that it satisfies all housing-related requirements of applicable law, including, but not limited to, building, plumbing, electrical and fire prevention codes, within a specific period, not to exceed 2 years, after the conveyance.
The person to whom the property is conveyed live on the premises for a specified period, which may not be less than 3 years.
The legal title to and ownership of any property conditionally conveyed under this section remain in the governing body until quitclaim deed to the property is conveyed to the individual or household under this subsection. The instrument of a conditional conveyance of property under this subsection shall contain the provision of this paragraph.
The governing body may establish reasonable eligibility criteria and other conditions and requirements necessary to ensure that the purposes of a program under this section are carried out.
Transfer of title.
If an individual or household has resided on property conveyed under this section for the period of time required under sub. (2)
and has rehabilitated and maintained and otherwise complied with the terms of the conditional conveyance under subs. (2)
throughout the period, the governing body shall convey to the individual or household, by quitclaim deed, all of the body's reversionary interests in the property.
If an individual or household obtains a mortgage from a lending institution and uses the proceeds of the mortgage solely for the purposes of rehabilitating or constructing the premises or property under this section, the governing body shall agree to subjugate its rights to the premises or property in case of default, and shall agree that in such case it will execute and deliver a deed conveying title in fee simple to the institution, provided that the institution shall dispose of the property in like manner as foreclosed real estate and shall pay over any part of the proceeds of the disposition as shall exceed the amount remaining to be paid on account of the mortgage together with the actual cost of the sale, to the governing body. In return for relinquishing such rights, the governing body shall be given by the lending institution the opportunity to find, within 90 days of the default, another individual or household to assume the mortgage obligation.
History: 1981 c. 231
; Stats. 1981 s. 66.91; 1981 c. 391
; Stats. 1981 s. 66.925; 1987 a. 378
; 1993 a. 246
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1013.
NOTE: Chapter 231, laws of 1981
, section 2
, which created this section, contains legislative “findings and purpose" in section 1.
Limits on residential dwelling rental prohibited. 66.1014(1)(a)
“Political subdivision" means any city, village, town, or county.
“Residential dwelling" means any building, structure, or part of the building or structure, that is used or intended to be used as a home, residence, or sleeping place by one person or by 2 or more persons maintaining a common household, to the exclusion of all others.
Subject to par. (d)
, a political subdivision may not enact or enforce an ordinance that prohibits the rental of a residential dwelling for 7 consecutive days or longer.
If a political subdivision has in effect on September 23, 2017, an ordinance that is inconsistent with par. (a)
, the ordinance does not apply and may not be enforced.
Nothing in this subsection limits the authority of a political subdivision to enact an ordinance regulating the rental of a residential dwelling in a manner that is not inconsistent with the provisions of pars. (a)
If a residential dwelling is rented for periods of more than 6 but fewer than 30 consecutive days, a political subdivision may limit the total number of days within any consecutive 365-day period that the dwelling may be rented to no fewer than 180 days. The political subdivision may not specify the period of time during which the residential dwelling may be rented, but the political subdivision may require that the maximum number of allowable rental days within a 365-day period must run consecutively. A person who rents the person's residential dwelling shall notify the clerk of the political subdivision in writing when the first rental within a 365-day period begins.
Any person who maintains, manages, or operates a short-term rental, as defined in s. 66.0615 (1) (dk)
, for more than 10 nights each year, shall do all of the following:
Obtain from the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection a license as a tourist rooming house, as defined in s. 97.01 (15k)
Obtain from a political subdivision a license for conducting such activities, if a political subdivision enacts an ordinance requiring such a person to obtain a license.
History: 2017 a. 59
; 2021 a. 55
; s. 35.17 correction in (2) (a).
Municipal rent control, inclusionary zoning, prohibited. 66.1015(1)(1)
No city, village, town or county may regulate the amount of rent or fees charged for the use of a residential rental dwelling unit.
This section does not prohibit a city, village, town, county, or housing authority or the Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority from doing any of the following:
Entering into a rental agreement which regulates rent or fees charged for the use of a residential rental dwelling unit it owns or operates.
Entering into an agreement with a private person who regulates rent or fees charged for a residential rental dwelling unit.
“Inclusionary zoning” means a zoning ordinance, as defined in s. 66.10015 (1) (e)
, regulation, or policy that prescribes that a certain number or percentage of new or existing residential dwelling units in a land development be made available for rent or sale to an individual or family with a family income at or below a certain percentage of the median income.
No city, village, town, or county may enact, impose, or enforce an inclusionary zoning requirement.
History: 1991 a. 39
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1015; 2001 a. 104
; 2017 a. 243
; 2021 a. 238
This section preempted an ordinance that required a development with 10 or more rental dwelling units to provide no less than 15 percent of its total number of dwelling units as inclusionary dwelling units when the development required a zoning map amendment, subdivision or land division, defining “inclusionary dwelling unit" as a dwelling unit for rent to a family with an annual median income at or below 60 percent of the area median income. Sub. (2) (b) plainly applies only to agreements with private persons who, on their own, choose to regulate rent and makes clear that a municipality is not imposing rent control if it contracts with those persons for some other purpose or somehow assists them. The ordinance was not an agreement to regulate rent between the city and persons who apply for zoning map amendments, subdivision or land division. Apartment Association of South Central Wisconsin, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2006 WI App 192
, 296 Wis. 2d 173
, 722 N.W. 2d 614
Family child care homes. 66.1017(1)(a)
“Family child care home" means a dwelling licensed as a child care center by the department of children and families under s. 48.65
where care is provided for not more than 8 children.
“Municipality" means a county, city, village or town.
No municipality may prevent a family child care home from being located in a zoned district in which a single-family residence is a permitted use. No municipality may establish standards or requirements for family child care homes that are different from the licensing standards established under s. 48.65
. This subsection does not prevent a municipality from applying to a family child care home the zoning regulations applicable to other dwellings in the zoning district in which it is located.
History: 1983 a. 193
; 1995 a. 27
s. 9126 (19)
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1017; 2007 a. 20
; 2009 a. 185
Housing codes to conform to state law. 66.1019(1)(1)
One- and 2-family dwelling code.
Ordinances enacted by any county, city, village or town relating to the construction and inspection of one- and 2-family dwellings shall conform to subch. II of ch. 101
Modular home code.
Ordinances enacted by any county, city, village or town relating to the on-site inspection of the installation of modular homes shall conform to subch. III of ch. 101
Ordinances enacted, or resolutions adopted, on or after January 1, 2007, by any county, city, village, or town relating to manufactured home installation shall conform to s. 101.96
If a city, village, town, or county has in effect on or after January 1, 2007, an ordinance or resolution relating to manufactured home installation that does not conform to s. 101.96
, the ordinance or resolution does not apply and may not be enforced.
History: 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1019; 2005 a. 45
; 2007 a. 11
; 2015 a. 176
; 2017 a. 331
City, village and town transit commissions. 66.1021(1)(1)
A city, village or town may enact an ordinance for the establishment, maintenance and operation of a comprehensive unified local transportation system, the major portion of which is located within, or the major portion of the service of which is supplied to the inhabitants of, the city, village or town, and which system is used for the transportation of persons or freight.
The transit commission shall be designated “Transit Commission" preceded by the name of the enacting city, village or town.
“Comprehensive unified local transportation system" means a transportation system comprised of motor bus lines and any other local public transportation facilities or freight transportation facilities, the major portions of which are within the city, village or town.
“Transit commission" or “commission" means the local transit commission created under this section.
The transit commission shall consist of not less than 3 members to be appointed by the mayor or village board or town board chairperson and approved by the common council or village or town board, one of whom shall be designated as chairperson.
The first members of the transit commission shall be appointed for staggered 3-year terms. The term of office of each member appointed after the first members of the transit commission shall be 3 years.
No person holding stocks or bonds in any corporation subject to the jurisdiction of the transit commission, or who is in any other manner pecuniarily interested in any such corporation, may be a member of nor be employed by the transit commission.
The transit commission may appoint a secretary and employ accountants, engineers, experts, inspectors, clerks and other employees and fix their compensation, and purchase furniture, stationery and other supplies and materials, that are reasonably necessary to enable it to perform its duties and exercise its powers.
The transit commission may conduct hearings and may adopt rules relative to the calling, holding and conduct of its meetings, the transaction of its business, the regulation and control of its agents and employees, the filing of complaints and petitions and the service of notices.
For the purpose of receiving, considering and acting upon any complaints or applications that may be presented to it or for the purpose of conducting investigations or hearings on its own motion the transit commission shall hold regular meetings at least once a week except in the months of July and August and special meetings on the call of the chairperson or at the request of the common council or village or town board.
The transit commission may adopt a seal, of which judicial notice shall be taken in all courts. Any process, writ, notice or other instrument that the commission may be authorized by law to issue shall be considered sufficient if signed by the secretary of the commission and authenticated by the commission's seal. All acts, orders, decisions, rules and records of the commission, and all reports, schedules and documents filed with the commission may be proved in any court by a copy of the documents that is certified by the secretary under the seal of the commission.
Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the jurisdiction, powers and duties of the transit commission shall extend to the comprehensive unified local transportation system for which the commission is established including any portion of the system extending into adjacent or suburban territory that is outside of the city, village or town not more than 30 miles from the nearest point marking the corporate limits of the city, village or town. The jurisdiction, powers and duties of a transit commission providing rail service shall extend to the comprehensive unified local rail transportation system for which the commission is established including any portion of the system that extends into adjacent or suburban territory that is outside of the city, village or town and in an adjoining state whose laws permit, subject to the laws of that state but subject to the laws of this state in all matters relating to rail service.
The initial acquisition of the properties for the establishment of, and to comprise, the comprehensive unified local transportation system is subject to s. 66.0803
or ch. 197
Any city, village, town or federally recognized Indian tribe or band may by contract under s. 66.0301
establish a joint municipal transit commission with the powers and duties of city, village or town transit commissions under this section. Membership on the joint transit commission shall be as provided in the contract established under s. 66.0301
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no joint municipal transit commission under par. (a)
may provide service outside the corporate limits of the parties to the contract under s. 66.0301
which establish the joint municipal transit commission unless the joint municipal transit commission receives financial support for the service under a contract with a public or private organization for the service. This paragraph does not apply to service provided by a joint municipal transit commission outside the corporate limits of the parties to the contract under s. 66.0301
which establish the joint municipal transit commission if the joint municipal transit commission is providing the service on April 28, 1994, without receiving financial support from a public or private organization for the service, and elects to continue the service.
In lieu of providing transportation services, a city, village or town may contract with a private organization for the services.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no municipality may contract with a private organization to provide service outside the corporate limits of the municipality unless the municipality receives financial support for the service under a contract with a public or other private organization for the service. This paragraph does not apply to service provided under par. (a)
outside the corporate limits of a municipality if a private organization is providing the service on April 28, 1994, without receiving financial support from a public or private organization for the service, and the municipality elects to continue the service.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no transit commission may provide service outside the corporate limits of the city which establishes the transit commission unless the transit commission receives financial support for the service under a contract with a public or private organization for the service. This subsection does not apply to service provided by a transit commission outside the corporate limits of the city which establishes the transit commission if the transit commission is providing the service on April 28, 1994, without receiving financial support from a public or private organization for the service, and elects to continue the service.
Although the statutes relating to public utilities and transit commissions describe certain attributes the governing commissions must have, these statutes do not, by their own force, call the commission into existence or endow it with authority independent of what the statutes confer on the municipality. A commission has no authority but for what it received from the municipality, and the municipality has no authority to legislate contrary to the boundaries established by the statutes. This section does not directly grant a transit commission any authority, but it does identify some of the authority the commission must be furnished by the municipality's enacting ordinance. Wisconsin Carry, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2017 WI 19
, 373 Wis. 2d 543
, 892 N.W.2d 233
Transit employees; Wisconsin retirement system. 66.1023(1)(a)
This subsection applies to all affected employees of a transportation system which is acquired, after June 29, 1975, but prior to January 1, 1982, by a city, a city transit commission or a metropolitan transit authority which is a participating employer in the Wisconsin retirement fund.
Within 60 days after May 19, 1978, or within 60 days after a system is acquired by a city, a city transit commission or a metropolitan transit authority, whichever is later, an election shall be conducted by the department of employee trust funds under procedures adopted by the department of employee trust funds. If all of the affected employees of the transportation system who are members of a retirement system established by the previous employer vote to be included within the Wisconsin retirement fund, prior to January 1, 1982, or the Wisconsin retirement system, after that date, rather than their present retirement system, their eligibility for participation within the Wisconsin retirement system shall be computed from the date of acquisition.
Notwithstanding any other law, no city, city transit commission or metropolitan transit authority may be required to contribute to more than one retirement fund for an affected employee.