71.28(3)(a)(a) In this subsection:
71.28(3)(a)1. 1. “Manufacturing" has the meaning given in s. 77.54 (6m), 2007 stats.
71.28(3)(a)2. 2. “Sales and use tax under ch. 77 paid by the corporation" includes use taxes paid directly by the corporation and sales and use taxes paid by the corporation's supplier and passed on to the corporation whether separately stated on the invoice or included in the total price.
71.28(3)(b) (b) The tax imposed upon or measured by corporation Wisconsin net income under s. 71.23 (1) or (2) shall be reduced by an amount equal to the sales and use tax under ch. 77 paid by the corporation in such taxable year on fuel and electricity consumed in manufacturing tangible personal property in this state. Shareholders of a tax-option corporation and partners may claim the credit under this subsection, based on eligible sales and use taxes paid by the tax-option corporation or partnership, in proportion to the ownership interest of each shareholder or partner. The tax-option corporation or partnership shall calculate the amount of the credit that may be claimed by each shareholder or partner and shall provide that information to the shareholder or partner.
71.28(3)(c)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 7., if the credit computed under par. (b) is not entirely offset against Wisconsin income or franchise taxes otherwise due, the unused balance shall be carried forward and credited against Wisconsin income or franchise taxes otherwise due for the following 20 taxable years to the extent not offset by these taxes otherwise due in all intervening years between the year in which the expense was incurred and the year in which the carry-forward credit is claimed.
71.28(3)(c)2. 2. For shareholders in a tax-option corporation, the credit may be offset only against the tax imposed on the shareholder's prorated share of the tax-option corporation's income.
71.28(3)(c)3. 3. For partners, the credit may be offset only against the tax imposed on the partner's distributive share of partnership income.
71.28(3)(c)4. 4. If a tax-option corporation becomes liable for tax for a taxable year that begins on or after January 1, 1998, the corporation may offset the credit against the tax due, with any remaining credit computed for a taxable year that begins on or after January 1, 1998, passing through to the shareholders.
71.28(3)(c)5. 5. If a corporation that is not a tax-option corporation has a carry-over credit from a taxable year that begins on or after January 1, 1998, and becomes a tax-option corporation before the credit carried over is used, the unused portion of the credit may be used by the tax-option corporation's shareholders on a prorated basis.
71.28(3)(c)6. 6. If the shareholders of a tax-option corporation have carry-over credits and the corporation becomes a corporation other than a tax-option corporation after October 14, 1997, and before the credits carried over are used, the unused portion of the credits may be used by the corporation that is not a tax-option corporation.
71.28(3)(c)7. 7. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years that begin after December 31, 2005. For credits that are claimed but unused under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2006, up to 50 percent may be used in each of the following 2 taxable years if the taxpayer has $25,000 or less in unused credits as of January 1, 2006. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2008, a taxpayer who has more than $25,000 in unused credits as of January 1, 2006, may deduct an amount in each year that is equal to 50 percent of the amount the taxpayer added back to income under s. 71.26 (2) (a) at the time that the taxpayer first claimed the credit or, with regard to credits passed through from a partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation, 50 percent of the amount that the entity added back to its income and was included in the partner's, member's, or shareholder's Wisconsin net income at the time that the credit was first claimed.
71.28 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. Tax 2.11, Wis. adm. code.
71.28(3g) (3g)Technology zones credit.
71.28(3g)(a) (a) Subject to the limitations under this subsection and ss. 73.03 (35m) and 238.23 and s. 560.96, 2009 stats., a business that is certified under s. 238.23 (3) or s. 560.96 (3), 2009 stats., may claim as a credit against the taxes imposed under s. 71.23 an amount equal to the sum of the following, as established under s. 238.23 (3) (c) or s. 560.96 (3) (c), 2009 stats.:
71.28(3g)(a)1. 1. The amount of real and personal property taxes imposed under s. 70.01 that the business paid in the taxable year.
71.28(3g)(a)2. 2. Ten percent of the following amounts of capital investments that are made by the business in the technology zone in the year to which the claim relates:
71.28(3g)(a)2.a. a. The purchase price of depreciable, tangible personal property.
71.28(3g)(a)2.b. b. The amount expended to acquire, construct, rehabilitate, remodel, or repair real property in a technology zone.
71.28(3g)(a)3. 3. Fifteen percent of the amount that is spent for the first 12 months of wages for each job that is created in a technology zone after certification.
71.28(3g)(b) (b) The department of revenue shall notify the department of commerce or the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation of all claims under this subsection.
71.28(3g)(c) (c) Subsection (4) (e), (f), (g), and (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under par. (a).
71.28(3g)(d) (d) Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (a). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interest.
71.28(3g)(e)1.1. No amount described under par. (a) 2. may be used in the calculation of a credit under this subsection if that amount is used in the calculation of any other credit under this chapter.
71.28(3g)(e)2. 2. The investments that relate to the amount described under par. (a) 2. for which a claimant makes a claim under this subsection must be retained for use in the technology zone for the period during which the claimant's business is certified under s. 238.23 (3) or s. 560.96 (3), 2009 stats.
71.28(3g)(f) (f) No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless the claimant includes with the claimant's return:
71.28(3g)(f)1. 1. A copy of the verification that the claimant's business is certified under s. 238.23 (3) or s. 560.96 (3), 2009 stats., and that the business has entered into an agreement under s. 238.23 (3) (d) or s. 560.96 (3) (d), 2009 stats.
71.28(3g)(f)2. 2. A statement from the department of commerce or the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation verifying the purchase price of the investment described under par. (a) 2. and verifying that the investment fulfills the requirement under par. (e) 2.
71.28(3h) (3h)Biodiesel fuel production credit.
71.28(3h)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.28(3h)(a)1. 1. “Biodiesel fuel" has the meaning given in s. 168.14 (2m) (a).
71.28(3h)(a)2. 2. “Claimant" means a person who is engaged in the business of producing biodiesel fuel in this state and who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(3h)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011, and before January 1, 2014, for a claimant who produces at least 2,500,000 gallons of biodiesel fuel in this state in the taxable year, a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.23, up to the amount of the tax, an amount that is equal to the number of gallons of biodiesel fuel produced by the claimant in this state in the taxable year multiplied by 10 cents.
71.28(3h)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.28(3h)(c)1.1. The maximum amount of the credit that a claimant may claim under this subsection in a taxable year is $1,000,000.
71.28(3h)(c)2. 2. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their biodiesel fuel production, as described under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.28(3h)(d) (d) Administration.
71.28(3h)(d)1.1. Subsection (4) (e) to (h) as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28(3h)(d)2. 2. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2013.
71.28(3n) (3n)Dairy and livestock farm investment credit.
71.28(3n)(a)(a) In this subsection:
71.28(3n)(a)1. 1. “Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(3n)(a)1m. 1m. “Dairy animals" includes heifers raised as replacement dairy animals.
71.28(3n)(a)1p. 1p. “Dairy farm" includes a facility used to raise heifers as replacement dairy animals.
71.28(3n)(a)2. 2. “Dairy farm modernization or expansion" means the construction, the improvement, or the acquisition of buildings or facilities, or acquiring equipment, for dairy animal housing, confinement, animal feeding, milk production, or waste management, including the following, if used exclusively related to dairy animals and if acquired and placed in service in this state during taxable years that begin after December 31, 2003, and before January 1, 2014:
71.28(3n)(a)2.a. a. Freestall barns.
71.28(3n)(a)2.b. b. Fences.
71.28(3n)(a)2.c. c. Watering facilities.
71.28(3n)(a)2.d. d. Feed storage and handling equipment.
71.28(3n)(a)2.e. e. Milking parlors.
71.28(3n)(a)2.f. f. Robotic equipment.
71.28(3n)(a)2.g. g. Scales.
71.28(3n)(a)2.h. h. Milk storage and cooling facilities.
71.28(3n)(a)2.i. i. Bulk tanks.
71.28(3n)(a)2.j. j. Manure pumping and storage facilities.
71.28(3n)(a)2.k. k. Digesters.
71.28(3n)(a)2.L. L. Equipment used to produce energy.
71.28(3n)(a)4. 4. “Livestock" means cattle, not including dairy animals; swine; poultry, including farm-raised pheasants, but not including other farm-raised game birds or ratites; fish that are raised in aquaculture facilities; sheep; and goats.
71.28(3n)(a)5. 5. “Livestock farm modernization or expansion" means the construction, the improvement, or the acquisition of buildings or facilities, or the acquisition of equipment, for livestock housing, confinement, feeding, or waste management, including the following, if used exclusively related to livestock and if acquired and placed in service in this state during taxable years that begin after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2014:
71.28(3n)(a)5.a. a. Birthing structures.
71.28(3n)(a)5.b. b. Rearing structures.
71.28(3n)(a)5.c. c. Feedlot structures.
71.28(3n)(a)5.d. d. Feed storage and handling equipment.
71.28(3n)(a)5.e. e. Fences.
71.28(3n)(a)5.f. f. Watering facilities.
71.28(3n)(a)5.g. g. Scales.
71.28(3n)(a)5.h. h. Manure pumping and storage facilities.
71.28(3n)(a)5.i. i. Digesters.
71.28(3n)(a)5.j. j. Equipment used to produce energy.
71.28(3n)(a)5.k. k. Fish hatchery buildings.
71.28(3n)(a)5.L. L. Fish processing buildings.
71.28(3n)(a)5.m. m. Fish rearing ponds.
71.28(3n)(a)6.a.a. For taxable years that begin after December 31, 2003, and before January 1, 2006, “used exclusively," related to dairy animals, means used to the exclusion of all other uses except for use not exceeding 5 percent of total use.
71.28(3n)(a)6.b. b. For taxable years that begin after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2014, “used exclusively," related to livestock, dairy animals, or both, means used to the exclusion of all other uses except for use not exceeding 5 percent of total use.
71.28(3n)(b)1.1. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, for taxable years that begin after December 31, 2003, and before January 1, 2014, a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.23 an amount equal to 10 percent of the amount the claimant paid in the taxable year for dairy farm modernization or expansion related to the operation of the claimant's dairy farm.
71.28(3n)(b)2. 2. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, for taxable years that begin after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2014, a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.23 an amount equal to 10 percent of the amount the claimant paid in the taxable year for livestock farm modernization or expansion related to the operation of the claimant's livestock farm.
71.28(3n)(c) (c) No credit may be allowed under this subsection for any amount that the claimant paid for expenses described under par. (b) that the claimant also claimed as a deduction under section 162 of the Internal Revenue Code.
71.28(3n)(d) (d) The aggregate amount of credits that a claimant may claim under this subsection is $75,000, except that no more than $50,000 of this amount may be based on costs incurred prior to May 27, 2010.
71.28(3n)(e)1.1. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of expenses under par. (b), except that the aggregate amount of credits that the entity may compute shall not exceed the limitation under par. (d). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interest.
71.28(3n)(e)2. 2. If 2 or more persons own and operate the dairy or livestock farm, each person may claim a credit under par. (b) in proportion to his or her ownership interest, except that the aggregate amount of the credits claimed by all persons who own and operate the farm shall not exceed the limitation under par. (d).
71.28(3n)(f) (f) Subsection (4) (e), (f), (g), and (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. Tax 2.99, Wis. adm. code.
71.28(3n)(g) (g) No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2013.
71.28(3p) (3p)Dairy manufacturing facility investment credit.
71.28(3p)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)