(3) Content of judgment or order.
A judgment or order determining paternity shall contain all of the following provisions:
An adjudication of the paternity of the child.
Orders for the legal custody of and periods of physical placement with the child, determined in accordance with s. 767.41
An order requiring either or both of the parents to contribute to the support of any child of the parties who is less than 18 years old, or any child of the parties who is less than 19 years old if the child is pursuing an accredited course of instruction leading to the acquisition of a high school diploma or its equivalent, determined in accordance with s. 767.511
A determination as to which parent, if eligible, shall have the right to claim the child as an exemption for federal tax purposes under 26 USC 151
(c) (1) (B) [26 USC 151
(c)], or as an exemption for state tax purposes under s. 71.07 (8) (b)
NOTE: The correct cross-reference is shown in brackets. Corrective legislation is pending.
An order establishing the amount of the father's obligation to pay or contribute to the reasonable expenses of the mother's pregnancy and the child's birth. The amount established may not exceed one-half of the total actual and reasonable pregnancy and birth expenses. The order also shall specify the court's findings as to whether the father's income is at or below the poverty line established under 42 USC 9902
(2), and shall specify whether periodic payments are due on the obligation, based on the father's ability to pay or contribute to those expenses.
If the order does not require periodic payments because the father has no present ability to pay or contribute to the expenses, the court may modify the judgment or order at a later date to require periodic payments if the father has the ability to pay at that time.
An order requiring either or both parties to pay or contribute to the costs of the guardian ad litem fees, genetic tests as provided in s. 767.84 (5)
, and other costs.
An order requiring either party to pay or contribute to the attorney fees of the other party.
Upon the request of both parents, the court shall include in the judgment or order determining paternity an order changing the name of the child to a name agreed upon by the parents.
Except as provided in par. (a)
, the court may include in the judgment or order determining paternity an order changing the surname of the child to a surname that consists of the surnames of both parents separated by a hyphen or, if one or both parents have more than one surname, of one of the surnames of each parent separated by a hyphen, if all of the following apply:
Only one parent requests that the child's name be changed, or both parents request that the child's name be changed but each parent requests a different name change.
The court finds that such a name change is in the child's best interest.
Subject to par. (b)
, liability for past support of the child is limited to support for the period after the day on which the petition in the action under s. 767.80
is filed, unless a party shows, to the satisfaction of the court, all of the following:
That he or she was induced to delay commencing the action by any of the following:
Actions, promises or representations by the other party upon which the party relied.
Actions taken by the other party to evade paternity proceedings.
That, after the inducement ceased to operate, he or she did not unreasonably delay in commencing the action.
In no event may liability for past support of the child be imposed for any period before the birth of the child.
(6) Other applicable provisions. Sections 767.41
, and 767.78
, where applicable, apply to a judgment or order under this section.
(7) Preparation of final papers.
The court may order the attorney for the prevailing party to prepare findings of fact, conclusions of law and a judgment for the approval of the court.
History: 1979 c. 352
; 1983 a. 27
; 1985 a. 29
; 1985 a. 315
; 1987 a. 27
; 1989 a. 212
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 481
; 1995 a. 27
, 9126 (19)
; 1995 a. 100
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 16
; 2005 a. 304
; 2005 a. 443
; Stats. 2005 s. 767.89; 2007 a. 20
Determining a father's support obligation by applying percentage standards is inappropriate when the children live in several households. Paternity of B. W. S. 131 Wis. 2d 301
, 388 N.W.2d 615
Regardless of whether a 15 year old boy's fathering of a child resulted from sexual assault as defined in criminal law, the trial court could find that intercourse and parenthood were voluntary for purposes of imposing child support. Whether nonconsent is a defense available to a putative father in a paternity action has not been determined. Paternity of J.L.H. 149 Wis. 2d 349
, 411 N.W.2d 273
(Ct. App. 1989).
There is no statutory authority for an order requiring the mother to repay lying-in expenses paid by medical assistance. Paternity of N.L.M. 166 Wis. 2d 306
, 479 N.W.2d 237
(Ct. App. 1991).
An order for payment of expert witness fees under sub. (3) is not limited by s. 814.04 (2). Paternity of Tiffany B. 173 Wis. 2d 864
, 496 N.W.2d 711
(Ct. App. 1993).
Summary judgment is inappropriate when the presumptive conception period under s. 891.395 does not apply and there is no evidence establishing the period or when there is an untested male whom a reasonable fact finder could conclude had intercourse with the mother during the possible conceptive period. Paternity of Taylor R.T. 199 Wis. 2d 500
, 544 N.W.2d 926
(Ct. App. 1996), 95-2411
A father's lack of knowledge of a child's existence and resulting inability to visit and provide for the child may not be considered in deviating from the percentage standards for support.
Support in a paternity action must be set exclusive of any marital property law principles. Brad Michael L. v. Lee D. 210 Wis. 2d 437
, 564 N.W.2d 354
(Ct. App. 1997), 94-3050
A court does not have authority to create a child support obligation directly to an adult child who has received a high school diploma at the time that person commences an action for support. Roberta Jo W. v. Leroy W. 218 Wis. 2d 225
, 578 N.W.2d 185
Nothing in this section authorizes ordering a name change in the best interests of the child in a paternity judgement. Although s. 69.15 (1) (a) provides for changing a name according to an order in a paternity action, it does not provide authority to order a name change in a paternity action without complying with the procedural requirements for a name change under s. 786.36. Paternity of Noah J.M. 223 Wis. 2d 768
, 590 N.W.2d 21
(Ct. App. 1998), 97-2353
The court's ability to order payment under sub. (3) (e) is contingent on the father's ability to pay. When it is undisputed that the father has no ability to pay at the time of the hearing, the court has no authority to set his obligation to pay lying-in expenses. Rusk County Department of Health and Human Services v. Thorson, 2005 WI App 37
, 278 Wis. 2d 638
, 693 N.W.2d 318
HSS 80: New Rules for Child Support Obligations. Hickey. Wis. Law. April, 1995.
Which Came First? The Serial Family Payer Formula. Stansbury. Wis. Law. April, 1995.
Wisconsin's Custody, Placement and Paternity Reform Legislation. Walther. Wis.Law. April 2000.
Default and stipulated judgments. 767.893(1)
Judgment when petitioner fails to appear or is unable to proceed.
If a petitioner, other than the state, fails to appear and plead on the date set for the pretrial hearing or the date set for the trial or if the state is the petitioner and is unable to proceed on the date set for the pretrial hearing or the date set for the trial, the court may enter a judgment for the respondent dismissing the action, on the motion of the respondent or upon its own motion.
(1m) Judgment when mother fails to appear.
Notwithstanding sub. (1)
, a court may enter an order adjudicating the alleged father, or male alleging that he is the father, to be the father of the child under s. 767.89
if the mother of the child fails to appear at the first appearance, scheduled genetic test, pretrial hearing, or trial if sufficient evidence exists to establish the male as the father of the child.
(2) Judgment when respondent fails to appear. 767.893(2)(a)(a)
Except as provided in sub. (2m)
, if a respondent is the alleged father and fails to appear at the first appearance, scheduled court-ordered genetic test, pretrial hearing, or trial, the court shall enter an order adjudicating the respondent to be the father and appropriate orders for support, legal custody, and physical placement. The orders shall be either served on the respondent or mailed by regular, registered, or certified mail, to the last-known address of the respondent.
A default judgment may not be entered under par. (a)
if there is more than one person alleged in the petition to be the father, unless any of the following applies:
Only one of those persons fails to appear and all of the other male respondents have been excluded as the father.
The alleged father who fails to appear has had genetic tests under s. 49.225
showing that the alleged father is not excluded and that the statistical probability of the alleged father's parentage is 99.0 percent or higher.
At any time after service of the summons and petition, a respondent who is the alleged father may, with or without appearance in court and subject to the approval of the court, in writing acknowledge that he has read and understands the notice under s. 767.813 (5g)
and stipulate that he is the father of the child and for child support payments, legal custody, and physical placement. The court may not approve a stipulation for child support unless it provides for payment of child support determined in a manner consistent with s. 767.511
If the court approves the stipulation, the court shall enter an order adjudicating the respondent to be the father as well as appropriate orders for support, legal custody and physical placement. The orders shall either be served on the respondent or mailed by regular, registered or certified mail to the last-known address of the respondent. The orders shall take effect upon entry if the respondent has so stipulated. If the respondent has not so stipulated, the orders shall take effect 30 days after service or 30 days after the date on which the orders were mailed unless, within that time, the respondent presents to the court evidence of good cause why the orders should not take effect.
(3) Motion to reopen.
A default judgment, or a judgment upon stipulation unless each party appeared personally before the court at least one time during the proceeding, that is rendered under this section and that adjudicates a person to be the father of a child may be reopened:
At any time upon motion or petition for good cause shown.
Within one year after the judgment upon motion or petition, except that a respondent may not reopen more than one default judgment or more than one such stipulated judgment on a particular case under this paragraph.
An appeal of a denial of the petition or motion to reopen shall be to the court of appeals.
The respondent must appear personally under sub. (2) (a). An attorney's appearance is insufficient. Paternity of Tiffany B. 173 Wis. 2d 864
, 496 N.W.2d 711
(Ct. App. 1993).
Motion to reopen judgment based on statement acknowledging paternity.
A judgment which adjudicates a person to be the father of a child and which was based upon a statement acknowledging paternity that was signed and filed before April 1, 1998, may, if no trial was conducted, be reopened under any of the following circumstances:
At any time upon motion or petition for good cause shown.
Within one year after entry of the judgment upon motion or petition.
History: 1987 a. 413
; 1997 a. 191
; 2005 a. 443
; Stats. 2005 s. 767.895.767.00