938.355(2c)(a)3.d. d. Specialized services for family members with special needs.
938.355(2c)(a)4. 4. Monitoring of client progress and client participation in services was provided.
938.355(2c)(a)5. 5. A consideration of alternative ways of addressing the family's needs was provided, if services did not exist or existing services were not available to the family.
938.355(2c)(b) (b) When a court makes a finding under sub. (2) (b) 6. as to whether the county department or the agency primarily responsible for providing services to the juvenile under a court order has made reasonable efforts to achieve the permanency goal of the permanency plan, the court's consideration of reasonable efforts shall include the considerations under par. (a) and whether visitation schedules between the juvenile and his or her parents were implemented, unless visitation was denied or limited by the court.
938.355(2d) (2d)Reasonable efforts not required.
938.355(2d)(a)(a) In this subsection:
938.355(2d)(a)1. 1. "Aggravated circumstances" include abandonment in violation of s. 948.20 or in violation of the law of any other state or federal law if that violation would be a violation of s. 948.20 if committed in this state, torture, chronic abuse, and sexual abuse.
938.355(2d)(a)2. 2. "Sexual abuse" means a violation of s. 940.225, 944.30 (1m), 948.02, 948.025, 948.05, 948.055, 948.06, 948.085, 948.09 or 948.10 or a violation of the law of any other state or federal law if that violation would be a violation of s. 940.225, 944.30 (1m), 948.02, 948.025, 948.05, 948.055, 948.06, 948.085 (2), 948.09 or 948.10 if committed in this state.
938.355(2d)(b) (b) Notwithstanding sub. (2) (b) 6., the court is not required to include in a dispositional order a finding as to whether the county department or the agency primarily responsible for providing services under a court order has made reasonable efforts with respect to a parent of a juvenile to prevent the removal of the juvenile from the home, while assuring that the juvenile's health and safety are the paramount concerns, or, if applicable, a finding as to whether the county department or agency has made reasonable efforts with respect to a parent of a juvenile to achieve the permanency goal of returning the juvenile safely to his or her home, if the court finds any of the following:
938.355(2d)(b)1. 1. That the parent has subjected the juvenile to aggravated circumstances, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction.
938.355(2d)(b)2. 2. That the parent has committed, has aided or abetted the commission of, or has solicited, conspired, or attempted to commit, a violation of s. 940.01, 940.02, 940.03, or 940.05 or a violation of the law of any other state or federal law, if that violation would be a violation of s. 940.01, 940.02, 940.03, or 940.05 if committed in this state, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction, and that the victim of that violation is a child of the parent.
938.355(2d)(b)3. 3. That the parent has committed a violation of s. 940.19 (3), 1999 stats., or s. 940.19 (2), (4), or (5), 940.225 (1) or (2), 948.02 (1) or (2), 948.025, 948.03 (2) (a), (3) (a), or (5) (a) 1., 2., or 3., or 948.085 or a violation of the law of any other state or federal law, if that violation would be a violation of s. 940.19 (2), (4), or (5), 940.225 (1) or (2), 948.02 (1) or (2), 948.025, or 948.03 (2) (a), (3) (a), or (5) (a) 1., 2., or 3. if committed in this state, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction, and that the violation resulted in great bodily harm, as defined in s. 939.22 (14), or in substantial bodily harm, as defined in s. 939.22 (38), to the juvenile or another child of the parent.
938.355(2d)(b)3m. 3m. That the parent has committed a violation of s. 948.051 or a violation of the law of any other state or federal law, if that violation would be a violation of s. 948.051 if committed in this state, as evidenced by a final judgment of conviction, and that the victim of that violation is a child of the parent.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 3m. is created eff. 5-29-17 by 2015 Wis. Act 367.
938.355(2d)(b)4. 4. That the parental rights of the parent to another child have been involuntarily terminated, as evidenced by a final order of a court of competent jurisdiction terminating those parental rights.
938.355(2d)(bm) (bm) The court shall make a finding specified in par. (b) 1. to 4. on a case-by-case basis based on circumstances specific to the juvenile and shall document or reference the specific information on which that finding is based in the dispositional order. A dispositional order that merely references par. (b) 1. to 4. without documenting or referencing that specific information in the dispositional order or an amended dispositional order that retroactively corrects an earlier dispositional order that does not comply with this paragraph is not sufficient to comply with this paragraph.
938.355(2d)(c) (c) If the court finds that any of the circumstances under par. (b) 1. to 4. applies with respect to a parent, the court shall hold a hearing under s. 938.38 (4m) within 30 days after the date of that finding to determine the permanency goal and, if applicable, any concurrent permanency goals for the juvenile.
938.355(2d)(d) (d) This subsection does not affect the requirement under sub. (2) (b) 6v. that the court include in a dispositional order removing an Indian juvenile who is in need of protection or services under s. 938.13 (4), (6), (6m), or (7) from the home of his or her parent or Indian custodian and placing the juvenile outside that home a finding that active efforts under s. 938.028 (4) (d) 2. have been made to prevent the breakup of the Indian juvenile's family and that those efforts have proved unsuccessful.
938.355(2e) (2e)Permanency plans; filing; amended orders; copies.
938.355(2e)(a)(a) If a permanency plan has not been prepared at the time the dispositional order is entered, or if the court orders a disposition that is not consistent with the permanency plan, the agency responsible for preparing the plan shall prepare a permanency plan that is consistent with the order or revise the permanency plan to conform to the order and shall file the plan with the court within the time specified in s. 938.38 (3). A permanency plan filed under this paragraph shall be made a part of the dispositional order.
938.355(2e)(b) (b) Each time a juvenile's placement is changed under s. 938.32 or 938.357, a trial reunification is ordered under s. 938.358, a consent decree is revised under s. 938.32, or a dispositional order is revised under s. 938.363 or extended under s. 938.365, the agency that prepared the permanency plan shall revise the plan to conform to the order and shall file a copy of the revised plan with the court. Each plan filed shall be made a part of the court order.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (b) is shown as amended eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373. Prior to 10-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (b) Each time a juvenile's placement is changed under s. 938.357, a trial reunification is ordered under s. 938.358, or a dispositional order is revised under s. 938.363 or extended under s. 938.365, the agency that prepared the permanency plan shall revise the plan to conform to the order and shall file a copy of the revised plan with the court. Each plan filed shall be made a part of the court order.
938.355(2e)(c) (c) Either the court or the agency that prepared the permanency plan shall furnish a copy of the original plan and each revised plan to the juvenile's parent or guardian, to the juvenile or the juvenile's counsel or guardian ad litem and to the person representing the interests of the public.
938.355(2m) (2m)Transitional placements. The court order may include the name of transitional placements, but may not designate a specific time when transitions are to take place. The procedures of ss. 938.357 and 938.363 govern when those transitions take place. The court may place specific time limitations on interim arrangements made for the care of the juvenile pending the availability of the dispositional placement.
938.355(3) (3)Parental visitation.
938.355(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), if, after a hearing on the issue with due notice to the parent or guardian, the court finds that it would be in the best interest of the juvenile, the court may set reasonable rules of parental visitation.
938.355(3)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., the court may not grant visitation under par. (a) to a parent of a juvenile if the parent has been convicted of the homicide of the juvenile's other parent under s. 940.01 or 940.05, and the conviction has not been reversed, set aside, or vacated.
938.355(3)(b)1m. 1m. Except as provided in subd. 2., if a parent who is granted visitation rights with a juvenile under par. (a) is convicted of the homicide of the juvenile's other parent under s. 940.01 or 940.05, and the conviction has not been reversed, set aside, or vacated, the court shall issue an order prohibiting the parent from having visitation with the juvenile on petition of the juvenile, the guardian or legal custodian of the juvenile, a person or agency bound by the dispositional order, or the district attorney or corporation counsel of the county in which the dispositional order was entered, or on the court's own motion, and on notice to the parent.
938.355(3)(b)2. 2. Subdivisions 1. and 1m. do not apply if the court determines by clear and convincing evidence that the visitation would be in the best interests of the juvenile. The court shall consider the wishes of the juvenile in making that determination.
938.355(3m) (3m)Orders based on evidence. Dispositional orders under s. 938.343 or 938.344 shall be based upon the evidence except that this subsection does not require a dispositional hearing for the disposition of an uncontested citation.
938.355(4) (4)Termination of orders.
938.355(4)(a)(a) Except as provided under par. (b) or s. 938.368, an order under this section or s. 938.357 or 938.365 made before the juvenile attains 18 years of age that places or continues the placement of the juvenile in his or her home shall terminate one year after the date on which the order is granted unless the court specifies a shorter period of time or the court terminates the order sooner.
938.355(4)(am) (am) Except as provided in par. (b) or s. 938.368, an order under this section or s. 938.357 or 938.365 made before the juvenile attains 18 years of age that places or continues the placement of the juvenile in a foster home, group home, or residential care center for children and youth, in the home of a relative other than a parent, or in a supervised independent living arrangement shall terminate on the latest of the following dates, unless the court specifies a shorter period or the court terminates the order sooner:
938.355(4)(am)1. 1. The date on which the juvenile attains 18 years of age.
938.355(4)(am)2. 2. The date that is one year after the date on which the order is granted.
938.355(4)(am)3. 3. The date on which the juvenile is granted a high school or high school equivalency diploma or the date on which the juvenile attains 19 years of age, whichever occurs first, if the juvenile is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent and is reasonably expected to complete the program before attaining 19 years of age.
938.355(4)(am)4. 4. The date on which the juvenile is granted a high school or high school equivalency diploma or the date on which the juvenile attains 21 years of age, whichever occurs first, if the juvenile is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent and if an individualized education program under s. 115.787 is in effect for the juvenile. The court may not grant an order that terminates as provided in this subdivision unless the juvenile is 17 years of age or older when the order is granted and the juvenile, or the juvenile's guardian on behalf of the juvenile, agrees to the order. At any time after the juvenile attains 18 years of age, the juvenile, or the juvenile's guardian on behalf of the juvenile, may request the court in writing to terminate the order and, on receipt of such a request, the court, without a hearing, shall terminate the order.
938.355(4)(b) (b) Except as provided in s. 938.368, an order under s. 938.34 (4d) or (4m) made before the juvenile attains 18 years of age may apply for up to 2 years after the date on which the order is granted or until the juvenile's 18th birthday, whichever is earlier, unless the court specifies a shorter period of time or the court terminates the order sooner. If the order does not specify a termination date, it shall apply for one year after the date on which the order is granted or until the juvenile's 18th birthday, whichever is earlier, unless the court terminates the order sooner. Except as provided in s. 938.368, an order under s. 938.34 (4h) made before the juvenile attains 18 years of age shall apply for 5 years after the date on which the order is granted, if the juvenile is adjudicated delinquent for committing a violation of s. 943.10 (2) or for committing an act that would be punishable as a Class B or C felony if committed by an adult, or until the juvenile reaches 25 years of age, if the juvenile is adjudicated delinquent for committing an act that would be punishable as a Class A felony if committed by an adult. Except as provided in s. 938.368, an extension of an order under s. 938.34 (4d), (4h), (4m), or (4n) made before the juvenile attains 17 years of age shall terminate at the end of one year after the date on which the order is granted unless the court specifies a shorter period of time or the court terminates the order sooner. No extension under s. 938.365 of an original dispositional order under s. 938.34 (4d), (4h), (4m), or (4n) may be granted for a juvenile who is 17 years of age or older when the original dispositional order terminates.
938.355(4g) (4g)Termination of orders; case closure orders.
938.355(4g)(a)(a) On request of a person authorized to file a petition under par. (b) or on its own motion and on a finding that granting the request or motion would be in the best interests of the juvenile, the court may terminate an order under this section or s. 938.357 or 938.365 before the juvenile attains 18 years of age and grant an order determining paternity of the juvenile, legal custody of the juvenile, periods of physical placement with the juvenile, visitation rights with respect to the juvenile, or the obligation of the juvenile's parents to provide support for the juvenile and the responsibility of the juvenile's parents to provide coverage of the juvenile's health care expenses if any of the following apply:
938.355(4g)(a)1. 1. The juvenile's parents are parties to a pending action for divorce, annulment, or legal separation, a man determined under s. 938.299 (6) (e) 4. to be the biological father of the juvenile for purposes of a proceeding under this chapter is a party to a pending action to determine paternity of the juvenile under ch. 767, or the juvenile is the subject of a pending independent action under s. 767.41 or 767.43 to determine legal custody of the juvenile or visitation rights with respect to the juvenile.
938.355(4g)(a)2. 2. The juvenile is the subject of an order that has been granted in an action affecting the family determining legal custody of the juvenile, periods of physical placement with the juvenile, visitation rights with respect to the juvenile, or the obligation of the juvenile's parents to provide support for the juvenile and the responsibility of the juvenile's parents to provide coverage of the juvenile's health care expenses.
938.355(4g)(b) (b) The juvenile or his or her counsel or guardian ad litem, the juvenile's parent, guardian, legal custodian, or Indian custodian, the person or agency responsible for implementing the dispositional order, or the district attorney or corporation counsel may file a petition with the court requesting an order under par. (a) or the court, on its own motion, may propose such an order.
938.355(4g)(c) (c) The court shall hold a hearing before granting an order requested or proposed under par. (b). At least 5 days before the hearing, the court shall cause notice of the hearing, together with a copy of the request or proposal, to be provided to the juvenile, the juvenile's counsel or guardian ad litem, the juvenile's parent, guardian, and legal custodian, the person or agency primarily responsible for implementing the dispositional order, the district attorney or corporation counsel, and, if the juvenile is an Indian juvenile, the juvenile's Indian custodian and tribe.
938.355(4g)(d) (d) In considering whether to grant a request or proposal for an order under par. (a), the court shall proceed as follows:
938.355(4g)(d)1. 1. If the request or proposal is for an order determining paternity of the juvenile, the court shall determine paternity in the same manner as paternity is determined under subch. IX of ch. 767.
938.355(4g)(d)2. 2. If the request or proposal is for an order determining legal custody of the juvenile and periods of physical placement with the juvenile, the court shall determine legal custody and periods of physical placement in the same manner as legal custody and periods of physical placement are determined under ss. 767.41 and 767.481 and, if the juvenile is the subject of a preexisting order that has been entered in an action affecting the family determining legal custody of the juvenile or periods of physical placement with the juvenile, in the same manner as legal custody and periods of physical placement are determined under ss. 767.451 and 767.461, except that the court is not required to refer the parties for mediation under s. 767.405 (5) or refer the matter for a legal custody and physical placement study under s. 767.405 (14), the parties are not required to file a parenting plan under s. 767.41 (1m), and the court may not transfer legal custody of the juvenile to a relative or an agency under s. 767.41 (3).
938.355(4g)(d)3. 3. If the request or proposal is for an order determining visitation rights with respect to the juvenile, the court shall determine those rights in the same manner as visitation rights are determined under ss. 767.43 and 767.44.
938.355(4g)(d)4. 4. If the request or proposal is for an order determining the obligation of the juvenile's parents to provide support for the juvenile and the responsibility of the juvenile's parents to provide coverage of the juvenile's health care expenses, the court shall determine that obligation and responsibility in the same manner as that obligation and responsibility are determined under ss. 767.511, 767.513, 767.54, 767.55, 767.57, and 767.58.
938.355(4g)(e) (e) An order under par. (a) may modify a preexisting order of a court exercising jurisdiction in an action affecting the family and shall remain in effect until modified or terminated by a court exercising that jurisdiction.
938.355(4g)(f) (f) If at the time an order under par. (a) is granted an action described in par. (a) 1. is pending or if at that time the juvenile is the subject of a preexisting order described in par. (a) 2., the court that granted the order under par. (a) shall file a copy of the order with the court that is exercising jurisdiction in that pending action or that entered that preexisting order. On receipt of the copy of that order, the court that is exercising jurisdiction over the pending action or that granted the preexisting order shall provide a copy of that order to all parties to that pending action or to all parties that are bound by that preexisting order. The order shall become a part of the record of that pending action or the action in which the preexisting order was granted.
938.355(4g)(g)1.1. A person who is granted legal custody and periods of physical placement with a juvenile under an order under par. (a) may seek enforcement of the order by filing a motion under s. 767.471 (3) with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court shall enforce the order in the same manner as legal custody and physical placement orders are enforced under s. 767.471.
938.355(4g)(g)2. 2. A party to a proceeding under this subsection in which legal custody and periods of physical placement with a juvenile are determined under an order under par. (a) may seek a modification of the order by filing a petition, motion, order to show cause, or stipulation with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court may modify the order in the same manner as legal custody and physical placement orders are modified under ss. 767.451, 767.461, and 767.481.
938.355(4g)(h)1.1. A person who is granted visitation rights with respect to a juvenile under an order under par. (a) may seek enforcement of the order by filing a motion for contempt of court under s. 767.43 (5) with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court shall enforce the order in the same manner as visitation orders are enforced under s. 767.43 (5).
938.355(4g)(h)2. 2. A party to a proceeding under this subsection in which visitation rights with respect to a juvenile are determined under an order under par. (a) may seek a modification of the order by filing a petition, motion, or order to show cause with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court may modify the order in the same manner as visitation orders are modified under s. 767.43 (1), (3), or (6), whichever is applicable.
938.355(4g)(i)1.1. A party to a proceeding under this subsection in which the obligation to provide support for a juvenile and the responsibility to provide health care coverage for a juvenile are determined under an order under par. (a) who is authorized to commence an action to compel child support under s. 767.501 may seek enforcement of the order by filing an action to compel support under s. 767.501 with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court shall enforce the order in the same manner as child support and health care coverage orders are enforced under ss. 767.511, 767.513, 767.54, 767.55, 767.57, 767.58, and 767.70 to 767.78.
938.355(4g)(i)2. 2. A party to a proceeding under this subsection in which the obligation to provide support for a juvenile and the responsibility to provide health care coverage for a juvenile are determined under an order under par. (a) may seek a modification of the order by filing a petition, motion, or order to show cause with the court in which the order was filed under par. (f), and that court may modify the order in the same manner as child support and health care coverage orders are modified under ss. 767.553 and 767.59.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4g) is created eff. 10-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 373.
938.355(4m) (4m)Expungement of record.
938.355(4m)(a)(a) A juvenile who has been adjudged delinquent under s. 48.12, 1993 stats., or s. 938.12 may, on attaining 17 years of age, petition the court to expunge the court's record of the juvenile's adjudication. Subject to par. (b), the court may expunge the record if the court determines that the juvenile has satisfactorily complied with the conditions of his or her dispositional order and that the juvenile will benefit from, and society will not be harmed by, the expungement.
938.355(4m)(b) (b) The court shall expunge the court's record of a juvenile's adjudication if it was the juvenile's first adjudication based on a violation of s. 942.08 (2) (b), (c), or (d) or (3), and if the court determines that the juvenile has satisfactorily complied with the conditions of his or her dispositional order. Notwithstanding s. 938.396 (2), the court shall notify the department of corrections and the department of children and families promptly of any expungement under this paragraph.
938.355 Note NOTE: Par. (b) is shown as affected by 2015 Wis. Acts 55 and 80 and as merged by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (2) (i).
938.355(5) (5)Effect of court order. Any party, person or agency who provides services for the juvenile under this section shall be bound by the court order.
938.355(6) (6)Sanctions for violation of order.
938.355(6)(a)(a) Juvenile court orders.
938.355(6)(a)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 3., if a juvenile who has been adjudged delinquent or to have violated a civil law or ordinance, other than an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (1m) or (2), violates a condition specified in sub. (2) (b) 7., the court may impose on the juvenile any of the sanctions specified in par. (d).
938.355(6)(a)2. 2. Except as provided in subd. 3., if a juvenile who has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 938.13 (4), (6m), (7), (12), or (14) violates a condition specified in sub. (2) (b) 7., the court may impose on the juvenile any of the sanctions under par. (d), other than placement in a juvenile detention facility or juvenile portion of a county jail.
938.355(6)(a)2m. 2m. A sanction may be imposed under subd. 1. or 2. only if, at the dispositional hearing under s. 938.335, the court explained the conditions specified in sub. (2) (b) 7. to the juvenile and informed the juvenile of those possible sanctions or if before the violation the juvenile has acknowledged in writing that he or she has read, or has had read to him or her, those conditions and possible sanctions and that he or she understands those conditions and possible sanctions.
938.355(6)(a)3. 3. The court may not impose a sanction under subd. 1. or 2. on a juvenile who is subject to an order under this section or s. 938.357 or 938.365 that terminates as provided in sub. (4) (am) 4. or s. 938.357 (6) (a) 4. or 938.365 (5) (b) 4.
938.355(6)(an) (an) Municipal court orders.
938.355(6)(an)1.1. If a juvenile who has violated a municipal ordinance, other than an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (1m) or (2), violates a condition of a dispositional order imposed by the municipal court, the municipal court may petition the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 to impose on the juvenile the sanction under par. (d) 1. or the sanction under par. (d) 3., with monitoring by an electronic monitoring system. A sanction may be imposed under this subdivision only if, at the time of the judgment, the municipal court explained the conditions to the juvenile and informed the juvenile of those possible sanctions for a violation or if before the violation the juvenile has acknowledged in writing that he or she has read, or has had read to him or her, those conditions and possible sanctions and that he or she understands those conditions and possible sanctions. The petition shall contain a statement of whether the juvenile may be subject to the federal Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 USC 1901 to 1963, and, if the juvenile may be subject to that act, the names and addresses of the juvenile's Indian custodian, if any, and tribe, if known.
938.355(6)(an)2. 2. If the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 imposes the sanction under par. (d) 1. or home detention with monitoring by an electronic monitoring system under par. (d) 3., on a petition described in subd. 1., the court shall order the municipality of the municipal court that filed the petition to pay to the county the cost of providing the sanction imposed under par. (d) 1. or 3.
938.355(6)(b) (b) Motion to impose sanction. A motion for imposition of a sanction may be brought by the person or agency primarily responsible for the provision of dispositional services, the district attorney or corporation counsel, or the court that entered the dispositional order. If the court initiates the motion, that court is disqualified from holding a hearing on the motion. Notice of the motion shall be given to the juvenile, guardian ad litem, counsel, parent, guardian, legal custodian, and all parties present at the original dispositional hearing. The motion shall contain a statement of whether the juvenile may be subject to the federal Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 USC 1901 to 1963 and, if the juvenile may be subject to that act, the names and addresses of the juvenile's Indian custodian, if any, and tribe, if known.
938.355(6)(bm) (bm) Indian juvenile; notice. If the person initiating the motion knows or has reason to know that the juvenile is an Indian juvenile who has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 938.13 (4), (6m), or (7) or who has been adjudged to have violated a civil law or ordinance, other than an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (1m) or (2), and if the motion is seeking removal of the juvenile from the home of his or her parent or Indian custodian and placement of the juvenile in a place of nonsecure custody specified in par. (d) 1., notice under par. (b) to the Indian juvenile's parent shall be provided in the manner specified in s. 938.028 (4) (a). In like manner, the court shall also notify the Indian juvenile's Indian custodian and tribe. No hearing may be held under par. (c) until at least 10 days after receipt of the notice by the Indian juvenile's parent, Indian custodian, and tribe or, if the identity or location of the Indian juvenile's parent, Indian custodian, or tribe cannot be determined, until at least 15 days after receipt of the notice by the U.S. secretary of the interior. On request of the Indian juvenile's parent, Indian custodian, or tribe, the court shall grant a continuance of up to 20 additional days to enable the requester to prepare for the hearing.
938.355(6)(c) (c) Sanction hearing. Before imposing any sanction, the court shall hold a hearing, at which the juvenile is entitled to be represented by legal counsel and to present evidence.
938.355(6)(cm) (cm) Reasonable efforts finding. The court may not order the sanction of placement in a place of nonsecure custody specified in par. (d) 1. unless the court finds that the agency primarily responsible for providing services for the juvenile has made reasonable efforts to prevent the removal of the juvenile from his or her home and that continued placement of the juvenile in his or her home is contrary to the welfare of the juvenile. These findings are not required if they were made in the dispositional order under which the juvenile is being sanctioned. The court shall make the findings under this paragraph on a case-by-case basis based on circumstances specific to the juvenile and shall document or reference the specific information on which that finding is based in the sanction order. A sanction order that merely references this paragraph without documenting or referencing that specific information in the sanction order or an amended sanction order that retroactively corrects an earlier sanction order that does not comply with this paragraph is not sufficient to comply with this paragraph.
938.355(6)(cr) (cr) Indian juvenile; findings. In the case of an Indian juvenile who has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 938.13 (4), (6m), or (7) or who has been adjudged to have violated a civil law or ordinance, other than an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (1m) or (2), the court may not order the sanction of removal from the home of the Indian juvenile's parent or Indian custodian and placement in a place of nonsecure custody specified in par. (d) 1., unless the court finds by clear and convincing evidence, including the testimony of one or more qualified expert witnesses, that continued custody of the Indian juvenile by the parent or Indian custodian is likely to result in serious emotional or physical damage to the juvenile under s. 938.028 (4) (d) 1. and the court finds that active efforts under s. 938.028 (4) (d) 2. have been made to prevent the breakup of the Indian juvenile's family and that those efforts have proved unsuccessful. These findings are not required if they were made in the dispositional order under which the juvenile is being sanctioned. The findings under this paragraph shall be in addition to the findings under par. (cm), except that for the sole purpose of determining whether the cost of providing care for an Indian juvenile is eligible for reimbursement under 42 USC 670 to 679b, the findings under this paragraph and the findings under par. (cm) shall be considered to be the same findings.
938.355(6)(d) (d) Sanctions permitted. If the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the juvenile has violated a condition of his or her dispositional order, the court may order any of the following sanctions as a consequence for any incident in which the juvenile has violated one or more conditions of his or her dispositional order:
938.355(6)(d)1. 1. Placement of the juvenile in a juvenile detention facility or juvenile portion of a county jail that meets the standards promulgated by the department of corrections by rule or in a place of nonsecure custody, for not more than 10 days and the provision of educational services consistent with his or her current course of study during the period of placement. The juvenile shall be given credit against the period of detention or nonsecure custody imposed under this subdivision for all time spent in secure detention in connection with the course of conduct for which the detention or nonsecure custody was imposed. If the court orders placement of the juvenile in a place of nonsecure custody under the supervision of the county department, the court shall order the juvenile into the placement and care responsibility of the county department as required under 42 USC 672 (a) (2) and shall assign the county department primary responsibility for providing services to the juvenile.
938.355(6)(d)2. 2. Suspension of or limitation on the use of the juvenile's operating privilege, as defined under s. 340.01 (40), or of any approval issued under ch. 29 for a period of not more than 3 years. If the juvenile does not hold a valid operator's license under ch. 343, other than an instruction permit under s. 343.07 or a restricted license under s. 343.08, on the date of the order issued under this subdivision, the court may order the suspension to begin on the date on which the juvenile is first eligible for issuance or reinstatement of an operator's license under ch. 343. If the court suspends the juvenile's operating privileges or an approval issued under ch. 29, the court shall immediately take possession of the suspended approval and may take possession of, and if possession is taken, shall destroy, the suspended license. The court shall forward to the department that issued the license or approval the notice of suspension, together with any approval of which the court takes possession.
938.355(6)(d)3. 3. Detention in the juvenile's home or current residence for a period of not more than 30 days under rules of supervision specified in the order. An order under this subdivision may require the juvenile to be monitored by an electronic monitoring system.
938.355(6)(d)4. 4. Not more than 25 hours of uncompensated participation in a supervised work program or other community service work under s. 938.34 (5g).
938.355(6)(d)5. 5. Participation after school, in the evening, on weekends, on other nonschool days, or at any other time that the juvenile is not under immediate adult supervision, in the social, behavioral, academic, community service, and other programming of a youth report center. Subdivision 4. and s. 938.34 (5g) apply to any community service work performed by a juvenile under this subdivision.
938.355(6)(e) (e) Contempt of court. This subsection does not preclude a person who is aggrieved by a juvenile's violation of a condition specified in sub. (2) (b) 7. from proceeding against the juvenile for contempt of court under ch. 785.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 392 and all Supreme Court Orders effective before August 19, 2016. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2016 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-16)