A licensee, as defined in s. 175.60 (1) (d)
, or an out-of-state licensee, as defined in s. 175.60 (1) (g)
, if the dangerous weapon is a weapon, as defined under s. 175.60 (1) (j)
. An individual formerly licensed under s. 175.60
whose license has been suspended or revoked under s. 175.60 (14)
may not assert his or her refusal to accept a notice of revocation or suspension mailed under s. 175.60 (14) (b) 1.
as a defense to prosecution under this subsection, regardless of whether the person has complied with s. 175.60 (11) (b) 1.
An individual who carries a concealed and dangerous weapon, as defined in s. 175.60 (1) (j)
, in his or her own dwelling or place of business or on land that he or she owns, leases, or legally occupies.
A qualified out-of-state law enforcement officer shall, while carrying a concealed firearm, also have with him or her an identification card that contains his or her photograph and that was issued by the law enforcement agency by which he or she is employed.
A former officer shall, while carrying a concealed firearm, also have with him or her one of the following:
A photographic identification document issued by the law enforcement agency from which the former officer separated that indicates that, within the 12 months preceding the date on which the former officer is carrying the concealed firearm, he or she was tested or otherwise found by that law enforcement agency to meet the standards for qualification in firearms training that that law enforcement agency sets for active law enforcement officers to carry a firearm of the same type as the firearm that the former officer is carrying.
A photographic identification document issued by the law enforcement agency from which the former officer separated and one of the following:
A certification issued by the state in which the former officer resides, if the former officer resides in another state, that indicates that, within the 12 months preceding the date on which the former officer is carrying the concealed firearm, he or she has been found by the state in which he or she resides, or by a certified firearms instructor if such an instructor is qualified to conduct a firearms qualification test for active law enforcement officers in that state, to meet the standards for qualification in firearms training for active law enforcement officers to carry a firearm of the type he or she is carrying, that are established by his or her state of residence or, if that state does not establish standards, by any law enforcement agency in his or her state of residence.
A person who violates this subsection may be required to forfeit not more than $25, except that the person shall be exempted from the forfeiture if the person presents, within 48 hours, his or her license document or out-of-state license and photographic identification to the law enforcement agency that employs the requesting law enforcement officer.
The burden is on the defendant to prove that he or she is a peace officer and within the exception. State v. Williamson, 58 Wis. 2d 514
, 206 N.W.2d 613
A defendant was properly convicted under this section for driving a vehicle with a gun locked in a glove compartment. State v. Fry, 131 Wis. 2d 153
, 388 N.W.2d 565
To “go armed" does not require going anywhere. The elements for a violation of s. 941.23 are: 1) a dangerous weapon is on the defendant's person or within reach; 2) the defendant is aware of the weapon's presence; and 3) the weapon is hidden. State v. Keith, 175 Wis. 2d 75
, 498 N.W.2d 865
(Ct. App. 1993).
A handgun on the seat of a car that was indiscernible from ordinary observation by a person outside, and within the immediate vicinity, of the vehicle was hidden from view for purposes of determining whether the gun was a concealed weapon under this section. State v. Walls, 190 Wis. 2d 65
, 526 N.W.2d 765
(Ct. App. 1994).
There is no statutory or common law privilege for the crime of carrying a concealed weapon under s. 941.23. State Dundon, 226 Wis. 2d 654
, 594 N.W.2d 780
The concealed weapons statute is a restriction on the manner in which firearms are possessed and used. It is constitutional under Art. I, s. 25. Only if the public benefit in the exercise of the police power is substantially outweighed by an individual's need to conceal a weapon in the exercise of the right to bear arms will an otherwise valid restriction on that right be unconstitutional, as applied. The right to keep and bear arms for security, as a general matter, must permit a person to possess, carry, and sometimes conceal arms to maintain the security of a private residence or privately operated business, and to safely move and store weapons within those premises. State v. Hamdan, 2003 WI 113
, 264 Wis. 2d 433
, 665 N.W.2d 785
. See also State v. Cole, 2003 WI 112
, 264 Wis. 2d 520
, 665 N.W.2d 328
A challenge on constitutional grounds of a prosecution for carrying a concealed weapon requires affirmative answers to the following before the defendant may raise the constitutional defense: 1) under the circumstances, did the defendant's interest in concealing the weapon to facilitate exercise of his or her right to keep and bear arms substantially outweigh the state's interest in enforcing the concealed weapons statute? and 2) did the defendant conceal his or her weapon because concealment was the only reasonable means under the circumstances to exercise his or her right to bear arms? State v. Hamdan, 2003 WI 113
, 264 Wis. 2d 433
, 665 N.W.2d 785
This section is constitutional as applied in this case. The defendant's interest in exercising his right to keep and bear arms for purposes of security by carrying a concealed weapon in his vehicle does not substantially outweigh the state's interest in prohibiting him from carrying a concealed weapon in his vehicle. State v. Fisher, 2006 WI 44
, 290 Wis. 2d 121
, 714 N.W.2d 495
Sub. (2) and s. 167.31 (2) (b) are not in conflict. The defendant could have complied with both by either obtaining a license to carry a concealed weapon under s. 175.60 or by placing the loaded handgun out of reach. State v. Grandberry, 2018 WI 29
, 380 Wis. 2d 541
, 910 N.W.2d 214
Sub. (2) is not unconstitutionally vague. A person of ordinary intelligence has sufficient notice that carrying a concealed and dangerous weapon is unlawful unless one of the enumerated exceptions under sub. (2) (a) to (e) applies. State v. Grandberry, 2018 WI 29
, 380 Wis. 2d 541
, 910 N.W.2d 214
Judges are not peace officers authorized to carry concealed weapons. 69 Atty. Gen. 66.
Carrying a concealed knife.
Any person who is prohibited from possessing a firearm under s. 941.29
who goes armed with a concealed knife that is a dangerous weapon is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
History: 2015 a. 149
Carrying firearm in public building. 941.235(1)(1)
Any person who goes armed with a firearm in any building owned or leased by the state or any political subdivision of the state is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
This section does not apply to any of the following:
Peace officers or armed forces or military personnel who go armed in the line of duty or to any person duly authorized by the chief of police of any city, village or town, the chief of the capitol police, or the sheriff of any county to possess a firearm in any building under sub. (1)
. Notwithstanding s. 939.22 (22)
, for purposes of this paragraph, peace officer does not include a commission warden who is not a state-certified commission warden.
Carrying handgun where alcohol beverages may be sold and consumed. 941.237(1)(b)
“Correctional officer" means any person employed by the state or any political subdivision as a guard or officer whose principal duties are the supervision and discipline of inmates.
“Firearms dealer" means any person engaged in the business of importing, manufacturing or dealing in firearms and having a license as an importer, manufacturer or dealer issued by the federal government.
Notwithstanding s. 939.22 (22)
, “peace officer" does not include a commission warden who is not a state-certified commission warden.
NOTE: The cross-reference to s. 440.26 (1m) was changed from s. 440.26 (1m) (h) by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2. to reflect the consolidation and renumbering of s. 440.26 (1m) (intro.) and (h) under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.
“Target range" means any area where persons are allowed to use a handgun to fire shots at targets.
“Tavern" means an establishment, other than a private club or fraternal organization, in which alcohol beverages are sold for consumption on the premises.
Having no shell or cartridge in the chamber of a handgun or in the magazine attached to a handgun.
In the case of a caplock muzzle-loading handgun, having the cap removed.
In the case of a flintlock muzzle-loading handgun, having the flashpan cleaned of powder.
Whoever intentionally goes armed with a handgun on any premises for which a Class “B" or “Class B" license or permit has been issued under ch. 125
is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
does not apply to any of the following:
A correctional officer while going armed in the line of duty.
A member of the U.S. armed forces or national guard while going armed in the line of duty.
A private security person meeting all of the following criteria:
The private security person is going armed in the line of duty.
The private security person is acting with the consent of the person specified in par. (d)
The licensee, owner, or manager of the premises, or any employee or agent authorized to possess a handgun by the licensee, owner, or manager of the premises.
The possession of a handgun that is unloaded and encased in a vehicle in any parking lot area.
The possession or use of a handgun at a public or private gun or sportsmen's range or club.
The possession or use of a handgun on the premises if authorized for a specific event of limited duration by the owner or manager of the premises who is issued the Class “B" or “Class B" license or permit under ch. 125
for the premises.
The possession of any handgun that is used for decoration if the handgun is encased, inoperable or secured in a locked condition.
The possession of a handgun in any portion of a hotel other than the portion of the hotel that is a tavern.
The possession of a handgun in any portion of a combination tavern and store devoted to other business if the store is owned or operated by a firearms dealer, the other business includes the sale of handguns and the handgun is possessed in a place other than a tavern.
History: 1993 a. 95
; 1995 a. 461
; 2007 a. 27
; 2011 a. 35
; 2015 a. 22
; s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.
Manufacturer to register machine guns. 941.25(1)(1)
In this section, “machine gun" means any of the following:
Any weapon that shoots, is designed to shoot or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.
The frame or receiver of any weapon described under par. (a)
or any part designed and intended solely and exclusively, or combination of parts designed and intended, for use in converting a weapon into a weapon described under par. (a)
Any combination of parts from which a weapon described under par. (a)
can be assembled if those parts are in the possession or under the control of a person.
Every manufacturer shall keep a register of all machine guns manufactured or handled by him or her. This register shall show the model and serial number, date of manufacture, sale, loan, gift, delivery, or receipt, of every machine gun, the name, address, and occupation of the person to whom the machine gun was sold, loaned, given, or delivered, or from whom it was received; and the purpose for which it was acquired by the person to whom the machine gun was sold, loaned, given, or delivered, or from whom received. Upon demand every manufacturer shall permit any marshal, sheriff, or police officer to inspect his or her entire stock of machine guns, parts, and supplies therefor, and shall produce the register required under this subsection for inspection. Whoever violates any provision of this subsection is subject to a Class B forfeiture.
This section does not prohibit or interfere with the manufacture for, and sale of, machine guns to the military forces or the peace officers of the United States or of any political subdivision thereof, or the transportation required for that purpose; the possession of a machine gun for scientific purpose, or the possession of a machine gun not usable as a weapon and possessed as a curiosity, ornament, or keepsake; or the possession of a machine gun other than one adapted to use pistol cartridges for a purpose manifestly not aggressive or offensive.
History: 1977 c. 173
; 2015 a. 197
Machine guns and other weapons; use in certain cases; penalty. 941.26(1g)(a)(a)
No person may sell, possess, use or transport any machine gun or other full automatic firearm.
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, no person may sell, possess, use or transport any tear gas bomb, hand grenade, projectile or shell or any other container of any kind or character into which tear gas or any similar substance is used or placed for use to cause bodily discomfort, panic, or damage to property.
No person may take a firearm that is not designed to shoot more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger and modify the firearm so that it does shoot more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.