809.19(6)(c)1.a. a. Thirty days after the date of service of the respondent-cross-appellant's brief, and 3 additional days under s. 801.15 (5) (a) if service is accomplished by mail; or
809.19(6)(c)1.b. b. Thirty days after the date on which the respondent-cross-appellant's brief is filed.
809.19(6)(c)2. 2. The appellant portion of the combined brief shall comply with the requirements of sub. (4) for a reply brief, including the length limitation for such a brief set forth in sub. (8) (c) 2. The cross-respondent portion of the combined brief shall comply with the requirements of sub. (3) for a respondent's brief, including the length limitation for such a brief set forth in sub. (8) (c) 1., except that the requirement of sub. (1) (c) may be omitted, the cross-respondent portion of the combined brief shall be preceded by a white cover page titled “Cross-Respondent's Brief," and a signature shall be required only at the conclusion of the cross-respondent portion of the combined brief.
809.19(6)(d) (d) A respondent-cross-appellant shall file either a reply brief titled “Reply Brief of Cross-Appellant" in the form required by sub. (4) for reply briefs, or a statement that a reply brief will not be filed, within the later of:
809.19(6)(d)1. 1. Fifteen days after the date of service of the appellant-cross-respondent's brief, and 3 additional days under s. 801.15 (5) (a) if service is accomplished by mail; or
809.19(6)(d)2. 2. Fifteen days after the date on which the appellant-cross-respondent's brief is filed.
809.19(6)(e) (e) Each part of a combined brief shall comply with the form and length certification requirements of sub. (8g).
809.19(6)(f) (f) A respondent-cross-appellant must comply with the same appendix rules as an appellant under subs. (2) (a) and (am) and (8g), except that a respondent-cross-appellant shall not be required to include materials that are contained in the appellant's appendix.
809.19(6)(g) (g) Subsection (5) applies to appeals involving multiple appellants-cross respondents or respondents-cross appellants.
809.19(6m) (6m) Guardian ad litem brief. If the guardian ad litem chooses to participate in an appeal and takes the position of an appellant, the guardian ad litem's brief shall be filed within 40 days after the filing in the court of the record on appeal. If the guardian ad litem chooses to participate in an appeal and takes the position of a respondent, the guardian ad litem's brief shall be filed within 30 days after service of the appellant's brief. In an appeal related to the termination of parental rights, a guardian ad litem shall follow the filing procedures set forth under s. 809.107 (6) (d). If an unpublished opinion is cited under s. 809.23 (3) (a) or (b), a copy of the opinion shall be provided in an appendix to the brief. If the guardian ad litem chooses not to participate in an appeal of an action or proceeding, the guardian ad litem shall file with the court a statement of reasons for not participating within 20 days after the filing of the appellant's brief. The time for filing and serving the brief due after the guardian ad litem's brief shall not commence until all briefs of the parties in the position taken by the guardian ad litem have been filed.
809.19(7) (7) Nonparty briefs.
809.19(7)(a)(a) A person not a party may by motion request permission to file a brief. The motion shall identify the interest of the person and state why a brief filed by that person is desirable.
809.19(7)(b) (b) If the brief will support or oppose a petition under s. 809.62 or 809.70, the brief shall accompany the motion and shall be filed within the time permitted for the opposing party to file a response to the petition. If an unpublished opinion is cited under s. 809.23 (3) (a) or (b), a copy of the opinion shall be provided in an appendix to the brief.
809.19(7)(c) (c) Except as provided in par. (b), the motion shall be filed not later than 14 days after the respondent's brief is filed, and the brief shall be filed within the time specified by the court. If an unpublished opinion is cited under s. 809.23 (3) (a) or (b), a copy of the opinion shall be provided in an appendix to the brief.
809.19(7)(d) (d) A nonparty brief shall comply with sub. (1) (e) and (f).
809.19(8) (8) Number, form, pagination, and length of briefs and appendices.
809.19(8)(a)(a) Number.
809.19(8)(a)1.1. For electronic filing users, each brief or appendix shall be filed and served using the electronic filing system as provided in s. 809.801 (6) (a). The filing party shall serve one copy of the brief and appendix on each paper party by traditional methods.
809.19(8)(a)2. 2. A paper party shall file, serve, and receive paper documents by traditional methods as provided in s. 809.80. A paper party shall file one copy of each brief or appendix with the court and serve one copy on every other paper party by traditional methods.
809.19(8)(b) (b) Form. A brief or appendix must conform to the following specifications:
809.19(8)(b)1. 1. Created by a process that produces a clear, black image on a white background. Cover pages shall be white. Carbon copies may not be filed.
809.19(8)(b)2. 2. Formatted to fit 8.5 by 11 inch paper.
809.19(8)(b)3.a.a. The use of word processors or typewriters is encouraged but not required.
809.19(8)(b)3.b. b. If a monospaced font is used: 10 characters per inch; double-spaced.
809.19(8)(b)3.c. c. If a proportional serif font is used: minimum 13 point body text, 11 point for block quotes and footnotes. Italics may be used only for citations, headings, emphasis and foreign words; bold may be used only for citations, headings, and emphasis. Line spacing in body text must be between 1.15 and 1.5 lines or an equivalent line spacing; additional space between paragraphs is permitted but not required. Block quotes and footnotes must be single-spaced.
809.19(8)(b)3.d. d. If handwriting is used: the text must be legibly printed and not include cursive writing, except the person's signature.
809.19(8)(b)3.e. e. Margins must be a minimum of a 1.25-inch margin on the right and left sides and a minimum of a 1-inch margin on the top and bottom.
809.19(8)(b)4. 4. The pages of paper documents must be secured together at the top left corner.
809.19(8)(bm) (bm) Pagination. A brief or appendix must have page numbers centered in the bottom margin using Arabic numerals with sequential numbering starting at “1" on the cover.
809.19(8)(c) (c) Length.
809.19(8)(c)1.1. For a brief filed by a party under sub. (1), (5), or (6) (a), (b), or (c), or by a guardian ad litem under sub. (6m), those portions of the brief referred to in sub. (1) (d), (e) and (f) shall not exceed 50 pages if a monospaced font or handwriting is used, or 11,000 words if a proportional serif font is used.
809.19(8)(c)2. 2. For a reply brief filed under sub. (4) or (6) (d), those portions referred to in sub. (1) (e) and (f) shall not exceed 13 pages if a monospaced font or handwriting is used, or 3,000 words if a proportional serif font is used.
809.19(8)(c)3. 3. For a brief filed under sub. (7), those portions of the brief referred to in sub. (1) (e) and (f) shall not exceed 13 pages if a monospaced font or handwriting is used, or 3,000 words if a proportional serif font is used.
809.19(8g) (8g) Certifications.
809.19(8g)(a)(a) Briefs; certification regarding form and length.
809.19(8g)(a)1. 1. Counsel shall submit with the brief a signed certification that the brief meets the form and length requirements of sub. (8) (b), (bm), and (c) in the following form:
I hereby certify that this brief conforms to the rules contained in s. 809.19 (8) (b), (bm), and (c) for a brief. The length of this brief is .... [pages] [words].
Signed: ....
Signature
809.19(8g)(a)2. 2. For purposes of the certification of length under this paragraph, counsel filing a brief may use the word count produced by a commercial word processor available to the general public. The word count shall include the words of any text included in the brief in the form of an image.
809.19(8g)(b) (b) Appendices; certification regarding contents and confidentiality.
809.19(8g)(b)1.1. An appellant's counsel shall submit with the appendix a signed certification that the appendix meets the content and confidentiality requirements of sub. (2) (a) and (am) in the following form:
CERTIFICATION BY ATTORNEY
I hereby certify that filed with this brief is an appendix that complies with s. 809.19 (2) (a) and that contains, at a minimum: (1) a table of contents; (2) the findings or opinion of the circuit court; (3) a copy of any unpublished opinion cited under s. 809.23 (3) (a) or (b); and (4) portions of the record essential to an understanding of the issues raised, including oral or written rulings or decisions showing the circuit court's reasoning regarding those issues.
I further certify that if this appeal is taken from a circuit court order or judgment entered in a judicial review of an administrative decision, the appendix contains the findings of fact and conclusions of law, if any, and final decision of the administrative agency.
I further certify that if the record is required by law to be confidential, the portions of the record included in the appendix are reproduced using one or more initials or other appropriate pseudonym or designation instead of full names of persons, specifically including juveniles and parents of juveniles, with a notation that the portions of the record have been so reproduced to preserve confidentiality and with appropriate references to the record.
Signed: ....
Signature
809.19(8g)(b)2. 2. Counsel filing a supplemental appendix shall submit it with a signed certification that the appendix complies with the confidentiality requirements under sub. (2) (am) in a form substantially similar to the confidentiality provision under subd. 1.
809.19(8g)(c) (c) Combined certifications. Certification of a brief under par. (a) and certification of an appendix or supplemental appendix under par. (b) may be combined in a single document for signature.
809.19(8g)(d) (d) Electronic signature. For electronic filing users, a certification may be electronically signed in accordance with s. 809.801 (12) (a).
809.19(9) (9) Brief covers. Each brief or appendix shall have a white front cover. The front cover shall contain the name of the court, the caption and number of the case, the court and judge appealed from, the title of the document, and the name and address of counsel filing the document. Except as provided in s. 809.81 (8) and (9), the caption shall include the full name of each party in the circuit court and shall designate each party so as to identify each party's status in the circuit court and in the appellate court, if any. In the supreme court, “petitioner" shall be added to the party designation of the petitioner, and the respondent's party designation shall remain the same as in the court of appeals.
809.19(10) (10) Citation of supplemental authorities. If pertinent authorities decided after briefing come to the attention of a party or a nonparty under sub. (7) or a guardian ad litem under sub. (6m) after the party's or nonparty's or guardian ad litem's brief has been filed, or after oral argument but before decision, the party, nonparty, or guardian ad litem may promptly advise the clerk of the court, by letter, and serve a copy of that letter on all parties to the appeal. If the new authority is a decision of the Wisconsin court of appeals, the authority is considered decided for purposes of this subsection on the date of an order for publication issued under s. 809.23 (2). The letter shall do the following:
809.19(10)(a) (a) Set forth the citations for the authority.
809.19(10)(b) (b) Identify the page of the brief or the point that was argued orally to which the citations pertain.
809.19(10)(c) (c) For each authority that is cited, briefly discuss the proposition that the authority supports.
809.19(11) (11) Response to supplemental authorities. A response to the letter under sub. (10) may be filed within 11 days after service of that letter. The response shall briefly discuss the reason why each authority does not support the stated proposition, unless the proposition is not disputed.
809.19 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 83 Wis. 2d xiii (1978); Sup. Ct. Order, 92 Wis. 2d xiii (1979); 1979 c. 110; Sup. Ct. Order, 104 Wis. 2d xi (1981); 1981 c. 390 s. 252; Sup. Ct. Order, 111 Wis. 2d xiii (1983); Sup. Ct. Order, 112 Wis. 2d xv (1983); Sup. Ct. Order, 115 Wis. 2d xv (1983); Sup. Ct. Order, 123 Wis. 2d xx (1985); Sup. Ct. Order, 146 Wis. 2d xxxiii (1988); Sup. Ct. Order, 151 Wis. 2d xvii (1989); Sup. Ct. Order, 161 Wis. 2d xiii (1991); Sup. Ct. Order, 164 Wis. 2d xxix (1991); Sup. Ct. Order, 167 Wis. 2d xiii (1992); Sup. Ct. Order, 171 Wis. 2d xiii, xvii, xxxvii (1992); Sup. Ct. Order No. 93-20, 179 Wis. 2d xxv (1993); 1993 a. 486; 1995 a. 224; Sup. Ct. Order No. 97-01, 208 Wis. 2d xxiii (1997); 1997 a. 35; Sup. Ct. Order No. 00-02, 2001 WI 39, 242 Wis. 2d xxvii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 02-01, 2002 WI 120, 255 Wis. 2d xiii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 04-11, 2005 WI 149, 283 Wis. 2d xix; Sup. Ct. Order No. 06-02, 2006 WI 118, 291 Wis. 2d xiii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 07-03, 2007 WI 129, 303 Wis. 2d xxvii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 08-15 and Sup. Ct. Order No. 08-18, 2009 WI 4, 311 Wis. 2d xxix; 2009 a. 180; Sup. Ct. Order No. 10-01 and Sup. Ct. Order No. 10-02, 2010 WI 42, 323 Wis. 2d xxiii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 13-10, 2014 WI 45, 354 Wis. 2d xliii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 14-01, 2015 WI 21, filed 3-2-15, eff. 7-1-15; Sup. Ct. Order No. 17-05, 2017 WI 95, filed 11-9-17, eff. 7-1-18; 2017 a. 364 s. 49; 2017 a. 365; Sup. Ct. Order No. 20-07, 2021 WI 37, 397 Wis. 2d xiii; 2021 a. 240 s. 30.
809.19 Note Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1978: Sub. (1). The format for briefs established in former Rule 251.34 is generally followed except that the requirement of a synopsis of the argument in the table of contents is eliminated. Former Rule 251.34 (1) required the synopsis and gave 200 Wis. 530 as an illustration. The synopsis was no longer included in most briefs and if it was, often was very lengthy and served no real purpose. It is replaced in the table of contents by a shorter, one sentence summary of each section of the argument portion of the brief. New statements pertaining to the need for oral argument and whether the opinion in the case will set precedent and thus should be published are added. The purpose of the latter is to assist the court in screening cases for oral argument or submission on briefs.
809.19 Note Sub. (2). The lengthy appendix with the narrative of testimony required by former Rule 251.34 (5) is replaced with the system used in the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Under this system the original record serves as the primary evidence of what occurred in the trial court. The appendix becomes a very abbreviated document with only those items absolutely essential to an understanding of the case. It is designed to be nothing more than a useful tool to the members of the court. The failure to include some item in the appendix has no effect on the ability or willingness of the court to consider any matter in the record. This change, combined with the elimination of the requirement of printed briefs, should reduce the cost of an appeal.
809.19 Note Sub. (5). Each appellant in a case has the right to file a separate brief and need not share a brief with co-appellants.
809.19 Note Sub. (6). The parties to a cross-appeal can file the same briefs as the parties to the main appeal. Thus the cross-appellant can file a 40 page brief as cross-appellant in addition to his 40 page brief as respondent. The cross-appellant can also combine both briefs in a single brief but is limited to the page limits on each section of brief. A cross-appellant filing a 30 page brief as respondent is still limited to a 40 page brief as cross-appellant.
809.19 Note Sub. (7). The practice under former Rule 251.40 is modified to require the request to file an amicus curiae brief be made by motion rather than by letter. Rule 29, FRAP. The motion should indicate the interest of the amicus and why a brief by the amicus is desirable.
809.19 Note Subs. (8) and (9). In addition to briefs produced by the standard typographical process, briefs produced by a mimeograph or photocopy process from typewritten copy may also be filed. The principal objective is to reduce the cost of an appeal to the Court of Appeals. The specifications for the printed and typewritten pages are designed to result in briefs of approximately an equal number of words no matter which process is used. The paper size of 8-1/2 x 11 is specified for the sake of uniformity and ease of handling.
809.19 Note Colors for covers are specified to permit easy identification of the briefs. [Re Order effective July 1, 1978]
809.19 Note Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1979: Sub. (8) (a) previously required that 30 copies of a brief or appendix be filed in either the Court of Appeals or Supreme Court. The number of copies to be filed in the Court of Appeals or Supreme Court has been reduced to 20 copies to reflect the smaller number of judges deciding an appeal before the Court of Appeals and the difficulty the Supreme Court is facing in having enough storage space to retain the 30 copies of a brief previously required. The provision in Rule 809.43 requiring the filing of 10 copies of a brief and appendix in an appeal heard by one judge remains unchanged. [Re Order effective Jan. 1, 1980]
809.19 Note Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1981: Sub. (1) (e) is amended to incorporate SCR 80.02, governing citation of a published court of appeals or supreme court opinion in a brief, memorandum or other document filed with the court of appeals or supreme court.
809.19 Note Sub. (8) (b) 4 previously required that a brief and appendix be bound only on the left side with staple or tape. A sufficient number of heavy strength staples are to be used to assure that the briefs and appendix remain securely bound when used by the court of appeals and supreme court. The prior alternative method of binding the brief and appendix solely with tape is repealed.
809.19 Note Sub. (9) is amended to clarify that both a front and back cover of a brief and appendix are required. [Re Order effective Jan. 1, 1982]
809.19 Note Judicial Council Note, 1988: Sub. (7) (b) permits nonparties to request permission to file a brief supporting or opposing a petition for the Supreme Court to review a decision of the Court of Appeals or to take original jurisdiction. In these cases, the motion and the brief shall be filed together, within the time permitted for response by the opposing party.
809.19 Note Revised sub. (8) (c) clarifies that the page limit does not include the table of contents, table of cases and other authorities, statement of issues, statement on oral argument and publication, appendix or supplemental appendix. [Re Order effective Jan. 1, 1989]
809.19 Note Judicial Council Note, 2001: Subsection (1) (h) requires a signature on briefs. Subsection (1) (i) makes identification of the parties consistent and less confusing. Subsection (3) was revised to address a situation in which the appellant's brief is served on the respondent, but has not yet been accepted for filing by the court. If the respondent undertakes to prepare its brief within 30 days after service of the appellant's brief and the appellant's brief has not yet been accepted for filing, the respondent will have wasted time and energy if the appellant's brief ultimately is rejected. The last sentence of sub. (4) was added to require record references and a conclusion in a reply brief. Subsection (6) was rewritten to clarify briefing requirements in cross-appeals. The time limit in sub. (7) (c) was changed from 10 to 14 days. Please see the comment to s. 808.07 (6) concerning time limits. The reference to s. 809.43 was deleted in sub. (8) (a) 1. because the greater number of copies is needed when a single-judge appeal reaches the supreme court. Subsection (8) (a) 3. was amended to apply to pro se parties only. Subsection (8) (b) 4. was amended to allow “velobinding" of briefs, a process commonly accepted but not authorized by statute. Subsection (9) requires parties to use the complete case caption. Parties shall not abridge the caption by use of “et al" or similar phrases. Subsections (10) and (11) are new and establish a procedure for supplementing briefs or oral argument with pertinent authorities that subsequently come to the attention of a party or an amicus curiae, who is denoted a “nonparty" under sub. (7), or a guardian ad litem under sub. (8m). This procedure is based upon Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 28 (j) and Circuit Rule 28 (e) of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. [Re Order No. 00-02 effective July 1, 2001]
809.19 Note Judicial Council Note, 2002: Occasionally an appellant's brief is filed before the record is filed with the appellate court clerk, especially in cases involving pro se appellants. The amendments to subs. (3) and (6) (b) 1. conform to current practice by establishing the due date for the respondent's brief or respondent-cross-appellant's brief as the latest of thirty days after date of service of the appellant's brief (plus three days if service is by mail), thirty days after the date on which the court accepts the appellant's brief or appellant-cross-respondent's brief for filing, or thirty days after the date on which the record is filed in the office of the clerk.
809.19 Note Subsection (9) is amended to conform to the party designations used by the clerk's office when a petition for review is granted. [Re Order No. 02-01 effective January 1, 2003]
809.19 Annotation Comment, October 2005: As the number of appeals has increased, the Court of Appeals' reliance on appendices during the decision-making process has increased. The Court of Appeals requests that Wis. Stat. § (Rule) 809.19 (2) (b) be created to require that appellant's counsel certify compliance with Wis. Stat. § (Rule) 809.19 (2) (a) (as renumbered by this order), that requires an appellant's brief include an appendix and sets forth the contents of the appendix. The Court of Appeals believes that a certification requirement, similar to the form and length certification required by Wis. Stat. § (Rule) 809.19 (8) (d) will result in increased compliance with renumbered Wis. Stat. § (Rule) 809.19 (2) (a) and improve the quality of appendices that are filed with the court. [Re Sup. Ct. Order No. 04-11]
809.19 Note NOTE: Sup. Ct. Order No. 08-15 and 08-18, 2009 WI 4, states: “The following Comment to Wis. Stat. §§ (Rule) 809.19 (12) and 809.19 (13) is not adopted but will be published and may be consulted for guidance in interpreting and applying the statute."
809.19 Note Comment, 2008: An electronic brief required under s. 809.19 (12) and an electronic appendix requested under s. 809.19 (13) are in addition to and not a replacement for the paper brief and appendix required under s. 809.19. The filing requirement is satisfied only when the requisite number of paper copies of the brief and appendix and the electronic brief are filed.
809.19 Note The filing of an electronic appendix is encouraged, but not required. These rules do not provide for total electronic filing at the appellate level. Accordingly, the paper copies of appellate briefs and appendices constitute the official court record.
809.19 Note An electronic brief shall be submitted to the court as a text-searchable Portable Document Format (PDF) document. “PDF" is a universal file format that preserves the fonts, formatting, pagination, and graphics of a source document. A text-searchable brief is created by electronically converting the original word processing file to a PDF document. An electronic appendix may be submitted as a non-text-searchable PDF document. A non-text-searchable appendix is created by scanning the paper document to create a PDF document.
809.19 Note Electronic briefs may be enhanced with internal links (such as a table of contents with links to locations in the brief) or external links (links to websites containing the text of cases or statutes cited in the brief). External links in an electronic brief shall not require a password for access to the case or statute. No enhancement to an electronic brief shall alter the text of the brief.
809.19 Note All electronic briefs shall be submitted in a single electronic file. The file containing the electronic brief shall not contain the appendix or any other document or material. An electronic appendix containing more than 200 pages may be split into smaller electronic files.
809.19 Note Sample electronic brief certification form:
809.19 Note CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE WITH RULE 809.19 (12)
809.19 Note I hereby certify that:
809.19 Note I have submitted an electronic copy of this brief, excluding the appendix, if any, which complies with the requirements of s. 809.19 (12). I further certify that:
809.19 Note This electronic brief is identical in content and format to the printed form of the brief filed as of this date.
809.19 Note A copy of this certificate has been served with the paper copies of this brief filed with the court and served on all opposing parties.
809.19 Note   Signed ....
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2021-22 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2023 Wis. Act 272 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 9, 2024. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 9, 2024, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-9-24)