769.210 History History: 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.211 769.211 Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction to modify spousal support order.
769.211(1) (1) A tribunal of this state issuing a spousal support order consistent with the law of this state has continuing, exclusive jurisdiction to modify the spousal support order throughout the existence of the support obligation.
769.211(2) (2) A tribunal of this state may not modify a spousal support order issued by a tribunal of another state or a foreign country having continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over that order under the law of that state or foreign country.
769.211(3) (3) A tribunal of this state that has continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a spousal support order may serve as any of the following:
769.211(3)(a) (a) An initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to enforce the spousal support order issued in this state.
769.211(3)(b) (b) A responding tribunal to enforce or modify its own spousal support order.
769.211 History History: 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
subch. III of ch. 769 SUBCHAPTER III
CIVIL PROVISIONS OF GENERAL APPLICATION
769.301 769.301 Proceedings under this chapter.
769.301(1) (1) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, this subchapter applies to all proceedings under this chapter.
769.301(3) (3) An individual petitioner or a support enforcement agency may commence a proceeding authorized under this chapter by filing a petition in an initiating tribunal for forwarding to a responding tribunal or by filing a petition or a comparable pleading directly in a tribunal of another state or a foreign country that has or can obtain personal jurisdiction over the respondent.
769.301 History History: 1993 a. 326; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.302 769.302 Action by minor parent. A minor parent, or a guardian or other legal representative of a minor parent, may maintain a proceeding on behalf of or for the benefit of the minor's child.
769.302 History History: 1993 a. 326; 2001 a. 61; 2005 a. 443 s. 265; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.303 769.303 Application of law of this state. Except as otherwise provided by this chapter, a responding tribunal of this state shall do all of the following:
769.303(1) (1) Apply the procedural and substantive law, including the rules on choice of law, generally applicable to similar proceedings originating in this state and may exercise all powers and provide all remedies available in those proceedings.
769.303(2) (2) Determine the duty of support and the amount payable in accordance with the law and support guidelines of this state.
769.303 History History: 1993 a. 326.
769.304 769.304 Duties of initiating tribunal.
769.304(1) (1) Upon the filing of a petition authorized by this chapter, an initiating tribunal of this state shall forward the petition and its accompanying documents to the responding tribunal or appropriate support enforcement agency in the responding state, or, if the identity of the responding tribunal is unknown, to the state information agency of the responding state with a request that they be forwarded to the appropriate tribunal and that receipt be acknowledged.
769.304(2) (2) If requested by the responding tribunal, a tribunal of this state shall issue a certificate or other documents and make findings required by the law of the responding state. If the responding tribunal is in a foreign country, upon request the tribunal of this state shall specify the amount of support sought, convert that amount into the equivalent amount in the foreign currency under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported, and provide any other documents necessary to satisfy the requirements of the responding foreign tribunal.
769.304 History History: 1993 a. 326; 1997 a. 27; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.305 769.305 Duties and powers of responding tribunal.
769.305(1)(1) Whenever a responding tribunal of this state receives a petition or comparable pleading from an initiating tribunal or directly under s. 769.301 (3), it shall cause the petition or pleading to be filed and notify the petitioner where and when it was filed.
769.305(2) (2) A responding tribunal of this state, to the extent not prohibited by other law, may do any of the following:
769.305(2)(a) (a) Establish or enforce a support order, modify a child support order, determine the controlling child support order, or determine parentage of a child.
769.305(2)(b) (b) Order an obligor to comply with a support order, specifying the amount and the manner of compliance.
769.305(2)(c) (c) Order income withholding.
769.305(2)(d) (d) Determine the amount of any arrearages and specify a method of payment.
769.305(2)(e) (e) Enforce orders by civil or criminal contempt or both.
769.305(2)(f) (f) Set aside property for satisfaction of the support order.
769.305(2)(g) (g) Place liens and order execution on the obligor's property.
769.305(2)(h) (h) Order an obligor to keep the tribunal informed of the obligor's current residential address, electronic mail address, telephone number, employer, address of employment, and telephone number at the place of employment.
769.305(2)(i) (i) Issue an order under s. 818.02 (6) for the arrest of an obligor who has failed after proper notice to appear at a hearing ordered by the tribunal and enter the order for arrest in any local and state computer systems for criminal warrants.
769.305(2)(j) (j) Order the obligor to seek appropriate employment by specified methods.
769.305(2)(k) (k) Award reasonable attorney fees and other fees and costs.
769.305(2)(L) (L) Grant any other available remedy.
769.305(3) (3) A responding tribunal of this state shall include in a support order issued under this chapter, or in the documents accompanying the order, the calculations on which the support order is based.
769.305(4) (4) A responding tribunal of this state may not condition the payment of a support order issued under this chapter upon compliance by a party with provisions for visitation.
769.305(5) (5) If a responding tribunal of this state issues an order under this chapter, the tribunal shall send a copy of the order to the petitioner and the respondent and to the initiating tribunal, if any.
769.305(6) (6) If requested to enforce a support order, arrears, or judgment or modify a support order stated in a foreign currency, a responding tribunal of this state shall convert the amount stated in the foreign currency to the equivalent amount in dollars under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported.
769.305 History History: 1993 a. 326; 1995 a. 225; 1997 a. 27; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.306 769.306 Inappropriate tribunal. If a petition or comparable pleading is received by an inappropriate tribunal of this state, the tribunal shall forward the pleading and accompanying documents to an appropriate tribunal of this state or another state and notify the petitioner where and when the pleading was sent.
769.306 History History: 1993 a. 326; 1997 a. 27; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.307 769.307 Duties of support enforcement agency.
769.307(1) (1) A support enforcement agency of this state, upon request, shall provide services to a petitioner in a proceeding under this chapter.
769.307(2) (2) A support enforcement agency of this state that is providing services to the petitioner shall do all of the following as applicable:
769.307(2)(a) (a) Take all steps necessary to enable an appropriate tribunal of this state, another state, or a foreign country to obtain jurisdiction over the respondent.
769.307(2)(b) (b) Request an appropriate tribunal to set a date, time and place for a hearing.
769.307(2)(c) (c) Make a reasonable effort to obtain all relevant information, including information as to income and property of the parties.
769.307(2)(d) (d) Within 2 days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, after receipt of notice in a record from an initiating, responding, or registering tribunal, send a copy of the notice to the petitioner.
769.307(2)(e) (e) Within 2 days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, after receipt of communication in a record from the respondent or the respondent's attorney, send a copy of the communication to the petitioner.
769.307(2)(f) (f) Notify the petitioner if jurisdiction over the respondent cannot be obtained.
769.307(3m) (3m) A support enforcement agency of this state that requests registration of a child support order in this state for enforcement or for modification shall make reasonable efforts to do either of the following:
769.307(3m)(a) (a) Ensure that the order to be registered is the controlling order.
769.307(3m)(b) (b) If 2 or more child support orders exist and the identity of the controlling order has not been determined, ensure that a request for such a determination is made in a tribunal having jurisdiction to do so.
769.307(4) (4) A support enforcement agency of this state that requests registration and enforcement of a support order, arrears, or judgment stated in a foreign currency shall convert the amounts stated in the foreign currency into the equivalent amounts in dollars under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported.
769.307(5) (5) A support enforcement agency of this state shall issue or request a tribunal of this state to issue a child support order and an income-withholding order that redirect payment of current support, arrears, and interest if requested to do so by a support enforcement agency of another state under s. 769.319.
769.307(6) (6) This chapter does not create or negate a relationship of attorney and client or other fiduciary relationship between a support enforcement agency or the attorney for the agency and the individual being assisted by the agency.
769.307 History History: 1993 a. 326; 1997 a. 27; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 ss. 4, 12.
769.308 769.308 Duty of attorney general.
769.308(1) (1) If the attorney general determines that the support enforcement agency is neglecting or refusing to provide services to an individual, the attorney general may order the agency to perform its duties under this chapter or may provide those services directly to the individual.
769.308(2) (2) The attorney general may determine that a foreign country has established a reciprocal arrangement for child support with this state and take appropriate action for notification of the determination.
769.308 History History: 1993 a. 326; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.309 769.309 Private counsel. An individual may employ private counsel to represent the individual in proceedings authorized by this chapter.
769.309 History History: 1993 a. 326.
769.31 769.31 Duties of state information agency.
769.31(1) (1) The department of children and families is the state information agency under this chapter.
769.31(2) (2) The state information agency shall do all of the following:
769.31(2)(a) (a) Compile and maintain a current list, including addresses, of the tribunals in this state that have jurisdiction under this chapter and any support enforcement agencies in this state and transmit a copy to the state information agency of every other state.
769.31(2)(b) (b) Maintain a register of names and addresses of tribunals and support enforcement agencies received from other states.
769.31(2)(c) (c) Forward to the appropriate tribunal in the county in this state in which the obligee who is an individual or the obligor resides, or in which the obligor's property is believed to be located, all documents concerning a proceeding under this chapter received from another state or a foreign country.
769.31(2)(d) (d) Obtain information concerning the location of the obligor and the obligor's property within this state not exempt from execution by such means as postal verification and federal or state locator services, examination of telephone directories, requests for the obligor's address from employers and examination of governmental records, including, to the extent not prohibited by other law, those relating to real property, vital statistics, law enforcement, taxation, motor vehicles, driver's licenses and social security.
769.311 769.311 Pleadings and accompanying documents.
769.311(1)(1) In a proceeding under this chapter, a petitioner seeking to establish a support order, to determine parentage of a child, or to register and modify a support order of a tribunal of another state or a foreign country must file a petition. Unless otherwise ordered under s. 769.312, the petition or accompanying documents must provide, so far as known, the names, residential addresses, and social security numbers of the obligor and the obligee or the parent and alleged parent, and the name, sex, residential address, social security number, and date of birth of each child for whose benefit support is sought or whose parentage is to be determined. Unless filed at the time of registration, the petition must be accompanied by a copy of any support order known to have been issued by another tribunal. The petition may include any other information that may assist in locating or identifying the respondent.
769.311(2) (2) The petition must specify the relief sought. The petition and accompanying documents must conform substantially with the requirements imposed by the forms mandated by federal law for use in cases filed by a support enforcement agency.
769.311 History History: 1993 a. 326; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.312 769.312 Nondisclosure of information in exceptional circumstances. If a party alleges in an affidavit or a pleading under oath that the health, safety, or liberty of a party or child would be jeopardized by the disclosure of specific identifying information, that information must be sealed and may not be disclosed to the other party or the public. After a hearing in which a tribunal takes into consideration the health, safety, or liberty of the party or child, the tribunal may order disclosure of information that the tribunal determines to be in the interest of justice.
769.312 History History: 1993 a. 326; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.313 769.313 Costs and fees.
769.313(1)(1) The petitioner may not be required to pay a filing fee or other costs.
769.313(2) (2) If an obligee prevails, a responding tribunal of this state may assess against an obligor filing fees, reasonable attorney fees, other costs, and necessary travel and other reasonable expenses incurred by the obligee and the obligee's witnesses. The tribunal may not assess fees, costs, or expenses against the obligee or the support enforcement agency of either the initiating or responding state or foreign country, except as provided by other law. Attorney fees may be taxed as costs and may be ordered paid directly to the attorney, who may enforce the order in the attorney's own name. Payment of support owed to the obligee has priority over fees, costs, and expenses.
769.313(3) (3) The tribunal shall order the payment of costs and reasonable attorney fees if it determines that a hearing was requested primarily for delay. In a proceeding under subch. VI, a hearing is presumed to have been requested primarily for delay if a registered support order is confirmed or enforced without change.
769.313 History History: 1993 a. 326; 2009 a. 321; 2015 a. 82 s. 12.
769.314 769.314 Limited immunity of petitioner.
769.314(1) (1) Participation by a petitioner in a proceeding under this chapter before a responding tribunal, whether in person, by private attorney, or through services provided by the support enforcement agency, does not confer personal jurisdiction over the petitioner in another proceeding.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 392 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before May 10, 2016. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after May 10, 2016 are designated by NOTES. (Published 5-10-16)