94.02   Abatement of pests.
94.03   Shipment of pests and biological control agents; permits.
94.10   Nursery stock; inspection and licensing.
94.11   Special inspections; fees.
94.26   Cranberry culture; maintenance of dams, etc.
94.27   Liability for damages.
94.28   Arbitrators to fix damages.
94.29   Appeal.
94.30   Rights on payment.
94.31   Service of notice.
94.32   Pay of arbitrators.
94.35   Cranberry Growers Association.
94.36   Certified seed potatoes.
94.38   Agricultural and vegetable seeds; definitions.
94.385   Seed label requirements.
94.40   Seed certification.
94.41   Prohibitions.
94.42   Exemptions.
94.43   Seed labeler's license.
94.44   Records.
94.45   Powers and authority of the department.
94.46   Stop sale; penalties; enforcement.
94.50   Cultivated ginseng.
94.55   Hemp.
94.64   Fertilizer.
94.643   Restrictions on the use and sale of fertilizer containing phosphorus.
94.645   Fertilizer and pesticide storage.
94.65   Soil and plant additives.
94.66   Sale of agricultural lime; license; penalty.
94.67   Pesticides; definitions.
94.675   Pesticides; adulteration.
94.676   Pesticides; misbranding.
94.68   Pesticides; licensing of manufacturers and labelers.
94.681   Pesticide manufacturers and labelers: fees and surcharges.
94.685   Pesticides; licensing of dealers and distributors of restricted-use pesticides.
94.69   Pesticides; rules.
94.697   Railroad pesticide use.
94.70   Pesticides; prohibited acts.
94.701   Pesticides; local regulation.
94.703   Pesticides; licensing of commercial application businesses.
94.704   Pesticides; licensing of individual commercial applicators.
94.705   Pesticides; certification requirements and standards.
94.707   Distribution and sale of certain pesticides.
94.708   Pesticides; sale and use to control bats.
94.709   Distribution and sale of DDT prohibited.
94.71   Pesticides; penalties; enforcement.
94.715   Pest management for schools.
94.72   Commercial feed.
94.73   Agricultural chemical cleanup program.
94.76   Honeybee disease and pest control.
94.761   Beekeepers, etc.; agricultural pursuit.
94.77   Penalties.
Ch. 94 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in s. 93.01.
94.01 94.01 Plant inspection and pest control authority.
94.01(1)(1)In the conduct of survey and inspectional programs for the detection, prevention and control of pests, the department may impose quarantines or such other restrictions on the importation into or movement of plants or other material within this state as necessary to prevent or control the dissemination or spread of injurious pests.
94.01(2) (2)In accordance with sub. (1), the department, by summary order, may prohibit the removal of any plant, host plant, or other pest-harboring material from any private or public property, or any area of the state which in its judgment contains or is exposed to injurious pests, except under such conditions as in its judgment are necessary to prevent the dissemination or spread of pests, giving written notice thereof to the owner or person in charge of the property. While such order is in effect no person with knowledge thereof shall cause or permit the removal of any such plant, host plant or other pest-harboring material from such property or area, unless it is in compliance with the conditions of such order. Orders issued under this subsection shall be in writing, have the force and effect of an order issued under s. 93.18, and are subject to right of hearing before the department, if requested within 10 days after date of service. Any party affected by the order may request a preliminary or informal hearing pending the scheduling and conduct of a full hearing.
94.01(3) (3)No person may obstruct or interfere with the examination or testing, by authorized inspectors and agents of the department, of any plants or other material suspected of being infested or infected with any injurious pests; nor may any person move any plants, plant parts, pests or pest-harboring materials contrary to the terms of any quarantine, rule, notice or order under this section.
94.01(4) (4)The department, through its authorized agents or inspectors, may enter at all reasonable times any property for purposes of inspection, investigation and control of suspected pest infestations or infections and may intercept, stop and detain for official inspection any person, truck, vessel, aircraft or other conveyance believed to be carrying plants or other materials infested or infected with pests, and may seize and destroy any such plants or other materials moved, shipped or transported in violation of any law, rule, quarantine notice or order.
94.01 History History: 1975 c. 394 s. 18; Stats. 1975 s. 94.01.
94.01 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 21, Wis. adm. code.
94.02 94.02 Abatement of pests.
94.02(1)(a) (a) If the department finds any premises, or any plants, plant parts, or pest-harboring materials located thereon are so infested or infected with injurious pests as to constitute a hazard to plant or animal life in the state, or any area thereof, it may notify the owner or person having charge of such premises to that effect, and the owner or person in charge shall cause the treatment of the premises or the treatment or removal and destruction of infested or infected plants, host plants, or other pest-harboring material as directed in the notice within 10 days after such notice, except as provided in par. (b).
94.02(1)(b) (b) If the department, in a notice provided under par. (a), directs the owner or person in charge to treat late blight of potatoes with an antisporulant, the owner or person in charge shall cause the treatment as directed in the notice within 24 hours after the notice is issued. If the department, in a notice provided under par. (a), directs the owner or person in charge to remove and destroy infected plants, host plants, or other pest-harboring material due to the existence of late blight of potatoes, the owner or person in charge shall cause the removal and destruction as directed in the notice within 72 hours after the notice is issued. The department may extend the time periods for compliance under this paragraph if it determines that the treatment or the removal and destruction cannot be completed within the applicable time period.
94.02(1)(c) (c) No person may violate the terms of any notice received under this subsection, nor may any damages be awarded to the owner for such treatment, removal or destruction. Any person affected by a notice or order may appeal to the department and request a hearing under s. 94.01 (2).
94.02(2) (2)If the owner or person in charge fails to comply with the terms of the notice within the time period described in sub. (1), the department or any cooperating local unit of government may proceed to treat the premises or to treat or destroy the infested or infected plants or other material. The expense of such abatement shall be certified to the town, city or village clerk and assessed, collected and enforced against the premises upon which such expense was incurred as taxes are assessed, collected, and enforced, and shall be paid to the cooperating unit of government incurring the expense, or into the general fund if the control work was conducted by the department.
94.02(3) (3)If a serious pest outbreak constituting a significant threat to agricultural production or plant life occurs, and cannot be adequately controlled by individual property owners or local units of government in any area of this state, the department may petition the joint committee on finance for emergency funds with which to conduct needed control work independently or on a cooperative basis with the federal or local units of government.
94.02(4) (4)This section does not affect the authority of the department of natural resources under ch. 26.
94.02 History History: 1975 c. 394 ss. 5, 19; 1975 c. 421; Stats. 1975 s. 94.02; 1977 c. 418; 1981 c. 20; 2011 a. 254; 2017 a. 45.
94.03 94.03 Shipment of pests and biological control agents; permits.
94.03(1)(1)No person may sell or offer for sale, or move, transport, deliver, ship or offer for shipment, any pest, as defined in s. 93.01 (10) or any biological control agent as defined in sub. (2), without a permit as prescribed by rules of the department. Such rules may provide for reasonable exemptions from permit requirements. Permits may be issued only after the department determines that the proposed shipment or use will not create sufficient hazard to warrant refusal of a permit. Permits shall be affixed to the outside of every shipping container or accompany the shipment as the department directs.
94.03(2) (2)The department may by rule regulate and control the sale and use of biological control agents to assure their safety and effectiveness in the control of injurious pests and to prevent the introduction or use of biological control agents which may be injurious to persons or property or useful plant or animal life. The term “biological control agent" as used in this section means any living organism which because of its parasitic, predatory or other biological characteristics may be effective for use in the suppression or control of pests by biological rather than chemical means.
94.03 History History: 1975 c. 394 ss. 6, 17; 1983 a. 189 s. 329 (20).
94.10 94.10 Nursery stock; inspection and licensing.
94.10(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
94.10(1)(a) (a) “Christmas tree grower" means a person who grows evergreen trees in this state for eventual cutting and sale as Christmas trees.
94.10(1)(b) (b) “Nonprofit organization" means an organization described in section 501 (c) of the Internal Revenue Code that is exempt from federal income tax under section 501 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
94.10(1)(c) (c) “Nursery" means premises in this state on which a person propagates or grows nursery stock for sale. “Nursery" does not include heeling-in grounds or other premises where a person holds nursery stock for purposes other than propagation or growth.
94.10(1)(d) (d) “Nursery dealer" means a person who sells, offers for sale, or distributes nursery stock from one or more locations in this state, except that “nursery dealer" does not include any of the following:
94.10(1)(d)1. 1. An employee of a person licensed under sub. (2).
94.10(1)(d)2. 2. A nursery grower licensed under sub. (3) who only sells, offers for sale, or distributes nursery stock that the nursery grower has grown.
94.10(1)(e) (e) “Nursery grower" means a person who owns or operates a nursery in this state, except that “nursery grower" does not include an employee of a person licensed under sub. (3).
94.10(1)(f) (f) “Nursery stock" means plants and plant parts that can be propagated or grown, except that “nursery stock" does not include seeds, sod, cranberry cuttings, annuals, or cut Christmas trees.
94.10(1)(g) (g) “Officially inspected source" means any of the following:
94.10(1)(g)1. 1. A nursery dealer licensed under sub. (2).
94.10(1)(g)2. 2. A nursery grower licensed under sub. (3).
94.10(1)(g)3. 3. A source outside this state that the department recognizes under sub. (10) as an officially inspected source.
94.10(1)(j) (j) “Sell" means to transfer ownership, for consideration.
2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 24 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on April 15, 2021. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 15, 2021, are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-15-21)