895.61(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
895.61(1)(a) (a) “Asbestos claim" means a claim for damages, losses, indemnification, contribution, or other relief arising out of or related in any way to asbestos, including all of the following:
895.61(1)(a)1. 1. A claim related to the health effects of exposure to asbestos, including a claim related to any of the following:
895.61(1)(a)1.a. a. Personal injury or death.
895.61(1)(a)1.b. b. Mental or emotional injury.
895.61(1)(a)1.c. c. Increased risk of disease or other injury.
895.61(1)(a)1.d. d. Costs of medical monitoring or surveillance.
895.61(1)(a)2. 2. A claim made by or on behalf of any person exposed to asbestos, or by a spouse, parent, child, or other relative of the person.
895.61(1)(a)3. 3. A claim related to the installation, presence, or removal of asbestos.
895.61(1)(b) (b) “Corporation" means a domestic corporation for profit organized under the laws of this state or a foreign corporation for profit organized under laws other than the laws of this state.
895.61(1)(c)1.1. “Successor asbestos-related liability" means any liability that is related to an asbestos claim and that was assumed or incurred by a corporation as a result of or in connection with any of the following:
895.61(1)(c)1.a. a. A merger or consolidation with a transferor.
895.61(1)(c)1.b. b. The plan of merger or consolidation with a transferor related to the merger or consolidation with or into another corporation.
895.61(1)(c)1.c. c. An asbestos claim based on the exercise of control or ownership of stock or a corporation before the merger or consolidation with a transferor.
895.61(1)(c)2. 2. “Successor asbestos-related liability" includes liability that, after the time of the merger or consolidation with a transferor for which the fair market value of the total gross assets of the successor corporation was determined under sub. (4), was paid, discharged, or committed to be paid or discharged by or on behalf of the corporation, successor corporation, or transferor in connection with a settlement, judgment, or discharge in this state or in another jurisdiction.
895.61(1)(d) (d) “Successor corporation" means a corporation that has assumed or incurred successor asbestos-related liabilities before January 1, 1972, or that is any of that successor corporation's successors.
895.61(1)(e) (e) “Total gross assets" includes intangible assets.
895.61(1)(f) (f) “Transferor" means a corporation from which a successor asbestos-related liability is or was assumed or incurred.
895.61(2) (2) Applicability.
895.61(2)(a)(a) The limitations in sub. (3) apply to any successor corporation, except as provided in par. (b).
895.61(2)(b) (b) The limitations in sub. (3) do not apply to any of the following:
895.61(2)(b)1. 1. Worker's compensation benefits paid under ch. 102 or a comparable worker's compensation law of another jurisdiction.
895.61(2)(b)2. 2. Any claim against a successor corporation that does not constitute a successor asbestos-related liability.
895.61(2)(b)3. 3. Any obligation under 29 USC 151, et seq., or under any collective bargaining agreement.
895.61(2)(b)4. 4. A successor corporation that, after a merger or consolidation with a transferor, continued in the business of mining asbestos, selling or distributing asbestos fibers, or manufacturing, distributing, removing, or installing asbestos-containing products that were the same or substantially the same as those products that were previously manufactured, distributed, removed, or installed by the transferor.
895.61(3) (3) Measure of liability.
895.61(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the cumulative successor asbestos-related liabilities of a successor corporation are limited to the fair market value of the total gross assets of the transferor determined as of the time of the merger or consolidation with the successor corporation. Subject to par. (b), the successor corporation does not have responsibility for any successor asbestos-related liabilities in excess of this limitation.
895.61(3)(b) (b) If the transferor to the successor corporation had assumed or incurred successor asbestos-related liability in connection with a prior merger or consolidation with a prior transferor, then the fair market value of the total assets of the prior transferor determined as of the time of the earlier merger or consolidation is substituted for the limitation under par. (a) for purposes of determining the limitation on liability of the successor corporation.
895.61(4) (4) Establishing the fair market value of total gross assets.
895.61(4)(a)(a) A successor corporation may establish the fair market value of total gross assets for purposes of the limitations under sub. (3) by any reasonable method, including any of the following:
895.61(4)(a)1. 1. By reference to the going concern value of the assets.
895.61(4)(a)2. 2. By reference to the purchase price attributable to or paid for the assets in an arms-length transaction.
895.61(4)(a)3. 3. In the absence of other readily available information from which the fair market value can be determined, by reference to the value of the assets recorded on a balance sheet.
895.61(4)(b) (b) To the extent that total gross assets include liability insurance that was issued to the transferor whose assets are being valued under this subsection, the applicability, terms, conditions, and limits of the insurance are not affected by this section. This section does not affect the rights and obligations of an insurer, transferor, or successor corporation under any insurance contract or related agreement, including all of the following:
895.61(4)(b)1. 1. A preenactment settlement resolving a coverage-related dispute.
895.61(4)(b)2. 2. The right of an insurer to seek payment for applicable deductibles, retrospective premiums, or self-insured retentions.
895.61(4)(b)3. 3. The right of an insurer to seek contribution from a successor corporation for an uninsured or self-insured period or for a period when insurance is uncollectible or unavailable.
895.61(4)(c) (c) Subject to par. (b), to the extent that total gross assets include any liability insurance, a settlement of a dispute concerning the liability insurance coverage entered into by the transferor or successor corporation with the insurer of the transferor before August 1, 2009, shall be determinative of the total coverage of the liability insurance for inclusion in the calculation of the transferor's total gross assets.
895.61(5) (5) Adjustment of fair market value.
895.61(5)(a) (a) Except as provided in pars. (b) to (d), the fair market value of the total gross assets at the time of the merger or consolidation with the transferor shall increase annually at a rate equal to the sum of the following:
895.61(5)(a)1. 1. The weekly prime rate for the first week of each calendar year since the merger or consolidation, as reported by the federal reserve board in federal reserve statistical release H. 15.
895.61(5)(a)2. 2. One percent.
895.61(5)(b) (b) The rate under par. (a) may not be compounded.
895.61(5)(c) (c) The adjustment of the fair market value of the total gross assets shall continue as provided in par. (a) until the date that the adjusted fair market value of the total gross assets is first exceeded by the cumulative amounts of successor asbestos-related liabilities paid or committed to be paid by or on behalf of the successor corporation or a predecessor of the successor corporation or by or on behalf of a transferor after the time of the merger or consolidation for which the fair market value of the total gross assets is determined.
895.61(5)(d) (d) No adjustment of the fair market value of total gross assets may be applied to any liability insurance that is included in the definition of total gross assets under sub. (4) (b).
895.61(6) (6) Liberal construction intended. This section shall be liberally construed to effect its purposes with regard to successor corporations.
895.61 History History: 2009 a. 28; 2013 a. 173 s. 33.
895.62 895.62 Use of force in response to unlawful and forcible entry into a dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business; civil liability immunity.
895.62(1)(1)In this section:
895.62(1)(a) (a) “Actor" means a person who uses force that is intended or likely to cause death or great bodily harm to another person.
895.62(1)(b) (b) “Dwelling" has the meaning given in s. 895.07 (1) (h).
895.62(1)(c) (c) “Place of business" means a business that the actor owns or operates.
895.62(2) (2)Except as provided in sub. (4), an actor is immune from civil liability arising out of his or her use of force that is intended or likely to cause death or great bodily harm if the actor reasonably believed that the force was necessary to prevent imminent death or bodily harm to himself or herself or to another person and either of the following applies:
895.62(2)(a) (a) The person against whom the force was used was in the process of unlawfully and forcibly entering the actor's dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business, the actor was on his or her property or present in the dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business, and the actor knew or had reason to believe that an unlawful and forcible entry was occurring.
895.62(2)(b) (b) The person against whom the force was used was in the actor's dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business after unlawfully and forcibly entering it, the actor was present in the dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business, and the actor knew or had reason to believe that the person had unlawfully and forcibly entered the dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business.
895.62(3) (3)If sub. (2) (a) or (b) applies, the finder of fact may not consider whether the actor had an opportunity to flee or retreat before he or she used force and the actor is presumed to have reasonably believed that the force was necessary to prevent imminent death or bodily harm to himself or herself or to another person.
895.62(4) (4)The presumption described in sub. (3) does not apply if any of the following are true:
895.62(4)(a) (a) The actor was engaged in a criminal activity or was using his or her dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business to further a criminal activity at the time he or she used the force described in sub. (2).
895.62(4)(b) (b) The person against whom the force was used was a public safety worker, as defined in s. 941.375 (1) (b), who entered or attempted to enter the actor's dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business in the performance of his or her official duties. This paragraph applies only if at least one of the following applies:
895.62(4)(b)1. 1. The public safety worker identified himself or herself to the actor before the force described in sub. (2) was used by the actor.
895.62(4)(b)2. 2. The actor knew or reasonably should have known that the person entering or attempting to enter his or her dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business was a public safety worker.
895.62(5) (5)In any civil action, if a court finds that a person is immune from civil liability under sub. (2), the court shall award the person reasonable attorney fees, costs, compensation for loss of income, and other costs of the litigation reasonably incurred by the person.
895.62(6) (6)Nothing in this section may be construed to limit or impair any defense to civil or criminal liability otherwise available.
895.62 History History: 2011 a. 94.
subch. III of ch. 895 SUBCHAPTER III
STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT TRANSFERS
895.65 895.65 Definitions. In this subchapter:
895.65(1) (1)“Annuity issuer" means an insurer that has issued a contract to fund periodic payments under a structured settlement.
895.65(2) (2)“Business day" has the meaning given in s. 421.301 (6).
895.65(3) (3)“Dependents" means a payee's spouse and minor children and all other persons for whom the payee is legally obligated to provide support, maintenance, or alimony.
895.65(4) (4)“Discounted present value" means the present value of future payments determined by discounting the payments to the present using the applicable federal rate for determining the present value of an annuity, as most recently issued by the federal Internal Revenue Service.
895.65(5) (5)“Gross advance amount" means the sum payable to the payee or for the payee's account as consideration for a transfer of structured settlement payment rights before any reductions for transfer expenses or other deductions to be made from such consideration.
895.65(6) (6)“Independent professional advice" means advice of an attorney, certified public accountant, actuary, or other licensed professional adviser.
895.65(7) (7)“Interested parties" means the payee, any beneficiary irrevocably designated under the annuity contract to receive payments following the payee's death, the annuity issuer, the structured settlement obligor, and any other party that has continuing rights or obligations under a structured settlement. If the payee is a trust that names the state as a remainder beneficiary, or the payee is a trustee of such a trust, the secretary of health services is an interested party.
895.65(8) (8)“Net advance amount" means the gross advance amount less the aggregate amount of the actual and estimated transfer expenses required to be disclosed under s. 895.66 (5).
895.65(9) (9)“Payee" means an individual who is receiving tax-free payments under a structured settlement and proposes to make a transfer of the payment rights.
895.65(10) (10)“Periodic payments" includes both recurring payments and scheduled future lump sum payments.
895.65(11) (11)“Qualified assignment agreement" means an agreement providing for a qualified assignment within the meaning of section 130 of the federal Internal Revenue Code, Title 26, USC.
895.65(12) (12)“Settled claim" means the original tort claim resolved by a structured settlement.
895.65(13) (13)“Structured settlement" means an arrangement for periodic payment of damages for personal injuries or sickness established by settlement or judgment in resolution of a tort claim.
895.65(14) (14)“Structured settlement agreement" means the agreement, judgment, stipulation, or release embodying the terms of a structured settlement.
895.65(15) (15)“Structured settlement obligor" means the party that has the continuing obligation to make periodic payments to the payee under a structured settlement agreement or a qualified assignment agreement.
895.65(16) (16)“Structured settlement payment rights" means rights to receive periodic payments under a structured settlement if any of the following applies:
895.65(16)(a) (a) The payee is domiciled in, or the domicile or principal place of business of the structured settlement obligor or the annuity issuer is located in, this state.
895.65(16)(b) (b) The structured settlement agreement was approved by a court in this state.
895.65(16)(c) (c) The structured settlement agreement is expressly governed by the laws of this state.
895.65(17) (17)“Terms of the structured settlement" means the terms or conditions of the structured settlement agreement, the annuity contract, any qualified assignment agreement, and any order or other approval of any court that authorized or approved the structured settlement.
895.65(18) (18)
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 24 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on April 15, 2021. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 15, 2021, are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-15-21)