Statement of injured; admissibility; copies. 904.12(1)(1)
In actions for damages caused by personal injury, no statement made or writing signed by the injured person within 72 hours of the time the injury happened or accident occurred, shall be received in evidence unless such evidence would be admissible as a present sense impression, excited utterance or a statement of then existing mental, emotional or physical condition as described in s. 908.03 (1)
Every person who takes a written statement from any injured person or person sustaining damage with respect to any accident or with respect to any injury to person or property, shall, at the time of taking such statement, furnish to the person making such statement, a true, correct and complete copy thereof. Any person taking or having possession of any written statement or a copy of said statement, by any injured person, or by any person claiming damage to property with respect to any accident or with respect to any injury to person or property, shall, at the request of the person who made such statement or the person's personal representative, furnish the person who made such statement or the person's personal representative, a true, honest and complete copy thereof within 20 days after written demand. No written statement by any injured person or any person sustaining damage to property shall be admissible in evidence or otherwise used or referred to in any way or manner whatsoever in any civil action relating to the subject matter thereof, if it is made to appear that a person having possession of such statement refused, upon the request of the person who made the statement or the person's personal representatives, to furnish such true, correct and complete copy thereof as herein required.
This section does not apply to any statement taken by any officer having the power to make arrests.
Sup. Ct. Order, 59 Wis. 2d R1, R99 (1973); 1991 a. 32
The rule on the admissibility of statements made or writings signed by an injured party within 72 hours of an accident under sub. (1) does not to apply to releases. The supreme court's interpretation of the predecessor statute to sub. (1) in Buckland v. Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railway Co.
160 Wis. 484 (1915) that the legislature did not intend the prohibition on such writings to apply to a release of claims is controlling. Hart v. Artisan and Truckers Casualty Company, 2017 WI App 45
, 377 Wis. 2d 177
, 900 N.W.2d 610
Postaccident Statements by Injured Parties. La Fave. Wis. Law. Sept. 1997.
Information concerning crime victims. 904.13(2)
In any action or proceeding under ch. 938
or chs. 967
, evidence of the address of an alleged crime victim or any family member of an alleged crime victim or evidence of the name and address of any place of employment of an alleged crime victim or any family member of an alleged crime victim is relevant only if it meets the criteria under s. 904.01
. District attorneys shall make appropriate objections if they believe that evidence of this information, which is being elicited by any party, is not relevant in the action or proceeding.
History: 1985 a. 132
; 1995 a. 77
Inadmissibility of statement by health care provider of apology or condolence. 904.14(1)(a)
“Health care provider" has the meaning given in s. 146.81 (1)
and includes an ambulatory surgery center, an adult family home as defined in s. 50.01 (1)
, and a residential care apartment complex, as defined in s. 50.01 (6d)
, that is certified or registered by the department of health services.
A statement, a gesture, or the conduct of a health care provider, or a health care provider's employee or agent, that satisfies all of the following is not admissible into evidence in any civil action, administrative hearing, disciplinary proceeding, mediation, or arbitration regarding the health care provider as evidence of liability or as an admission against interest:
The statement, gesture, or conduct is made or occurs before the commencement of the civil action, administrative hearing, disciplinary proceeding, mediation, or arbitration.
The statement, gesture, or conduct expresses apology, benevolence, compassion, condolence, fault, liability, remorse, responsibility, or sympathy to a patient or his or her relative or representative.
History: 2013 a. 242
Communication in farmer assistance programs. 904.15(1)(1)
Except as provided under sub. (2)
, no oral or written communication made in the course of providing or receiving advice or counseling under s. 93.51
or in providing or receiving assistance under s. 93.41
is admissible in evidence or subject to discovery or compulsory process in any judicial or administrative proceeding.
does not apply to information relating to possible criminal conduct.
does not apply if the person receiving advice or counseling under s. 93.51
or assistance under s. 93.41
consents to admission or discovery of the communication.
A court may admit evidence otherwise barred by this section if necessary to prevent a manifest injustice.
History: 1997 a. 264
Health care reports. 904.16(1)(b)
“Regulatory agency" means the department of safety and professional services or the division within the department of health services that conducts quality assurance activities related to health care providers.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
, the following may not be used as evidence in a civil or criminal action brought against a health care provider:
Reports that a regulatory agency requires a health care provider to give or disclose to that regulatory agency.
Statements of, or records of interviews with, employees of a health care provider related to the regulation of the health care provider obtained by a regulatory agency.
This section does not prohibit the use of the reports, statements, and records described in sub. (2)
in any administrative proceeding conducted by a regulatory agency. This section does not apply to reports protected under s. 146.997
History: 2011 a. 2
; 2013 a. 166