(3) Court order.
If at the hearing the judge determines all of the following, the judge shall issue an order, with a copy of the certificate attached, directing the witness to attend and testify, directing the person having custody of the witness to produce the witness, in the court where the criminal action is pending, or where the grand jury investigation is pending, at a time and place specified in the order, and prescribing such conditions as the judge determines:
That the witness may be material and necessary.
That the witness's attending and testifying are not adverse to the interests of this state or to the health or legal rights of the witness.
That the laws of the state in which the witness is requested to testify will give the witness protection from arrest and the service of civil and criminal process because of any act committed prior to the witness's arrival in the state under the order.
That as a practical matter the possibility is negligible that the witness may be subject to arrest or to the service of civil or criminal process in any state through which the witness will be required to pass.
(4) Terms and conditions.
The order to the witness and to the person having custody of the witness shall provide for the return of the witness at the conclusion of the witness's testimony, proper safeguards on the witness's custody, and proper financial reimbursement or prepayment by the requesting jurisdiction for all expenses incurred in the production and return of the witness and may prescribe such other conditions as the judge thinks proper or necessary. The order shall not become effective until the judge of the state requesting the witness enters an order directing compliance with the conditions prescribed.
This section does not apply to any person in this state confined as insane or mentally ill or as a defective delinquent.
(6) Prisoner from another state summoned to testify in this state.
If a person confined in a penal institution in any other state may be a material witness in a criminal action pending in a court of record or in a grand jury investigation in this state, a judge of the court may certify that there is a criminal proceeding or investigation by a grand jury or a criminal action pending in the court, that a person who is confined in a penal institution in the other state may be a material witness in the proceeding, investigation or action, and that the person's presence will be required during a specified time. The certificate shall be presented to a judge of a court of record in the other state having jurisdiction over the prisoner confined, and a notice shall be given to the attorney general of the state in which the prisoner is confined.
The judge of the court in this state may enter an order directing compliance with the terms and conditions prescribed by the judge of the state in which the witness is confined.
(8) Exemption from arrest and service of process.
If a witness from another state comes into or passes through this state under an order directing the witness to attend and testify in this or another state, the witness shall not while in this state pursuant to the order be subject to arrest or the service of process, civil or criminal, because of any act committed prior to the witness's arrival in this state under the order.
(9) Uniformity of interpretation.
This section shall be so construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
History: 1979 c. 89
; 1993 a. 486
Uniform act for the extradition of witnesses in criminal actions. 976.02(1)
“Witness" as used in this section includes a person whose testimony is desired in any proceeding or investigation by a grand jury or in a criminal action, prosecution or proceeding. “State" includes any territory of the United States and the District of Columbia. “Summons" includes a subpoena order or other notice requiring the appearance of a witness.
(2) Summoning witness in this state to testify in another state. 976.02(2)(a)(a)
If a judge of a court of record in any state which by its laws has made provision for commanding persons within that state to attend and testify in this state certifies under the seal of such court that there is a criminal prosecution pending in such court, or that a grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence, that a person being within the state is a material witness in such prosecution or grand jury investigation, and that the person's presence will be required for a specified number of days, upon presentation of such certificate to any judge of a court of record in the county in which such person is, such judge shall fix a time and place for a hearing and shall make an order directing the witness to appear at a time and place certain for the hearing.
If at the hearing the judge determines that the witness is material and necessary, that it will not cause undue hardship to the witness to be compelled to attend and testify in the prosecution or a grand jury investigation in the other state, and that the laws of the state in which the prosecution is pending, or grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence, and of any other state through which the witness may be required to pass by ordinary course of travel, will give to the witness protection from arrest and the service of civil and criminal process, the judge shall issue a summons, with a copy of the certificate attached, directing the witness to attend and testify in the court where the prosecution is pending, or where a grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence, at a time and place specified in the summons. In any such hearing the certificate shall be prima facie evidence of all the facts stated therein.
If said certificate recommends that the witness be taken into immediate custody and delivered to an officer of the requesting state to assure the witness's attendance in the requesting state, such judge may, in lieu of notification of the hearing, direct that such witness be forthwith brought before the judge for said hearing; and the judge at the hearing being satisfied of the desirability of such custody and delivery, for which determination the certificate shall be prima facie proof of such desirability, may, in lieu of issuing subpoena or summons, order that said witness be forthwith taken into custody and delivered to an officer of the requesting state.
If the witness, who is summoned as above provided, after being paid or tendered by some properly authorized person the sum of 10 cents a mile for each mile by the ordinary traveled route to and from the court where the prosecution is pending and $5 for each day that the witness is required to travel and attend as a witness, fails without good cause to attend and testify as directed in the summons, the witness shall be punished as provided for the punishment of any witness who disobeys a summons issued from a court of record in this state.
(3) Witness from another state summoned to testify in this state. 976.02(3)(a)(a)
If a person in any state, which by its laws has made provision for commanding persons within its borders to attend and testify in criminal prosecutions, or grand jury investigations commenced or about to commence, in this state, is a material witness in a prosecution pending in a court of record in this state, or in a grand jury investigation which has commenced or is about to commence, a judge of such court may issue a certificate under the seal of the court stating these facts and specifying the number of days the witness will be required. Said certificate may include a recommendation that the witness be taken into immediate custody and delivered to an officer of this state to assure the witness's attendance in this state. This certificate shall be presented to a judge of a court of record in the county in which the witness is found.
If the witness is summoned to attend and testify in this state the witness shall be tendered the sum of 10 cents a mile for each mile by the ordinary traveled route to and from the court where the prosecution is pending and $5 for each day that the witness is required to travel and attend as a witness. A witness who has appeared in accordance with the summons shall not be required to remain within this state a longer period of time than otherwise ordered by the court. If such witness, after coming into this state, fails without good cause to attend and testify as directed in the summons, the witness shall be punished as provided for the punishment of any witness who disobeys a summons issued from a court of record in this state.
(4) Exemption from arrest and service of process. 976.02(4)(a)(a)
If a person comes into this state in obedience to a summons directing the person to attend and testify in this state the person shall not while in this state pursuant to such summons be subject to arrest or the service of process, civil or criminal, in connection with matters which arose before the person's entrance into this state under the summons.
If a person passes through this state while going to another state in obedience to a summons to attend and testify in that state or while returning therefrom, the person shall not while so passing through this state be subject to arrest or the service of process, civil or criminal, in connection with matters which arose before the person's entrance to this state under the summons.
(5) Uniformity of interpretation.
This section shall be so interpreted as to make uniform the law of the states which enact it.
History: 1975 c. 422
; 1993 a. 486
The state's failure to use the Uniform Extradition Act to compel the presence of a doctor whose hearsay testimony was introduced denied the accused the right to confront the witness and violated the hearsay rule, but the error was harmless. State v. Zellmer, 100 Wis. 2d 136
, 301 N.W.2d 209
Uniform criminal extradition act. 976.03(1)
In this section, “governor" includes any person performing the functions of governor by authority of the law of this state. “Executive authority" includes the governor, and any person performing the functions of governor in a state other than this state, and “state" referring to a state other than this state refers to any other state or territory organized or unorganized of the United States of America.
(2) Criminals to be delivered upon requisition.
Subject to the qualifications of this section, and the provisions of the U.S. constitution controlling, and acts of congress in pursuance thereof, it is the duty of the governor of this state to have arrested and delivered up to the executive authority of any other state of the United States any person charged in that state with treason, felony or other crime, who has fled from justice and is found in this state.
(3) Form of demand.
No demand for the extradition of a person charged with a crime in another state shall be recognized by the governor unless in writing alleging, except in cases arising under sub. (6)
, that the accused was present in the demanding state at the time of the commission of the alleged crime, and that thereafter the accused fled from the state, and accompanied by a copy of an indictment found or by an information supported by affidavit in the state having jurisdiction of the crime, or by a copy of an affidavit made before a magistrate there, together with a copy of any warrant which was issued thereon; or by a copy of a judgment of conviction or of a sentence imposed in execution thereof, together with a statement by the executive authority of the demanding state that the person claimed has escaped from confinement or has broken the terms of the person's bail, probation, extended supervision or parole. The indictment, information or affidavit made before the magistrate must substantially charge the person demanded with having committed a crime under the law of that state; and the copy of indictment, information, affidavit, judgment of conviction or sentence must be authenticated by the executive authority making the demand.
(4) Governor may investigate case.
When a demand shall be made upon the governor of this state by the executive authority of another state for the surrender of a person so charged with a crime, the governor may call upon the attorney general or any prosecuting officer in this state to investigate or assist in investigating the demand, and to report to the governor the situation and circumstances of the person so demanded, and whether the person ought to be surrendered.
(5) Extradition of persons imprisoned or awaiting trial in another state or who have left the demanding state under compulsion. 976.03(5)(a)(a)
When it is desired to have returned to this state a person charged in this state with a crime, and such person is imprisoned or is held under criminal proceedings then pending against the person in another state, the governor of this state may agree with the executive authority of such other state for the extradition of such person before the conclusion of such proceedings or the person's term of sentence in such other state, upon condition that such person be returned to such other state at the expense of this state as soon as the prosecution in this state is terminated.
The governor of this state may also surrender on demand of the executive authority of any other state any person in this state who is charged in the manner provided in sub. (23)
with having violated the laws of the state whose executive authority is making the demand, even though such person left the demanding state involuntarily.
(6) Extradition of persons charged with having committed a crime in the demanding state by acts done in this or some other state.
The governor of this state may also surrender, on demand of the executive authority of any other state, any person in this state charged in such other state as provided in sub. (3)
with committing an act in this state, or in a third state, intentionally resulting in a crime in the state whose executive authority is making the demand; and the provisions of this section not otherwise inconsistent shall apply to such cases, notwithstanding that the accused was not in that state at the time of the commission of the crime, and has not fled therefrom.
(7) Issue of governor's warrant of arrest; its recitals.
If the governor shall decide that the demand should be complied with, the governor shall sign a warrant of arrest, which shall be sealed with the state seal, and be directed to a sheriff, marshal, coroner or other person whom the governor may think fit to entrust with the execution thereof; and the warrant must substantially recite the facts necessary to the validity of its issue.
(8) Manner and place of execution.
The warrant shall authorize the officer or other person to whom directed to arrest the accused at any place where the accused may be found within the state and to command the aid of all sheriffs and other peace officers in the execution of the warrant, and to deliver the accused subject to this section, to the duly authorized agent of the demanding state.
(9) Authority of arresting officer.
Every such officer or other person empowered to make the arrest shall have the same authority in arresting the accused to command assistance therein, as sheriffs and other officers have by law in the execution of any criminal process directed to them, with the like penalties against those who refuse their assistance.
(10) Rights of accused; application for habeas corpus.
No person arrested upon such warrant may be delivered over to the agent whom the executive authority demanding the person shall have appointed to receive the person unless the person shall first be taken forthwith before a judge of a court of record in this state, who shall inform the person of the demand made for the person's surrender and of the crime with which the person is charged, and that the person has the right to demand and procure legal counsel; and if the prisoner or the prisoner's counsel shall state that the prisoner desires to test the legality of the prisoner's arrest, the judge of such court of record shall fix a reasonable time to be allowed the prisoner within which to commence an action for habeas corpus. When such action is commenced, notice thereof, and of the time and place of hearing thereon, shall be given to the prosecuting officer of the county in which the arrest is made and in which the accused is in custody, and to the said agent of the demanding state.
(11) Penalty for noncompliance with preceding section.
Any officer who delivers to the agent for extradition of the demanding state a person in the officer's custody under the governor's warrant in disobedience to sub. (10)
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be fined not more than $1,000, or be imprisoned not more than 6 months or both.
(12) Confinement in jail when necessary. 976.03(12)(a)(a)
The officer or person executing the governor's warrant of arrest, or the agent of the demanding state to whom the prisoner may have been delivered, may when necessary confine the prisoner in the jail of any county or city through which he or she may pass; and the keeper of such jail must receive and safely keep the prisoner until the person having charge of the prisoner is ready to proceed on his or her route, such person being chargeable with the expense of keeping.
The officer or agent of a demanding state to whom a prisoner may have been delivered following extradition proceedings in another state, or to whom a prisoner may have been delivered after waiving extradition in such other state, and who is passing through this state with such a prisoner for the purpose of immediately returning such prisoner to the demanding state may, when necessary, confine the prisoner in the jail of any county or city through which he or she may pass; and the keeper of such jail must receive and safely keep the prisoner until the officer or agent having charge of the prisoner is ready to proceed on his or her route, such officer or agent, however, being chargeable with the expense of keeping; provided, however, that such officer or agent shall produce and show to the keeper of such jail satisfactory written evidence of the fact that the officer or agent is actually transporting such prisoner to the demanding state after a requisition by the executive authority of such demanding state. Such prisoner shall not be entitled to demand a new requisition while in this state.
(13) Arrest prior to requisition.
Whenever any person within this state shall be charged on the oath of any credible person before any judge of this state with the commission of any crime in any other state and, except in cases arising under sub. (6)
, with having fled from justice, or with having been convicted of a crime in that state and having escaped from confinement, or having broken the terms of his or her bail, probation, extended supervision or parole, or whenever complaint shall have been made before any judge in this state setting forth on the affidavit of any credible person in another state that a crime has been committed in such other state and that the accused has been charged in such state with the commission of the crime, and, except in cases arising under sub. (6)
, has fled from justice, or with having been convicted of a crime in that state and having escaped from confinement, or having broken the terms of his or her bail, probation, extended supervision or parole, and is believed to be in this state, the judge shall issue a warrant directed to any peace officer commanding the officer to apprehend the person named therein, wherever the person may be found in this state, and to bring the person before the same or any other judge or court who or which may be available in or convenient of access to the place where the arrest may be made, to answer the charge or complaint and affidavit; and a certified copy of the sworn charge or complaint and affidavit upon which the warrant is issued shall be attached to the warrant.
(14) Arrest without a warrant.
The arrest of a person may be lawfully made also by an officer or a private citizen without a warrant upon reasonable information that the accused stands charged in the courts of another state with a crime punishable by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding one year; but when so arrested the accused must be taken before a judge with all practicable speed and complaint must be made against the accused under oath setting forth the ground for the arrest as in sub. (13)
; and thereafter the accused's answer shall be heard as if the accused had been arrested on a warrant.
(15) Commitment to await requisition; bail.
If from the examination before the judge it appears that the person held is the person charged with having committed the crime alleged and, except in cases arising under sub. (6)
, that the person held has fled from justice, the judge must, by a warrant reciting the accusation, commit the person held to the county jail for such a time not exceeding 30 days and specified in the warrant, as will enable the arrest of the accused to be made under a warrant of the governor on a requisition of the executive authority of the state having jurisdiction of the offense, unless the accused give bail as provided in sub. (16)
, or until the accused shall be legally discharged.
(16) Bail; in what cases; conditions of bond.
Unless the offense with which the prisoner is charged is shown to be an offense punishable by death or life imprisonment under the laws of the state in which it was committed, a judge in this state may admit the person arrested to bail by bond, with sufficient sureties, and in such sum as the judge deems proper, conditioned for the prisoner's appearance before the judge at a time specified in such bond, and for the prisoner's surrender, to be arrested upon the warrant of the governor of this state.
(17) Extension of time of commitment; adjournment.
If the accused is not arrested under warrant of the governor by the expiration of the time specified in the warrant or bond, a judge may discharge the accused or may recommit the accused for a further period not to exceed 60 days, or may again take bail for the accused's appearance and surrender, as provided in sub. (16)
, but within a period not to exceed 60 days after the date of such new bond.
(18) Forfeiture of bail.
If the prisoner is admitted to bail, and fails to appear and surrender himself or herself according to the conditions of his or her bond, the judge, by proper order, shall declare the bond forfeited and order the prisoner's immediate arrest without warrant if the prisoner be within this state. Recovery may be had on such bond in the name of the state as in the case of other bonds given by the accused in criminal proceedings within this state.
(19) If a prosecution has already been instituted in this state.
If a criminal prosecution has been instituted against such person under the laws of this state and is still pending, the governor at the governor's discretion either may surrender the person on the demand of the executive authority of another state, or may hold the person until the person has been tried and discharged, or convicted and punished in this state.
(20) Guilt or innocence of accused, when inquired into.
The guilt or innocence of the accused as to the crime of which the accused is charged may not be inquired into by the governor or in any proceeding after the demand for extradition accompanied by a charge of crime in legal form as above provided shall have been presented to the governor, except as it may be involved in identifying the person held as the person charged with the crime.
(21) Governor may recall warrant or issue alias.
The governor may recall his or her warrant of arrest, or may issue another warrant whenever he or she deems proper.
(22) Fugitives from this state, duty of governor.
Whenever the governor of this state shall demand a person charged with crime or with escaping from confinement or breaking the terms of his or her bail, probation, extended supervision or parole in this state from the executive authority of any other state, or from the chief justice or an associate justice of the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia authorized to receive such demand under the laws of the United States, the governor shall issue a warrant under the seal of this state, to some agent, commanding the agent to receive the person so charged if delivered to the agent and convey the person to the proper officer of the county in this state in which the offense was committed.
(23) Manner of applying for requisition. 976.03(23)(a)(a)
When the return to this state of a person charged with crime in this state is required, the prosecuting attorney shall present to the governor his or her written application for a requisition for the return of the person charged, in which application shall be stated the name of the person so charged, the crime charged against the person, and the approximate time, place and circumstances of its commission, the state in which the person is believed to be, including the location of the accused therein, at the time the application is made and certifying that, in the opinion of the said prosecuting attorney the ends of justice require the arrest and return of the accused to this state for trial, and that the proceeding is not instituted to enforce a private claim.
When the return to this state is required of a person who has been convicted of a crime in this state and has escaped from confinement or broken the terms of his or her bail, probation, extended supervision or parole, the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the offense was committed, the secretary of corrections, or the warden of the institution or sheriff of the county from which escape was made, shall present to the governor a written application for a requisition for the return of the person, in which application shall be stated the name of the person, the crime of which the person was convicted, the circumstances of escape from confinement or of the breach of the terms of bail, probation, extended supervision or parole, and the state in which the person is believed to be, including the location of the person therein at the time application is made.
The application shall be verified by affidavit, shall be executed in duplicate and shall be accompanied by 2 certified copies of the indictment returned, or information and affidavit filed, or of the complaint made to a judge, stating the offense with which the accused is charged, or of the judgment of conviction or of the sentence. The prosecuting officer, parole commission, warden or sheriff may also attach such further affidavits and other documents in duplicate as he, she or it deems proper to be submitted with the application. One copy of the application, with the action of the governor indicated by endorsement thereon, and one of the certified copies of the indictment, complaint, information and affidavits, or of the judgment of conviction or of the sentence shall be filed in the office of the governor to remain of record in that office. The other copies of all papers shall be forwarded with the governor's requisition.
(24) Expenses of extradition.
The compensation of the agent of the demanding state shall be $8 per day for the time necessarily devoted to the performance of the agent's duties, and the agent's actual and necessary expenses, which compensation and expenses shall be allowed by the county board of the county in which the crime was committed, upon presentation to said board of a verified account, stating the number of days the agent was engaged and the items of expense incurred while acting as such agent.
(25) Assistants to agent returning fugitive.
If the district attorney certifies in writing that it is necessary or desirable, one or more peace officers may accompany said agent and shall be entitled to compensation at the rate of $5 per day, unless the county board by resolution establishes a different rate, and to their actual and necessary expenses. Such compensation and expenses shall be claimed and allowed as provided in sub. (24)
and the said certificate of the district attorney shall be attached to the verified account of such officer for such services. While so engaged, said officer shall be deemed an officer of this state and shall use all proper means to assist the agent to retain the custody of the prisoner.
(26) Exemption from civil process.
A person brought into this state by, or after waiver of, extradition based on a criminal charge shall not be subject to service of personal process in civil actions arising out of the same facts as the criminal proceeding to answer which the person is being or has been returned, until the person has been convicted in the criminal proceeding, or, if acquitted, until the person has had reasonable opportunity to return to the state from which the person was extradited.
(27) Written waiver of extradition proceedings. 976.03(27)(a)(a)
Any person arrested in this state charged with having committed any crime in another state or alleged to have escaped from confinement, or broken the terms of his or her bail, probation, extended supervision or parole may waive the issuance and service of the warrant provided for in subs. (7)
and all other procedure incidental to extradition proceedings, by executing or subscribing in the presence of a judge of any court of record within this state a writing which states that the person consents to return to the demanding state; however, before such waiver shall be executed or subscribed by such person the judge shall inform such person of the person's rights to the issuance and service of a warrant of extradition and to commence an action for habeas corpus as provided in sub. (10)
If and when such consent has been duly executed it shall forthwith be forwarded to the office of the governor of this state and filed therein. The judge shall direct the officer having such person in custody to deliver forthwith such person to the duly accredited agent or agents of the demanding state, and shall deliver or cause to be delivered to such agent or agents a copy of such consent. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to limit the rights of the accused person to return voluntarily and without formality to the demanding state, nor shall this waiver procedure be deemed to be an exclusive procedure or to limit the powers, rights or duties of the officers of the demanding state or of this state.
(28) Nonwaiver by this state.
Nothing in this section shall be deemed to constitute a waiver by this state of its right, power or privilege to try such demanded person for crime committed within this state, or of its right, power or privilege to regain custody of such person by extradition proceedings or otherwise for the purpose of trial, sentence or punishment for any crime committed within this state, nor shall any proceedings had under this section which result in, or fail to result in, extradition be deemed a waiver by this state of any of its rights, privileges or jurisdiction in any way whatsoever.
(29) No right of asylum.
After a person has been brought back to this state by, or after waiver of, extradition proceedings, the person may be tried in this state for other crimes which the person may be charged with having committed here, as well as that specified in the requisition for the person's extradition.
This section shall be so interpreted as to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
Judicial Council Note, 1981: References in subs. (10) and (27) (a) to a “writ" of habeas corpus have been removed because that remedy is now available in an ordinary action. See s. 781.01, stats., and the note thereto. [Bill 613-A]
Alibi or questions of guilt or innocence are beyond the scope of inquiry in a habeas corpus proceeding. Extradition is allowed even though the accused did no act in the foreign state and has not fled from that state. State ex rel. Welch v. Hegge, 54 Wis. 2d 482
, 195 N.W.2d 669
An extradition proceeding is not subject to collateral attack in a probation revocation hearing. State ex rel. Hanson v. DHSS, 64 Wis. 2d 367
, 219 N.W.2d 267
A request by the demanding state for extradition from Wisconsin of a fugitive accused of violation of the terms of probation need not be accompanied by an affidavit sworn before a magistrate, but is sufficient under sub. (3), if included therewith are copies of the judgment of conviction, or sentence imposed, together with a statement by the executive authority that the fugitive has broken the terms of the probation. State ex rel. Holmes v. Spice, 68 Wis. 2d 263
, 229 N.W.2d 97
As indicated by the presence of a restriction in other uniform acts adopted by Wisconsin conditioning their application to other states with the same or similar acts and the absence of such a limitation in the Uniform Criminal Extradition Act, applicability of the statute is not affected in Wisconsin by the fact that a state demanding extradition has not adopted the act. State v. Hughes, 68 Wis. 2d 662
, 229 N.W.2d 655
Only the asylum state, and not the defendant, has a constitutional right to extradition. State ex rel. Niederer v. Cady, 72 Wis. 2d 311
, 240 N.W.2d 626
Sub. (14) was not intended to repudiate the common law rule that an arrest may be made on probable cause to believe that the subject had committed a crime in another state, irrespective of a lack of a complaint or warrant in that state. Desjarlais v. State, 73 Wis. 2d 480
, 243 N.W.2d 453
The scope of inquiry in extradition habeas corpus cases is discussed. State v. Ritter, 74 Wis. 2d 227
, 246 N.W.2d 552
There is no right to a hearing before the governor in extradition proceedings under this section. The mode or manner of a person's departure from the state does not affect the status of a fugitive from justice. State ex rel. Jackson v. Froelich, 77 Wis. 2d 299
, 253 N.W.2d 69
An appropriate issue for the habeas corpus court under sub. (10) is not whether a warrant was properly issued in the demanding state, but whether, given properly authenticated documents, probable cause is stated that justifies the issuance of a governor's warrant in the asylum state. State ex rel. Sieloff v. Golz, 80 Wis. 2d 225
, 258 N.W.2d 700
A convict paroled from federal prison in the state was a “fugitive from justice" subject to extradition by the demanding state. State ex rel. O'Connor v. Williams, 95 Wis. 2d 378
, 290 N.W.2d 533
(Ct. App. 1980).
Although the sending state could retake a compact parolee under s. 57.13 [now s. 304.13] without process, if it chooses to extradite the parolee it must meet extradition requirements. State ex rel. Reddin v. Meekma, 99 Wis. 2d 56
, 298 N.W.2d 192
(Ct. App. 1980).
No waiver of jurisdiction will be found unless waiver was manifestly intended by the demanding state at the time it yielded to another sovereignty. State ex rel. Graves v. Williams, 99 Wis. 2d 65
, 298 N.W.2d 392
(Ct. App. 1980).
If the demanding state has not a made judicial determination of probable cause or if documents do not show prima facie validity, the Sieloff
analysis appears to be appropriate and not in conflict with controlling federal law in
Michigan v. Doran
. State v. Stone, 111 Wis. 2d 470
, 331 N.W.2d 83
The court erred in refusing to allow the defendant to introduce evidence that he was not a fugitive from justice. State ex rel. Rodencal v. Fitzgerald, 164 Wis. 2d 411
, 474 N.W.2d 795
(Ct. App. 1991).
A demanding state's extradition documents are in order when they include a warrant issued by a magistrate from the demanding state who is statutorily required to make a finding of probable cause. State ex rel. Ehlers v. Endicott, 187 Wis. 2d 57
, 523 N.W.2d 189
(Ct. App. 1994).
The 30 and 60-day periods for detention under subs. (15) and (17) do not apply to persons already in detention. State ex rel. Ehlers v. Endicott, 188 Wis. 2d 57
, 523 N.W.2d 189
(Ct. App. 1994).
A waiver of extradition and this section expressly gave Wisconsin the right to the petitioner's custody to serve a Wisconsin sentence imposed while the prisoner was serving a sentence in Nevada. At the completion of the Wisconsin sentence, the scope and purpose of the waiver and this section were satisfied and completed. Nothing in the waiver or this section governed or guaranteed future events. Specifically, the petitioner had no right or legitimate expectation that he would be returned to Nevada upon the completion of his Wisconsin sentence or of immunization from potential commitment proceedings under ch. 980. Pharm v. Bartow, 2005 WI App 215
, 287 Wis. 2d 663
, 706 N.W.2d 693