Notwithstanding par. (a)
, the time for filing a motion for reconsideration under s. 809.24
may not be enlarged.
Sup. Ct. Order, 83 Wis. 2d xiii (1978); Sup. Ct. Order, 104 Wis. 2d xi (1981); 1981 c. 390
; 1991 a. 263
; Sup. Ct. Order No. 00-02
, 2001 WI 39, 242 Wis. 2d xxvii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 02-01
, 2002 WI 120, 255 Wis. 2d xiii; 2005 a. 293
; 2017 a. 258
; Sup. Ct. Order No. 20-07
, 2021 WI 37, filed 4-23-21, eff. 7-1-21.
Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1978: Sub. (1). The provisions of the Rules of Civil Procedure as to computation of time are adopted for appeals to avoid any problems resulting from a lack of uniformity.
Sub. (2) continues the first sentence of former Rule 251.45. It eliminates the second sentence of that Rule permitting the attorneys by stipulation to extend the time for filing briefs if the extension does not interfere with the assignment of the case because this procedure interferes with the ability of the court to monitor cases pending before it and because it is not always certain when a case will be on an assignment. The Supreme Court considers that deadlines as to briefs and other actions in the court should have priority over all matters except previously scheduled trials in circuit and county courts and deadlines set by a federal court. Requests for extensions are not, consequently, looked upon with favor by the court. [Re Order effective July 1, 1978]
Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1981: Sub. (2) is amended to permit the court of appeals to extend the time for filing a notice of appeal or cross-appeal in appeals under Rules 809.30 and 809.40 (1), which cover criminal appeals and postconviction motions and appeals in ch. 48, 51 and 55 cases. When read with Rules 809.30 and 809.40 (1), the rule was previously ambiguous regarding extensions of time to file a notice of appeal or cross-appeal in ch. 48, 51 and 55 cases. The amendment clarifies the rules. Other than appeals under Rules 809.30 and 809.40 (1), the time for filing a notice of appeal or cross-appeal may not be extended. [Re Order effective Jan. 1, 1982]
Judicial Council Note, 2001: Subsection (2) (d) was created to provide notice to the clerk of any motion affecting time limits. Subsection (2) (e) was created to facilitate computation of due dates on petitions for review. [Re Order No. 00-02 effective July 1, 2001]
The court of appeals abused its discretion by ordering oral argument one day after the petition for a writ was filed and served. State ex rel. Breier v. Milwaukee County Circuit Court, 91 Wis. 2d 833
, 284 N.W.2d 102
The authority to extend the time for filing a notice of appeal under sub. (2) does not apply to appeals regarding terminations of parental rights under s. 809.107. Gloria A. v. State, 195 Wis. 2d 268
, 536 N.W.2d 396
(Ct. App. 1995), 95-0315
A claim of ineffective assistance of appellate counsel must be brought by a petition for writ of habeas corpus. Utilizing sub. (2) as a substitute for habeas corpus, so as to avoid making a substantive determination that a defendant was denied the effective assistance of appellate counsel constitutes an erroneous exercise of discretion. State v. Evans, 2004 WI 84
, 273 Wis. 2d 192
, 682 N.W.2d 784
. See also Santana v. Endicott, 2006 WI App 13
, 288 Wis. 2d 707
, 709 N.W.2d 515
It is unwise and unhelpful to replace the good cause standard for deciding extension motions under this section with an ineffective assistance of counsel analysis under Evans
when deciding requests for extensions of time to file notices of intent to pursue postconviction relief. State v. Quackenbush, 2005 WI App 2
, 278 Wis. 2d 611
, 692 N.W.2d 340
The writ of habeas corpus may be used in the court of appeals to seek relief from a termination of parental rights (TPR) even though there is no restraint of liberty of the petitioner, when appellate counsel failed to appeal before the deadline. Under sub. (2) (b), the time for filing an appeal of a TPR may not be enlarged when the petition was filed by someone other than a representative of the public. If the court was not able to recognize the petitioner's right to raise ineffectiveness of counsel, the petitioner will never have an appeal through no fault of his or her own. Amy W. v. David G., 2013 WI App 83
, 348 Wis. 2d 593
, 834 N.W.2d 432
Rule (Penalties for delay or noncompliance with rules). 809.83(1)(a)
If the court finds that an appeal was taken for the purpose of delay, it may award any of the following:
A penalty in addition to interest not exceeding 10 percent on the amount of the judgment affirmed.
A motion for costs, penalties, damages and fees under this subsection shall be filed no later than the filing of the respondent's brief or, if a cross-appeal is filed, the cross-respondent's brief.
(2) Noncompliance with rules.
Failure of a person to comply with a court order or with a requirement of these rules, other than the timely filing of a notice of appeal or cross-appeal, does not affect the jurisdiction of the court over the appeal but is grounds for dismissal of the appeal, summary reversal, striking of a paper, imposition of a penalty or costs on a party or counsel, or other action as the court considers appropriate.
Sup. Ct. Order, 83 Wis. 2d xiii (1978); Sup. Ct. Order, 151 Wis. 2d xvii (1989); 1995 a. 225
; Sup. Ct. Order No. 00-02
, 2001 WI 39, 242 Wis. 2d xxvii.
Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1978: Former ss. 251.22, 251.23, 251.51, 251.56, 251.57, 251.73, 251.75, 251.77, 251.81, 251.82, 251.85 and 251.89, providing for specific penalties for delay and for certain rule violations, are replaced. In the event of a rule violation, the court is authorized to take such action as it considers appropriate. If the court finds an appeal was taken for purposes of delay, it can impose one or more of the four types of penalties specified in sub. (1). [Re Order effective July 1, 1978]
Judicial Council Note, 2001: Subsection (2) is changed to allow appellate courts to sanction parties who violate court orders. [Re Order No. 00-02 effective July 1, 2001]
The untimely service of a petition filed under s. 808.10 does not affect jurisdiction, but the opposing party may move to dismiss under sub. (2). State v. Rhone, 94 Wis. 2d 682
, 288 N.W.2d 862
Summary reversal of a dismissal order as a sanction under sub. (2) entitled the plaintiffs to a trial without consideration of the issue that resulted in the dismissal. State ex rel. Blackdeer v. Town of Levis, 176 Wis. 2d 252
, N.W.2d (Ct. App. 1993).
To dismiss an appeal under sub. (2), there must be demonstrated egregious conduct or bad faith on the party's or attorney's part. In certain cases attorney bad faith may be imputed to the party, but the attorney conduct should involve the same litigation. It was improper to consider an attorney's repeated requests for time extensions in other cases in denying a motion and dismissing the appeal. State v. Smythe, 225 Wis. 2d 456
, 592 N.W.2d 628
The court of appeals may not grant summary reversal of a circuit court order on appeal as a sanction without a finding of bad faith, egregious conduct, or a litigant's abandonment of the appeal. Raz v. Brown, 2003 WI 29
, 260 Wis. 2d 614
, 660 N.W.2d 647
Rule (Applicability of rules of civil procedure).
An appeal to the court is governed by the rules of civil procedure as to all matters not covered by these rules unless the circumstances of the appeal or the context of the rule of civil procedure requires a contrary result.
History: Sup. Ct. Order, 83 Wis. 2d xiii (1978).
Rule (Continuation, appearance, substitution or withdrawal of counsel). 809.85(1)
Appointed counsel to continue.
An attorney appointed by a lower court in a case or proceeding appealed to the court shall continue to act in the same capacity in the court until the court relieves the attorney or as allowed under sub. (3)
, or (5) (b)
Counsel not admitted to practice law in Wisconsin but admitted pro hac vice in the circuit court case shall provide the clerk with a copy of the circuit court's order admitting counsel pro hac vice and then may appear before the court in association with counsel admitted to practice law and in good standing in Wisconsin. Wisconsin counsel shall sign every document filed in the court and shall be present in person in all proceedings unless excused by the court.
Counsel not admitted to practice law in Wisconsin may move the court for pro hac vice admission and shall state by affidavit that counsel is admitted to practice law and is in good standing to practice law in another jurisdiction and that counsel has complied with SCR 10.03
(4). If the motion is granted, counsel may appear before the court in association with counsel admitted to practice law and in good standing in Wisconsin. Wisconsin counsel shall sign every document filed in the court and shall be present in person in all proceedings unless excused by the court.
For good cause the court may revoke the privilege granted herein of any counsel admitted pro hac vice to appear in any proceeding.
Notice of limited appearance.
If an attorney's scope of representation is limited, notices under s. 802.045
of limited appearance and of termination of limited appearance shall be filed with the court and served on the client and all parties. Upon the filing of the notice of termination of limited appearance, the clerk shall enter the withdrawal of counsel on the court docket without a court order.
An attorney for a party to an appeal or other appellate court proceeding may withdraw upon the party's consent by filing a notice of withdrawal signed by the party and withdrawing counsel and accompanied by a notice of substitution of counsel signed by substitute counsel. The notice of substitution of counsel must provide the substitute attorney's name, mailing address, electronic mail address, if any, and telephone number. Upon the filing of a notice of withdrawal and notice of substitution of counsel, the clerk shall enter the substitution on the court docket without a court order.
Substitution of counsel without the signature of withdrawing counsel may be allowed for good cause shown and upon such terms as shall be just.
Entry of appearance by members or employees of law firms, professional corporations, legal assistance clinics, and agencies.
The entry of an appearance as attorney of record by an attorney who is a member or an employee of a law firm, professional corporation, legal assistance clinic, or agency representing a party to the appeal or other appellate court proceeding shall relieve other members or employees of the same law firm, professional corporation, legal assistance clinic, or agency from the necessity of filing a notice of withdrawal and substitution of counsel. Upon entry of such appearance, the clerk shall enter the substitution of counsel on the court docket without a court order unless the entry of appearance indicates that the attorneys will serve as co-counsel.
Withdrawal by consent.
Other than in an appeal under s. 809.107
, an attorney for a party to an appeal or other appellate court proceeding may withdraw as counsel of record upon the party's consent by filing a notice of withdrawal signed by the party indicating consent. The notice shall indicate the party's last known address unless disclosure of the address would violate a standard of professional responsibility. Upon the filing of a notice of withdrawal indicating the party's consent, the clerk shall enter the withdrawal on the court docket without a court order.
Withdrawal by motion.
An attorney desiring to withdraw as counsel of record for a party to an appeal or other appellate court proceeding who is unable to obtain the party's consent under par. (b)
, or in an appeal under s. 809.107
, must file a motion to withdraw. The motion shall be filed in the court in which the appeal or other appellate court proceeding is pending.
Referral for appointment of counsel by the state public defender.
If the appeal or other appellate court proceeding is one in which the client may be eligible for the appointment of counsel under s. 809.107
or 809.30 (2) (e)
or ch. 977
, and if the client requests representation by the state public defender, the attorney shall serve a copy of the motion to withdraw on the appellate division intake unit in the Madison appellate office of the state public defender and refer the client to the appellate division intake office for indigency determination and the possible appointment of counsel. When a client is referred to the state public defender, within 20 days after receipt of a motion to withdraw filed and served under par. (e)
the state public defender shall
notify the court in which the motion was filed of the status of the determination of the client's indigency and whether the state public defender will appoint counsel.
Content of motion to withdraw as counsel.
A motion to withdraw as counsel must include all of the following items:
The client's name and last known address, unless disclosure of the address would violate a standard of professional responsibility.
A statement that at least 14 days before the motion was filed the client was notified in person, by mail, by electronic mail, or by phone of all of the following information:
Of the right to object to the motion within 11 days after service of the motion.
That unless the client retains or obtains new counsel, the client is personally responsible for keeping the court and the other parties informed where notices, briefs, or other papers may be served and complying with all court orders and time limitations established by the rules of appellate procedure or by court order, and that if the client fails or refuses to comply with court orders and established time limitations, the client may suffer possible dismissal, default or other penalty.
The date of any pending deadline or required filing in the appeal or other appellate proceeding.
If the client is not a natural person, that the client must be represented by counsel unless the appeal is taken from a small claims case.
When referral to the state public defender is required under par. (d)
, a statement that the referral was made and the date it was made.
A statement that the motion was served on the client, all parties to the appeal, and the appellate division intake unit in the Madison appellate office of the state public defender when referral to the state public defender is required under par. (d)
If counsel was unable to give the client the notice required under subd. 2.
, a statement that attempts to give notice have failed and an explanation of what good faith efforts counsel made to satisfy the notice requirement.
The reasons for withdrawal under SCR 20:1.16
and the facts relevant to the reasons or factors in the withdrawal determination under par. (f)
, unless an explanation of the reasons and facts would violate a standard of professional responsibility.
Factors in withdrawal determination.
The court may approve withdrawal under appropriate terms and conditions. The court may consider the following factors in deciding the attorney's motion to withdraw:
Whether the client has been given reasonable notice and opportunity to obtain substitute counsel.
Complexity of the case, the length of time the attorney has served as counsel of record, and preparatory work completed.
Whether the request is made to manipulate the appellate process.
Whether the attorney-client relationship is irrevocably broken.
Delay caused by the withdrawal of counsel of record.
Whether the office of the state public defender will appoint counsel.
Such other factors as the court may determine to be relevant.
The filing of a motion to withdraw under this section automatically tolls the time for performing an act required by the rules of appellate procedure or court order from the date the motion was filed until the date motion is disposed of by order. The time for filing a petition for review under s. 808.10
is not tolled.
Motion not necessary.
Upon the filing of a petition for review by a self-represented person or new counsel, the clerk shall enter the withdrawal of counsel or substitution of counsel on the court docket without a court order.
The withdrawing attorney shall surrender to the client or successor counsel the papers and property to which the client is entitled within 14 days of counsel's receipt of the client's or successor counsel's request, unless the court orders otherwise.
Sup. Ct. Order, 83 Wis. 2d xiii (1978); Sup. Ct. Order, 151 Wis. 2d xxv (1989); Sup. Ct. Order No. 20-05
, 2021 WI 25, filed 3-9-21, eff. 7-1-21; 2021 a. 240
Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1978: Rule 809.85 continues former Rule 251.88. [Re Order effective July 1, 1978]
Judicial Council Note, 1990: See ss. 48.235 (7), 767.045 (5) and 880.331 (7).
NOTE: Sup. Ct. Order No. 20-05 states that “the Judicial Council Note to Wis. Stat. § 809.85 is not adopted but will be published and may be consulted for guidance in interpreting and applying the rule.”
Judicial Council Note, 2021:
Subsection (5)(a) is not intended to supersede Rule 809.30(4), which governs the withdrawal of appointed counsel. Subsection (6) is consistent with SCR 20:1.16(d)
and only adds a time limit in which counsel must act. Subsection (6) allows the court to defer the surrender of papers and property to the client when the appointment of new counsel is anticipated.
In this section, “the court" means the court of appeals. Once a timely notice of appeal is filed, the court of appeals gains jurisdiction over the case and the circuit court no longer has jurisdiction to remove court appointed counsel. Roberta Jo W. v. Leroy W., 218 Wis. 2d 225
, 578 N.W.2d 185
Rule (Identification of victims and others in briefing, petitions for review, and responses to petitions for review). 809.86(1)(1)
Declaration of policy.
By enacting this rule, the supreme court intends to better protect the privacy and dignity interests of crime victims. It requires appellate briefs, petitions for review, and responses to petitions for review to identify crime victims by use of identifiers, as specified in sub. (4)
, unless there is good cause for noncompliance. The rule protects the identity of victims in appellate briefs, petitions for review, and responses to petitions for review that the courts make available online.
This section applies to appeals in the following types of cases:
Certiorari review of decisions or orders entered by the department of corrections, the department of health services, or the parole commission in a proceeding or case specified in pars. (a)
Collateral challenges to judgments or orders entered in a proceeding or case specified in pars. (a)
In this section, “
victim" means a natural person against whom a crime, other than a homicide, has been committed or alleged to have been committed in the appeal or proceeding. “Victim" does not include the person convicted of or alleged to have committed a crime at issue in the appeal or proceeding.
(4) Briefs, petitions for review, and responses to petitions for review.
In an appeal specified under sub. (2)
, the briefs of the parties, petitions for review, and responses to petitions for review shall not, without good cause, identify a victim by any part of his or her name but may identify a victim by one or more initials or other appropriate pseudonym or designation.