77.10(2)(a)1.1. Any owner of forest croplands may elect to withdraw all or any of such lands from under this subchapter, by filing with the department of natural resources a declaration withdrawing from this subchapter any description owned by such person which he or she specified, and by payment by such owner to the department of natural resources within 60 days the amount of tax due from the date of entry or the most recent date of renewal, whichever is later, as determined by the department of revenue under s. 77.04 (1) with simple interest thereon at 12 percent per year, less any severance tax and supplemental severance tax or acreage share paid thereon, with interest computed according to the rule of partial payments at the rate of 12 percent per year.
77.10(2)(a)2. 2. The amount of the tax shall be determined by the department of revenue and furnished to the department of natural resources, which shall determine the exact amount of payment. When the tax rate or assessed value ratio of the current year has not been determined the rate of the preceding tax year may be used. On receiving such payment the department of natural resources shall issue an order of withdrawal and file copies thereof with the department of revenue, the supervisor of equalization and the clerk of the town, and shall record the order with the register of deeds of the county, in which the land lies. The land shall then cease to be forest croplands.
77.10(2)(b) (b) Upon receipt of any taxes under this section by the state, the department of natural resources shall first deduct all moneys paid by the state on account of the lands under s. 77.05 with interest on the moneys computed according to the rule of partial payments at the rate of interest paid under par. (a) by the person withdrawing such lands. The department shall within 20 days remit the balance to the town treasurer who shall pay 20 percent to the county treasurer and retain the remainder.
77.10(2)(c) (c) Land subject to a contract under s. 77.03 that is withdrawn and the ownership of which is transferred to the federal government, the state or a local governmental unit, as defined in s. 66.0131 (1) (a), is not subject to the tax payment calculated under par. (a) if the land will be used for a public road, railroad, utility right-of-way, park, recreational trail, wildlife or fish habitat area or a public forest.
77.10(4) (4) Taxation after withdrawal. When any description ceases to be a part of the forest croplands, by virtue of any order of withdrawal issued by the department of natural resources, taxes thereafter levied thereon shall be payable and collectible as if such description had never been under this subchapter.
77.105 77.105 Ferrous mining.
77.105(1)(1)The department may not issue an order of withdrawal under s. 77.10 (1) based on the cutting of timber or other forest crops or other activities on forest cropland if all of the following requirements are met:
77.105(1)(a) (a) The cutting or activity is necessary to engage in bulk sampling, as defined in s. 295.41 (7).
77.105(1)(b) (b) The area that will be affected by the cutting or the activity does not exceed 5 acres.
77.105(1)(c) (c) A bulk sampling plan has been filed with the department under s. 295.45 and all approvals that are required for bulk sampling have been issued by the department.
77.105(1)(d) (d) The revegetation plan that is part of the bulk sampling plan described under par. (c) includes forestry practices that will ensure that the timber, forest crops, and other vegetation that will be cut or otherwise affected will be restored to the greatest extent possible.
77.105(2) (2)The requirement under sub. (1) (d) does not apply to forest cropland that is within a mining site described in a preapplication notification under s. 295.465 or in an application for a ferrous mining permit under s. 295.58.
77.105 History History: 2013 a. 1.
77.11 77.11 Accounts of department of natural resources. The department of natural resources shall keep a set of forest croplands books in which shall always appear as to each description in each town containing any forest croplands, the amount of taxes paid by the state to the town and received by the state from the owner. All tax payments shall be paid out of and receipts credited to the forestry account of the conservation fund.
77.11 History History: 1977 c. 29.
77.12 77.12 Review of findings, venue. Any finding of fact made under this subchapter after due notice and hearing is final unless it is set aside or modified by the circuit court for either Dane County or the county in which the land lies. Any person may bring an action for that purpose in either of those courts within 30 days after the making of the finding sought to be reviewed.
77.12 History History: 1985 a. 332 s. 251 (2); 1997 a. 253.
77.125 77.125 Signatures.
77.125(1)(1)The signature of an official or an employee of the department of natural resources may be stamped, printed, or otherwise reproduced on an order under ss. 77.01 to 77.14 after the official or employee adopts the stamped, printed, or otherwise reproduced signature as his or her facsimile signature.
77.125(2) (2)The signature or the facsimile signature under sub. (1) of an official or an employee of the department of natural resources meets the requirement under s. 706.05 (2) (a).
77.125(3) (3)The requirement of s. 706.05 (2) (b) does not apply to orders issued under this subchapter.
77.125 History History: 2009 a. 365.
77.13 77.13 Termination of forest croplands program.
77.13(1)(1)On and after July 20, 1985, no person may petition the department of natural resources requesting it to approve any land as forest croplands under this subchapter.
77.13(2) (2)On and after January 1, 1986, the department of natural resources may not act on any petition requesting the designation of land as forest croplands, issue any order entering land as forest croplands or enter into a renewal of any forest croplands contract under this subchapter.
77.13(3) (3)Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to any petition submitted under s. 77.02 (4).
77.13 History History: 1985 a. 29; 1987 a. 27; 2009 a. 28.
77.14 77.14 Forest croplands information, protection, appropriation. The department of natural resources shall publish and distribute information regarding the method of taxation of forest croplands under this subchapter, and may employ a fire warden in charge of fire prevention in forest croplands. All actual and necessary expenses incurred by the department of natural resources or by the department of revenue in the performance of their duties under this subchapter shall be paid from the appropriation made in s. 20.370 (2) (mv) upon certification by the department incurring such expenses.
77.17 77.17 Contracts for land in the lower Wisconsin state riverway. An owner of timber that is exempt under s. 30.44 (3) (c) 1. shall comply with a rule regulating timber cutting and harvesting promulgated under s. 30.42 (1) (d):
77.17(1) (1)If the rule is not inconsistent with the contract entered into under s. 77.03; or
77.17(2) (2)If the owner agrees to modify the contract entered into under s. 77.03 to require compliance with the rules.
77.17 History History: 1989 a. 31; 2013 a. 54.
subch. II of ch. 77 SUBCHAPTER II
77.21 77.21 Definitions. In this subchapter:
77.21(1) (1)“Conveyance" includes deeds and other instruments for the passage of ownership interests in real estate, including contracts and assignments of a vendee's interest therein, including instruments that are evidence of a sale of time-share property, as defined in s. 707.02 (32), and including leases for at least 99 years but excluding leases for less than 99 years, easements and wills.
77.21(1e) (1e)“Mergers of entities" means the merger or combination of 2 or more corporations, nonstock corporations, limited liability companies, limited partnerships, or other entities, or any combination thereof, under a plan of merger or a plan of consolidation permitted by the laws that govern the entities.
77.21(1k) (1k)“Partition" means the division among several persons of real property, including noncontiguous real property, that belongs to them as co-owners.
77.21(1m) (1m)“Real estate" includes, but is not limited to, fixtures; roots, vines and trees of perennial crops; stock in a cooperative building; improvements on leased land; timber; and minerals.
77.21(2) (2)“Register" means the register of deeds for the county in which particular real estate is located.
77.21(3) (3)“Value" means:
77.21(3)(a) (a) In the case of any conveyance not a gift, the amount of the full actual consideration paid therefor or to be paid, including the amount of any lien or liens thereon; and
77.21(3)(b) (b) In case of a gift, or any deed of nominal consideration or any exchange of properties, the estimated price the property would bring in an open market and under the then prevailing market conditions in a sale between a willing seller and a willing buyer, both conversant with the property and at prevailing general price levels.
77.21 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Tax 15, Wis. adm. code.
77.21 Annotation A memorandum announcing a reorganization of a land-owning partnership into a limited liability company and that the LLC was now the owner of the real estate was a document intended to transfer title to real estate. The receipt by members of ownership interests in the LLC was for value so that there was a conveyance under sub. (1) subject to taxation under s. 77.22. Wolter v. DOR, 231 Wis. 2d 651, 605 N.W.2d 283 (Ct. App. 1999), 99-0671.
77.22 77.22 Imposition of real estate transfer fee.
77.22(1)(1)There is imposed on the grantor of real estate a real estate transfer fee at the rate of 30 cents for each $100 of value or fraction thereof on every conveyance not exempted or excluded under this subchapter. In regard to land contracts, the value is the total principal amount that the buyer agrees to pay the seller for the real estate. This fee shall be collected by the register at the time the instrument of conveyance is submitted for recording. Except as provided in s. 77.255, at the time of submission the grantee or his or her duly authorized agent or other person acquiring an ownership interest under the instrument, or the judgment creditor in the case of a foreclosure under s. 846.16, shall execute a return, signed by both grantor and grantee, on the form prescribed under sub. (2). The register shall enter the fee paid on the face of the deed or other instrument of conveyance before recording, and, except as provided in s. 77.255, submission of a completed real estate transfer return and collection by the register of the fee shall be prerequisites to acceptance of the conveyance for recording. The register shall have no duty to determine either the correct value of the real estate transferred or the validity of any exemption or exclusion claimed. If the transfer is not subject to a fee as provided in this subchapter, the reason for exemption shall be stated on the face of the conveyance to be recorded by reference to the proper subsection under s. 77.25.
77.22(2) (2)The secretary of revenue shall prescribe the form required under sub. (1). Forms filed on or after July 1, 2009, shall be filed electronically in the manner prescribed by the secretary. The secretary may waive the requirement to file electronically if the secretary determines, based on a written application for a waiver, that the requirement causes an undue hardship. The form shall include an application for a credit under s. 79.10 (5) and shall provide for the submission of the following:
77.22(2)(a) (a) The value of the ownership interest transferred by the instrument of conveyance.
77.22(2)(b) (b) The amount of the fee payable under this section.
77.22(2)(e) (e) The financing terms under which agricultural land is transferred that are relevant to determining only the value of the property.
77.22(2)(f) (f) Any other information the secretary requires.
77.22 Annotation The transfer by all owners of property held as a in tenancy in common to a partnership consisting of all the original tenants in common was a taxable conveyance. DOR v. Mark, 168 Wis. 2d 288, 483 N.W.2d 302 (Ct. App. 1992).
77.22 Annotation A memorandum announcing a reorganization of a land-owning partnership into a limited liability company and that the LLC was now the owner of the real estate was a document intended to transfer title to real estate. The receipt by members of ownership interests in the LLC was for value so that there was a conveyance under s. 77.21 (1) subject to taxation under sub. (1). Wolter v. DOR, 231 Wis. 2d 651, 605 N.W.2d 283 (Ct. App. 1999), 99-0671.
77.22 Annotation There need not be both a conveyance and consideration with value for a transfer to be subject to the transfer fee. F.M. Management Co. v. DOR, 2004 WI App 19, 269 Wis. 2d 526, 674 N.W.2d 922, 03-1536.
77.23 77.23 Disposition of fees and returns. On or before the 15th day of each month the register shall submit to the county treasurer transfer fees collected together with the returns filed in the office during the preceding month for the treasurer's transmission to the department of revenue under s. 77.24 and shall submit to the county treasurer, or to the city treasurer if the property is located in a city that collects taxes under s. 74.87, all applications for credits under s. 79.10 (5) that the county register of deeds receives during the preceding month.
77.24 77.24 Division of fee. Twenty percent of all fees collected under this subchapter shall be retained by the county and the balance shall be transmitted to the state. Remittances shall be made monthly by the county treasurers to the department of revenue by the 15th day of the month following the close of the month in which the fee was collected. The remittance to the department shall be accompanied by the returns executed under s. 77.22.
77.24 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1981 c. 20.
77.25 77.25 Exemptions from fee. The fees imposed by this subchapter do not apply to a conveyance:
77.25(1) (1)Prior to October 1, 1969.
77.25(2) (2)From the United States or from this state or from any instrumentality, agency or subdivision of either.
77.25(2g) (2g)By gift, to the United States or to this state or to any instrumentality, agency or subdivision of either.
77.25(2r) (2r)Under s. 236.29 (1) or (2) or 236.34 (1m) (e) or for the purpose of a road, street, or highway, to the United States or to this state or to any instrumentality, agency, or subdivision of either.
77.25(3) (3)Which, executed for nominal, inadequate or no consideration, confirms, corrects or reforms a conveyance previously recorded.
77.25(4) (4)On sale for delinquent taxes or assessments.
77.25(5) (5)On partition.
77.25(6) (6)Pursuant to mergers of entities.
77.25(6d) (6d)Pursuant to partnerships filing or cancelling a statement of qualification under s. 178.0901 or a corresponding statement under the law of another jurisdiction.
77.25(6m) (6m)Pursuant to the conversion of a business entity to another form of business entity under s. 178.1141, 179.76, 180.1161, 181.1161, or 183.1207, if, after the conversion, the ownership interests in the new entity are identical with the ownership interests in the original entity immediately preceding the conversion.
77.25(6q) (6q)Pursuant to an interest exchange under s. 178.1131.
77.25(6t) (6t)Pursuant to a domestication under s. 178.1151.
77.25(7) (7)By a subsidiary corporation to its parent corporation for no consideration, nominal consideration or in sole consideration of cancellation, surrender or transfer of capital stock between parent and subsidiary corporation.
77.25(8) (8)Between parent and child, stepparent and stepchild, parent and son-in-law or parent and daughter-in-law for nominal or no consideration.
77.25(8m) (8m)Between husband and wife.
77.25(8n) (8n)Between an individual and his or her domestic partner under ch. 770.
77.25(9) (9)Between agent and principal or from a trustee to a beneficiary without actual consideration.
77.25(10) (10)Solely in order to provide or release security for a debt or obligation, if the debt or obligation was not incurred as the result of a conveyance.
77.25(10m) (10m)Solely to designate a TOD beneficiary under s. 705.15.
77.25(11) (11)By will, descent or survivorship.
77.25(11m) (11m)By nonprobate transfer on death under s. 705.15.
77.25(12) (12)Pursuant to or in lieu of condemnation.
77.25(13) (13)Of real estate having a value of $1,000 or less.
77.25(14) (14)Under a foreclosure or a deed in lieu of a foreclosure to a person holding a mortgage or to a seller under a land contract.
2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 91 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on January 5, 2022. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after January 5, 2022, are designated by NOTES. (Published 1-5-22)